Boise City, Idaho Population 2020

228,790

Boise is the most populous city and capital of Idaho and the county seat of Ada County. Boise is located on the Boise River in the southwestern part of the state.

Boise has an estimated population of 228,790 people, which makes it the 99th largest city in the United States. The larger Boise City-Nampa metropolitan area, which includes five counties, has a population of 620,000 and it is the largest metro area in the state, containing the three largest cities in Idaho: Boise, Nampa, and Meridian. Boise is also the 3rd most populous metro area in the Pacific Northwest after Seattle and Portland.

City Size and Population Density

The city has a population density of 2,592 people per square mile or about 1,000 per square kilometer. The city covers approximately 82.80 square miles (214.45 km2).

Boise Diversity

Boise has a large ethnic Basque community of about 15,000 people, which is the largest in the United States and the 5th largest outside of Mexico, Chile, Argentina and the Basque Country in France and Spain. There is also a sizeable Basque festival in the city every five years.

The city is home to many religions with the Boise Hare Krishna Temple, an LDS Church temple and the Jewish Ahavath Beth Israel Temple, which is the oldest continually used temple west of the Mississippi.

Refugee Resettlement

Idaho has been a refugee resettlement arena since 1975, when it was established as the Indochinese Refugee Assistance Program to help resettle refugees fleeing the overthrow of US-supported governments in South Asia. Initially, the program focused on refugees from Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam, but it expanded to include Eastern European refugees fleeing Soviet-era regimes.

During the 1980s, most refugees settled in Idaho and Boise, in particular, were Southeast Asian and Eastern European, with many refugees from the Soviet Union arriving at the end of the 1980s particularly evangelical Christians oppressed for their religious beliefs and political dissidents. During the 1990s, more than 5,000 refugees were resettled in Idaho, with more than 50% coming from Herzegovina and Bosnia to escape ethnic cleansing. The other half during this time came from Africa, East Asia, the Near East, Central Asia, the Caribbean, and Europe.

In the 2000s, more than 5,000 refugees have been settled around Boise, mainly refugees from Europe and Central Asia, especially from Bosnia, Afghanistan, and Russia (67%); Africa, especially Liberia, Sudan and Somalia (24%); East Asia, Latin America and the Near East (9%).

Boise Population Growth

Boise is currently the 15th fastest growing city in the United States, according to Forbes. The Boise City-Nampa metropolitan area is growing at a rate of 1.7% per year with a job growth rate that is keeping up. The largest cities in Idaho, including Boise, are rising about three times faster than smaller towns in the state.

Boise Facts

  • One account of how Boise got its name in the 1800s comes from a story that when French Canadian fur trappers traveling through the desert came across the valley and exclaimed "Les Boise!" or "The Trees!"
  • Boise is an Idaho refugee center that welcomes hundreds of people every year from around the world.
  • Boise was listed as one of 8 cities in the U.S. that is "Getting it right" by Time magazine in 2014.
  • Wheel ruts can still be seen along various spots of the Oregon Trail, which ran through southern Boise.
  • The World Center for Birds of Prey is located just outside of Boise and it has played a significant role in the re-establishment of the Peregrine Falcon and getting it removed from the Endangered Species list, at which point an international celebration took place in Boise. The center also breeds the rare California condor.
  • Aaron Paul, best known for his role as Jesse Pinkman in the series Breaking Bad, was born in nearby Emmett, Idaho.

Boise Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Boise was:

  • White: 89.06%
  • Two or more races: 3.28%
  • Asian: 3.13%
  • Black or African American: 2.12%
  • Other race: 1.66%
  • Native American: 0.61%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.15%

How Many People Live in Boise City, Idaho?

228,790
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018228,7901,1690.51%
2017227,6212,8931.29%
2016224,7283,7901.72%
2015220,9381,4670.67%
2014219,4712,0350.94%
2013217,4361,7550.81%
2012215,6813,0611.44%
2011212,6203,0421.45%
2010209,57823,7911.21%
2000185,78760,0493.98%
1990125,73823,4892.09%
1980102,24927,2593.15%
197074,99040,5098.08%
196034,481880.03%
195034,3938,2632.79%
194026,1304,5861.95%
193021,5441510.07%
192021,3934,0352.11%
191017,35811,40111.29%
19005,9570.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White199,75489.06%
Two or More Races7,3513.28%
Asian7,0113.13%
Black or African American4,7662.12%
Some Other Race3,7151.66%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,3610.61%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3420.15%

Boise Population Pyramid 2020

Boise Median Age

36.2


Total

35.5


Male

36.9


Female

Boise Adults

There are 174,407 adults, (30,460 of whom are seniors) in Boise.

Boise Age Dependency

55.8

Age Dependency Ratio

21.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

34.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Boise Sex Ratio

Female

112,785

50.28%

Male

111,515

49.72%

Boise Households and Families

Boise Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Boise Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married79.1%20.9%
All60.2%39.8%
Male55%45%
Non Family45.2%54.8%
Female42.6%57.4%

60.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All89,9752.4660.2
Married39,5773.2179.1
Non Family38,9631.3845.2
Female8,0303.642.6
Male3,4053.4755

3.18

Average Family Size

2.46

Average Household Size

6.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Boise Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,4831.65%
9th to 12th Grade5,1763.44%
High School Graduate32,20521.37%
Some College35,81323.77%
Associates Degree13,0828.68%
Bachelors Degree40,57226.93%
Graduate Degree21,34014.16%

Boise Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White130,023125,15855,130
Hispanic10,1668,4702,077
Asian4,9024,2792,536
Multiple Races3,3103,1361,666
Other Race2,1981,717300
Black2,1061,740580
Native American1,016944143
Islander20920956

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 51.73%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$38,007$43,814$31,910
Less Than High School$24,178$26,800$14,432
High School Grad$28,918$32,741$22,774
Some College$31,495$36,481$26,376
Bachelors Degree$49,083$57,228$38,866
Graduate Degree$65,892$79,206$55,811

$38,007

Average Earnings

$43,814

Average Male

$31,910

Average Female

Boise Language

Boise Language by Age

Boise Language

89.86% of Boise residents speak only English, while 10.14% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.71% of the population.

Boise Poverty

Boise Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White183,07522,05012.04%
Hispanic19,7704,35022.00%
Black4,6581,77738.15%
Multiple7,2931,38518.99%
Other3,71570018.84%
Asian6,9344917.08%
Native1,31221716.54%
Islander31416452.23%

13.50%

Overall Poverty Rate

12.74%

Male Poverty Rate

14.25%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Boise

The race most likely to be in poverty in Boise is Islander, with 52.23% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Boise is Asian, with 7.08% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.78%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.45%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 22.48%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School26.88%
High School15.73%
Some College11.77%
Bachelors or Greater4.55%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed30.09%
Male Unemployed25.83%
Female Employed9.65%
Male Employed6.89%

Boise Income

Boise Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$56,798$79,565
Families$78,337$101,496
Married Families$90,868$115,873
Non Families$34,304$48,293

Boise Marital Status

Boise Marital Status

Marriage Rates

46.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

46.8%

Male Marriage Rate

46.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Boise Married by Age and Sex

Boise Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Boise Marital Status by Race

Boise Veterans

15,259

Number of Veterans

13,886

Male Veterans

1,373

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam5,548
First Gulf War3,228
Second Gulf War2,974
Korea1,326
World War II655
Age Group Veterans
35 to 544,075
65 to 743,692
75+3,178
55 to 642,802
18 to 341,512

Boise Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White14,4629.22%
Hispanic5954.47%
Asian2013.60%
Other1776.54%
2 or More1764.11%
Indian12810.47%
Black1154.18%

Boise Veterans by Education

8.82%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.23%

Veteran Disability Rate

Boise Employment Status

68.2%

Labor Force Participation

64.7%

Employment Rate

4.6%

Unemployment Rate

Boise Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

45.04%

Born in Idaho

93.17%

Native Born

6.83%

Foreign Born

3.58%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

93.17% of Boise residents were born in the United States, with 45.04% having been born in Idaho. 3.58% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.