Asheville, North Carolina Population 2018

Asheville is a city located in the state of North Carolina. It serves as the county seat of Buncombe County and is located in the Blue Ridge Mountains. Asheville has an estimated population of 89,121 people, making it the 12th most populous city in the state. The larger metropolitan area has a population of over 400,000 people.

Asheville History

The region that is now known as Asheville was first inhabited by Cherokees. The European explorer Hernando de Soto first arrived in 1540 and brought diseases which killed many of the natives. The region was primarily used by these visitors for hunting.

In 1784, Asheville was settled by Colonel Samuel Davidson after redeeming a land grant. However, he was killed and his wife, child and slave fled. His twin brother and his brother-in-law returned to retrieve the body and avenge the murder. At the end of the expedition, the men and their extended family settled in the area. The nearby county seat was incorporated with the land and renamed as Asheville after the governor of North Carolina.

It was during the 1880s that the Western North Carolina Railroad constructed a line running from Salisbury to Asheville. It was at this time that the population began to increase, although it was quite slow. Industrial plants were being erected during this time period, attracting more residents.

By 1900, Asheville was the third largest city in North Carolina. The city was quite prosperous in the decades that followed. It was during the early 1900s that the Burton Street Community for African Americans was developed and a sanitary district was established in West Asheville, which later was incorporated within Asheville’s borders. As with other cities around the nation, the Great Depression had a major impact on Asheville, with eight of its banks closing and the city debt reaching the highest in the nation. The city didn’t default on its debts that were used to build infrastructure and buildings but instead paid it off. Because of this, economic growth was very slow and much of the downtown area was left as it originally was.

The positive thing about this is that the city has retained much of its buildings constructed in the Art Deco style, including its city hall. There is other noteworthy architecture located throughout the city, including the Grove Park Inn, which is a luxurious hotel and spa situated in the Blue Ridge Mountains.

Today, Asheville is a beautiful mountainous city that offers modern attractions, many restaurants, and hotels, as well as historic landmarks and sights, including the popular Biltmore House, the largest private residence in the country that draws in visitors from all around the world.

Asheville Demographics

Recent estimates show that the city’s population is over 89,000. The city of Asheville covers over 45 square miles, giving it a population density of 2,000 people per square mile. It is the most populous city in Western North Carolina and the 12th most populous in the state.

The population of Asheville is primarily white, making up almost 78% of the population. Over 17% of the population is Black or African American, 3.76% is Hispanic or Latino, less than 1% is Asian, and 1.58% are mixed race. The largest age group is the 25 to 44 group, making up 28.7% of the population. Data show that 19.6% of the population is under the age of 18, while 18.3% are at least 65 years old. Approximately 19% of Asheville’s population lives below the federal poverty line.

The largest employers in the area include Mission Health System, Buncombe County Schools System and Ingles Markets. Each of these companies employ over 3,000 people. The State of North Carolina and Buncombe County also employ thousands of people.

Asheville Population Growth

Though Asheville’s growth was quite slow during its earliest years, it has seen steady growth according to data from censuses dating back to the 1800s. The city did actually lose inhabitants during the 1970s and 1980s but quickly rebounded to again post strong growth at the time of the census in 1990. Between 2000 and 2010m the city saw 21.1% growth as the city continues to grow and modernize. Recent estimates show that the population is up almost 9% since the last census taken in 2010, indicating that this mountain city still has a lot of growing to do in its future.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201791,9027120.78%
201691,1901,8432.06%
201589,3471,5191.73%
201487,8281,5111.75%
201386,3171,0411.22%
201285,2768851.05%
201184,3919881.18%
201083,40314,5141.93%
200068,8897,2821.12%
199061,6077,5851.32%
198054,022-3,907-0.70%
197057,929-2,257-0.38%
196060,1867,1861.28%
195053,0001,6900.32%
194051,3101,1170.22%
193050,19321,6895.82%
192028,5049,7424.27%
191018,7624,0682.47%
190014,6944,4593.68%
189010,2357,61914.62%
18802,6160.00%

Asheville Population in 2018Source: By Jen G. Bowen [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White72,005
Black or African American10,731
Two or More Races2,071
Asian1,962
Some Other Race524
American Indian and Alaska Native238

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Asheville Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Asheville Median Age

38


Total

36.2


Male

39.5


Female

Asheville Adults

There are 71,425 adults, (14,968 of which are seniors) in Asheville.

Asheville Age Dependency

55.2

Age Dependency Ratio

26.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

28.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Asheville Sex Ratio

Female

46,362

52.97%

Male

41,169

47.03%

Asheville Households and Families

Asheville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Asheville Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married70.6%29.4%
Male54.9%45.1%
All50.8%49.2%
Female43.4%56.6%
Non Family38.3%61.7%

50.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Asheville Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All37,3282.2450.8
Non Family19,1841.3938.3
Married13,2922.9870.6
Female3,8283.643.4
Male1,0243.6254.9

3.03

Average Family Size

2.24

Average Household Size

6.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

1.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Asheville Households

Asheville Education

Asheville Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,5012.40%
9th to 12th Grade3,3575.36%
High School Graduate11,59118.50%
Some College11,94819.07%
Associates Degree4,8257.70%
Bachelors Degree18,05828.83%
Graduate Degree11,35818.13%

Asheville Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White50,89647,75626,765
Black6,9646,1401,065
Hispanic2,7461,942598
Asian1,3871,296751
Multiple Races729691265
Other Race34224487
Native American16616616

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among native american people with a rate of 54.15%.

Asheville Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$30,203$32,316$27,333
Less Than High School$17,122$19,020$15,509
High School Grad$21,752$22,488$20,700
Some College$26,227$29,399$23,427
Bachelors Degree$35,157$41,683$31,673
Graduate Degree$48,909$57,231$40,185

$30,203

Average Earnings

$32,316

Average Male

$27,333

Average Female

Asheville Language

Asheville Language by Age

Asheville Language

91.30% of Asheville residents speak only English, while 8.70% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.50% of the population.

Asheville Poverty

Asheville Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White65,5018,80513.44%
Black10,3222,85227.63%
Hispanic4,8861,66234.02%
Multiple1,97536818.63%
Asian1,8751296.88%
Other499275.41%
Native23193.90%

16.25%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.69%

Male Poverty Rate

17.63%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Asheville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Asheville is Hispanic, with 34.02% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Asheville is Native, with 3.90% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.76%. Among those working part-time, it was 24.34%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 23.32%.

Asheville Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School39.06%
High School18.73%
Some College15.79%
Bachelors or Greater6.66%

Asheville Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed44.10%
Male Unemployed32.33%
Female Employed12.30%
Male Employed8.72%

Asheville Income

Asheville Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$44,946$63,939
Families$61,870$83,217
Married Families$76,257$
Non Families$32,200$43,646

Asheville Marital Status

Asheville Marital Status

Marriage Rates

38.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.5%

Male Marriage Rate

35.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Asheville Married by Age and Sex

Asheville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Asheville Marital Status by Race

Asheville Veterans

Asheville Veterans by War

5,332

Number of Veterans

4,904

Male Veterans

428

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam2,005
Second Gulf War767
First Gulf War744
Korea661
World War II530

Asheville Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
75+1,659
65 to 741,313
35 to 541,013
55 to 64930
18 to 34417

Asheville Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White4,3877.32%
Black81910.02%
2 or More898.60%
Hispanic792.29%
Asian211.37%
Other164.01%

Asheville Veterans by Education

10.46%

Veteran Poverty Rate

31.26%

Veteran Disability Rate

Asheville Employment Status

Asheville Employment by Age

64.8%

Labor Force Participation

60.7%

Employment Rate

6.1%

Unemployment Rate

Asheville Employment by Race

Asheville Employment by Education

Asheville Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

45.44%

Born in North Carolina

93.40%

Native Born

6.60%

Foreign Born

4.01%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

93.40% of Asheville residents were born in the United States, with 45.44% having been born in North Carolina. 4.01% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.