Baton Rouge, Louisiana Population 2019

Baton Rouge is the capital of Louisiana and located in East Baton Rouge Parish along the Mississippi River. The city is a large research, medical, technology and industrial center of the South. Baton Rouge is located 157 miles north of the Gulf of Mexico and 80 miles out of New Orleans.

Baton Rouge is the second-largest metropolitan city in Louisiana with a population estimated at 230,000. The Greater Baton Rouge area, however, has a population of 825,000 while the urban area has close to 600,000 people.

Baton Rouge Diversity Statistics

Baton Rouge has a relatively high female-to-male ratio with 90.5 males for every 100 females, or only 86.3 males for every 100 females over 18. A quarter of the population lives below the poverty line.

It's very common to hear a French accent in Baton Rouge today, with more than one-third of the population of Louisiana having French ancestry. Interestingly, Baton Rouge did not develop ethnic neighborhoods like most developing cities but instead settlement based on wealth. This led Asians, Cajuns, Italians, and Europeans to live side-by-side, although the black community was the exception.

Over the last 50 years, there has been a great deal of migration of black people from the rural areas to the urban area of Baton Rouge. In 1960, the city was only 30% black.

Baton Rouge History

The area of Baton Rouge has been inhabited since at least 8000 BC, with mounds built by hunter-gatherers that are more than 1,000 years older than the pyramids of Egypt.

The history of modern-day Baton Rouge goes back to 1699 when a French explorer named Sieur d'Iberville led an expedition party up the Mississippi River and found a red-colored cypress pole with bloody animals marking the boundary between tribal hunting grounds. This pole and the area were called le baton rouge, or the red stick. In 1719, Baton Rouge was established as a French military outpost.

The French lost Baton Rouge to the British under the Treaty of Paris in 1736 but maintained a fort through 1779. It was then that the Spanish governor in New Orleans sent an army to the city and captured it from the British. It then stayed under Spanish rule until 1810 when residents -- primarily Anglo-Americans -- took the city and proclaimed the Republic of West Florida. Baton Rouge was an independent republic for 74 days until the Americans in New Orleans raised the American flag.

Baton Rouge was incorporated in 1817 and became the capital of the state in 1849. By the end of the Civil War, it had a population of 5,500, which grew to more than 10,000 by 1893.

Baton Rouge Population Growth

Baton Rouge has been one of the fastest-growing cities in the South with a population that exploded briefly after Hurricane Katrina when it accepted about 200,000 displaced residents. It is still one of the fastest-growing metropolitan areas in the country among areas with a population under one million. Last year, the city was ranked number one in the country for economic growth.

The city is now experiencing stagnant population growth while the suburbs are proliferating. In 2013, the city's population was 229,400, about 580 less than the previous year and 0.03% down from 2010.

Baton Rouge Facts

  • Baton Rouge is French for "Red Stick"
  • Baton Rouge has been under seven governments: French, English, Spanish, West Floridian, Louisiana, Confederate, and American.
  • Baton Rouge was an independent republic for 74 days.
  • The city's port is the 9th largest in the U.S. in terms of shipped tonnage.
  • Baton Rouge's State Capital Building is the tallest in the country.

Baton Rouge Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Baton Rouge was:

  • Black or African American: 54.81%
  • White: 38.64%
  • Asian: 3.62%
  • Two or more races: 1.32%
  • Other race: 1.29%
  • Native American: 0.28%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.03%
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018221,599-2,349-1.05%
2017223,948-2,449-1.08%
2016226,397-647-0.28%
2015227,044-730-0.32%
2014227,774-506-0.22%
2013228,280-554-0.24%
2012228,8342390.10%
2011228,595-774-0.34%
2010229,3691,5510.07%
2000227,8188,2870.37%
1990219,531-863-0.04%
1980220,39454,4732.88%
1970165,92113,5020.85%
1960152,41926,7901.95%
1950125,62990,91013.72%
194034,7193,9901.23%
193030,7298,9473.50%
192021,7826,8853.87%
191014,8973,6282.83%
190011,2697910.73%
189010,4783,2813.83%
18807,1976991.03%
18706,4981,0701.82%
18605,4281,5233.35%
18503,9051,6055.44%
18402,3000.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
Black or African American124,715
White87,927
Asian8,239
Two or More Races3,013
Some Other Race2,944
American Indian and Alaska Native635
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander76

Baton Rouge Population Pyramid 2019

Baton Rouge Median Age

31.1


Total

29.7


Male

32.6


Female

Baton Rouge Adults

There are 179,061 adults, (29,516 of whom are seniors) in Baton Rouge.

Baton Rouge Age Dependency

52.2

Age Dependency Ratio

19.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

32.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Baton Rouge Sex Ratio

Female

119,535

52.53%

Male

108,014

47.47%

Baton Rouge Households and Families

Baton Rouge Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Baton Rouge Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married76.5%23.5%
All49.1%50.9%
Male45.8%54.2%
Female38.4%61.6%
Non Family36%64%

49.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All86,2412.5449.1
Non Family40,0621.436
Married25,8973.2676.5
Female15,7723.9638.4
Male4,5103.5245.8

3.42

Average Family Size

2.54

Average Household Size

6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Baton Rouge Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5,0723.71%
9th to 12th Grade11,4708.39%
High School Graduate38,00527.80%
Some College31,13322.77%
Associates Degree6,8164.99%
Bachelors Degree26,03219.04%
Graduate Degree18,20113.31%

Baton Rouge Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Black70,78358,01410,536
White55,02752,82829,587
Asian4,8614,0902,445
Hispanic4,3703,6021,060
Other Race1,5811,278242
Multiple Races1,3271,283500
Native American45134379
Islander2929

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 53.77%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,743$39,872$26,883
Less Than High School$17,774$21,783$12,263
High School Grad$22,950$27,223$19,808
Some College$28,288$35,948$24,666
Bachelors Degree$46,763$61,523$40,743
Graduate Degree$60,447$77,202$50,860

$31,743

Average Earnings

$39,872

Average Male

$26,883

Average Female

Baton Rouge Language

Baton Rouge Language by Age

Baton Rouge Language

91.48% of Baton Rouge residents speak only English, while 8.52% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.14% of the population.

Baton Rouge Poverty

Baton Rouge Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black121,41738,40331.63%
White79,21514,21017.94%
Hispanic7,5332,31030.67%
Asian8,1351,63320.07%
Multiple2,83374526.30%
Other2,91266222.73%
Native6359815.43%
Islander762938.16%

26.02%

Overall Poverty Rate

24.60%

Male Poverty Rate

27.32%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Baton Rouge

The race most likely to be in poverty in Baton Rouge is Islander, with 38.16% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Baton Rouge is Native, with 15.43% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.43%. Among those working part-time, it was 34.78%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 36.35%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School37.74%
High School21.23%
Some College15.30%
Bachelors or Greater6.95%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed56.05%
Male Unemployed42.31%
Female Employed18.73%
Male Employed12.14%

Baton Rouge Income

Baton Rouge Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$40,948$63,669
Families$54,123$81,741
Married Families$83,063$111,886
Non Families$27,036$41,211

Baton Rouge Marital Status

Baton Rouge Marital Status

Marriage Rates

30.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

32.7%

Male Marriage Rate

28.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Baton Rouge Married by Age and Sex

Baton Rouge Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Baton Rouge Marital Status by Race

Baton Rouge Veterans

9,953

Number of Veterans

8,818

Male Veterans

1,135

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam3,109
First Gulf War1,791
Second Gulf War1,746
Korea1,184
World War II652
Age Group Veterans
75+2,611
35 to 542,371
65 to 742,266
55 to 641,540
18 to 341,165

Baton Rouge Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White4,9276.41%
Black4,6505.12%
Hispanic1502.52%
Asian1351.93%
2 or More1235.99%
Other744.14%
Indian448.70%

Baton Rouge Veterans by Education

9.44%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.75%

Veteran Disability Rate

Baton Rouge Employment Status

63.5%

Labor Force Participation

57.8%

Employment Rate

8.9%

Unemployment Rate

Baton Rouge Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

76.50%

Born in Louisiana

94.50%

Native Born

5.50%

Foreign Born

3.55%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

94.50% of Baton Rouge residents were born in the United States, with 76.50% having been born in Louisiana. 3.55% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.