Baltimore, Maryland Population 2018

Baltimore is the largest city in Maryland and the 26th largest city in the United States. The city is located in central Maryland along the Patapsco River. Baltimore is an independent city that is also called Baltimore City.

Baltimore's population is growing very modestly and growth is nearly flat. The population of Baltimore is estimated at 622,000.

At the 2010 census, Baltimore had a population of 620,560. By 2012, this number had grown to 621,342. The population of Baltimore is believed to have grown to 622,000, a very slight but promising increase for the city, which has lost more than one third of its population in the last sixty years.

This is the first time Baltimore's population has grown since it reached a peak of 949,700 in 1950. Downtown Baltimore and surrounding areas have seen improvement as more young professionals and immigrants move to the region. There is also growing international migration as well as fewer people leaving Baltimore. Baltimore Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake announced in December 2011 that she would make it her goal to increase Baltimore's population by "10,000 families" within ten years.

The Baltimore metropolitan area is much larger, however, with a population estimated at 6.7 million. This makes it the 20th largest metropolitan area in the country.

Baltimore Demographics

At the 2010 census, the population of Baltimore was 620,961, which is a 4.6% drop from 2000. According to the 2010 census, the racial and ethnic breakdown of the city was:

  • Black: 63.7%
  • White: 29.6% (non-Hispanic: 28%)
  • Asian: 2.3%
  • American Indian or Alaska Native: 0.4%
  • Two or more races: 2.1%
  • Other race: 1.8%
  • Hispanic, Latino or Spanish of any race: 4.2%

Baltimore was the second city in the U.S. to reach a population of 100,000, after New York City, and it remained the second-largest city until 1850. Up until 1890, Baltimore was one of the top 10 most populous cities in the country with a post-World War II population approaching one million.

While Baltimore's population has been in decline since 1950, the number of families in the downtown area has grown significantly over the last decade, with this core region growing 130% in the last ten years. Since 2010, new construction has turned many old commercial buildings into residences, while the average household income has grown from $45,900 to $64,100.

Baltimore still has a growing homeless population, particularly among young people.

Baltimore History

Baltimore is named for Cecilius Calvert, Lord Baltimore, who was the founding proprietor of the Maryland Colony. The Port of Baltimore was created in 1706 for tobacco trade, with the town founded in 1729. In its early history, Baltimore played a central role in many events of the American Revolution, and it was the capital of the United States from December 1776 through February 1777.

The Battle of Baltimore also took place here during the War of 1812, after Washington, D.C. was burned and the British attacked the city in 1814. Baltimore's harbor was successfully defended. Francis Scott Key, a lawyer from Maryland, was aboard one of the British ships while negotiating for the release of a prisoner, when he witnessed the attack on the city. As he saw a massive American flag raised on the morning after the attack, he wrote "The Star-Spangled Banner," which became the country's official national anthem in 1931.

Baltimore grew quickly after the battle and became a major shipping and manufacturing center. During the Civil War, Maryland remained a part of the Union, despite being a slave state and support for secession in many regions, including Baltimore, which benefits from tobacco and slave trades. When Union soldiers marched through Baltimore at the beginning of the war, Confederate sympathizers attacked and led to a riot.

Today, efforts are being made to revitalize the city, including the construction of the Baltimore World Trade Center, Harborplace, the National Aquarium and the Maryland Science Center.

Baltimore Population Growth

In 2011, Baltimore's population grew for the first time in 60 years, after losing more than one-third of its population. Baltimore has struggled to gain and retain citizens, like many cities build on an outdated economy. According to one demographer, Baltimore is becoming more popular for younger people than it ever has been.

In breaking its six decade-long population loss, Maryland added new residents in 17 counties, as well as Baltimore City. The major of Baltimore has encouraged Hispanic immigration, which seems to be working as immigrants are one of the leading reasons for the increase, which was under 1%.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017611,648-5,310-0.86%
2016616,958-6,073-0.97%
2015623,031-1,031-0.17%
2014624,0627820.13%
2013623,280-107-0.02%
2012623,3872,5480.41%
2011620,839-187-0.03%
2010621,026-30,128-4.63%
2000651,154-84,860-11.53%
1990736,014-50,727-6.45%
1980786,741-119,046-13.14%
1970905,787-33,237-3.54%
1960939,024-10,684-1.12%
1950949,70890,60810.55%
1940859,10054,2266.74%
1930804,87471,0489.68%
1920733,826175,34131.40%
1910558,48549,5289.73%
1900508,95774,51817.15%
1890434,439102,12630.73%
1880332,31364,95924.30%
1870267,35454,93625.86%
1860212,41843,36425.65%
1850169,05466,74165.23%
1840102,31321,69326.91%
183080,62017,88228.50%
182062,73816,18334.76%
181046,55520,04175.59%
180026,51413,01196.36%
179013,5030.00%

Baltimore Population in 2018Source: By Patrick Gillespie [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
Black or African American391,160
White187,894
Asian15,712
Two or More Races14,028
Some Other Race10,065
American Indian and Alaska Native1,799
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander342

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Baltimore Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Baltimore Median Age

34.7


Total

33.4


Male

35.9


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 482,590 adults in Baltimore.

Baltimore Age Dependency

50.2

Age Dependency Ratio

18.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

31.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Baltimore Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
5.6
Houses Without Mortgage
34,791
Houses With Mortgage
78,058
Vacancy Rate
18.4
Median Rent
974
Median Home Value
153,000
Renter-Occupied Units
129,567
Owner-Occupied Units
112,849
Total Housing Units
296,923

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Baltimore for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 7% and the labor force participation rate is 61.8%.

Baltimore Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.46
Average Family Size
3.38
Total Households
242416
Married Couple Households
58795
Male Householder (no wife) Families
12909
Female Householder (no husband) Families
52911
Non Family Households
117801
Total Families
124615
Households With Own Children
51109
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
6.7
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.6

Baltimore Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
30,599
$10,000 to $14,999
17,415
$15,000 to $24,999
27,258
$25,000 to $34,999
25,762
$35,000 to $49,999
31,571
$50,000 to $74,999
40,842
$75,000 to $99,999
24,441
$100,000 to $149,999
25,062
$150,000 to $199,999
9,508
Over $200,000
9,958

Baltimore Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Baltimore

Maryland

$44,262

$76,067

$65,059

$100,071

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.0450.090.1350.18

Baltimore Education Data

Baltimore Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
21,6055.12%
9th to 12th Grade
48,23411.43%
High School Graduate
124,84729.58%
Some College
82,26819.49%
Associates Degree
19,6444.65%
Bachelors Degree
66,16315.68%
Graduate Degree
59,26014.04%