Anchorage, Alaska Population 2018

Anchorage is a unified home rule municipality in southcentral Alaska. Anchorage is the northernmost city in the U.S. and the most populous city in Alaska with an estimated 2014 population of 304,000.

Anchorage has a population estimated at 304,000, up from 291,000 in 2010. Anchorage is not densely populated with just 171 people per square mile. More than 40% of Alaska's population lives in the city. Of the 50 states, only New York has a higher percentage of residents living in its largest city. The Anchorage metropolitan area, which includes Anchorage and the Matanuska-Susitna Burough, have a population estimated at 385,000, which is the 134th largest metro area in the United States.

Anchorage Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial and ethnic makeup of Anchorage was:

  • White: 66.0% (non-Hispanic: 62.6%)
  • Two or more races: 8.1%
  • Asian: 8.1% (3.3% Filipino, 1.2% Korean, 1.1% Hmong, 0.5% Laotian)
  • American Indian and Alaska Natives: 7.9% (1.4% Inupiat, 1.1% Yup'ik, 0.8% Aleutian)
  • Black or African American: 5.6%
  • Other race: 2.3%
  • Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander: 2.0%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 7.6%

Common ethnicities include German (17.3%), Irish (10.8%), English (9.1%), Scandinavian (6.9%), and French/French Canadian (5.6%). Of the Scandinavians in Anchorage, 3.6% are Norwegian, 2.2% are Sweden and 0.6% are Danish.

Anchorage History

Russia established a presence in the area in the 19th century, although United States brokered a deal in 1867 to purchase the state from Imperial Russia for $7.2 million, or two cents per acre. In 1888, gold was discovered in the area, and Alaska became a U.S. territory in 1912. Anchorage itself did not have any important metal minerals like gold, and only two white men were reported to have lived in the area in 1910 prior to a large group of settlers.

In 1914, railroad headquarters were built in the area and Anchorage quickly began growing in size. It was incorporated in 1920, ad the Alaska Railroad was completed in 1923. By the 1930s and 50s, Anchorage went through substantial growth as the military and air transportation industries grew in importance. In the late 1960's, oil was discovered nearby and an oil boom spurred greater growth in the city.

Anchorage Population Growth

Anchorage is currently preparing to experience its greatest growth spurt in its history, with growth that will relieve demand for office space and housing that has driven up rent and mortgage costs n the city. Modest population and economic growth is expected for Anchorage as employment goes up, population climbs steadily, personal income improves and oil prices continue to rise.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017294,356-3,020-1.02%
2016297,376-642-0.22%
2015298,018-2,278-0.76%
2014300,296-785-0.26%
2013301,0812,5610.86%
2012298,5202,2290.75%
2011296,2912,9211.00%
2010293,37033,0871.20%
2000260,28333,9451.41%
1990226,33851,9072.64%
1980174,431126,35013.75%
197048,0813,8440.84%
196044,23732,98314.67%
195011,2547,75912.41%
19403,4951,1954.27%
19302,3004001.93%
19201,9000.00%

Anchorage Population in 2018Source: By Frank K. from Anchorage, Alaska, USA (Anchorage looking nice on an April evening) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White189,826
Two or More Races29,015
Asian27,815
American Indian and Alaska Native21,682
Black or African American16,335
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander7,069
Some Other Race6,483

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Anchorage Population Pyramid 2018

5,00010,00015,000 Male Population5,00010,00015,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Anchorage Median Age

33.1


Total

32.3


Male

33.9


Female

Anchorage Adults

There are 224,364 adults, (28,148 of whom are seniors) in Anchorage.

Anchorage Age Dependency

52

Age Dependency Ratio

14.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Anchorage Sex Ratio

Female

145,914

48.93%

Male

152,311

51.07%

Anchorage Households and Families

Anchorage Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Anchorage Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married73.1%26.9%
All60.1%39.9%
Male49.4%50.6%
Non Family47.2%52.8%
Female46.8%53.2%

60.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Anchorage Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All106,0122.7460.1
Married52,4563.3873.1
Non Family35,2551.447.2
Female12,4453.3946.8
Male5,8563.6449.4

3.27

Average Family Size

2.74

Average Household Size

7.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Anchorage Households

Anchorage Education

Anchorage Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5,2752.74%
9th to 12th Grade7,4723.89%
High School Graduate45,68523.76%
Some College50,62626.33%
Associates Degree16,7638.72%
Bachelors Degree42,21621.95%
Graduate Degree24,27312.62%

Anchorage Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White126,220122,40452,996
Asian17,18313,5634,530
Hispanic13,24711,5342,639
Native American12,68110,7981,667
Multiple Races11,66810,9902,672
Black9,8948,9352,009
Other Race3,7403,062475
Islander3,5473,105360

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 96.98%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 41.99%.

Anchorage Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$48,276$54,841$41,245
Less Than High School$27,508$31,338$22,329
High School Grad$38,856$44,366$30,778
Some College$42,643$50,561$36,560
Bachelors Degree$59,570$72,999$50,338
Graduate Degree$78,145$94,563$68,496

$48,276

Average Earnings

$54,841

Average Male

$41,245

Average Female

Anchorage Language

Anchorage Language by Age

Anchorage Language

82.79% of Anchorage residents speak only English, while 17.21% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Asian, which is spoken by 8.26% of the population.

Anchorage Poverty

Anchorage Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White172,8578,5424.94%
Asian27,5533,60113.07%
Native20,3133,15315.52%
Multiple28,1712,6739.49%
Black15,5862,52616.21%
Hispanic25,4502,4759.72%
Islander6,8941,15416.74%
Other6,17584313.65%

8.09%

Overall Poverty Rate

7.20%

Male Poverty Rate

9.01%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Anchorage

The race most likely to be in poverty in Anchorage is Islander, with 16.74% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Anchorage is White, with 4.94% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.30%. Among those working part-time, it was 10.06%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 15.28%.

Anchorage Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School18.64%
High School9.94%
Some College5.23%
Bachelors or Greater2.30%

Anchorage Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed23.19%
Male Unemployed21.53%
Female Employed4.64%
Male Employed3.00%

Anchorage Income

Anchorage Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$82,271$105,010
Families$94,913$117,167
Married Families$112,303$133,678
Non Families$56,170$74,077

Anchorage Marital Status

Anchorage Marital Status

Marriage Rates

48.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

48.6%

Male Marriage Rate

49.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Anchorage Married by Age and Sex

Anchorage Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Anchorage Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Anchorage Veterans

Anchorage Veterans by War

27,842

Number of Veterans

23,661

Male Veterans

4,181

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Second Gulf War9,830
First Gulf War8,454
Vietnam7,982
Korea953
World War II639

Anchorage Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 548,916
55 to 645,787
18 to 345,513
65 to 745,046
75+2,580

Anchorage Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White21,58914.79%
Black2,17219.34%
Hispanic1,4539.18%
2 or More1,4459.54%
Indian1,1267.43%
Asian8414.21%
Hawaiian4019.27%
Other2686.13%

Anchorage Veterans by Education

3.43%

Veteran Poverty Rate

22.95%

Veteran Disability Rate

Anchorage Employment Status

Anchorage Employment by Age

73.5%

Labor Force Participation

65.9%

Employment Rate

5.8%

Unemployment Rate

Anchorage Employment by Race

Anchorage Employment by Education

Anchorage Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

37.12%

Born in Alaska

89.48%

Native Born

10.52%

Foreign Born

4.09%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

89.48% of Anchorage residents were born in the United States, with 37.12% having been born in Alaska. 4.09% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.