Amarillo, Texas Population 2018

Amarillo is a city located in the state of Texas. It is the county seat of Potter County and is the 14th biggest city in Texas by population. In the Texas Panhandle area, it is the largest city by population. Current estimates show that the population is 199,582, but the metro area has a population that is steadily approaching 300,000 residents.

Amarillo History

What is currently known as Amarillo was established as a settlement in 1887 when J.I. Berry wanted to create a town located near the main trading center of the region. The town site was approved and was designated as the county seat for Potter County. Originally, it was named Oneida. The name was later changed to Amarillo and is believed to be named for the wildflowers that grow in the area.

In 1888, Joseph Glidden and Henry Sanborn began purchasing land to move the city due to the risk of floods in the current area. He appealed to businesses by offering to trade lots with them and to assist in paying moving expenses. As more people took up these offers, the commercial district of Polk Street began to develop. Growth continued the following year when a flood almost occurred at the original site. The new town was now elected as a county seat in the 1890s.

Before the next century, Amarillo had already established itself as a cattle-shipping point. Because of this, the population continued to grow. The 20th century saw an increase in the production of wheat, turning the city into a center for milling, grain and feed-manufacturing. The early 1900s also brought in oil and gas companies following the discovery of oil and natural gas. In the 1920s, the Cliffside Gas Field was purchased by the U.S. government and the Federal Bureau of Mines operated the Amarillo Helium plant. It was the only producer of commercial helium at the time and has earned Amarillo the nickname of “Helium Capital of the World.”

Growth only continued with the introduction of the Fort Worth and Denver City Railroad. The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad also came to the area and employed many of Amarillo’s residents.

The city was affected by an economic depression in the mid-1900s, but bounced back after it became a major tourist destination with the introduction of Routes 60, 66, 87 and 287. In 1949, the city was struck by a tornado, killing and injuring residents and destroying much of the city. Another tornado struck in 1982 but no deaths were recorded.

Today, the city is known as Rotor City, USA because of its hybrid aircraft assembly plant. It is also one of the largest meat-packing cities in the country. Amarillo is also the site of the only nuclear weapons assembly and disassembly facility in the U.S. The city’s population continues to grow, especially in the northwestern and southern areas of the city. Though the downtown area has went downhill, the local government has established partnerships to revitalize this area. The city is an appealing place for residents and visitors alike, boasting over 50 city parks, historic homes and buildings, restaurants, shopping centers and other attractions.

Amarillo Demographics

Amarillo has a population of over 199,000 people. The total area of the city is over 90 square miles and has a population density of 2,200 people per square mile.

The city’s population is primarily white and makes up about 60% of the total population. About 6.3% of the population is black, 3.1% is Asian, and almost 29% of the population is Hispanic or Latino of any race. The biggest age group is 25 to 44, which makes up almost 29% of the population, followed closely by residents that are under the age of 18, who make up 27.9% of the population. Over 12% are at least 65 years old. There are a higher percentage of females than males, with 88.5 men for every 100 women. Over 14.5% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

Over 20% of the adults living in Amarillo have a bachelor’s degree. Almost 80% of residents over the age of 25 have their high school diploma.

Amarillo Population Growth

Amarillo has seen rapid growth throughout its history which is only expected to continue. The city’s population by the 1910 census had almost reach 10,000. By 1930, it surpassed 40,000 before growing to over 50,000 in the next decade. By 1960, Amarillo had over 137,000 residents. This number has continued to grow steadily with the exception of a 7.9% decline recorded at the 1970 census. The city’s population is just under 200,000 according to recent estimates and is expected to surpass 204,000 residents this year.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017199,8261,2500.63%
2016198,5769480.48%
2015197,6286310.32%
2014196,9978240.42%
2013196,1738130.42%
2012195,3601,5970.82%
2011193,7632,5081.31%
2010191,25517,6280.97%
2000173,62716,0120.97%
1990157,6158,3850.55%
1980149,23022,2201.63%
1970127,010-10,959-0.82%
1960137,96963,7236.39%
195074,24622,5603.69%
194051,6868,5541.83%
193043,13227,63810.78%
192015,4945,5374.52%
19109,9578,55721.67%
19001,40090010.84%
18905000.00%

Amarillo Population in 2018Source: Meniscus at the English language Wikipedia [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White163,883
Black or African American12,680
Asian7,742
Two or More Races6,763
Some Other Race5,244
American Indian and Alaska Native1,081
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander177

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Amarillo Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Amarillo Median Age

33.4


Total

32.2


Male

34.7


Female

Amarillo Adults

There are 143,831 adults, (24,696 of which are seniors) in Amarillo.

Amarillo Age Dependency

65.8

Age Dependency Ratio

20.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

45

Child Dependency Ratio

Amarillo Sex Ratio

Female

101,184

51.21%

Male

96,386

48.79%

Amarillo Households and Families

Amarillo Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Amarillo Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married77.8%22.2%
All60.9%39.1%
Male51.1%48.9%
Non Family46.4%53.6%
Female44.6%55.4%

60.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Amarillo Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All74,7802.6260.9
Married34,4533.377.8
Non Family25,5771.2346.4
Female10,9483.3844.6
Male3,8023.551.1

3.24

Average Family Size

2.62

Average Household Size

6.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Amarillo Households

Amarillo Education

Amarillo Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade9,1397.30%
9th to 12th Grade11,5419.22%
High School Graduate31,54025.19%
Some College34,75827.76%
Associates Degree10,2328.17%
Bachelors Degree18,80115.02%
Graduate Degree9,1787.33%

Amarillo Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White80,50574,15523,232
Hispanic30,97320,2862,585
Black7,1415,692728
Asian4,5762,5501,016
Other Race3,2952,101259
Multiple Races2,3391,827325
Native American814729203
Islander1139020

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 92.11%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 28.86%.

Amarillo Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$32,781$40,916$26,869
Less Than High School$22,001$26,305$16,074
High School Grad$26,930$32,419$22,324
Some College$33,865$43,768$26,888
Bachelors Degree$48,151$63,663$42,541
Graduate Degree$61,999$77,267$53,856

$32,781

Average Earnings

$40,916

Average Male

$26,869

Average Female

Amarillo Language

Amarillo Language by Age

Amarillo Language

75.63% of Amarillo residents speak only English, while 24.37% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 19.52% of the population.

Amarillo Poverty

Amarillo Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic61,03715,15524.83%
White109,85911,00510.02%
Black12,3683,94931.93%
Multiple6,6671,82727.40%
Asian7,6481,57620.61%
Other5,2111,13021.68%
Native1,04915915.16%
Islander1734324.86%

16.66%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.39%

Male Poverty Rate

18.82%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Amarillo

The race most likely to be in poverty in Amarillo is Black, with 31.93% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Amarillo is White, with 10.02% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.73%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.13%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 24.57%.

Amarillo Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School28.52%
High School13.98%
Some College9.75%
Bachelors or Greater3.99%

Amarillo Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed36.13%
Male Unemployed27.66%
Female Employed10.45%
Male Employed7.79%

Amarillo Income

Amarillo Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$49,684$66,847
Families$59,750$77,934
Married Families$74,556$92,915
Non Families$30,906$42,475

Amarillo Marital Status

Amarillo Marital Status

Marriage Rates

48.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

51.2%

Male Marriage Rate

46.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Amarillo Married by Age and Sex

Amarillo Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Amarillo Marital Status by Race

Amarillo Veterans

Amarillo Veterans by War

11,760

Number of Veterans

10,937

Male Veterans

823

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam3,826
First Gulf War2,509
Second Gulf War2,011
Korea1,136
World War II649

Amarillo Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 543,121
75+2,552
55 to 642,478
65 to 742,407
18 to 341,202

Amarillo Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White10,6548.75%
Hispanic1,3923.60%
Black5706.56%
2 or More2718.72%
Other1423.63%
Indian687.82%
Asian551.03%

Amarillo Veterans by Education

7.71%

Veteran Poverty Rate

32.20%

Veteran Disability Rate

Amarillo Employment Status

Amarillo Employment by Age

67.6%

Labor Force Participation

64.5%

Employment Rate

4.3%

Unemployment Rate

Amarillo Employment by Race

Amarillo Employment by Education

Amarillo Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

66.00%

Born in Texas

88.78%

Native Born

11.22%

Foreign Born

7.99%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

88.78% of Amarillo residents were born in the United States, with 66.00% having been born in Texas. 7.99% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.