Atlanta, Georgia Population 2018

Atlanta is Georgia's capital and most populous city, as well as the economic and cultural hub of the Atlanta metropolitan area. It also ranks 10th economically in the nation with a GDP of $276 billion. The estimated population of Atlanta in 2016 is 463,878.

According to 2015 US Census estimates, Atlanta's population is roughly 463,878 in the city, up from 456,002 in the prior year's estimate.

Atlanta's population represents the residents of the city proper, although the urban population is 4.5 million and the Atlanta metropolitan area is home to 5.6 million, making it the 9th largest in the United States. The Combined Statistical Area is even larger at 6.2 million.


Atlanta has a population density of 630 people per square mile, or 243 per square kilometer.

Atlanta Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the racial makeup of Atlanta was as follows:

  • Black or African American: 54%
  • White: 38.4%
  • Asian: 3.1%
  • Native American: 0.2%
  • Other race: 2.2%
  • Two or more races: 2.0%
  • Hispanic of any race: 5.2%

Atlanta is also home to one of the highest LGBT populations per capita, which is 19th among major US metropolitan areas. An estimated 4.2% of Atlanta's metro population is gay, lesbian or bisexual.

Atlanta is also the 2nd largest majority black metro area in the country. Still, African Americans in the city have been moving to the suburbs over the last 10 years, and the city's black population shrank from 61.4% in 2000 to 54% in 2010.

Meanwhile, Atlanta has seen the fastest growth in the proportion of whites in the city than any other US city. The white population grew from 31% to 38% from 2000 to 2010.

Atlanta History

Atlanta was inhabited by Cherokee and Creek Indians prior to the arrival of Europeans. Standing Peachtree, a Creek village, is now the closest Indian settlement to Atlanta.

The Western and Atlantic Railroad was approved in 1836 to connect Savannah to the Midwest. After the area was surveyed, the zero milepost was driven into what is now called Five Points. Just a year later, the area around this milepost had become a settlement, known originally as Terminus and later as Thrashervile.

By 1842, Thrasherville had 6 buildings and 30 residents and was renamed as Marthasville. J. Edgar Thomson of the Georgia Railroad suggested renaming the settlement to Atlantica-Pacifica, which was then shortened to Atlanta, and the town was incorporated in 1847.

Atlanta's population grew rapidly over the next decade. During the Civil War, its railroads made it a hub for distributing military supplies, and the Union Army moved southward and invaded north Georgia in 1860. Four years later, Confederate General Hood ordered a retreat from Atlanta and all buildings destroyed. The next day, the Mayor of Atlanta surrendered the city to the Union Army.

Union General William T. Sherman ordered Atlanta burned to the ground in 1864 when it became apparent it would be lost to the Union, but the city was slowly rebuilt. By 1880, it surpassed Savannah as the state's largest city, and it had a period of unprecedented growth during the early 20th century.

Atlanta Population Growth

Atlanta is a rapidly growing city, and its metropolitan area exceeded 5.5 million for the first time in 2013. While the area's growth is not as high as it was in the 1990s and early 2000s, it's higher than the previous year and this growth is expected to continue as Atlanta attracts new people.

Slow growth is normal for the United States, as the country is still recovering from the Great Recession. Still, the U.S. Census Bureau found that metro Atlanta was the 6th fastest growing metro area in the country from 2012 to 2013.

It's projected that metro Atlanta's population will reach over 8 million by 2020.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017486,29013,3232.82%
2016472,9679,4882.05%
2015463,4797,8901.73%
2014455,5897,7771.74%
2013447,8124,8041.08%
2012443,00811,2792.61%
2011431,7298,8802.10%
2010422,8496,3750.15%
2000416,47422,4570.56%
1990394,017-31,005-0.75%
1980425,022-70,017-1.51%
1970495,0397,5840.15%
1960487,455156,1413.94%
1950331,31429,0260.92%
1940302,28831,9221.12%
1930270,36669,7503.03%
1920200,61645,7772.62%
1910154,83964,9675.59%
190089,87224,3393.21%
189065,53328,1245.77%
188037,40915,6205.55%
187021,78912,2358.59%
18609,5546,98214.02%
18502,5720.00%

Atlanta Population in 2018Source: Anish Patel [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
Black or African American243,285
White186,447
Asian18,727
Two or More Races10,562
Some Other Race4,863
American Indian and Alaska Native1,189
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander157

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Atlanta Population Pyramid 2018

5,00010,00015,00020,00025,000 Male Population5,00010,00015,00020,00025,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Atlanta Median Age

33.5


Total

33.1


Male

33.9


Female

Atlanta Adults

There are 377,625 adults, (52,413 of whom are seniors) in Atlanta.

Atlanta Age Dependency

43.1

Age Dependency Ratio

16.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

26.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Atlanta Sex Ratio

Female

237,192

50.98%

Male

228,038

49.02%

Atlanta Households and Families

Atlanta Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Atlanta Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married74.7%25.3%
All43.4%56.6%
Male40.4%59.6%
Non Family33.7%66.3%
Female30%70%

43.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Atlanta Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All192,9292.2443.4
Non Family111,1091.3333.7
Married47,0133.0874.7
Female28,5314.0930
Male6,2763.7740.4

3.4

Average Family Size

2.24

Average Household Size

4.9%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

1.1%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Atlanta Households

Atlanta Education

Atlanta Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade7,9212.52%
9th to 12th Grade23,9437.61%
High School Graduate60,92019.36%
Some College52,91016.82%
Associates Degree15,6774.98%
Bachelors Degree85,81127.27%
Graduate Degree67,45121.44%

Atlanta Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Black157,133130,61235,926
White129,544127,428100,122
Hispanic12,4489,8845,365
Asian11,05010,7079,258
Multiple Races5,1644,8042,752
Other Race3,0182,4621,188
Native American787609119
Islander888857

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 83.78%.

Atlanta Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$43,679$51,596$38,703
Less Than High School$16,437$18,093$14,043
High School Grad$24,538$27,792$20,749
Some College$30,419$35,436$26,079
Bachelors Degree$55,250$64,875$48,532
Graduate Degree$74,091$90,557$62,848

$43,679

Average Earnings

$51,596

Average Male

$38,703

Average Female

Atlanta Language

Atlanta Language by Age

Atlanta Language

90.67% of Atlanta residents speak only English, while 9.33% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.14% of the population.

Atlanta Poverty

Atlanta Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black229,83575,77332.97%
White164,11712,2127.44%
Hispanic19,0934,83225.31%
Asian14,9503,70124.76%
Multiple9,3101,75718.87%
Other4,5201,30628.89%
Native93025527.42%
Islander1399266.19%

22.41%

Overall Poverty Rate

20.44%

Male Poverty Rate

24.25%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Atlanta

The race most likely to be in poverty in Atlanta is Islander, with 66.19% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Atlanta is White, with 7.44% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.12%. Among those working part-time, it was 29.98%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 36.49%.

Atlanta Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School44.87%
High School29.06%
Some College18.07%
Bachelors or Greater5.39%

Atlanta Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed53.15%
Male Unemployed42.71%
Female Employed11.09%
Male Employed7.21%

Atlanta Income

Atlanta Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$51,701$92,186
Families$68,243$129,000
Married Families$122,764$191,019
Non Families$43,247$63,758

Atlanta Marital Status

Atlanta Marital Status

Marriage Rates

27.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

28.4%

Male Marriage Rate

25.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Atlanta Married by Age and Sex

Atlanta Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Atlanta Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Atlanta Veterans

Atlanta Veterans by War

20,066

Number of Veterans

18,004

Male Veterans

2,062

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam6,648
First Gulf War4,120
Second Gulf War3,209
Korea1,752
World War II865

Atlanta Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 545,079
65 to 744,986
75+4,213
55 to 643,839
18 to 341,949

Atlanta Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
Black11,6076.16%
White7,8994.95%
Hispanic3071.93%
2 or More2803.85%
Asian1350.79%
Indian666.79%
Other521.38%
Hawaiian2727.55%

Atlanta Veterans by Education

12.69%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.59%

Veteran Disability Rate

Atlanta Employment Status

Atlanta Employment by Age

65.2%

Labor Force Participation

59.4%

Employment Rate

8.9%

Unemployment Rate

Atlanta Employment by Race

Atlanta Employment by Education

Atlanta Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

52.76%

Born in Georgia

93.12%

Native Born

6.88%

Foreign Born

4.27%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

93.12% of Atlanta residents were born in the United States, with 52.76% having been born in Georgia. 4.27% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.