Baltimore, Maryland Population 2019

Baltimore is the largest city in Maryland and the 26th largest city in the United States. The city is located in central Maryland along the Patapsco River. Baltimore is an independent city that is also called Baltimore City.

Baltimore's population is growing very modestly and growth is nearly flat. The population of Baltimore is estimated at 622,000.

At the 2010 census, Baltimore had a population of 620,560. By 2012, this number had grown to 621,342. The population of Baltimore is believed to have grown to 622,000, a very slight but promising increase for the city, which has lost more than one third of its population in the last sixty years.

This is the first time Baltimore's population has grown since it reached a peak of 949,700 in 1950. Downtown Baltimore and surrounding areas have seen improvement as more young professionals and immigrants move to the region. There is also growing international migration as well as fewer people leaving Baltimore. Baltimore Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake announced in December 2011 that she would make it her goal to increase Baltimore's population by "10,000 families" within ten years. In 2018, the numbers don't seem to be cooperating with her goal - the population of Baltimore is currently estimated to be at 611,648. This drop indicates a loss of 1.5% of the city population.

The Baltimore metropolitan area is much larger, however, with a population estimated at 6.7 million. This makes it the 20th largest metropolitan area in the country.

Baltimore Demographics

At the 2010 census, the population of Baltimore was 620,961, which is a 4.6% drop from 2000. According to the 2010 census, the racial and ethnic breakdown of the city was:

  • Black: 63.7%
  • White: 29.6% (non-Hispanic: 28%)
  • Asian: 2.3%
  • American Indian or Alaska Native: 0.4%
  • Two or more races: 2.1%
  • Other race: 1.8%
  • Hispanic, Latino or Spanish of any race: 4.2%

Baltimore was the second city in the U.S. to reach a population of 100,000, after New York City, and it remained the second-largest city until 1850. Up until 1890, Baltimore was one of the top 10 most populous cities in the country with a post-World War II population approaching one million.

While Baltimore's population has been in decline since 1950, the number of families in the downtown area has grown significantly over the last decade, with this core region growing 130% in the last ten years. Since 2010, new construction has turned many old commercial buildings into residences, while the average household income has grown from $45,900 to $64,100.

Baltimore still has a growing homeless population, particularly among young people.

Baltimore History

Baltimore is named for Cecilius Calvert, Lord Baltimore, who was the founding proprietor of the Maryland Colony. The Port of Baltimore was created in 1706 for tobacco trade, with the town founded in 1729. In its early history, Baltimore played a central role in many events of the American Revolution, and it was the capital of the United States from December 1776 through February 1777.

The Battle of Baltimore also took place here during the War of 1812, after Washington, D.C. was burned and the British attacked the city in 1814. Baltimore's harbor was successfully defended. Francis Scott Key, a lawyer from Maryland, was aboard one of the British ships while negotiating for the release of a prisoner, when he witnessed the attack on the city. As he saw a massive American flag raised on the morning after the attack, he wrote "The Star-Spangled Banner," which became the country's official national anthem in 1931.

Baltimore grew quickly after the battle and became a major shipping and manufacturing center. During the Civil War, Maryland remained a part of the Union, despite being a slave state and support for secession in many regions, including Baltimore, which benefited from tobacco and slave trades. When Union soldiers marched through Baltimore at the beginning of the war, Confederate sympathizers attacked and led to a riot.

Today, efforts are being made to revitalize the city, including the construction of the Baltimore World Trade Center, Harborplace, the National Aquarium and the Maryland Science Center.

Baltimore Population Growth

In 2011, Baltimore's population grew for the first time in 60 years, after losing more than one-third of its population. Baltimore has struggled to gain and retain citizens, like many cities build on an outdated economy. According to one demographer, Baltimore is becoming more popular for younger people than it ever has been.

In breaking its six decade-long population loss, Maryland added new residents in 17 counties, as well as Baltimore City. The major of Baltimore has encouraged Hispanic immigration, which seems to be working as immigrants are one of the leading reasons for the increase, which was under 1%.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017611,648-5,310-0.86%
2016616,958-6,073-0.97%
2015623,031-1,031-0.17%
2014624,0627820.13%
2013623,280-107-0.02%
2012623,3872,5480.41%
2011620,839-187-0.03%
2010621,026-30,128-0.47%
2000651,154-84,860-1.22%
1990736,014-50,727-0.66%
1980786,741-119,046-1.40%
1970905,787-33,237-0.36%
1960939,024-10,684-0.11%
1950949,70890,6081.01%
1940859,10054,2260.65%
1930804,87471,0480.93%
1920733,826175,3412.77%
1910558,48549,5280.93%
1900508,95774,5181.60%
1890434,439102,1262.72%
1880332,31364,9592.20%
1870267,35454,9362.33%
1860212,41843,3642.31%
1850169,05466,7415.15%
1840102,31321,6932.41%
183080,62017,8822.54%
182062,73816,1833.03%
181046,55520,0415.79%
180026,51413,0116.98%
179013,5030.00%

Baltimore Population in 2018Source: By Patrick Gillespie [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
Black or African American389,222
White187,725
Asian15,855
Two or More Races14,387
Some Other Race10,412
American Indian and Alaska Native1,886
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander309

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Baltimore Population Pyramid 2019

5,00010,00015,00020,00025,00030,00035,000 Male Population5,00010,00015,00020,00025,00030,00035,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Baltimore Median Age

35


Total

33.7


Male

36.2


Female

Baltimore Adults

There are 489,895 adults, (79,265 of whom are seniors) in Baltimore.

Baltimore Age Dependency

50.9

Age Dependency Ratio

19.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

31.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Baltimore Sex Ratio

Female

328,419

52.99%

Male

291,377

47.01%

Baltimore Households and Families

Baltimore Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Baltimore Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married71.5%28.5%
Male48.4%51.6%
All47.4%52.6%
Female40.4%59.6%
Non Family38.2%61.8%

47.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Baltimore Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All239,7912.4847.4
Non Family116,4061.3538.2
Married58,7063.371.5
Female52,5073.8140.4
Male12,1723.7148.4

3.41

Average Family Size

2.48

Average Household Size

6.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Baltimore Households

Baltimore Education

Baltimore Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade20,7324.88%
9th to 12th Grade46,57710.95%
High School Graduate126,39529.72%
Some College82,10719.31%
Associates Degree20,0614.72%
Bachelors Degree67,77915.94%
Graduate Degree61,58414.48%

Baltimore Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Black256,145209,64439,618
White133,681119,70973,771
Hispanic17,22111,7764,585
Asian11,29410,2948,219
Multiple Races6,8586,2342,904
Other Race6,1744,2841,524
Native American1,232995221
Islander25325374

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 72.77%.

Baltimore Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$38,181$41,250$35,859
Less Than High School$22,101$24,309$20,518
High School Grad$28,496$30,408$26,613
Some College$34,139$38,662$31,456
Bachelors Degree$51,508$57,701$47,583
Graduate Degree$64,998$75,970$60,367

$38,181

Average Earnings

$41,250

Average Male

$35,859

Average Female

Baltimore Language

Baltimore Language by Age

Baltimore Language

90.52% of Baltimore residents speak only English, while 9.48% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.02% of the population.

Baltimore Poverty

Baltimore Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black376,47999,66326.47%
White163,76720,81612.71%
Hispanic29,5347,60225.74%
Asian14,8603,07020.66%
Other9,9882,96729.71%
Multiple13,2442,65320.03%
Native1,80581044.88%
Islander28610336.01%

22.43%

Overall Poverty Rate

21.01%

Male Poverty Rate

23.67%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Baltimore

The race most likely to be in poverty in Baltimore is Native, with 44.88% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Baltimore is White, with 12.71% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.50%. Among those working part-time, it was 23.99%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 37.37%.

Baltimore Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School33.68%
High School23.17%
Some College16.91%
Bachelors or Greater6.99%

Baltimore Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed47.33%
Male Unemployed34.59%
Female Employed8.68%
Male Employed6.25%

Baltimore Income

Baltimore Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$46,641$68,623
Families$56,236$82,217
Married Families$87,794$118,196
Non Families$34,298$51,370

Baltimore Marital Status

Baltimore Marital Status

Marriage Rates

26.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

29.4%

Male Marriage Rate

24.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Baltimore Married by Age and Sex

Baltimore Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Baltimore Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Baltimore Veterans

Baltimore Veterans by War

29,428

Number of Veterans

26,465

Male Veterans

2,963

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam9,862
First Gulf War5,275
Second Gulf War4,272
Korea2,243
World War II1,182

Baltimore Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 547,472
55 to 647,326
65 to 746,953
75+5,528
18 to 342,149

Baltimore Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
Black18,9766.38%
White9,2735.78%
Hispanic7283.58%
2 or More5125.81%
Other2383.32%
Asian1811.32%
Hawaiian15355.43%
Indian956.67%

Baltimore Veterans by Education

15.80%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.14%

Veteran Disability Rate

Baltimore Employment Status

Baltimore Employment by Age

61.5%

Labor Force Participation

55.3%

Employment Rate

10%

Unemployment Rate

Baltimore Employment by Race

Baltimore Employment by Education

Baltimore Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

66.61%

Born in Maryland

92.00%

Native Born

8.00%

Foreign Born

4.75%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

92.00% of Baltimore residents were born in the United States, with 66.61% having been born in Maryland. 4.75% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.