Bozeman Population 2018

Bozeman is a city located in the state of Montana. It is the county seat of Gallatin County. With an estimated population of 45,250 people, Bozeman is the fourth most populous city in Montana.

Bozeman History

The area that is now Bozeman was inhabited by indigenous tribes for thousands of years. These groups included the Nez Perce, Blackfeet, Shoshone and Sioux. During the 19th century, the area was visited by William Clark during his expedition. It was later that century in 1863 when John Bozeman and his partner John Jacobs opened the Bozeman Trail off of the Oregon Trail, which went through Virginia City and what would one day be Bozeman.

The town was plotted out and established the next year, and although the Bozeman Trail was closed before the end of the 1860s, the fertile land in the area brought in more settlers. During the same decade, gold miner Nelson Story brought over 1,000 cattle and established a ranch in Paradise Valley. Some of this land was later donated to Montana State University. The town of Bozeman was incorporated in 1883.

Fort Ellis was also established but was decommissioned in 1886. The end of the 19th century brought growth to Bozeman with the addition of a library, a fish hatchery, and Montana State University – Bozeman. The 20th century saw continued growth, including the construction of the first high school, a federal building and a post office. Canneries in the area were producing canned peas and at one time, the city was one of the largest producers in the country.

In the 1950s, the city opened up Bridger Bowl, its first ski area. In the 1970s, the Big Sky Ski Resort was established and is still in operation today as one of the most popular tourist destinations in the area. The Museum of the Rockies was also established in the 1950s, as the city and its population continued to grow. These attractions and the outdoor recreational activities including fishing, kayaking and mountain climbing have attracted residents and tourists to the area.

The city has continued to grow with the expansion of the Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport, the quality of life, and employment and educational opportunities.

Bozeman Demographics

The city’s population is over 45,000. With a total area of over 19 square miles, Bozeman has a population density of 1,900 people per square mile. Its population makes it the fourth most populous city in Montana.

The city’s population is over 93% white, 0.5% black, 1.1% Native American, 1.9% Asian, and 2.1% mixed race. Almost 3% of the population is of Hispanic or Latino origin. The biggest age group is 25 to 44, making up 28.6% of the population. About 16% of the population is under the age of 18, while 8% are at least 65 years old. There are more males than females living in Bozeman, with 111.2 men for every 100 women. Just over 20% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

Bozeman Population Growth

Bozeman’s population has seen steady gains since the census of 1870. The population exceeded 2,000 before the end of the 19th century. The city’s population continued to grow at a steady rate through the 20th century, surpassing 11,000 at the time of the 1950 census. By 1980, the population had nearly doubled. Recent estimates show that the population is up 21.4% since the last census taken in 2010, showing that Bozeman is on track to reaching 50,000 residents in the near future.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate

Bozeman Race Data

Race Population Percentage
Two or More Races9802.17%
American Indian and Alaska Native6751.49%
Black or African American2920.65%
Some Other Race1600.35%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander150.03%

Population Pyramid

0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k Female Population8580757065605550454035302520151050

Bozeman Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
Houses Without Mortgage
Houses With Mortgage
Vacancy Rate
Median Rent
Median Home Value
Renter-Occupied Units
Owner-Occupied Units
Total Housing Units

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Bozeman for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5.4% and the labor force participation rate is 73.7%.

Bozeman Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
Non Family Households
Female Householder (no husband) Families
Male Householder (no wife) Families
Married Couple Families
Average Family Size
Average Household Size