Amarillo, Texas Population 2019

Amarillo is a city located in the state of Texas. It is the county seat of Potter County and is the 14th biggest city in Texas by population. In the Texas Panhandle area, it is the largest city by population. Current estimates show that the population is 199,582, but the metro area has a population that is steadily approaching 300,000 residents.

Amarillo History

What is currently known as Amarillo was established as a settlement in 1887 when J.I. Berry wanted to create a town located near the main trading center of the region. The townsite was approved and was designated as the county seat for Potter County. Initially, it was named Oneida. The name was later changed to Amarillo and is believed to be nominated for the yellow wildflowers that grow in the area.

In 1888, Joseph Glidden and Henry Sanborn began purchasing land to move the city due to the risk of floods in the current area. He appealed to businesses by offering to trade lots with them and to assist in paying moving expenses. As more people took up these offers, the commercial district of Polk Street began to develop. Growth continued the following year when a flood almost occurred at the original site. The new town was elected as a county seat in the 1890s.

Before the next century, Amarillo had already established itself as a cattle-shipping point. Because of this, the population continued to grow. The 20th century saw an increase in the production of wheat, turning the city into a center for milling, grain, and feed-manufacturing. The early 1900s also brought in oil and gas companies following the discovery of oil and natural gas. In the 1920s, the Cliffside Gas Field was purchased by the U.S. government, and the Federal Bureau of Mines operated the Amarillo Helium Plant. It was the only producer of commercial helium at the time and has earned Amarillo the nickname of “Helium Capital of the World.”

Growth only continued with the introduction of the Fort Worth and Denver City Railroad. The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad also came to the area and employed many of Amarillo’s residents.

The city was affected by an economic depression in the mid-1900s but bounced back after it became a major tourist destination with the introduction of Routes 60, 66, 87 and 287. In 1949, the city was struck by a tornado, killing and injuring residents and destroying much of the city. Another tornado hit in 1982, but no deaths were recorded.

Today, the city is known as Rotor City, USA because of its hybrid aircraft assembly plant. It is also one of the largest meat-packing cities in the country. Amarillo is also the site of the only nuclear weapons assembly and disassembly facility in the U.S. The city’s population continues to grow, especially in the northwestern and southern areas of the city. Though the downtown area has gone downhill, the local government has established partnerships to revitalize this area. Amarillo is an appealing place for residents and visitors alike, boasting over 50 city parks, historic homes and buildings, restaurants, shopping centers, and other attractions.

City Size and Population Density

Amarillo has a population of over 199,000 people. The total area of the city is over 90 square miles and has a population density of 2,200 people per square mile.

Amarillo Age, Gender, and Education Statistics

The biggest age group is 25 to 44, which makes up almost 29% of the population, followed closely by residents that are under the age of 18, who make up 27.9% of the population. Over 12% are at least 65 years old.

There is a higher percentage of females than males, with 88.5 men for every 100 women. Over 14.5% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

Over 20% of the adults living in Amarillo have a bachelor’s degree. Almost 80% of residents over the age of 25 have their high school diploma.

Amarillo Population Growth

Amarillo has seen rapid population growth throughout its history which is only expected to continue. The city’s population by the 1910 census had almost reached 10,000. By 1930, it surpassed 40,000 before growing to over 50,000 in the next decade. By 1960, Amarillo had over 137,000 residents. This number has continued to grow steadily except a 7.9% decline recorded at the 1970 census. Many of the population growths over time exceed 20,000 new residents every ten years. The city’s population is just under 200,000 according to recent estimates and is expected to surpass 204,000 residents this year.

Amarillo Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Amarillo was:

  • White: 82.77%
  • Black or African American: 6.41%
  • Asian: 3.99%
  • Two or more races: 3.57%
  • Other race: 2.65%
  • Native American: 0.52%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.09%
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018199,92450.00%
2017199,9191,0520.53%
2016198,8679780.49%
2015197,8897010.36%
2014197,1889450.48%
2013196,2438540.44%
2012195,3891,6420.85%
2011193,7472,4921.30%
2010191,25517,6280.97%
2000173,62716,0120.97%
1990157,6158,3850.55%
1980149,23022,2201.63%
1970127,010-10,959-0.82%
1960137,96963,7236.39%
195074,24622,5603.69%
194051,6868,5541.83%
193043,13227,63810.78%
192015,4945,5374.52%
19109,9578,55721.67%
19001,40090010.84%
18905000.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018265,9479920.37%
2017264,9551,6280.61%
2016263,3271,5230.58%
2015261,8049300.36%
2014260,8741,9360.74%
2013258,9381,1170.43%
2012257,8211,8490.72%
2011255,9723,2951.29%
2010252,6770.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
White163,731
Black or African American12,675
Asian7,900
Two or More Races7,053
Some Other Race5,241
American Indian and Alaska Native1,037
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander186

Amarillo Population Pyramid 2019

Amarillo Median Age

33.7


Total

32.4


Male

34.9


Female

Amarillo Adults

There are 144,261 adults, (25,163 of whom are seniors) in Amarillo.

Amarillo Age Dependency

66.1

Age Dependency Ratio

21.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

45

Child Dependency Ratio

Amarillo Sex Ratio

Female

100,942

51.03%

Male

96,881

48.97%

Amarillo Households and Families

Amarillo Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Amarillo Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married78%22%
All61.2%38.8%
Male49.1%50.9%
Non Family47.3%52.7%
Female43%57%

61.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All75,0482.6161.2
Married35,3363.378
Non Family25,1561.2247.3
Female10,7113.3343
Male3,8453.3249.1

3.22

Average Family Size

2.61

Average Household Size

5.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Amarillo Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade8,6006.85%
9th to 12th Grade12,0479.59%
High School Graduate32,52725.89%
Some College33,39426.58%
Associates Degree10,5848.43%
Bachelors Degree19,03815.16%
Graduate Degree9,4237.50%

Amarillo Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White79,47173,45123,388
Hispanic32,29521,0542,743
Black7,0375,603734
Asian4,7322,9241,192
Other Race3,4322,163293
Multiple Races2,4782,033296
Native American767693175
Islander14212335

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 92.42%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 29.43%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$33,813$41,127$27,894
Less Than High School$23,814$27,149$17,545
High School Grad$27,624$32,415$23,011
Some College$34,194$45,159$27,388
Bachelors Degree$49,286$66,046$43,222
Graduate Degree$63,203$79,275$53,898

$33,813

Average Earnings

$41,127

Average Male

$27,894

Average Female

Amarillo Language

Amarillo Language by Age

Amarillo Language

75.31% of Amarillo residents speak only English, while 24.69% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 19.31% of the population.

Amarillo Poverty

Amarillo Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic62,53315,25724.40%
White108,33910,2979.50%
Black12,3273,80030.83%
Asian7,8781,80322.89%
Multiple6,9711,68524.17%
Other5,2161,18222.66%
Native1,00614414.31%
Islander1775732.20%

16.43%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.61%

Male Poverty Rate

18.17%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Amarillo

The race most likely to be in poverty in Amarillo is Islander, with 32.20% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Amarillo is White, with 9.50% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.95%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.83%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 24.26%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School27.66%
High School14.32%
Some College9.87%
Bachelors or Greater4.42%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed35.21%
Male Unemployed24.66%
Female Employed10.04%
Male Employed8.54%

Amarillo Income

Amarillo Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$51,198$69,688
Families$61,125$81,015
Married Families$75,690$95,759
Non Families$32,052$43,985

Amarillo Marital Status

Amarillo Marital Status

Marriage Rates

49.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

52.2%

Male Marriage Rate

46.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Amarillo Married by Age and Sex

Amarillo Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Amarillo Marital Status by Race

Amarillo Veterans

11,709

Number of Veterans

10,828

Male Veterans

881

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam3,958
First Gulf War2,685
Second Gulf War2,140
Korea1,071
World War II576
Age Group Veterans
35 to 542,957
65 to 742,638
75+2,443
55 to 642,331
18 to 341,340

Amarillo Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White10,6488.76%
Hispanic1,5393.85%
Black5166.00%
2 or More2898.51%
Other1403.44%
Asian601.09%
Indian566.71%

Amarillo Veterans by Education

8.23%

Veteran Poverty Rate

32.79%

Veteran Disability Rate

Amarillo Employment Status

67.3%

Labor Force Participation

64.4%

Employment Rate

4.2%

Unemployment Rate

Amarillo Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

65.60%

Born in Texas

88.26%

Native Born

11.74%

Foreign Born

8.17%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

88.26% of Amarillo residents were born in the United States, with 65.60% having been born in Texas. 8.17% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.