Baltimore Population 2017

Baltimore's population is growing very modestly and growth is nearly flat. The population of Baltimore is estimated at 622,000.

At the 2010 census, Baltimore had a population of 620,560. By 2012, this number had grown to 621,342. The population of Baltimore is believed to have grown to 622,000, a very slight but promising increase for the city, which has lost more than one third of its population in the last sixty years.

This is the first time Baltimore's population has grown since it reached a peak of 949,700 in 1950. Downtown Baltimore and surrounding areas have seen improvement as more young professionals and immigrants move to the region. There is also growing international migration as well as fewer people leaving Baltimore. Baltimore Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake announced in December 2011 that she would make it her goal to increase Baltimore's population by "10,000 families" within ten years.

The Baltimore metropolitan area is much larger, however, with a population estimated at 6.7 million. This makes it the 20th largest metropolitan area in the country.

Baltimore Demographics

At the 2010 census, the population of Baltimore was 620,961, which is a 4.6% drop from 2000. According to the 2010 census, the racial and ethnic breakdown of the city was:

  • Black: 63.7%
  • White: 29.6% (non-Hispanic: 28%)
  • Asian: 2.3%
  • American Indian or Alaska Native: 0.4%
  • Two or more races: 2.1%
  • Other race: 1.8%
  • Hispanic, Latino or Spanish of any race: 4.2%

Baltimore was the second city in the U.S. to reach a population of 100,000, after New York City, and it remained the second-largest city until 1850. Up until 1890, Baltimore was one of the top 10 most populous cities in the country with a post-World War II population approaching one million.

While Baltimore's population has been in decline since 1950, the number of families in the downtown area has grown significantly over the last decade, with this core region growing 130% in the last ten years. Since 2010, new construction has turned many old commercial buildings into residences, while the average household income has grown from $45,900 to $64,100.

Baltimore still has a growing homeless population, particularly among young people.

Baltimore History

Baltimore is named for Cecilius Calvert, Lord Baltimore, who was the founding proprietor of the Maryland Colony. The Port of Baltimore was created in 1706 for tobacco trade, with the town founded in 1729. In its early history, Baltimore played a central role in many events of the American Revolution, and it was the capital of the United States from December 1776 through February 1777.

The Battle of Baltimore also took place here during the War of 1812, after Washington, D.C. was burned and the British attacked the city in 1814. Baltimore's harbor was successfully defended. Francis Scott Key, a lawyer from Maryland, was aboard one of the British ships while negotiating for the release of a prisoner, when he witnessed the attack on the city. As he saw a massive American flag raised on the morning after the attack, he wrote "The Star-Spangled Banner," which became the country's official national anthem in 1931.

Baltimore grew quickly after the battle and became a major shipping and manufacturing center. During the Civil War, Maryland remained a part of the Union, despite being a slave state and support for secession in many regions, including Baltimore, which benefits from tobacco and slave trades. When Union soldiers marched through Baltimore at the beginning of the war, Confederate sympathizers attacked and led to a riot.

Today, efforts are being made to revitalize the city, including the construction of the Baltimore World Trade Center, Harborplace, the National Aquarium and the Maryland Science Center.

Baltimore Population Growth

In 2011, Baltimore's population grew for the first time in 60 years, after losing more than one-third of its population. Baltimore has struggled to gain and retain citizens, like many cities build on an outdated economy. According to one demographer, Baltimore is becoming more popular for younger people than it ever has been.

In breaking its six decade-long population loss, Maryland added new residents in 17 counties, as well as Baltimore City. The major of Baltimore has encouraged Hispanic immigration, which seems to be working as immigrants are one of the leading reasons for the increase, which was under 1%.

Year Population Change
2015 621,849 0.10%
2010 620,961 -4.60%
2000 651,154 -11.50%
1990 736,014 -6.40%
1980 786,741 -13.10%
1970 905,787 -3.50%
1960 939,024 -1.10%
1950 949,708 10.50%
1940 859,100 6.70%
1930 804,874 9.70%
1920 733,826 31.40%
1910 558,485 9.70%
1900 508,957 17.20%
1890 434,439 30.70%
1880 332,313 24.30%
1870 267,354 25.90%
1860 212,418 25.70%
1850 169,054 65.20%
1840 102,313 26.90%
1830 80,620 28.50%
1820 62,738 34.80%
1810 46,555 75.60%
1800 26,514 96.40%
1790 13,503 0.00%

Baltimore Population in 2017 Source: User:Steelplug

Baltimore Race Data

Race Population Percentage
White 188,380 30.27%
Black or African American 392,312 63.05%
American Indian and Alaska Native 2,094 0.34%
Asian 15,530 2.50%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 230 0.04%
Some Other Race 9,540 1.53%
Two or More Races 14,185 2.28%

Population Pyramid

Baltimore Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Total Housing Units 296,727
Owner-Occupied Units 114,145
Renter-Occupied Units 128,123
Median Home Value $152,400
Median Rent $951
Vacancy Rate 18.4%
Houses With Mortgage 79,560
Houses Without Mortgage 34,585
Median Number of Rooms (per House) 5.6

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Baltimore for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 8.1% and the labor force participation rate is 61.9%.

Baltimore Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size 2.47
Average Family Size 3.39
Married Couple Families 58,204
Male Householder (no wife) Families 12,510
Female Householder (no husband) Families 54,164
Non Family Households
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex) 6.5%
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex) 0.7%