Atlanta, Georgia Population 2018

Atlanta is Georgia's capital and most populous city, as well as the economic and cultural hub of the Atlanta metropolitan area. It also ranks 10th economically in the nation with a GDP of $276 billion. The estimated population of Atlanta in 2016 is 463,878.

According to 2015 US Census estimates, Atlanta's population is roughly 463,878 in the city, up from 456,002 in the prior year's estimate.

Atlanta's population represents the residents of the city proper, although the urban population is 4.5 million and the Atlanta metropolitan area is home to 5.6 million, making it the 9th largest in the United States. The Combined Statistical Area is even larger at 6.2 million.


Atlanta has a population density of 630 people per square mile, or 243 per square kilometer.

Atlanta Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the racial makeup of Atlanta was as follows:

  • Black or African American: 54%
  • White: 38.4%
  • Asian: 3.1%
  • Native American: 0.2%
  • Other race: 2.2%
  • Two or more races: 2.0%
  • Hispanic of any race: 5.2%

Atlanta is also home to one of the highest LGBT populations per capita, which is 19th among major US metropolitan areas. An estimated 4.2% of Atlanta's metro population is gay, lesbian or bisexual.

Atlanta is also the 2nd largest majority black metro area in the country. Still, African Americans in the city have been moving to the suburbs over the last 10 years, and the city's black population shrank from 61.4% in 2000 to 54% in 2010.

Meanwhile, Atlanta has seen the fastest growth in the proportion of whites in the city than any other US city. The white population grew from 31% to 38% from 2000 to 2010.

Atlanta History

Atlanta was inhabited by Cherokee and Creek Indians prior to the arrival of Europeans. Standing Peachtree, a Creek village, is now the closest Indian settlement to Atlanta.

The Western and Atlantic Railroad was approved in 1836 to connect Savannah to the Midwest. After the area was surveyed, the zero milepost was driven into what is now called Five Points. Just a year later, the area around this milepost had become a settlement, known originally as Terminus and later as Thrashervile.

By 1842, Thrasherville had 6 buildings and 30 residents and was renamed as Marthasville. J. Edgar Thomson of the Georgia Railroad suggested renaming the settlement to Atlantica-Pacifica, which was then shortened to Atlanta, and the town was incorporated in 1847.

Atlanta's population grew rapidly over the next decade. During the Civil War, its railroads made it a hub for distributing military supplies, and the Union Army moved southward and invaded north Georgia in 1860. Four years later, Confederate General Hood ordered a retreat from Atlanta and all buildings destroyed. The next day, the Mayor of Atlanta surrendered the city to the Union Army.

Union General William T. Sherman ordered Atlanta burned to the ground in 1864 when it became apparent it would be lost to the Union, but the city was slowly rebuilt. By 1880, it surpassed Savannah as the state's largest city, and it had a period of unprecedented growth during the early 20th century.

Atlanta Population Growth

Atlanta is a rapidly growing city, and its metropolitan area exceeded 5.5 million for the first time in 2013. While the area's growth is not as high as it was in the 1990s and early 2000s, it's higher than the previous year and this growth is expected to continue as Atlanta attracts new people.

Slow growth is normal for the United States, as the country is still recovering from the Great Recession. Still, the U.S. Census Bureau found that metro Atlanta was the 6th fastest growing metro area in the country from 2012 to 2013.

It's projected that metro Atlanta's population will reach over 8 million by 2020.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017486,29013,3232.82%
2016472,9679,4882.05%
2015463,4797,8901.73%
2014455,5897,7771.74%
2013447,8124,8041.08%
2012443,00811,2792.61%
2011431,7298,8802.10%
2010422,8496,3751.53%
2000416,47422,4575.70%
1990394,017-31,005-7.29%
1980425,022-70,017-14.14%
1970495,0397,5841.56%
1960487,455156,14147.13%
1950331,31429,0269.60%
1940302,28831,92211.81%
1930270,36669,75034.77%
1920200,61645,77729.56%
1910154,83964,96772.29%
190089,87224,33937.14%
189065,53328,12475.18%
188037,40915,62071.69%
187021,78912,235128.06%
18609,5546,982271.46%
18502,5720.00%

Atlanta Population in 2018Source: Anish Patel [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
Black or African American239,005
White182,794
Asian18,235
Two or More Races10,032
Some Other Race4,802
American Indian and Alaska Native1,308
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander202

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Atlanta Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Atlanta Median Age

33.5


Total

33


Male

33.9


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 395,354 adults in Atlanta.

Atlanta Age Dependency

42

Age Dependency Ratio

15.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

26.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Atlanta Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
4.9
Houses Without Mortgage
23,400
Houses With Mortgage
58,017
Vacancy Rate
18.2
Median Rent
998
Median Home Value
222,300
Renter-Occupied Units
107,926
Owner-Occupied Units
81,417
Total Housing Units
231,432

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Atlanta for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 6.7% and the labor force participation rate is 65%.

Atlanta Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.24
Average Family Size
3.41
Total Households
189343
Married Couple Households
45894
Male Householder (no wife) Families
5844
Female Householder (no husband) Families
27817
Non Family Households
109788
Total Families
79555
Households With Own Children
34410
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
4.7
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
1.2

Atlanta Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
22,232
$10,000 to $14,999
12,267
$15,000 to $24,999
21,054
$25,000 to $34,999
17,307
$35,000 to $49,999
22,571
$50,000 to $74,999
28,752
$75,000 to $99,999
17,261
$100,000 to $149,999
20,787
$150,000 to $199,999
9,722
Over $200,000
17,390

Atlanta Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Atlanta

Georgia

$49,398

$51,037

$87,784

$71,420

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.0450.090.1350.18

Atlanta Education Data

Atlanta Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
8,3672.72%
9th to 12th Grade
24,0337.82%
High School Graduate
58,88119.15%
Some College
53,16417.29%
Associates Degree
14,5934.75%
Bachelors Degree
83,30027.09%
Graduate Degree
65,17121.19%