Boise Population 2018

Boise is the most populous city and capital of Idaho and the county seat of Ada County. Boise is located on the Boise River in the southwestern part of the state.

Boise has an estimated population of 217,000 people, which makes it the 99th largest city in the United States. The larger Boise City-Nampa metropolitan area, which includes 5 counties, has a population of 620,000 and it is the largest metro area in the state, containing the 3 largest cities in Idaho: Boise, Nampa and Meridian. Boise is also the 3rd most populous metro area in the Pacific Northwest after Seattle and Portland.

The city has a population density of 2,592 people per square mile, or about 1,000 per square mile. 
# Boise Demographics The 2010 census found the racial composition of Boise was:

  • White: 89.0%
  • Asian: 3.2%
  • African American: 1.5%
  • Native American: 0.7%
  • Pacific Islander: 0.2%
  • Other races: 2.5%
  • Two or more races: 3.0%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 7.1%

Boise has a large ethnic Basque community of about 15,000 people, which is the largest in the United States and the 5th largest outside of Mexico, Chile, Argentina and the Basque Country in France and Spain. There is also a large Basque festival in the city every 5 years.

The city is home to many religions with the Boise Hare Krishna Temple, an LDS Church temple and the Jewish Ahavath Beth Israel Temple, which is the oldest continually used temple west of the Mississippi.

Idaho has been a refugee resettlement arena since 1975, when it was established as the Indochinese Refugee Assistance Program to help resettle refugees fleeing the overthrow of US-supported governments in South Asia. Initially, the program focused on refugees from Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam, but it expanded to include Eastern European refugees fleeing Soviet-era regimes.

During the 1980s, most refugees settled in Idaho and Boise in particular were Southeast Asian and Eastern European, with many refugees from the Soviet Union arriving at the end of the 1980s particularly evangelical Christians oppressed for their religious beliefs and political dissidents. During the 1990s, more than 5,000 refugees were resettled in Idaho, with more than 50% coming from Herzegovina and Bosnia to escape ethnic cleansing. The other half during this time came from Africa, East Asia, the Near East, Central Asia, the Caribbean and Europe.

In the 2000s, more than 5,000 refugees have been settled around Boise, particularly refugees from: Europe and Central Asia, especially from Bosnia, Afghanistan and Russia (67%); Africa, especially Liberia, Sudan and Somalia (24%); East Asia, Latin America and the Near East (9%).

Boise Population Growth

Boise is currently the 15th fastest growing city in the United States, according to Forbes. The Boise City-Nampa metropolitan area is growing at a rate of 1.7% per year with a job growth rate that is keeping up. The largest cities in Idaho, including Boise, are growing about three times faster than smaller towns in the state.

Boise Facts

  • Boise got its name in the 1800s when French Canadian fur trappers traveling through the desert came across the valley and exclaimed "Les Boise!" or "The Trees!"
  • Boise is an Idaho refugee center that welcomes hundreds of people every year from around the world.
  • Boise was listed as one of 8 cities in the U.S. that is "Getting it right" by Time magazine in 2014.
  • Wheel ruts can still be seen along various spots of the Oregon Trail, which ran through southern Boise.
  • The World Center for Birds of Prey is located just outside of Boise and it has played a big role in the re-establishment of the Peregrine Falcon and getting it removed from the Endangered Species list, at which point an international celebration took place in Boise. The center also breeds the rare California condor.
  • Aaron Paul, best known for his role as Jesse Pinkman in the series Breaking Bad, was born in nearby Emmett, Idaho.
Year Population Growth Growth Rate

Boise Population in 2018Source: Spyder Monkey

Boise Race Data

Race Population Percentage
Two or More Races6,5332.93%
Black or African American3,1391.41%
Some Other Race2,5911.16%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,6360.73%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3090.14%

Population Pyramid

0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k Female Population8580757065605550454035302520151050

Boise Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
Houses Without Mortgage
Houses With Mortgage
Vacancy Rate
Median Rent
Median Home Value
Renter-Occupied Units
Owner-Occupied Units
Total Housing Units

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Boise for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5% and the labor force participation rate is 68.6%.

Boise Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
Non Family Households
Female Householder (no husband) Families
Male Householder (no wife) Families
Married Couple Families
Average Family Size
Average Household Size