Asheville, North Carolina Population 2019

Asheville is a city located in the state of North Carolina. It serves as the county seat of Buncombe County and is located in the Blue Ridge Mountains. Asheville has an estimated population of 91,902 people, making it the 12th most populous city in the state. The larger metropolitan area has a population of over 400,000 people.

Asheville History

The region that is now known as Asheville was first inhabited by Cherokees. The European explorer Hernando de Soto first arrived in 1540 and brought diseases which killed many of the natives. The region was primarily used by these visitors for hunting.

In 1784, Asheville was settled by Colonel Samuel Davidson after redeeming a land grant. However, he was killed and his wife, child and slave fled. His twin brother and his brother-in-law returned to retrieve the body and avenge the murder. At the end of the expedition, the men and their extended family settled in the area. The nearby county seat was incorporated with the land and renamed as Asheville after the governor of North Carolina.

It was during the 1880s that the Western North Carolina Railroad constructed a line running from Salisbury to Asheville. It was at this time that the population began to increase, although it was quite slow. Industrial plants were being erected during this time period, attracting more residents.

By 1900, Asheville was the third largest city in North Carolina. The city was quite prosperous in the decades that followed. It was during the early 1900s that the Burton Street Community for African Americans was developed and a sanitary district was established in West Asheville, which later was incorporated within Asheville’s borders. As with other cities around the nation, the Great Depression had a major impact on Asheville, with eight of its banks closing and the city debt reaching the highest in the nation. The city didn’t default on its debts that were used to build infrastructure and buildings but instead paid it off. Because of this, economic growth was very slow and much of the downtown area was left as it originally was.

The positive thing about this is that the city has retained much of its buildings constructed in the Art Deco style, including its city hall. There is other noteworthy architecture located throughout the city, including the Grove Park Inn, which is a luxurious hotel and spa situated in the Blue Ridge Mountains.

Today, Asheville is a beautiful mountainous city that offers modern attractions, many restaurants, and hotels, as well as historic landmarks and sights, including the popular Biltmore House, the largest private residence in the country that draws in visitors from all around the world.

City Size and Population Density

Recent estimates show that the city’s population is over 89,000. The city of Asheville covers over 45 square miles, giving it a population density of 2,000 people per square mile. It is the most populous city in Western North Carolina and the 12th most populous in the state.

Asheville Demographics

The population of Asheville, according to the most recent census information, is primarily white, making up almost 78% of the population. Over 17% of the population is Black or African American, 3.76% is Hispanic or Latino, less than 1% is Asian, and 1.58% are mixed race. The largest age group is the 25 to 44 group, making up 28.7% of the population. Data show that 19.6% of the population is under the age of 18, while 18.3% are at least 65 years old. Approximately 19% of Asheville’s population lives below the federal poverty line.

Area Employers

The largest employers in the area include Mission Health System, Buncombe County Schools System and Ingles Markets. Each of these companies employ over 3,000 people. The State of North Carolina and Buncombe County also employ thousands of people.

Asheville Population Growth

Though Asheville’s growth was quite slow during its earliest years, it has seen steady growth according to data from censuses dating back to the 1800s. The city did actually lose inhabitants during the 1970s and 1980s but quickly rebounded to again post strong growth at the time of the census in 1990. Between 2000 and 2010m the city saw 21.1% growth as the city continues to grow and modernize. Recent estimates show that the population is up almost 9% since the last census taken in 2010, indicating that this mountain city still has a lot of growing to do in its future.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201791,9027120.78%
201691,1901,8432.06%
201589,3471,5191.73%
201487,8281,5111.75%
201386,3171,0411.22%
201285,2768851.05%
201184,3919881.18%
201083,40314,5141.93%
200068,8897,2821.12%
199061,6077,5851.32%
198054,022-3,907-0.70%
197057,929-2,257-0.38%
196060,1867,1861.28%
195053,0001,6900.32%
194051,3101,1170.22%
193050,19321,6895.82%
192028,5049,7424.27%
191018,7624,0682.47%
190014,6944,4593.68%
189010,2357,61914.62%
18802,6160.00%

Asheville Population in 2018Source: By Jen G. Bowen [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White74,021
Black or African American10,700
Two or More Races2,131
Asian1,777
Some Other Race406
American Indian and Alaska Native283

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Asheville Population Pyramid 2019

1,0002,0003,0004,000 Male Population1,0002,0003,0004,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Asheville Median Age

38.6


Total

37.3


Male

39.9


Female

Asheville Adults

There are 73,397 adults, (15,494 of whom are seniors) in Asheville.

Asheville Age Dependency

54.3

Age Dependency Ratio

26.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

27.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Asheville Sex Ratio

Female

47,059

52.69%

Male

42,259

47.31%

Asheville Households and Families

Asheville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Asheville Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married68.8%31.2%
Male55%45%
All49.4%50.6%
Female40.7%59.3%
Non Family37.2%62.8%

49.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Asheville Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All39,6972.1649.4
Non Family20,7371.3437.2
Married14,3542.9568.8
Female3,6293.4840.7
Male9773.3455

2.97

Average Family Size

2.16

Average Household Size

6.4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

1.1%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Asheville Households

Asheville Education

Asheville Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,4612.26%
9th to 12th Grade3,1144.81%
High School Graduate11,82518.27%
Some College11,80118.23%
Associates Degree5,3558.27%
Bachelors Degree19,11429.53%
Graduate Degree12,06318.64%

Asheville Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White52,64249,89528,335
Black7,1276,3041,280
Hispanic2,8982,020573
Asian1,2881,183707
Multiple Races771719270
Other Race29826995
Native American19819822

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among native american people with a rate of 54.89%.

Asheville Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,988$35,270$29,937
Less Than High School$16,935$19,500$15,287
High School Grad$22,840$23,112$22,519
Some College$28,121$30,945$25,423
Bachelors Degree$38,177$45,727$33,569
Graduate Degree$51,115$58,738$45,335

$31,988

Average Earnings

$35,270

Average Male

$29,937

Average Female

Asheville Language

Asheville Language by Age

Asheville Language

90.83% of Asheville residents speak only English, while 9.17% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.56% of the population.

Asheville Poverty

Asheville Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White67,2568,51312.66%
Black10,3372,59525.10%
Hispanic5,1081,49729.31%
Multiple1,98337618.96%
Asian1,7281267.29%
Other372318.33%
Native277124.33%

15.11%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.94%

Male Poverty Rate

16.15%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Asheville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Asheville is Hispanic, with 29.31% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Asheville is Native, with 4.33% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.18%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.95%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 21.42%.

Asheville Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School36.33%
High School18.53%
Some College14.40%
Bachelors or Greater6.01%

Asheville Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed46.68%
Male Unemployed35.32%
Female Employed10.72%
Male Employed8.24%

Asheville Income

Asheville Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$46,464$66,748
Families$64,737$87,077
Married Families$80,116$
Non Families$33,935$46,584

Asheville Marital Status

Asheville Marital Status

Marriage Rates

40.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

44.0%

Male Marriage Rate

37.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Asheville Married by Age and Sex

Asheville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

Asheville Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Asheville Veterans

Asheville Veterans by War

5,453

Number of Veterans

4,981

Male Veterans

472

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam1,994
First Gulf War817
Second Gulf War774
Korea716
World War II525

Asheville Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
75+1,797
65 to 741,270
55 to 641,016
35 to 54996
18 to 34374

Asheville Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White4,4127.12%
Black85610.48%
Hispanic952.67%
2 or More959.37%
Asian724.88%
Other184.79%

Asheville Veterans by Education

11.09%

Veteran Poverty Rate

33.11%

Veteran Disability Rate

Asheville Employment Status

Asheville Employment by Age

65.1%

Labor Force Participation

62%

Employment Rate

4.4%

Unemployment Rate

Asheville Employment by Race

Asheville Employment by Education

Asheville Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

44.69%

Born in North Carolina

92.91%

Native Born

7.09%

Foreign Born

4.15%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

92.91% of Asheville residents were born in the United States, with 44.69% having been born in North Carolina. 4.15% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.