Billings, Montana Population 2018

Billings is a city located in Montana. It is situated in Yellowstone County and serves as the county seat. The city has an estimated population of 110,323, making it the biggest city in Montana by population. It is the only city in the state with a population of more than 100,000, and it continues to show steady growth.

Billings History

Billings has a very long history, with the discovery of artifacts showing that the region has been inhabited since at least 2600 BCE. The first known inhabitants were the Crow Indians, who inhabited the area beginning in 1700.

The region was originally known as Clark’s Fork Bottom, which served as a hub for hauling freight. In 1877, settlers formed the town of Coulson, the first town in the Yellowstone Valley. A sawmill, general store, and trading post were opened when the town was first established. It began to grow and so other buildings and tents were erected to keep up with the population.

In its earliest years, Coulson was a Wild West Town. The railroad came to the region shortly after and residents in Coulson believed that it would bring significant growth. However, the railroad company decided to create a new town nearby named Billings. The residents of Coulson moved to the town of Billings and was eventually gone and part of Billings in the 1930s.

The city of Billings was founded in 1882. The town only had three buildings but soon had over 2,000 less than one year after it was founded. In the early 20th century, Billings’ population grew to over 10,000. The city was one of the fastest-growing in the U.S. Oil fields discovered in the state, followed by natural gas and coal reserves made the city a center of energy and boosted the economy.

When World War II ended, the city diversified by becoming the center of finance, medicine and culture. The population continued to grow. Through the 1970s, Billings continued to be a leader in the energy sector. The city also saw major growth through its downtown area during this time and through the 1980s, including the construction of Sage Tower and Granite Tower.

Billings continued to expand with the addition of shopping centers, malls, business parks, and hotels through the 1990s. This growth has continued through the 21st century as more business parks are open and the downtown area has been updated with new buildings, a transit center and parking garages. The economy has also remained strong, making Billings a desirable city for many residents.

Billings Demographics

Billings has an estimated population of over 110,000. This shows significant growth from the 2010 census figures that show a population of 104,170. The city is 43.52 square miles and has a population density of 2,400 people per square mile.

Almost 90% of the residents in Billings are white, 4.4% are Native American, 0.8% are Black, and 5.2% are Hispanic or Latino. Almost 3% are mixed race, 1.4% are from other races, and less than 1% are Pacific Islander or Asian. The city’s largest age groups are 25 to 44 and 45 to 64, each of which make up 26.3% of the population. Over 22% are under 18 and 15% are at least 65. There is a higher population of females than males, with women making up 51.7% of the total population.

Over 29% of the population holds a Bachelor’s degree. Approximately 9.2% of residents live below the federal poverty line.

Billings Population Growth

Billings has experienced rapid growth in its population since its founding. The city’s population was just 145 in 1870 and had jumped to over 3,000 in 1900. At the time of 1910 census, the population exceeded 10,000 people. The city surpassed 50,000 residents at the 1960 census. Growth has continued, with the city reaching more than 100,000 people in 2010. Recent estimates show that the population has grown almost 6% since the last census, indicating that Billings still has a lot of population growth in its future.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017109,6421600.15%
2016109,482-24-0.02%
2015109,5061,1561.07%
2014108,350-135-0.12%
2013108,4851,7091.60%
2012106,7761,3361.27%
2011105,4409260.89%
2010104,51414,66716.32%
200089,8478,69610.72%
199081,15114,33321.45%
198066,8185,2378.50%
197061,5818,73016.52%
196052,85121,01766.02%
195031,8348,57336.86%
194023,2616,88142.01%
193016,3801,2808.48%
192015,1005,06950.53%
191010,0316,810211.43%
19003,2210.00%

Billings Population in 2018Source: By Sara goth [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White98,258
American Indian and Alaska Native5,065
Two or More Races2,955
Some Other Race1,024
Black or African American934
Asian816
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander37

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Billings Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Billings Median Age

36.9


Total

35.5


Male

38.5


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 84,534 adults in Billings.

Billings Age Dependency

62.2

Age Dependency Ratio

25

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Billings Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
5.4
Houses Without Mortgage
9,528
Houses With Mortgage
18,565
Vacancy Rate
6.2
Median Rent
799
Median Home Value
198,300
Renter-Occupied Units
16,620
Owner-Occupied Units
28,093
Total Housing Units
47,645

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Billings for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 2.4% and the labor force participation rate is 67.6%.

Billings Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.37
Average Family Size
2.99
Total Households
44713
Married Couple Households
19850
Male Householder (no wife) Families
2226
Female Householder (no husband) Families
4343
Non Family Households
18294
Total Families
26419
Households With Own Children
11917
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
7.3
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.3

Billings Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
2,459
$10,000 to $14,999
2,512
$15,000 to $24,999
4,968
$25,000 to $34,999
4,518
$35,000 to $49,999
6,574
$50,000 to $74,999
9,081
$75,000 to $99,999
5,592
$100,000 to $149,999
5,472
$150,000 to $199,999
1,750
Over $200,000
1,787

Billings Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Billings

Montana

$52,944

$48,380

$70,944

$65,401

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.050.10.150.2

Billings Education Data

Billings Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
1,3471.82%
9th to 12th Grade
3,7225.04%
High School Graduate
21,30628.82%
Some College
18,70625.31%
Associates Degree
5,6137.59%
Bachelors Degree
16,02821.68%
Graduate Degree
7,1979.74%