Baton Rouge, Louisiana Population 2018

Baton Rouge is the capital of Louisiana and located in East Baton Rouge Parish along the Mississippi River. The city is a large research, medical, technology and industrial center of the South. Baton Rouge is located 157 miles north of the Gulf of Mexico and 80 miles out of New Orleans.

Baton Rouge is the second-largest metropolitan city in Louisiana with a population estimated at 230,000. The Greater Baton Rouge area, however, has a population of 825,000 while the urban area has close to 600,000 people.

Baton Rouge Demographics

At the 2010 census, the racial and ethnic composition of Baton Rouge was:

  • Black or African American: 50.4%
  • White: 40.8% (non-Hispanic: 37.8%)
  • Asian: 3.5%
  • Native American: 0.5%
  • Two or more races: 1.3%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 3.5%

Baton Rouge has a fairly high female-to-male ratio with 90.5 males for every 100 females, or only 86.3 males for every 100 females over 18. A quarter of the population lives below the poverty line.

It's very common to hear a French accent in Baton Rouge today, with more than one-third of the population of Louisiana having French ancestry. Interestingly, Baton Rouge did not develop ethnic neighborhoods like most developing cities but rather settlement based on wealth. This led Asians, Cajuns, Italians and Europeans to live side-by-side, although the black community was the exception.

Over the last 50 years, there has been a great deal of migration of black people from the rural areas to the urban area of Baton Rouge. In 1960, the city was only 30% black,

Baton Rouge History

The area of Baton Rouge has been inhabited since at least 8000 BC, with mounds built by hunter-gatherers that are more than 1,000 years older than the pyramids of Egypt.

The history of modern-day Baton Rouge goes back to 1699, when a French explorer named Sieur d'Iberville led an expedition party up the Mississippi River and found a red-colored cypress pole with bloody animals marking the boundary between tribal hunting grounds. This pole and the area were called le baton rouge, or the red stick. In 1719, Baton Rouge was established as a French military outpost.

The French lost Baton Rouge to the British under the Treaty of Paris in 1736 but maintained a fort through 1779. It was then that the Spanish governor in New Orleans sent an army to the city and captured it from the British. It then stayed under Spanish rule until 1810 when local residents -- primarily Anglo-Americans -- took the city and proclaimed the Republic of West Florida. Baton Rouge was an independent republic for 74 days until the Americans in New Orleans raised the American flag.

Baton Rouge was incorporated in 1817 and became the capital of the state in 1849. By the state of the Civil War, it had a population of 5,500, which grew to more than 10,000 by 1893.

Baton Rouge Population Growth

Baton Rouge has been one of the fastest-growing cities in the South with a population that exploded briefly after Hurricane Katrina when it accepted about 200,000 displaced residents. It is still one of the fastest-growing metropolitan areas in the country among areas with a population under one million. Last year, the city was ranked number one in the country for economic growth.

The city is now experiencing stagnant population growth while the suburbs are growing quickly. In 2013, the city's population was 229,400, about 580 less than the previous year and 0.03% down from 2010.

Baton Rouge Facts

  • Baton Rouge is French for "Red Stick"
  • Baton Rouge has been under 7 governments: French, English, Spanish, West Floridian, Louisiana, Confederate and American.
  • Baton Rouge was an independent republic for 74 days.
  • The city's port is the 9th largest in the U.S. in terms of shipped tonnage.
  • Baton Rouge's State Capital Building is the tallest in the country.
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017225,374-1,978-0.87%
2016227,352-512-0.22%
2015227,864-571-0.25%
2014228,435-267-0.12%
2013228,702-442-0.19%
2012229,1444450.19%
2011228,699-815-0.36%
2010229,5141,6960.07%
2000227,8188,2870.37%
1990219,531-863-0.04%
1980220,39454,4732.88%
1970165,92113,5020.85%
1960152,41926,7901.95%
1950125,62990,91013.72%
194034,7193,9901.23%
193030,7298,9473.50%
192021,7826,8853.87%
191014,8973,6282.83%
190011,2697910.73%
189010,4783,2813.83%
18807,1976991.03%
18706,4981,0701.82%
18605,4281,5233.35%
18503,9051,6055.44%
18402,3000.00%

Baton Rouge Population in 2018Source: By Spatms [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
Black or African American126,142
White88,294
Asian8,206
Two or More Races3,171
Some Other Race2,355
American Indian and Alaska Native498
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander28

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Baton Rouge Population Pyramid 2018

0%5%10%15% Male Population0%5%10%15% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Baton Rouge Median Age

31.3


Total

30


Male

32.7


Female

Baton Rouge Adults

There are 180,897 adults, (29,044 of which are seniors) in Baton Rouge.

Baton Rouge Age Dependency

50.6

Age Dependency Ratio

19.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

31.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Baton Rouge Sex Ratio

Female

119,713

52.35%

Male

108,981

47.65%

Baton Rouge Households and Families

Baton Rouge Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Baton Rouge Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married77.1%22.9%
Male50.6%49.4%
All49.5%50.5%
Female38.6%61.4%
Non Family36.2%63.8%

49.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Baton Rouge Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All87,7892.5149.5
Non Family41,3091.4236.2
Married25,8793.2477.1
Female16,0403.8538.6
Male4,5613.4750.6

3.37

Average Family Size

2.51

Average Household Size

5.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Baton Rouge Households

Baton Rouge Education

Baton Rouge Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade4,9373.60%
9th to 12th Grade12,0348.77%
High School Graduate37,92827.63%
Some College31,18822.72%
Associates Degree6,8224.97%
Bachelors Degree26,19019.08%
Graduate Degree18,19513.25%

Baton Rouge Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Black71,72958,41910,775
White54,95252,75029,454
Asian4,7403,9942,416
Hispanic4,1603,5511,014
Multiple Races1,4571,411629
Other Race1,2471,012206
Native American34830367
Islander2828

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 53.60%.

Baton Rouge Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,433$37,931$26,870
Less Than High School$17,426$20,419$13,177
High School Grad$23,223$29,309$20,124
Some College$27,701$34,468$24,892
Bachelors Degree$46,029$60,191$39,909
Graduate Degree$58,567$76,725$48,792

$31,433

Average Earnings

$37,931

Average Male

$26,870

Average Female

Baton Rouge Language

Baton Rouge Language by Age

Baton Rouge Language

91.79% of Baton Rouge residents speak only English, while 8.21% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Asian, which is spoken by 2.86% of the population.

Baton Rouge Poverty

Baton Rouge Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black123,00038,47431.28%
White79,34314,51318.29%
Asian8,1442,00224.58%
Hispanic6,9001,83826.64%
Multiple2,94786029.18%
Other2,31959325.57%
Islander2828100.00%
Native498255.02%

26.15%

Overall Poverty Rate

25.12%

Male Poverty Rate

27.09%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Baton Rouge

The race most likely to be in poverty in Baton Rouge is Islander, with 100.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Baton Rouge is Native, with 5.02% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.17%. Among those working part-time, it was 36.45%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 35.77%.

Baton Rouge Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School36.70%
High School21.00%
Some College15.05%
Bachelors or Greater7.47%

Baton Rouge Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed55.67%
Male Unemployed38.79%
Female Employed18.30%
Male Employed12.76%

Baton Rouge Income

Baton Rouge Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$39,969$61,936
Families$51,911$79,213
Married Families$77,892$108,379
Non Families$26,991$40,813

Baton Rouge Marital Status

Baton Rouge Marital Status

Marriage Rates

30.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

32.3%

Male Marriage Rate

28.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Baton Rouge Married by Age and Sex

Baton Rouge Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55To64.

Baton Rouge Marital Status by Race

Baton Rouge Veterans

Baton Rouge Veterans by War

10,317

Number of Veterans

9,317

Male Veterans

1,000

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam3,141
First Gulf War1,849
Second Gulf War1,685
Korea1,273
World War II796

Baton Rouge Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
75+2,779
35 to 542,374
65 to 742,263
55 to 641,643
18 to 341,258

Baton Rouge Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White5,2106.68%
Black4,7505.16%
Hispanic2354.11%
Asian1432.11%
2 or More1155.36%
Other805.18%
Indian194.97%

Baton Rouge Veterans by Education

8.12%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.41%

Veteran Disability Rate

Baton Rouge Employment Status

Baton Rouge Employment by Age

63.4%

Labor Force Participation

57.8%

Employment Rate

8.8%

Unemployment Rate

Baton Rouge Employment by Race

Baton Rouge Employment by Education

Baton Rouge Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

76.54%

Born in Louisiana

94.66%

Native Born

5.34%

Foreign Born

3.17%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

94.66% of Baton Rouge residents were born in the United States, with 76.54% having been born in Louisiana. 3.17% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.