Austin, Texas Population 2018

Austin is the capital of Texas and the 11th largest city in the United States, and the 3rd largest state capital. The population of Austin in 2016 is estimated at 931,830, which is an increase of more than 3% over the last census in 2010.

Austin's 2016 population is estimated at 931,830, but its 5-county metropolitan area has an estimated population of over 2 million. Austin has a population density of 3,358.32 people per square mile (1,296.65/square kilometer), so there is definitely room to grow.

In 2016, Austin was the 4th largest city in Texas and the 11th largest in the United States, up from 13th at the last census. Austin is one of the fastest-growing cities in the country now, with a population growth rate of almost 3%.

Austin Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the composition of Austin was:

  • White: 68.3% (non-Hispanic: 48.7%)
  • Hispanic or Latino: 35.1%
  • African American: 8.1%
  • Asian: 6.3%
  • American Indian: 0.9%
  • Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.1%
  • Two or more races: 3.4%

While Austin has a sizable Hispanic population, the city has struggled to attract more African Americans, the only ethnic group in Austin that is shrinking. There are two important factors causing a decline in the African-American community: moving away from the city center and higher mortality rates.

Austin History

Austin was settled in the 1830s by pioneers, although the area has been inhabited since at least 9200 BC, or more than 11,000 years. For many years, Spanish colonists traveled through the area but very few permanent settlements were created until 1730, when three missions from East Texas were reestablished at the site.

Texas won independence from Mexico in 1836 and became its own independent country. A year later, Republic of Texas Vice President Mirabeau Lamar visited the area while hunting buffalo and proposed moving the republic's capital (then in Houston) to the area. The city was incorporated in 1839 as Waterloo, but was quickly renamed Austin in honor of Stephen Austin, the "Father of Texas."

By the 1880s, Austin gained prominence with its state capital building, then the 7th largest building in the world. The city slowly grew, launching several beautification projects in the 1920s and 1930s, further boosting its appeal and population.

Through half of the 20th century, Austin had a three-way social segregation system with Anglos, Mexicans and African Americans separated by law in most areas of life. This was eventually abolished and Austin's Hispanic population grew rapidly. In 1970, its population was 15% Hispanic, 12% black and 73% non-Hispanic white; by 2010, the city was 35% Hispanic, 48% white and only 8% black.

Austin Population Growth

Austin is currently the fastest growing city in the United States and, from 2011 to 2016, it's expected to have an economic growth rate of over 6%, with a population growth rate approaching 3%. This means it's following a trend common across many major cities in Texas. Eight of the 15 fastest growing cities are in Texas, including San Antonio, Houston and Dallas.

Young, recent college graduates and retiring baby boomers are now making up the majority of new Austinites, all being drawn in for the city's shopping, museums and entertainment, along with affordable housing. Over the past few years, however, construction has not kept up with the population growth, creating a shortage of housing and jumps in home sales and prices.

Demographers believe Austin will continue its excellent growth in the short term, but the pace will eventually slow. Austin is already buckling under its population, with roadways packed and the third worst traffic congestion in any urban area in the US.

A forecast of population growth shows that Austin's metropolitan area's population may hit 3.2 million by 2030.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017950,71512,5151.33%
2016938,20018,2261.98%
2015919,97419,3532.15%
2014900,62125,7112.94%
2013874,91020,5602.41%
2012854,35025,6503.10%
2011828,70022,2372.76%
2010806,463149,9012.08%
2000656,562190,9403.50%
1990465,622119,7323.02%
1980345,89092,3513.15%
1970253,53966,9943.12%
1960186,54554,0863.48%
1950132,45944,5294.18%
194087,93034,8105.17%
193053,12018,2444.30%
192034,8765,0161.56%
191029,8607,6022.98%
190022,2587,6834.32%
189014,5753,5622.84%
188011,0136,5859.54%
18704,4289342.40%
18603,4942,89419.27%
18506000.00%

Austin Population in 2018Source: User:Argash [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White688,657
Black or African American68,651
Asian61,926
Some Other Race55,186
Two or More Races28,700
American Indian and Alaska Native3,916
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander743

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Austin Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10%12% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10%12% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Austin Median Age

32.4


Total

32.2


Male

32.7


Female

Austin Adults

There are 713,514 adults, (71,715 of which are seniors) in Austin.

Austin Age Dependency

41.5

Age Dependency Ratio

11.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

30.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Austin Sex Ratio

Female

449,405

49.51%

Male

458,374

50.49%

Austin Households and Families

Austin Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Austin Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married68.7%31.3%
All45.3%54.7%
Male37.5%62.5%
Female35.5%64.5%
Non Family30%70%

45.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Austin Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All358,4012.4745.3
Non Family172,1231.530
Married132,9963.3168.7
Female38,5093.5735.5
Male14,7733.4537.5

3.26

Average Family Size

2.47

Average Household Size

6.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

1%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Austin Households

Austin Education

Austin Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade39,7226.52%
9th to 12th Grade33,4255.48%
High School Graduate100,00116.41%
Some College114,46518.78%
Associates Degree31,1135.10%
Bachelors Degree184,10130.20%
Graduate Degree106,68917.50%

Austin Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White335,377327,018205,271
Hispanic178,147121,89040,020
Black43,86938,92810,462
Asian41,77238,47329,604
Other Race33,02819,5084,316
Multiple Races13,11412,1486,295
Native American2,6022,215692
Islander430402103

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 97.51%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 70.87%.

Austin Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$39,552$42,541$35,009
Less Than High School$20,453$23,300$15,056
High School Grad$26,381$28,026$24,208
Some College$33,553$37,538$30,286
Bachelors Degree$49,364$58,342$42,326
Graduate Degree$67,399$85,590$53,452

$39,552

Average Earnings

$42,541

Average Male

$35,009

Average Female

Austin Language

Austin Language by Age

Austin Language

67.61% of Austin residents speak only English, while 32.39% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 24.34% of the population.

Austin Poverty

Austin Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic307,62577,13825.08%
White432,18542,0829.74%
Black65,71316,50725.12%
Other54,52915,28928.04%
Asian61,0539,03114.79%
Multiple28,0324,84717.29%
Native3,85787822.76%
Islander73315921.69%

16.68%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.57%

Male Poverty Rate

17.83%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Austin

The race most likely to be in poverty in Austin is Other, with 28.04% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Austin is White, with 9.74% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.31%. Among those working part-time, it was 25.39%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 29.62%.

Austin Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School30.74%
High School16.26%
Some College10.53%
Bachelors or Greater5.28%

Austin Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed40.18%
Male Unemployed32.98%
Female Employed9.77%
Male Employed7.84%

Austin Income

Austin Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$60,939$86,500
Families$77,755$107,531
Married Families$97,369$128,853
Non Families$46,091$61,143

Austin Marital Status

Austin Marital Status

Marriage Rates

39.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

40.5%

Male Marriage Rate

39.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Austin Married by Age and Sex

Austin Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Austin Marital Status by Race

Austin Veterans

Austin Veterans by War

37,451

Number of Veterans

33,045

Male Veterans

4,406

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam12,168
Second Gulf War9,120
First Gulf War8,815
Korea2,609
World War II1,828

Austin Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 5410,466
65 to 747,716
55 to 646,779
18 to 346,254
75+6,236

Austin Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White30,0465.46%
Hispanic6,2912.90%
Black4,8049.01%
Other9742.47%
2 or More8985.38%
Asian5551.10%
Indian1023.57%
Hawaiian7215.58%

Austin Veterans by Education

6.69%

Veteran Poverty Rate

23.07%

Veteran Disability Rate

Austin Employment Status

Austin Employment by Age

73.3%

Labor Force Participation

69.6%

Employment Rate

5%

Unemployment Rate

Austin Employment by Race

Austin Employment by Education

Austin Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

52.78%

Born in Texas

81.84%

Native Born

18.16%

Foreign Born

12.50%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

81.84% of Austin residents were born in the United States, with 52.78% having been born in Texas. 12.50% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.