Austin Population 2017

Austin's 2016 population is estimated at 931,830, but its 5-county metropolitan area has an estimated population of over 2 million. Austin has a population density of 3,358.32 people per square mile (1,296.65/square kilometer), so there is definitely room to grow.

In 2016, Austin was the 4th largest city in Texas and the 11th largest in the United States, up from 13th at the last census. Austin is one of the fastest-growing cities in the country now, with a population growth rate of almost 3%.

Austin Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the composition of Austin was:

  • White: 68.3% (non-Hispanic: 48.7%)
  • Hispanic or Latino: 35.1%
  • African American: 8.1%
  • Asian: 6.3%
  • American Indian: 0.9%
  • Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.1%
  • Two or more races: 3.4%

While Austin has a sizable Hispanic population, the city has struggled to attract more African Americans, the only ethnic group in Austin that is shrinking. There are two important factors causing a decline in the African-American community: moving away from the city center and higher mortality rates.

Austin History

Austin was settled in the 1830s by pioneers, although the area has been inhabited since at least 9200 BC, or more than 11,000 years. For many years, Spanish colonists traveled through the area but very few permanent settlements were created until 1730, when three missions from East Texas were reestablished at the site.

Texas won independence from Mexico in 1836 and became its own independent country. A year later, Republic of Texas Vice President Mirabeau Lamar visited the area while hunting buffalo and proposed moving the republic's capital (then in Houston) to the area. The city was incorporated in 1839 as Waterloo, but was quickly renamed Austin in honor of Stephen Austin, the "Father of Texas."

By the 1880s, Austin gained prominence with its state capital building, then the 7th largest building in the world. The city slowly grew, launching several beautification projects in the 1920s and 1930s, further boosting its appeal and population.

Through half of the 20th century, Austin had a three-way social segregation system with Anglos, Mexicans and African Americans separated by law in most areas of life. This was eventually abolished and Austin's Hispanic population grew rapidly. In 1970, its population was 15% Hispanic, 12% black and 73% non-Hispanic white; by 2010, the city was 35% Hispanic, 48% white and only 8% black.

Austin Population Growth

Austin is currently the fastest growing city in the United States and, from 2011 to 2016, it's expected to have an economic growth rate of over 6%, with a population growth rate approaching 3%. This means it's following a trend common across many major cities in Texas. Eight of the 15 fastest growing cities are in Texas, including San Antonio, Houston and Dallas.

Young, recent college graduates and retiring baby boomers are now making up the majority of new Austinites, all being drawn in for the city's shopping, museums and entertainment, along with affordable housing. Over the past few years, however, construction has not kept up with the population growth, creating a shortage of housing and jumps in home sales and prices.

Demographers believe Austin will continue its excellent growth in the short term, but the pace will eventually slow. Austin is already buckling under its population, with roadways packed and the third worst traffic congestion in any urban area in the US.

A forecast of population growth shows that Austin's metropolitan area's population may hit 3.2 million by 2030.

Year Population Change
2015 931,830 17.90%
2010 790,390 20.40%
2000 656,562 41.00%
1990 465,622 34.60%
1980 345,890 36.40%
1970 253,539 35.90%
1960 186,545 40.80%
1950 132,459 50.60%
1940 87,930 65.50%
1930 53,120 52.30%
1920 34,876 16.80%
1910 29,860 34.20%
1900 22,258 52.70%
1890 14,575 32.30%
1880 11,013 148.70%
1870 4,428 26.70%
1860 3,494 482.30%
1850 600 0.00%

Austin Population in 2017 Source: Argash

Austin Race Data

Race Population Percentage
White 644,716 74.60%
Black or African American 67,363 7.79%
American Indian and Alaska Native 4,396 0.51%
Asian 56,802 6.57%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 593 0.07%
Some Other Race 63,730 7.37%
Two or More Races 26,618 3.08%

Population Pyramid

Austin Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Total Housing Units 380,280
Owner-Occupied Units 157,382
Renter-Occupied Units 193,813
Median Home Value $240,800
Median Rent $1,047
Vacancy Rate 7.6%
Houses With Mortgage 110,719
Houses Without Mortgage 46,663
Median Number of Rooms (per House) 4.6

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Austin for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 4.3% and the labor force participation rate is 73.2%.

Austin Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size 2.47
Average Family Size 3.24
Married Couple Families 129,553
Male Householder (no wife) Families 15,282
Female Householder (no husband) Families 38,788
Non Family Households
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex) 6.9%
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex) 1%