Bakersfield, California Population 2018

Bakersfield is a city in California. It is located in Kern County and serves as the county seat. The city has a population of 376,380 according to estimates recorded in 2016. This reflects a significant increase from the city’s population of 347,483 recorded during the 2010 census. The city is the most populous in the city, and it is the ninth most populous in the state. The city is known for its role in agriculture and the oil industry.

Bakersfield History

Bakersfield history dates back thousands of years. However, it was first explored by the Europeans in 1776. It wasn’t until the discovery of oil and gold that the city really became settled. The original settlement was washed away in floods in the 1860s and was moved in 1863. By the 1870s, the settlement had a population of several hundred people. It was incorporated as a city in 1873 and the following year was designated as the county seat.

Throughout the 1800s, the city’s population continued to grow. Many people moved to Bakersfield from states including Oklahoma, Texas and Louisiana, as well as other cities in California, due to the employment opportunities offered within the oil industry. The city’s population has continued to grow and it has been one of the fastest-growing cities in the state. Not only does it still have a thriving oil industry, but it is also a regional transportation hub. The city has lots to do for both tourists and residents, including annual events, historic restaurants and landmarks, and multiple theaters.

Bakersfield Demographics

The city’s estimated population as of 2016 is 376,380. The total area of the city is over 151 square miles, which makes the population density about 2,516 inhabitants per square mile. Bakersfield is a very ethnically diverse city. According to the 2010 census, over 56% of the population is white, 45.5% is Hispanic, over 8% are black or African American, and 6.2% are Asian.

The city has a fairly young population, with over 31% under the age of 18. The largest age group is the 25 to 44 group, which makes up almost 28% of the total population. The media age is 20 years. There are more females than males residing in Bakersfield.

There are two interesting statistics about the population of Bakersfield. Multiple studies have found that it is one of the least educated metro areas in the country, having one of the lowest populations of adults with bachelor’s degrees when compared to other metropolitan areas. The city has also been ranked as one of the most obese metro areas in the US, with over 33% of inhabitants classified as obese, exceeding the national average of 26.5%.

Bakersfield Population Growth

Bakersfield has seen steady growth throughout its history, with each 10-year census reflecting growth since 1990. The highest rate of growth was recorded between the 1880 and 1890 censuses – over 227% growth recorded during this time. While the population has not grown at such a rapid rate, double-digit percentage growths have been observed every ten years. The population in 2016 was already up over 8% from the census data taken in 2010. Based on the past growth of this city, the population is only expected to continue to grow and will soon hit the next milestone of 400,000 residents.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017380,8743,9301.04%
2016376,9443,6910.99%
2015373,2534,7921.30%
2014368,4614,4631.23%
2013363,9985,6811.59%
2012358,3174,4811.27%
2011353,8364,5141.29%
2010349,322102,2653.52%
2000247,05772,2373.52%
1990174,82069,2095.17%
1980105,61136,0964.27%
197069,51512,6672.03%
196056,84822,0645.03%
195034,7845,5321.75%
194029,2523,2371.18%
193026,0157,3773.39%
192018,6385,9113.89%
191012,7277,89110.16%
19004,8362,2106.30%
18902,6261,82512.61%
18808010.00%

Bakersfield Population in 2018Source: By Bobak Ha'Eri [CC BY 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White248,148
Some Other Race45,668
Black or African American28,757
Asian26,349
Two or More Races13,389
American Indian and Alaska Native4,665
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander579

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Bakersfield Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Bakersfield Median Age

30.4


Total

29.7


Male

31.3


Female

Bakersfield Adults

There are 256,186 adults, (33,815 of which are seniors) in Bakersfield.

Bakersfield Age Dependency

65.1

Age Dependency Ratio

15.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

50

Child Dependency Ratio

Bakersfield Sex Ratio

Female

186,304

50.69%

Male

181,251

49.31%

Bakersfield Households and Families

Bakersfield Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Bakersfield Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married71.7%28.3%
All56.8%43.2%
Male45.3%54.7%
Non Family44.2%55.8%
Female35.2%64.8%

56.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Bakersfield Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All113,6823.256.8
Married57,6313.8571.7
Non Family29,1751.3344.2
Female18,4463.8935.2
Male8,4303.6545.3

3.7

Average Family Size

3.2

Average Household Size

7.6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Bakersfield Households

Bakersfield Education

Bakersfield Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade22,52710.46%
9th to 12th Grade21,3719.92%
High School Graduate54,31825.22%
Some College53,46224.83%
Associates Degree17,7808.26%
Bachelors Degree30,41514.12%
Graduate Degree15,4687.18%

Bakersfield Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White89,94083,38526,058
Hispanic88,54657,1828,956
Other Race23,84015,0712,238
Asian16,97513,8347,145
Black16,08913,6972,834
Multiple Races5,2084,3421,181
Native American2,2931,832162
Islander32027755

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 92.71%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 42.09%.

Bakersfield Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$36,128$42,931$29,094
Less Than High School$20,184$24,232$13,904
High School Grad$31,192$36,866$23,023
Some College$36,689$48,279$28,225
Bachelors Degree$60,246$71,317$51,473
Graduate Degree$74,237$86,693$67,702

$36,128

Average Earnings

$42,931

Average Male

$29,094

Average Female

Bakersfield Language

Bakersfield Language by Age

Bakersfield Language

59.02% of Bakersfield residents speak only English, while 40.98% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 33.73% of the population.

Bakersfield Poverty

Bakersfield Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic176,37744,42025.18%
White125,82913,54010.76%
Other45,21211,96126.46%
Black28,4618,86031.13%
Multiple13,2063,29024.91%
Asian26,1532,95211.29%
Native4,6601,59234.16%
Islander56217831.67%

19.71%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.78%

Male Poverty Rate

21.60%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Bakersfield

The race most likely to be in poverty in Bakersfield is Native, with 34.16% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Bakersfield is White, with 10.76% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.38%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.95%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 27.86%.

Bakersfield Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School30.05%
High School16.06%
Some College13.00%
Bachelors or Greater4.47%

Bakersfield Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed35.21%
Male Unemployed31.49%
Female Employed11.30%
Male Employed8.48%

Bakersfield Income

Bakersfield Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$58,669$76,130
Families$63,336$81,550
Married Families$81,296$99,680
Non Families$40,068$53,183

Bakersfield Marital Status

Bakersfield Marital Status

Marriage Rates

47.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

49.2%

Male Marriage Rate

45.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Bakersfield Married by Age and Sex

Bakersfield Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55To64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Bakersfield Marital Status by Race

Bakersfield Veterans

Bakersfield Veterans by War

14,221

Number of Veterans

13,258

Male Veterans

963

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam5,006
First Gulf War2,860
Second Gulf War2,327
Korea1,075
World War II632

Bakersfield Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 743,395
35 to 543,185
55 to 643,076
75+2,471
18 to 342,094

Bakersfield Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White11,1426.30%
Hispanic3,2232.91%
Black1,0995.54%
Other7812.63%
2 or More5707.92%
Asian4262.22%
Indian1876.29%
Hawaiian163.79%

Bakersfield Veterans by Education

10.07%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.70%

Veteran Disability Rate

Bakersfield Employment Status

Bakersfield Employment by Age

64.2%

Labor Force Participation

57.6%

Employment Rate

10.2%

Unemployment Rate

Bakersfield Employment by Race

Bakersfield Employment by Education

Bakersfield Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

67.71%

Born in California

80.99%

Native Born

19.01%

Foreign Born

11.00%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

80.99% of Bakersfield residents were born in the United States, with 67.71% having been born in California. 11.00% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.