Austin, Texas Population 2018

Austin is the capital of Texas and the 11th largest city in the United States, and the 3rd largest state capital. The population of Austin in 2016 is estimated at 931,830, which is an increase of more than 3% over the last census in 2010.

Austin's 2016 population is estimated at 931,830, but its 5-county metropolitan area has an estimated population of over 2 million. Austin has a population density of 3,358.32 people per square mile (1,296.65/square kilometer), so there is definitely room to grow.

In 2016, Austin was the 4th largest city in Texas and the 11th largest in the United States, up from 13th at the last census. Austin is one of the fastest-growing cities in the country now, with a population growth rate of almost 3%.

Austin Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the composition of Austin was:

  • White: 68.3% (non-Hispanic: 48.7%)
  • Hispanic or Latino: 35.1%
  • African American: 8.1%
  • Asian: 6.3%
  • American Indian: 0.9%
  • Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.1%
  • Two or more races: 3.4%

While Austin has a sizable Hispanic population, the city has struggled to attract more African Americans, the only ethnic group in Austin that is shrinking. There are two important factors causing a decline in the African-American community: moving away from the city center and higher mortality rates.

Austin History

Austin was settled in the 1830s by pioneers, although the area has been inhabited since at least 9200 BC, or more than 11,000 years. For many years, Spanish colonists traveled through the area but very few permanent settlements were created until 1730, when three missions from East Texas were reestablished at the site.

Texas won independence from Mexico in 1836 and became its own independent country. A year later, Republic of Texas Vice President Mirabeau Lamar visited the area while hunting buffalo and proposed moving the republic's capital (then in Houston) to the area. The city was incorporated in 1839 as Waterloo, but was quickly renamed Austin in honor of Stephen Austin, the "Father of Texas."

By the 1880s, Austin gained prominence with its state capital building, then the 7th largest building in the world. The city slowly grew, launching several beautification projects in the 1920s and 1930s, further boosting its appeal and population.

Through half of the 20th century, Austin had a three-way social segregation system with Anglos, Mexicans and African Americans separated by law in most areas of life. This was eventually abolished and Austin's Hispanic population grew rapidly. In 1970, its population was 15% Hispanic, 12% black and 73% non-Hispanic white; by 2010, the city was 35% Hispanic, 48% white and only 8% black.

Austin Population Growth

Austin is currently the fastest growing city in the United States and, from 2011 to 2016, it's expected to have an economic growth rate of over 6%, with a population growth rate approaching 3%. This means it's following a trend common across many major cities in Texas. Eight of the 15 fastest growing cities are in Texas, including San Antonio, Houston and Dallas.

Young, recent college graduates and retiring baby boomers are now making up the majority of new Austinites, all being drawn in for the city's shopping, museums and entertainment, along with affordable housing. Over the past few years, however, construction has not kept up with the population growth, creating a shortage of housing and jumps in home sales and prices.

Demographers believe Austin will continue its excellent growth in the short term, but the pace will eventually slow. Austin is already buckling under its population, with roadways packed and the third worst traffic congestion in any urban area in the US.

A forecast of population growth shows that Austin's metropolitan area's population may hit 3.2 million by 2030.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017950,71512,5151.33%
2016938,20018,2261.98%
2015919,97419,3532.15%
2014900,62125,7112.94%
2013874,91020,5602.41%
2012854,35025,6503.10%
2011828,70022,2372.76%
2010806,463149,90122.83%
2000656,562190,94041.01%
1990465,622119,73234.62%
1980345,89092,35136.42%
1970253,53966,99435.91%
1960186,54554,08640.83%
1950132,45944,52950.64%
194087,93034,81065.53%
193053,12018,24452.31%
192034,8765,01616.80%
191029,8607,60234.15%
190022,2587,68352.71%
189014,5753,56232.34%
188011,0136,585148.71%
18704,42893426.73%
18603,4942,894482.33%
18506000.00%

Austin Population in 2018Source: User:Argash [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White688,657
Black or African American68,651
Asian61,926
Some Other Race55,186
Two or More Races28,700
American Indian and Alaska Native3,916
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander743

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Austin Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Austin Median Age

32.4


Total

32.2


Male

32.7


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 747,262 adults in Austin.

Austin Age Dependency

41.5

Age Dependency Ratio

11.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

30.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Austin Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
4.6
Houses Without Mortgage
48,925
Houses With Mortgage
113,346
Vacancy Rate
7.7
Median Rent
1,106
Median Home Value
257,800
Renter-Occupied Units
196,130
Owner-Occupied Units
162,271
Total Housing Units
388,316

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Austin for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 3.6% and the labor force participation rate is 73.3%.

Austin Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.47
Average Family Size
3.26
Total Households
358401
Married Couple Households
132996
Male Householder (no wife) Families
14773
Female Householder (no husband) Families
38509
Non Family Households
172123
Total Families
186278
Households With Own Children
90493
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
6.7
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
1

Austin Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
24,851
$10,000 to $14,999
13,287
$15,000 to $24,999
30,807
$25,000 to $34,999
32,455
$35,000 to $49,999
46,946
$50,000 to $74,999
65,301
$75,000 to $99,999
44,686
$100,000 to $149,999
50,636
$150,000 to $199,999
22,101
Over $200,000
27,331

Austin Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Austin

Texas

$60,939

$54,727

$86,500

$77,585

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.0450.090.1350.18

Austin Education Data

Austin Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
39,7226.52%
9th to 12th Grade
33,4255.48%
High School Graduate
100,00116.41%
Some College
114,46518.78%
Associates Degree
31,1135.10%
Bachelors Degree
184,10130.20%
Graduate Degree
106,68917.50%