Bismarck, North Dakota Population 2019

Bismarck is a city located in North Dakota. It is the county seat for Burleigh County and is the state capital. It is also the second most populous city in the state with an estimated population of 72,417. This city has a relatively short history, only being founded toward the end of the 19th century but it has grown quite quickly and has even in recent years been named one of the fastest-growing small cities in the nation.

Bismarck History

The region that is now Bismarck was first inhabited by indigenous tribes dating back thousands of years. It was in 1872 when the Europeans founded the settlement that would one day become Bismarck. The town was called Edwinton after Northern Pacific Railway engineer Edwin Ferry Johnson. However, the Northern Pacific Railway changed the name to Bismarck after the German chancellor Otto con Bismarck. This was in efforts to bring in German immigrants to work and invest in the railroad.

The city began to grow significantly in the mid-1870s when gold was discovered in the Black Hills. The city attracted many miners, which was great for growth. However, it did contribute to tensions with the Lakota tribe. The tribe felt as though the new settlers were invading sacred territory.

In 1883, Bismarck was named as the capital of the Dakota Territory. At the end of the decade, after North Dakota was made a state, Bismarck was named as the state capital. Throughout the 19th century and into the 20th century, the city continued to see its population rise. The city constructed its state capitol building, which later burned in 1930. During the Great Depression, the city built another capitol in the city center, which is the tallest building in both the city and the state.

In 1953, Garrison Dam was built to prevent floods, and the floodplain area of the city now was suitable for development. Residential and commercial buildings were erected as the city, and its population continued to grow.

In modern times, the city’s northern area has seen substantial growth with the addition of retail shopping centers. The city’s major shopping center, Kirkwood Mall, was constructed in the city center and has since expanded to include other major retail stores in the area. There are also two hospitals and multiple restaurants that have been developed in the growing downtown area.

City Size and Population Density in Bismarck

Recent estimates show that Bismarck has a population of over 72,000 people. The city has a total area of over 31 square miles, and its population density is 2,000 people per square mile.

Bismarck Population

The largest age group is 45 to 64, making up 26.8% of the total population, followed by the 25 to 44 group which makes up 26.2% of the population. Less than 21% of the population is under the age of 18, while over 15% are at least 65 years old. There are more female residents than males, with women making up 51.4% of the total population. Over 8% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

The city’s top employer is Sanford Health, which employs 25,000 people across multiple states. The State of North Dakota, St. Alexius Medical Center, Bismarck Public School, and the federal government are other top employers, each providing thousands of jobs to residents of Bismarck and surrounding areas.

Bismarck Population Growth

The city of Bismarck’s boundaries and population have only continued to expand since it was founded, and this trend shows no sign of slowing down. By the 1930s, the city’s population had grown to more than 11,000 people. By 1960, that number had more than doubled. The city’s population reached over 50,000 at the time of the 2000 census and grew to over 61,000 at the next census. Current estimates show that the population has increased by over 18% since the last census in 2010, indicating that this city has much growth still in its future.

Bismarck Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Bismarck was:

  • White: 90.79%
  • Native American: 3.77%
  • Black or African American: 2.08%
  • Two or more races: 2.04%
  • Asian: 0.95%
  • Other race: 0.31%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.06%
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201873,1121520.21%
201772,9605250.72%
201672,4351,1531.62%
201571,2822,3673.43%
201468,9151,8802.80%
201367,0352,3383.61%
201264,6971,9753.15%
201162,7221,1581.88%
201061,5646,0321.04%
200055,5326,2761.21%
199049,2564,7711.02%
198044,4859,7822.51%
197034,7037,0332.29%
196027,6709,0304.03%
195018,6403,1441.86%
194015,4964,4063.40%
193011,0903,9684.53%
19207,1221,6792.73%
19105,4432,1245.07%
19003,3190.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018132,6782600.20%
2017132,4187970.60%
2016131,6211,9601.49%
2015129,6613,0482.35%
2014126,6132,9422.32%
2013123,6713,6692.97%
2012120,0022,9182.43%
2011117,0841,8251.56%
2010115,2590.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
White64,043
American Indian and Alaska Native2,660
Black or African American1,469
Two or More Races1,437
Asian669
Some Other Race219
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander39

Bismarck Population Pyramid 2019

Bismarck Median Age

37.1


Total

35.5


Male

40


Female

Bismarck Adults

There are 55,400 adults, (11,492 of whom are seniors) in Bismarck.

Bismarck Age Dependency

60.6

Age Dependency Ratio

26.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

34.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Bismarck Sex Ratio

Female

35,658

50.55%

Male

34,878

49.45%

Bismarck Households and Families

Bismarck Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Bismarck Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married87%13%
All63.4%36.6%
Male62.3%37.7%
Female47.4%52.6%
Non Family43.3%56.7%

63.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All31,3682.1863.4
Married13,7132.8887
Non Family13,4741.2743.3
Female3,2442.7747.4
Male9372.9762.3

2.8

Average Family Size

2.18

Average Household Size

6.3%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.1%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Bismarck Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,5773.24%
9th to 12th Grade1,7953.69%
High School Graduate11,54023.70%
Some College10,04420.63%
Associates Degree6,46813.28%
Bachelors Degree12,46025.59%
Graduate Degree4,8059.87%

Bismarck Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White44,65341,85016,232
Native American1,4131,152136
Black987920374
Hispanic792568144
Multiple Races444432124
Asian430380253
Other Race13412138
Islander1717

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 58.84%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$41,299$47,972$34,842
Less Than High School$22,337$32,398$14,250
High School Grad$33,808$39,585$28,022
Some College$39,103$47,144$31,924
Bachelors Degree$47,972$55,808$41,451
Graduate Degree$63,093$76,344$54,000

$41,299

Average Earnings

$47,972

Average Male

$34,842

Average Female

Bismarck Language

Bismarck Language by Age

Bismarck Language

95.13% of Bismarck residents speak only English, while 4.87% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 2.58% of the population.

Bismarck Poverty

Bismarck Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White61,2054,4067.20%
Native2,2971,43162.30%
Black1,37735225.56%
Hispanic1,59418511.61%
Multiple1,336886.59%
Asian6698011.96%

9.52%

Overall Poverty Rate

7.85%

Male Poverty Rate

11.12%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Bismarck

The race most likely to be in poverty in Bismarck is Native, with 62.30% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Bismarck is Multiple, with 6.59% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.76%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.45%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 17.99%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School23.87%
High School12.95%
Some College6.99%
Bachelors or Greater2.60%
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed40.39%
Female Unemployed34.22%
Female Employed6.85%
Male Employed3.87%

Bismarck Income

Bismarck Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$61,477$79,279
Families$83,729$101,034
Married Families$96,171$115,889
Non Families$38,211$48,447

Bismarck Marital Status

Bismarck Marital Status

Marriage Rates

49.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

51.4%

Male Marriage Rate

47.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Bismarck Married by Age and Sex

Bismarck Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Bismarck Marital Status by Race

Bismarck Veterans

4,506

Number of Veterans

4,124

Male Veterans

382

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,590
Second Gulf War761
First Gulf War745
Korea404
World War II300
Age Group Veterans
75+1,172
65 to 741,105
35 to 541,047
55 to 64714
18 to 34468

Bismarck Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White4,2608.37%
Black1099.41%
Indian814.34%
2 or More518.69%
Hispanic222.25%
Other53.55%

Bismarck Veterans by Education

5.99%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.32%

Veteran Disability Rate

Bismarck Employment Status

70.4%

Labor Force Participation

68.8%

Employment Rate

1.7%

Unemployment Rate

Bismarck Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

71.46%

Born in North Dakota

97.27%

Native Born

2.73%

Foreign Born

1.71%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

97.27% of Bismarck residents were born in the United States, with 71.46% having been born in North Dakota. 1.71% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.