Augusta, Maine Population 2019

Augusta is a city located in the state of Maine. It serves as the county seat of Kennebec county, and it is also the state capital. The city was first settled in the 18th century and was incorporated as a city in the 19th century. However, despite its long history, the city has a population of just 18,494 according to recent estimates, making it the third least-populous capital city in the U.S.

Augusta History

The region that is now the city of Augusta was first inhabited by the Canibas Indians. Augusta was explored in the early 17th century by the Europeans. Over 20 years later, it was settled as a trading post and was known as Cushnoc. During its earliest history, it was a site for fur trading - known as the Popham Colony, although uprisings by the Native Americans, severe freezing winter conditions that stalled farming efforts, and a decline in revenues led the Europeans to leave the area, where it remained unsettled for 75 years.

In the mid 18th century, a blockhouse was constructed and came to be known as Fort Western. A few years later, it was incorporated with Hallowell. By the end of the 18th century, however, it was incorporated by the Massachusetts General Court and was known as Harrington. That name changed later that year to Augusta. In 1799, Augusta was designated as the county seat for Kennebec County.

After Maine was incorporated into the U.S. as a state, Augusta was designated as the state capital in 1827. It achieved city status in 1849. It was during this time that the city became quite prosperous. In the mid-1800s, the city had one of the highest populations in the country. However, it was soon overtaken as other metro areas in the Midwest flourished.

The city’s economy was based around agriculture, and then many sawmills were constructed, making Augusta a prominent mill city. This growth continued through the 19th century with the addition of cotton mills, paper and pulp plant, and other mills and factories that produced everything from lumber to doors, shutters, furniture and even headstones. In more recent years, the city has become known as a center for publishing and shipping.

It was during the 19th century that the railroad and steamboat arrived to Augusta. Gas lights were installed, a hospital was built, and telephone service was made available to residents furthering population growth. The central business district over the years, however, has suffered. As the city grew, many businesses moved away from the central location, while a fire in 1865 also destroyed many buildings. In the 20th century, the construction of highways led to more businesses moving to other areas of Augusta.

The city has been trying to revitalize its downtown area since the 1980s. The dam across the Kennebec that was constructed in 1837 was removed in 1999 and a park was constructed in the area. Old mills and factories have been converted to housing, and the local government is making additional efforts to improve the city and attract new residents.

Augusta City Size

Augusta’s population is over 18,000 people per the latest estimates. The city has a total area of just over 58 square miles and a population density of 330 people per square mile.

Augusta Demographics

The majority of the city’s population is white, with this race making up over 94% of the total population. Just 1.1% of residents are black, 0.7% are Native American, 1.5% are Asian, and 2.3% are mixed. Less than 2% of the population is of Hispanic or Latino origin. The largest age group living in Augusta is 45 to 64, making up almost 30% of the population. Over 18% of residents are under age 18, while 18% are at least 65 years old. There are more males than females living in Augusta, with females making up 51.4% of the population. Approximately 15% of the total population of Augusta lives below the federal poverty line.

Augusta Population Growth

In its early population history, Augusta saw relatively steady growth according to past census data. The population exceeded 5,000 by 1940 before dropping off a bit in 1860. However, it rebounded by the end of the century, recording over 10,000 residents at the time of the 1890 census. The city’s population slowly grew through the 20th century until it began to post losses beginning with the 1980 census. A much larger population decline was recorded during the censuses of 1990 and 2,000, bringing the population down to under 20,000, a number it had originally exceeded in 1950. The 2010 census saw growth again, but recent estimates show that the population is down over 3% since that census was taken. The city is continuing efforts to revive its main areas to bring in more residents, but only time will tell if these efforts will be successful.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201718,594570.31%
201618,537270.15%
201518,510-208-1.11%
201418,718-61-0.32%
201318,779-142-0.75%
201218,921-68-0.36%
201118,989-113-0.59%
201019,1025420.29%
200018,560-2,765-1.38%
199021,325-494-0.23%
198021,819-126-0.06%
197021,9452650.12%
196021,6807670.36%
195020,9131,5530.77%
194019,3602,1621.19%
193017,1983,0842.00%
192014,1149030.66%
191013,2111,5281.24%
190011,6831,1561.05%
189010,5271,8621.97%
18808,6658571.05%
18707,8081990.26%
18607,609-616-0.78%
18508,2252,9114.47%
18405,3140.00%

Augusta Population in 2018Source: By Debs (originally posted to Flickr as DSC_0026.JPG) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White17,527
Two or More Races429
American Indian and Alaska Native235
Asian198
Black or African American195
Some Other Race38
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander4

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Augusta Population Pyramid 2019

200400600800 Male Population200400600800 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Augusta Median Age

44.8


Total

44.1


Male

45.4


Female

Augusta Adults

There are 15,284 adults, (3,853 of whom are seniors) in Augusta.

Augusta Age Dependency

62.9

Age Dependency Ratio

33.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

29.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Augusta Sex Ratio

Female

9,629

51.70%

Male

8,997

48.30%

Augusta Households and Families

Augusta Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Augusta Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married76%24%
Male62.8%37.2%
All52.8%47.2%
Non Family39.2%60.8%
Female37.1%62.9%

52.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Augusta Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All8,5442.0852.8
Non Family4,2701.2439.2
Married2,9572.8476
Female9193.0137.1
Male3983.2562.8

2.8

Average Family Size

2.08

Average Household Size

12.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.7%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Augusta Households

Augusta Education

Augusta Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade9987.45%
9th to 12th Grade7745.78%
High School Graduate4,44833.20%
Some College2,76320.62%
Associates Degree8936.67%
Bachelors Degree2,51918.80%
Graduate Degree1,0027.48%

Augusta Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White12,56211,1163,309
Multiple Races261178109
Native American2222612
Asian15312451
Hispanic13713758
Black78602
Other Race3838
Islander44

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 42.34%.

Augusta Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,504$38,412$27,132
Less Than High School$21,290$23,219$20,363
High School Grad$23,228$25,117$22,042
Some College$32,439$45,647$26,369
Bachelors Degree$41,920$51,154$37,439
Graduate Degree$59,859$67,237$56,328

$31,504

Average Earnings

$38,412

Average Male

$27,132

Average Female

Augusta Language

Augusta Language by Age

Augusta Language

92.51% of Augusta residents speak only English, while 7.49% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is OtherIndoEuro, which is spoken by 4.32% of the population.

Augusta Poverty

Augusta Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White16,6383,29519.80%
Multiple39418947.97%
Black18412165.76%
Hispanic2457229.39%
Asian1986532.83%
Other3838100.00%
Native230166.96%

21.03%

Overall Poverty Rate

20.61%

Male Poverty Rate

21.41%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Augusta

The race most likely to be in poverty in Augusta is Other, with 100.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Augusta is Native, with 6.96% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.47%. Among those working part-time, it was 23.67%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 31.71%.

Augusta Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School36.90%
High School22.43%
Some College18.54%
Bachelors or Greater3.72%

Augusta Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Male Unemployed53.97%
Female Unemployed17.59%
Female Employed9.67%
Male Employed9.09%

Augusta Income

Augusta Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$40,181$52,854
Families$58,125$65,075
Married Families$69,037$
Non Families$29,634$38,636

Augusta Marital Status

Augusta Marital Status

Marriage Rates

39.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

41.7%

Male Marriage Rate

37.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Augusta Married by Age and Sex

Augusta Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Augusta Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Augusta Veterans

Augusta Veterans by War

1,743

Number of Veterans

1,592

Male Veterans

151

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam586
First Gulf War276
Second Gulf War251
World War II191
Korea173

Augusta Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
75+517
65 to 74465
55 to 64357
35 to 54335
18 to 3469

Augusta Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White1,68311.65%
2 or More238.33%
Black1718.09%
Asian127.23%
Hawaiian4100.00%
Indian41.80%

Augusta Veterans by Education

11.40%

Veteran Poverty Rate

34.20%

Veteran Disability Rate

Augusta Employment Status

Augusta Employment by Age

60.8%

Labor Force Participation

56.2%

Employment Rate

7.3%

Unemployment Rate

Augusta Employment by Race

Augusta Employment by Education

Augusta Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

71.60%

Born in Maine

95.73%

Native Born

4.27%

Foreign Born

2.62%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

95.73% of Augusta residents were born in the United States, with 71.60% having been born in Maine. 2.62% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.