Ann Arbor, Michigan Population 2019

Ann Arbor is a city in Michigan and the county seat of Washtenaw County. Ann Arbor is the 5th largest city in Michigan, and its Metropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Washtenaw County. The city just barely made the cut-off for the 5th largest city, making the new ranking sometime in 2012.

Ann Arbor has an estimated population of 121,000, although the metropolitan area, and all of Washtenaw County, has a population estimated at 350,000. Ann Arbor is also part of the Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI Combined Statistical Area (CMA), which has a population of more than 5.32 million.

Population Density of Ann Arbor

The city proper has a population density of 4,094 people per square mile, which makes it less densely populated than the inner-ring Detroit suburbs of Ferndale and Oak Park, among others, but more densely populated than outer-ring suburbs.

Ann Arbor Common Ancestry Groups

The most common ancestry groups in Ann Arbor are German (14.9%), English (8.5%) and Irish (7.9%). Ann Arbor currently has the second-highest Japanese national population in Michigan at 1,540.

Ann Arbor Population Growth

In 2013, Ann Arbor's population grew to 116,000, up 2% from 113,900 in 2010. This is due, in part, to new downtown high-rises with thousands of new units. Ann Arbor is expected to continue its modest growth in the decade to come.

Ann Arbor History

Ann Arbor was founded in 1824 by Elisha Walker Rumsey and John Allen, and the town was registered with Wayne County as Annarbour that year. The city was named for the men's wives, both named Ann, and for large stands of burr oak in the land purchased from the government for $800.

Ann Arbor became the seat of Washtenaw County three years later and it was incorporated as a village just six years later. The Ann Arbor Land Company set aside undeveloped land and offered it to Michigan as the site of the state capital, but the bid was lost to Lansing, and the property instead became the site of the University of Michigan, which shaped the future of the city.

Ann Arbor saw strong growth in the 1880s with new immigrants from Poland, Russia, Italy and Greece joining the Irish, Germans, English and African-Americans already present. Ann Arbor eventually gained a reputation as a center for liberal politics during the 1960s and 1970s, particularly for the civil rights and anti-Vietnam War movements.

Ann Arbor Facts

  • Ann Arbor has one of the youngest median ages (28) among major U.S. cities.
  • Ann Arbor was listed as one of the most livable cities in the U.S. by Forbes in 2010.
  • The city has over 50,000 trees along its streets and the same number in its parks, hence its nickname, Tree Town.
  • The city has one of Michigan's highest foreign-born populations (17.4%) due to the University of Michigan.
  • Borders Books was started in Ann Arbor and headquartered in the city until it shut down in 2011. Other Ann Arbor-based companies include Domino's Pizza and Zingerman's Delicatessen.

Ann Arbor, Michigan's estimated population is 121,890 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Ann Arbor, Michigan is the 5th largest city in Michigan based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 4375.40 people/mi² (1689.34 people/km²).

The overall median age is 27.5 years, 26.6 years for males, and 28.5 years for females. For every 100 females there are 99.0 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 50,532 households in the city, with an average size of 2.27 people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.9%, with a median rent of $1166/month. The median house has 5 rooms, and has a value of $271,600.

The median income for households in Ann Arbor, Michigan is $61,247, while the mean household income is $89,295.

Ann Arbor Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Ann Arbor was:

  • White: 72.03%
  • Asian: 15.90%
  • Black or African American: 6.97%
  • Two or more races: 4.16%
  • Other race: 0.55%
  • Native American: 0.36%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.04%

How Many People Live in Ann Arbor, Michigan?

121,890
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018121,8902690.22%
2017121,6215860.48%
2016121,0351,1040.92%
2015119,9311,1981.01%
2014118,7331,9151.64%
2013116,8187440.64%
2012116,0745550.48%
2011115,5191,3591.19%
2010114,1601360.01%
2000114,0244,4320.40%
1990109,5921,6230.15%
1980107,9697,9340.77%
1970100,03532,6954.04%
196067,34019,0893.39%
195048,25118,4364.93%
194029,8152,8711.02%
193026,9447,4283.28%
192019,5164,6992.79%
191014,8173080.21%
190014,5095,0784.40%
18909,4311,3701.58%
18808,0616980.91%
18707,3632,2663.75%
18605,0970.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018370,9631,7550.47%
2017369,2082,7200.74%
2016366,4883,3790.92%
2015363,1093,0740.85%
2014360,0354,0201.12%
2013356,0153,7531.05%
2012352,2622,5860.73%
2011349,6764,0181.15%
2010345,6580.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
White85,931
Asian18,970
Black or African American8,313
Two or More Races4,960
Some Other Race651
American Indian and Alaska Native435
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander43

Ann Arbor Population Pyramid 2019

Ann Arbor Median Age

27.5


Total

26.6


Male

28.5


Female

Ann Arbor Adults

There are 103,262 adults, (13,527 of whom are seniors) in Ann Arbor.

Ann Arbor Age Dependency

33

Age Dependency Ratio

15.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

17.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Ann Arbor Sex Ratio

Female

59,959

50.26%

Male

59,344

49.74%

Ann Arbor Households and Families

Ann Arbor Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Ann Arbor Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married73.1%26.9%
Female46.4%53.6%
All45.9%54.1%
Male37.5%62.5%
Non Family28.7%71.3%

45.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All47,5242.2745.9
Non Family26,4821.7528.7
Married16,9682.973.1
Female2,8733.1146.4
Male1,2012.937.5

2.88

Average Family Size

2.27

Average Household Size

5.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.8%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Ann Arbor Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade6681.02%
9th to 12th Grade1,4072.14%
High School Graduate4,8607.40%
Some College7,42711.30%
Associates Degree2,6013.96%
Bachelors Degree19,37529.48%
Graduate Degree29,37844.70%

Ann Arbor Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White47,81847,05636,566
Asian9,4389,0667,998
Black4,4393,7721,581
Hispanic2,2592,0901,569
Multiple Races1,7591,6781,128
Other Race344329237
Native American22016118
Islander43204

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 98.41%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 84.74%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$46,701$53,420$40,893
Less Than High School$21,163$23,056$16,701
High School Grad$23,890$24,375$23,645
Some College$28,803$31,971$26,290
Bachelors Degree$44,123$52,362$38,244
Graduate Degree$62,780$73,813$53,885

$46,701

Average Earnings

$53,420

Average Male

$40,893

Average Female

Ann Arbor Language

Ann Arbor Language by Age

Ann Arbor Language

78.55% of Ann Arbor residents speak only English, while 21.45% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 10.47% of the population.

Ann Arbor Poverty

Ann Arbor Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White74,69414,66219.63%
Asian16,8965,27931.24%
Black7,4102,00727.09%
Hispanic4,7011,10723.55%
Multiple4,47582918.53%
Other63416926.66%
Native39310426.46%
Islander433172.09%

22.15%

Overall Poverty Rate

21.57%

Male Poverty Rate

22.73%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Ann Arbor

The race most likely to be in poverty in Ann Arbor is Islander, with 72.09% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Ann Arbor is Multiple, with 18.53% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.33%. Among those working part-time, it was 39.72%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 32.29%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School35.76%
High School17.71%
Some College11.85%
Bachelors or Greater7.13%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed50.68%
Male Unemployed45.05%
Female Employed15.33%
Male Employed13.43%

Ann Arbor Income

Ann Arbor Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$61,247$89,295
Families$102,615$129,474
Married Families$115,304$144,718
Non Families$40,747$56,115

Ann Arbor Marital Status

Ann Arbor Marital Status

Marriage Rates

34.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

34.4%

Male Marriage Rate

33.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Ann Arbor Married by Age and Sex

Ann Arbor Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Ann Arbor Marital Status by Race

Ann Arbor Veterans

2,997

Number of Veterans

2,677

Male Veterans

320

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,043
Second Gulf War444
First Gulf War413
World War II366
Korea331

Ann Arbor Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White2,4923.29%
Black3695.38%
Hispanic862.08%
2 or More742.39%
Asian260.16%
Indian216.19%
Other152.90%

Ann Arbor Veterans by Education

7.37%

Veteran Poverty Rate

24.12%

Veteran Disability Rate

Ann Arbor Employment Status

61.7%

Labor Force Participation

58.4%

Employment Rate

5.3%

Unemployment Rate

Ann Arbor Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

46.40%

Born in Michigan

81.43%

Native Born

18.57%

Foreign Born

11.57%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

81.43% of Ann Arbor residents were born in the United States, with 46.40% having been born in Michigan. 11.57% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.