Boise City, Idaho Population 2019

Boise is the most populous city and capital of Idaho and the county seat of Ada County. Boise is located on the Boise River in the southwestern part of the state.

Boise has an estimated population of 217,000 people, which makes it the 99th largest city in the United States. The larger Boise City-Nampa metropolitan area, which includes five counties, has a population of 620,000 and it is the largest metro area in the state, containing the three largest cities in Idaho: Boise, Nampa, and Meridian. Boise is also the 3rd most populous metro area in the Pacific Northwest after Seattle and Portland.

City Size and Population Density

The city has a population density of 2,592 people per square mile or about 1,000 per square kilometer. The city covers approximately 82.80 square miles (214.45 km2).

Boise Diversity

Boise has a large ethnic Basque community of about 15,000 people, which is the largest in the United States and the 5th largest outside of Mexico, Chile, Argentina and the Basque Country in France and Spain. There is also a sizeable Basque festival in the city every five years.

The city is home to many religions with the Boise Hare Krishna Temple, an LDS Church temple and the Jewish Ahavath Beth Israel Temple, which is the oldest continually used temple west of the Mississippi.

Refugee Resettlement

Idaho has been a refugee resettlement arena since 1975, when it was established as the Indochinese Refugee Assistance Program to help resettle refugees fleeing the overthrow of US-supported governments in South Asia. Initially, the program focused on refugees from Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam, but it expanded to include Eastern European refugees fleeing Soviet-era regimes.

During the 1980s, most refugees settled in Idaho and Boise, in particular, were Southeast Asian and Eastern European, with many refugees from the Soviet Union arriving at the end of the 1980s particularly evangelical Christians oppressed for their religious beliefs and political dissidents. During the 1990s, more than 5,000 refugees were resettled in Idaho, with more than 50% coming from Herzegovina and Bosnia to escape ethnic cleansing. The other half during this time came from Africa, East Asia, the Near East, Central Asia, the Caribbean, and Europe.

In the 2000s, more than 5,000 refugees have been settled around Boise, mainly refugees from Europe and Central Asia, especially from Bosnia, Afghanistan, and Russia (67%); Africa, especially Liberia, Sudan and Somalia (24%); East Asia, Latin America and the Near East (9%).

Boise Population Growth

Boise is currently the 15th fastest growing city in the United States, according to Forbes. The Boise City-Nampa metropolitan area is growing at a rate of 1.7% per year with a job growth rate that is keeping up. The largest cities in Idaho, including Boise, are rising about three times faster than smaller towns in the state.

Boise Facts

  • One account of how Boise got its name in the 1800s comes from a story that when French Canadian fur trappers traveling through the desert came across the valley and exclaimed "Les Boise!" or "The Trees!"
  • Boise is an Idaho refugee center that welcomes hundreds of people every year from around the world.
  • Boise was listed as one of 8 cities in the U.S. that is "Getting it right" by Time magazine in 2014.
  • Wheel ruts can still be seen along various spots of the Oregon Trail, which ran through southern Boise.
  • The World Center for Birds of Prey is located just outside of Boise and it has played a significant role in the re-establishment of the Peregrine Falcon and getting it removed from the Endangered Species list, at which point an international celebration took place in Boise. The center also breeds the rare California condor.
  • Aaron Paul, best known for his role as Jesse Pinkman in the series Breaking Bad, was born in nearby Emmett, Idaho.

Boise Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Boise was:

  • White: 88.82%
  • Two or more races: 3.52%
  • Asian: 3.29%
  • Black or African American: 1.93%
  • Other race: 1.62%
  • Native American: 0.71%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.10%
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018228,7901,1690.51%
2017227,6212,8931.29%
2016224,7283,7901.72%
2015220,9381,4670.67%
2014219,4712,0350.94%
2013217,4361,7550.81%
2012215,6813,0611.44%
2011212,6203,0421.45%
2010209,57823,7911.21%
2000185,78760,0493.98%
1990125,73823,4892.09%
1980102,24927,2593.15%
197074,99040,5098.08%
196034,481880.03%
195034,3938,2632.79%
194026,1304,5861.95%
193021,5441510.07%
192021,3934,0352.11%
191017,35811,40111.29%
19005,9570.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
White196,162
Two or More Races7,772
Asian7,270
Black or African American4,272
Some Other Race3,583
American Indian and Alaska Native1,575
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander225

Boise Population Pyramid 2019

Boise Median Age

36


Total

35.4


Male

36.6


Female

Boise Adults

There are 171,397 adults, (28,851 of whom are seniors) in Boise.

Boise Age Dependency

54.9

Age Dependency Ratio

20.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

34.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Boise Sex Ratio

Female

111,436

50.46%

Male

109,423

49.54%

Boise Households and Families

Boise Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Boise Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married79.6%20.4%
All60.5%39.5%
Male50.7%49.3%
Non Family45.8%54.2%
Female41.5%58.5%

60.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All88,9292.4560.5
Married39,1363.1879.6
Non Family37,9021.3845.8
Female8,0353.4841.5
Male3,8563.3750.7

3.15

Average Family Size

2.45

Average Household Size

6.1%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Boise Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,5301.71%
9th to 12th Grade5,6943.86%
High School Graduate30,51720.67%
Some College35,64924.15%
Associates Degree12,8048.67%
Bachelors Degree39,30726.62%
Graduate Degree21,13414.32%

Boise Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White127,343122,05253,962
Hispanic9,5127,9322,013
Asian5,0424,3442,612
Multiple Races3,4093,2061,482
Other Race2,0851,647319
Black1,9061,441386
Native American1,092954111
Islander17117141

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 51.80%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$36,243$42,072$30,634
Less Than High School$20,685$24,966$11,929
High School Grad$27,198$31,140$22,203
Some College$29,907$34,211$25,246
Bachelors Degree$47,205$56,229$37,650
Graduate Degree$64,484$79,136$52,253

$36,243

Average Earnings

$42,072

Average Male

$30,634

Average Female

Boise Language

Boise Language by Age

Boise Language

89.93% of Boise residents speak only English, while 10.07% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.62% of the population.

Boise Poverty

Boise Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White180,13122,69012.60%
Hispanic18,7193,81720.39%
Black4,2231,98647.03%
Multiple7,7171,71322.20%
Other3,58377121.52%
Asian7,1954215.85%
Native1,52217211.30%
Islander21811753.67%

14.00%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.48%

Male Poverty Rate

14.52%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Boise

The race most likely to be in poverty in Boise is Islander, with 53.67% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Boise is Asian, with 5.85% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.74%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.65%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 22.34%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School27.88%
High School14.85%
Some College12.01%
Bachelors or Greater4.93%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed30.27%
Male Unemployed30.05%
Female Employed10.31%
Male Employed7.89%

Boise Income

Boise Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$54,547$76,984
Families$76,384$98,756
Married Families$88,219$112,756
Non Families$32,004$45,264

Boise Marital Status

Boise Marital Status

Marriage Rates

46.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.4%

Male Marriage Rate

45.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Boise Married by Age and Sex

Boise Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Boise Marital Status by Race

Boise Veterans

15,459

Number of Veterans

14,021

Male Veterans

1,438

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam5,502
First Gulf War3,332
Second Gulf War3,001
Korea1,321
World War II862
Age Group Veterans
35 to 544,529
65 to 743,527
75+3,109
55 to 642,714
18 to 341,580

Boise Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White14,3789.31%
Hispanic6194.97%
Asian2985.42%
2 or More2275.19%
Indian20916.46%
Black2038.30%
Other1445.39%

Boise Veterans by Education

9.42%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.83%

Veteran Disability Rate

Boise Employment Status

68.8%

Labor Force Participation

65.1%

Employment Rate

5%

Unemployment Rate

Boise Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

45.03%

Born in Idaho

92.99%

Native Born

7.01%

Foreign Born

3.94%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

92.99% of Boise residents were born in the United States, with 45.03% having been born in Idaho. 3.94% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.