Boise City, Idaho Population 2018

Boise is the most populous city and capital of Idaho and the county seat of Ada County. Boise is located on the Boise River in the southwestern part of the state.

Boise has an estimated population of 217,000 people, which makes it the 99th largest city in the United States. The larger Boise City-Nampa metropolitan area, which includes 5 counties, has a population of 620,000 and it is the largest metro area in the state, containing the 3 largest cities in Idaho: Boise, Nampa and Meridian. Boise is also the 3rd most populous metro area in the Pacific Northwest after Seattle and Portland.

The city has a population density of 2,592 people per square mile, or about 1,000 per square mile. 
# Boise Demographics The 2010 census found the racial composition of Boise was:

  • White: 89.0%
  • Asian: 3.2%
  • African American: 1.5%
  • Native American: 0.7%
  • Pacific Islander: 0.2%
  • Other races: 2.5%
  • Two or more races: 3.0%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 7.1%

Boise has a large ethnic Basque community of about 15,000 people, which is the largest in the United States and the 5th largest outside of Mexico, Chile, Argentina and the Basque Country in France and Spain. There is also a large Basque festival in the city every 5 years.

The city is home to many religions with the Boise Hare Krishna Temple, an LDS Church temple and the Jewish Ahavath Beth Israel Temple, which is the oldest continually used temple west of the Mississippi.

Idaho has been a refugee resettlement arena since 1975, when it was established as the Indochinese Refugee Assistance Program to help resettle refugees fleeing the overthrow of US-supported governments in South Asia. Initially, the program focused on refugees from Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam, but it expanded to include Eastern European refugees fleeing Soviet-era regimes.

During the 1980s, most refugees settled in Idaho and Boise in particular were Southeast Asian and Eastern European, with many refugees from the Soviet Union arriving at the end of the 1980s particularly evangelical Christians oppressed for their religious beliefs and political dissidents. During the 1990s, more than 5,000 refugees were resettled in Idaho, with more than 50% coming from Herzegovina and Bosnia to escape ethnic cleansing. The other half during this time came from Africa, East Asia, the Near East, Central Asia, the Caribbean and Europe.

In the 2000s, more than 5,000 refugees have been settled around Boise, particularly refugees from: Europe and Central Asia, especially from Bosnia, Afghanistan and Russia (67%); Africa, especially Liberia, Sudan and Somalia (24%); East Asia, Latin America and the Near East (9%).

Boise Population Growth

Boise is currently the 15th fastest growing city in the United States, according to Forbes. The Boise City-Nampa metropolitan area is growing at a rate of 1.7% per year with a job growth rate that is keeping up. The largest cities in Idaho, including Boise, are growing about three times faster than smaller towns in the state.

Boise Facts

  • Boise got its name in the 1800s when French Canadian fur trappers traveling through the desert came across the valley and exclaimed "Les Boise!" or "The Trees!"
  • Boise is an Idaho refugee center that welcomes hundreds of people every year from around the world.
  • Boise was listed as one of 8 cities in the U.S. that is "Getting it right" by Time magazine in 2014.
  • Wheel ruts can still be seen along various spots of the Oregon Trail, which ran through southern Boise.
  • The World Center for Birds of Prey is located just outside of Boise and it has played a big role in the re-establishment of the Peregrine Falcon and getting it removed from the Endangered Species list, at which point an international celebration took place in Boise. The center also breeds the rare California condor.
  • Aaron Paul, best known for his role as Jesse Pinkman in the series Breaking Bad, was born in nearby Emmett, Idaho.
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017226,5703,2091.44%
2016223,3613,6371.66%
2015219,7241,2870.59%
2014218,4372,0790.96%
2013216,3581,7580.82%
2012214,6003,1701.50%
2011211,4302,8511.37%
2010208,57922,7921.16%
2000185,78760,0493.98%
1990125,73823,4892.09%
1980102,24927,2593.15%
197074,99040,5098.08%
196034,481880.03%
195034,3938,2632.79%
194026,1304,5861.95%
193021,5441510.07%
192021,3934,0352.11%
191017,35811,40111.29%
19005,9570.00%

Boise Population in 2018Source: By Patrick Rodriguez [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White194,632
Asian7,444
Two or More Races7,353
Black or African American3,891
Some Other Race3,318
American Indian and Alaska Native1,776
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander263

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Boise Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Boise Median Age

35.8


Total

34.8


Male

37


Female

Boise Adults

There are 169,256 adults, (27,772 of which are seniors) in Boise.

Boise Age Dependency

54.6

Age Dependency Ratio

19.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

34.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Boise Sex Ratio

Female

110,013

50.31%

Male

108,664

49.69%

Boise Households and Families

Boise Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Boise Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married79%21%
All59.9%40.1%
Non Family45.3%54.7%
Male44.2%55.8%
Female42.7%57.3%

59.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Boise Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All88,2612.4459.9
Married39,0583.1779
Non Family36,7891.3745.3
Female8,2523.3942.7
Male4,1623.2744.2

3.11

Average Family Size

2.44

Average Household Size

6.1%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Boise Households

Boise Education

Boise Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,7911.91%
9th to 12th Grade5,4113.71%
High School Graduate29,00219.89%
Some College36,56325.07%
Associates Degree12,9308.87%
Bachelors Degree38,41826.34%
Graduate Degree20,72414.21%

Boise Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White125,793120,83453,051
Hispanic9,4777,6411,838
Asian5,1964,4302,595
Multiple Races3,0692,8291,176
Other Race1,9451,538364
Black1,8021,433393
Native American1,126941120
Islander12512539

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 49.94%.

Boise Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$34,648$40,276$30,127
Less Than High School$19,523$24,114$11,316
High School Grad$25,659$28,838$20,907
Some College$28,606$31,882$25,401
Bachelors Degree$44,856$54,719$35,879
Graduate Degree$63,904$76,997$53,832

$34,648

Average Earnings

$40,276

Average Male

$30,127

Average Female

Boise Language

Boise Language by Age

Boise Language

89.61% of Boise residents speak only English, while 10.39% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.65% of the population.

Boise Poverty

Boise Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White178,37222,40412.56%
Hispanic18,3393,87521.13%
Multiple7,2831,96927.04%
Black3,8351,46938.31%
Other3,31880024.11%
Asian7,3256889.39%
Native1,73025814.91%
Islander2608934.23%

14.09%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.41%

Male Poverty Rate

14.76%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Boise

The race most likely to be in poverty in Boise is Black, with 38.31% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Boise is Asian, with 9.39% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.57%. Among those working part-time, it was 23.29%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 21.86%.

Boise Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School28.31%
High School14.34%
Some College11.76%
Bachelors or Greater4.97%

Boise Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed34.57%
Male Unemployed30.29%
Female Employed10.21%
Male Employed8.12%

Boise Income

Boise Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$52,249$74,044
Families$71,770$93,829
Married Families$84,033$107,493
Non Families$31,072$43,945

Boise Marital Status

Boise Marital Status

Marriage Rates

46.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.8%

Male Marriage Rate

46.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Boise Married by Age and Sex

Boise Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55To64.

Boise Marital Status by Race

Boise Veterans

Boise Veterans by War

15,797

Number of Veterans

14,499

Male Veterans

1,298

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam5,887
First Gulf War3,286
Second Gulf War2,639
Korea1,441
World War II1,004

Boise Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 544,396
65 to 743,492
55 to 643,229
75+3,190
18 to 341,490

Boise Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White14,9209.76%
Hispanic5654.68%
Asian2374.10%
Black23710.40%
2 or More1634.13%
Indian14010.39%
Other1004.12%

Boise Veterans by Education

8.60%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.27%

Veteran Disability Rate

Boise Employment Status

Boise Employment by Age

68.6%

Labor Force Participation

64.3%

Employment Rate

6%

Unemployment Rate

Boise Employment by Race

Boise Employment by Education

Boise Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

44.04%

Born in Idaho

92.52%

Native Born

7.48%

Foreign Born

4.28%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

92.52% of Boise residents were born in the United States, with 44.04% having been born in Idaho. 4.28% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.