Billings, Montana Population 2018

Billings is a city located in Montana. It is situated in Yellowstone County and serves as the county seat. The city has an estimated population of 110,323, making it the biggest city in Montana by population. It is the only city in the state with a population of more than 100,000, and it continues to show steady growth.

Billings History

Billings has a very long history, with the discovery of artifacts showing that the region has been inhabited since at least 2600 BCE. The first known inhabitants were the Crow Indians, who inhabited the area beginning in 1700.

The region was originally known as Clark’s Fork Bottom, which served as a hub for hauling freight. In 1877, settlers formed the town of Coulson, the first town in the Yellowstone Valley. A sawmill, general store, and trading post were opened when the town was first established. It began to grow and so other buildings and tents were erected to keep up with the population.

In its earliest years, Coulson was a Wild West Town. The railroad came to the region shortly after and residents in Coulson believed that it would bring significant growth. However, the railroad company decided to create a new town nearby named Billings. The residents of Coulson moved to the town of Billings and was eventually gone and part of Billings in the 1930s.

The city of Billings was founded in 1882. The town only had three buildings but soon had over 2,000 less than one year after it was founded. In the early 20th century, Billings’ population grew to over 10,000. The city was one of the fastest-growing in the U.S. Oil fields discovered in the state, followed by natural gas and coal reserves made the city a center of energy and boosted the economy.

When World War II ended, the city diversified by becoming the center of finance, medicine and culture. The population continued to grow. Through the 1970s, Billings continued to be a leader in the energy sector. The city also saw major growth through its downtown area during this time and through the 1980s, including the construction of Sage Tower and Granite Tower.

Billings continued to expand with the addition of shopping centers, malls, business parks, and hotels through the 1990s. This growth has continued through the 21st century as more business parks are open and the downtown area has been updated with new buildings, a transit center and parking garages. The economy has also remained strong, making Billings a desirable city for many residents.

Billings Demographics

Billings has an estimated population of over 110,000. This shows significant growth from the 2010 census figures that show a population of 104,170. The city is 43.52 square miles and has a population density of 2,400 people per square mile.

Almost 90% of the residents in Billings are white, 4.4% are Native American, 0.8% are Black, and 5.2% are Hispanic or Latino. Almost 3% are mixed race, 1.4% are from other races, and less than 1% are Pacific Islander or Asian. The city’s largest age groups are 25 to 44 and 45 to 64, each of which make up 26.3% of the population. Over 22% are under 18 and 15% are at least 65. There is a higher population of females than males, with women making up 51.7% of the total population.

Over 29% of the population holds a Bachelor’s degree. Approximately 9.2% of residents live below the federal poverty line.

Billings Population Growth

Billings has experienced rapid growth in its population since its founding. The city’s population was just 145 in 1870 and had jumped to over 3,000 in 1900. At the time of 1910 census, the population exceeded 10,000 people. The city surpassed 50,000 residents at the 1960 census. Growth has continued, with the city reaching more than 100,000 people in 2010. Recent estimates show that the population has grown almost 6% since the last census, indicating that Billings still has a lot of population growth in its future.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017109,6421600.15%
2016109,482-24-0.02%
2015109,5061,1561.07%
2014108,350-135-0.12%
2013108,4851,7091.60%
2012106,7761,3361.27%
2011105,4409260.89%
2010104,51414,6671.52%
200089,8478,6961.02%
199081,15114,3331.96%
198066,8185,2370.82%
197061,5818,7301.54%
196052,85121,0175.20%
195031,8348,5733.19%
194023,2616,8813.57%
193016,3801,2800.82%
192015,1005,0694.17%
191010,0316,81012.03%
19003,2210.00%

Billings Population in 2018Source: By Sara goth [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White98,258
American Indian and Alaska Native5,065
Two or More Races2,955
Some Other Race1,024
Black or African American934
Asian816
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander37

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Billings Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Billings Median Age

36.9


Total

35.5


Male

38.5


Female

Billings Adults

There are 84,108 adults, (16,800 of which are seniors) in Billings.

Billings Age Dependency

62.2

Age Dependency Ratio

25

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Billings Sex Ratio

Female

56,139

51.46%

Male

52,950

48.54%

Billings Households and Families

Billings Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Billings Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married80.8%19.2%
All62.8%37.2%
Male59.7%40.3%
Non Family48.4%51.6%
Female42.9%57.1%

62.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Billings Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All44,7132.3762.8
Married19,8503.0780.8
Non Family18,2941.3148.4
Female4,3433.2742.9
Male2,2263.0159.7

2.99

Average Family Size

2.37

Average Household Size

7.3%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Billings Households

Billings Education

Billings Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,3471.82%
9th to 12th Grade3,7225.04%
High School Graduate21,30628.82%
Some College18,70625.31%
Associates Degree5,6137.59%
Bachelors Degree16,02821.68%
Graduate Degree7,1979.74%

Billings Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White66,43962,62922,020
Hispanic2,9832,518271
Native American2,4751,953452
Multiple Races1,1791,109316
Black575436101
Other Race56945968
Asian526467136
Islander3215

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.27%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 33.14%.

Billings Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$33,904$41,952$27,866
Less Than High School$21,588$30,755$15,709
High School Grad$26,914$34,466$21,020
Some College$31,621$40,556$26,302
Bachelors Degree$44,032$53,960$35,537
Graduate Degree$54,562$66,853$49,601

$33,904

Average Earnings

$41,952

Average Male

$27,866

Average Female

Billings Language

Billings Language by Age

Billings Language

96.07% of Billings residents speak only English, while 3.93% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 1.64% of the population.

Billings Poverty

Billings Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White91,1469,41210.33%
Native4,6361,39130.00%
Hispanic6,19390914.68%
Multiple2,87950917.68%
Black87516719.09%
Other99316316.41%
Asian795394.91%

11.60%

Overall Poverty Rate

9.60%

Male Poverty Rate

13.50%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Billings

The race most likely to be in poverty in Billings is Native, with 30.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Billings is Asian, with 4.91% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.39%. Among those working part-time, it was 16.37%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 20.12%.

Billings Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School15.78%
High School14.46%
Some College9.96%
Bachelors or Greater3.22%

Billings Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed51.55%
Male Unemployed28.91%
Female Employed8.02%
Male Employed4.57%

Billings Income

Billings Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$52,944$70,944
Families$69,096$87,593
Married Families$78,853$100,542
Non Families$32,463$44,381

Billings Marital Status

Billings Marital Status

Marriage Rates

47.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

49.3%

Male Marriage Rate

46.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Billings Married by Age and Sex

Billings Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

Billings Marital Status by Race

Billings Veterans

Billings Veterans by War

9,150

Number of Veterans

8,355

Male Veterans

795

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam3,027
First Gulf War1,885
Second Gulf War1,381
Korea766
World War II680

Billings Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 542,408
75+2,056
55 to 641,984
65 to 741,966
18 to 34736

Billings Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White8,57911.08%
Indian3109.96%
Hispanic1233.26%
2 or More1208.40%
Asian589.05%
Black507.81%
Other335.28%

Billings Veterans by Education

8.97%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.30%

Veteran Disability Rate

Billings Employment Status

Billings Employment by Age

67.6%

Labor Force Participation

64.9%

Employment Rate

3.6%

Unemployment Rate

Billings Employment by Race

Billings Employment by Education

Billings Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

57.05%

Born in Montana

97.92%

Native Born

2.08%

Foreign Born

0.87%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

97.92% of Billings residents were born in the United States, with 57.05% having been born in Montana. 0.87% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.