Bismarck, North Dakota Population 2018

Bismarck is a city located in North Dakota. It is the county seat for Burleigh County and is the state capital. It is also the second most populous city in the state with an estimated population of 72,417. This city has a relatively short history, only being founded toward the end of the 19th century but it has grown quite quickly and has even in recent years been named one of the fastest-growing small cities in the nation.

Bismarck History

The region that is now Bismarck was first inhabited by indigenous tribes dating back thousands of years. It was in 1872 when the Europeans founded the settlement that would one day become Bismarck. The town was called Edwinton after Northern Pacific Railway engineer Edwin Ferry Johnson. However, the Northern Pacific Railway changed the name to Bismarck after the German chancellor Otto con Bismarck. This was in efforts to bring in German immigrants to work and invest in the railroad.

The city began to grow significantly in the mid-1870s when gold was discovered in the Black Hills. The city attracted many miners, which was great for growth. However, it did contribute to tensions with the Lakota tribe. The tribe felt as though the new settlers were invading sacred territory.

In 1883, Bismarck was named as the capital of the Dakota Territory. At the end of the decade after North Dakota was made a state, Bismarck was named as the state capital. Throughout the 19th century and into the 20th century, the city continued to see its population rise. The city constructed its state capitol building, which later burned in 1930. During the Great Depression, the city built another capitol in the city center, which is the tallest building in both the city and the state.

In 1953, Garrison Dam was built to prevent floods, and the floodplain area of the city now was suitable for development. Residential and commercial buildings were erected as the city and its population continued to grow.

In modern times, the city’s northern area has seen substantial growth with the addition of retail shopping centers. The city’s major shopping center, Kirkwood Mall, was constructed in the city center and has since expanded to include other major retail stores in the area. There are also two hospitals and multiple restaurants that have been developed in the growing downtown area.

Bismarck Demographics

Recent estimates show that Bismarck has a population of over 72,000 people. The city has a total area of over 31 square miles, and its population density is 2,000 people per square mile.

Over 92% of Bismarck’s population is white. The remainder of the population is 0.7% black, 4.5% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 1.5% mixed, and 1.3% of Hispanic or Latino descent. The largest age group is 45 to 64, making up 26.8% of the total population, followed by the 25 to 44 group which makes up 26.2% of the population. Less than 21% of the population is under the age of 18, while over 15% are at least 65 years old. There are more female residents than males, with women making up 51.4% of the total population. Over 8% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

The city’s top employer is Sanford Health, which employs 25,000 people across multiple states. The State of North Dakota, St. Alexius Medical Center, Bismarck Public School and the federal government are other top employers, each providing thousands of jobs to residents of Bismarck and surrounding areas.

Bismarck Population Growth

The city of Bismarck’s boundaries and population have only continued to expand since it was founded, and this trend shows no sign of slowing down. By the 1930s, the city’s population had grown to more than 11,000 people. By 1960, that number had more than doubled. The city’s population reached over 50,000 at the time of the 2000 census and grew to over 61,000 at the next census. Current estimates show that the population has grown by over 18% since the last census in 2010, indicating that this city has a lot of growing still in its future.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
201772,8655330.74%
201672,3321,0651.49%
201571,2672,2553.27%
201469,0121,7632.62%
201367,2492,3183.57%
201264,9311,9653.12%
201162,9661,4042.28%
201061,5626,03010.86%
200055,5326,27612.74%
199049,2564,77110.72%
198044,4859,78228.19%
197034,7037,03325.42%
196027,6709,03048.44%
195018,6403,14420.29%
194015,4964,40639.73%
193011,0903,96855.71%
19207,1221,67930.85%
19105,4432,12464.00%
19003,3190.00%

Bismarck Population in 2018Source: By Bobak Ha'Eri [CC BY 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White62,873
American Indian and Alaska Native2,657
Two or More Races1,428
Black or African American1,073
Asian662
Some Other Race238
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander50

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Bismarck Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Bismarck Median Age

37


Total

35.1


Male

39.3


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 57,126 adults in Bismarck.

Bismarck Age Dependency

60.1

Age Dependency Ratio

25.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

34.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Bismarck Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
5.5
Houses Without Mortgage
8,450
Houses With Mortgage
10,828
Vacancy Rate
4.6
Median Rent
798
Median Home Value
205,500
Renter-Occupied Units
11,275
Owner-Occupied Units
19,278
Total Housing Units
32,038

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Bismarck for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 1.4% and the labor force participation rate is 71.3%.

Bismarck Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.19
Average Family Size
2.81
Total Households
30553
Married Couple Households
13401
Male Householder (no wife) Families
872
Female Householder (no husband) Families
3181
Non Family Households
13099
Total Families
17454
Households With Own Children
7812
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
6.6
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.2

Bismarck Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
1,385
$10,000 to $14,999
1,130
$15,000 to $24,999
2,714
$25,000 to $34,999
2,821
$35,000 to $49,999
4,822
$50,000 to $74,999
5,803
$75,000 to $99,999
4,210
$100,000 to $149,999
4,828
$150,000 to $199,999
1,261
Over $200,000
1,579

Bismarck Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Bismarck

North Dakota

$60,320

$59,114

$78,732

$78,828

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.050.10.150.2

Bismarck Education Data

Bismarck Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
1,6943.59%
9th to 12th Grade
1,7313.67%
High School Graduate
11,34924.07%
Some College
9,73520.64%
Associates Degree
6,37513.52%
Bachelors Degree
11,46924.32%
Graduate Degree
4,80210.18%