Bozeman, Montana Population 2019

Bozeman is a city located in the state of Montana. It is the county seat of Gallatin County. With an estimated population of 45,250 people, Bozeman is the fourth most populous city in Montana.

Bozeman History

Indigenous tribes for thousands of years inhabited the area that is now Bozeman. These groups included the Nez Perce, Blackfeet, Shoshone, and Sioux. During the 19th century, the city was visited by William Clark during his expedition. It was later that century in 1863 when John Bozeman and his partner John Jacobs opened the Bozeman Trail off of the Oregon Trail, which went through Virginia City and what would one day be Bozeman.

The town was plotted out and established the next year, and although the Bozeman Trail was closed before the end of the 1860s, the fertile land in the area brought in more settlers. During the same decade, gold miner Nelson Story brought over 1,000 cattle and established a ranch in Paradise Valley. Some of this land was later donated to Montana State University. The town of Bozeman was incorporated in 1883.

Fort Ellis was also established but was decommissioned in 1886. The end of the 19th century brought growth to Bozeman with the addition of a library, a fish hatchery, and Montana State University – Bozeman. The 20th century saw continued growth, including the construction of the first high school, a federal building, and a post office. Canneries in the area were producing canned peas, and at one time, the city was one of the largest producers in the country.

In the 1950s, the city opened up Bridger Bowl, its first ski area. In the 1970s, the Big Sky Ski Resort was established and is still in operation today as one of the most popular tourist destinations in the area. The Museum of the Rockies was also built in the 1950s, as the city and its population continued to grow. These attractions and the outdoor recreational activities including fishing, kayaking, and mountain climbing have attracted residents and tourists to the area.

The city has continued to grow with the expansion of the Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport, the quality of life, and employment and educational opportunities.

Population Size and Density in Bozeman

The city’s population is over 45,000. With a total area of over 19 square miles, Bozeman has a population density of 1,900 people per square mile. Its population makes it the fourth most populous city in Montana.

Bozeman Age and Gender Statistics

The biggest age group is 25 to 44, making up 28.6% of the population. About 16% of the population is under the age of 18, while 8% are at least 65 years old. There are more males than females living in Bozeman, with 111.2 men for every 100 women. Just over 20% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

Bozeman Population Growth

Bozeman’s population has seen steady gains since the census of 1870. The population exceeded 2,000 before the end of the 19th century. The city’s population continued to grow at a steady rate through the 20th century, surpassing 11,000 at the time of the 1950 census. By 1980, the population had nearly doubled. Recent estimates show that the population is up 21.4% since the last census was taken in 2010, indicating that Bozeman is on track to reaching 50,000 residents in the near future.

Bozeman Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Bozeman was:

  • White: 93.13%
  • Two or more races: 2.37%
  • Asian: 2.25%
  • Native American: 1.24%
  • Black or African American: 0.58%
  • Other race: 0.39%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.03%

Bozeman, Montana's estimated population is 46,596 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Bozeman, Montana is the 4th largest city in Montana based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 2322.28 people/mi² (896.63 people/km²), with a household density of 384.31 people/km² (995.38 people/mi²).

The overall median age is 28 years, 26.8 years for males, and 29.5 years for females. For every 100 females there are 109.7 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 19,972 households in the city, with an average size of people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.5%, with a median rent of $956/month. The median house has 4.9 rooms, and has a value of $310,800.

The median income for households in Bozeman, Montana is $49,217, while the mean household income is $67,791.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201746,5961,6753.73%
201644,9211,8104.20%
201543,1111,6664.02%
201441,4451,8114.57%
201339,6341,0172.63%
201238,6175581.47%
201138,0597462.00%
201037,3139,8043.10%
200027,5094,8491.96%
199022,6601,0150.46%
198021,6452,9751.49%
197018,6705,3093.40%
196013,3612,0361.67%
195011,3252,6602.71%
19408,6651,8102.37%
19306,8556721.04%
19206,1831,0761.93%
19105,1071,6884.09%
19003,4190.00%

Bozeman Population in 2018Source: By Feetyouwear [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White40,170
Two or More Races1,024
Asian971
American Indian and Alaska Native536
Black or African American252
Some Other Race168
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander11

Bozeman Population Pyramid 2019

Bozeman Median Age

28


Total

26.8


Male

29.5


Female

Bozeman Adults

There are 36,661 adults, (3,726 of whom are seniors) in Bozeman.

Bozeman Age Dependency

31

Age Dependency Ratio

11.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

19.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Bozeman Sex Ratio

Female

20,570

47.69%

Male

22,562

52.31%

Bozeman Households and Families

Bozeman Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Bozeman Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married70.5%29.5%
All44.1%55.9%
Male38.5%61.5%
Female35.5%64.5%
Non Family28.6%71.4%

44.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All18,1142.1944.1
Non Family10,0621.6528.6
Married6,3952.9370.5
Female1,1072.5435.5
Male5502.5538.5

2.79

Average Family Size

2.19

Average Household Size

8.4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Bozeman Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade730.30%
9th to 12th Grade3841.57%
High School Graduate3,25613.35%
Some College5,42522.24%
Associates Degree1,3865.68%
Bachelors Degree8,49234.82%
Graduate Degree5,37522.04%

Bozeman Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White22,61222,22213,161
Hispanic576556165
Asian537537325
Native American27222616
Multiple Races265265135
Black12312265
Other Race96964
Islander66

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 60.52%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,658$37,235$32,040
Less Than High School$23,636$27,000$
High School Grad$22,115$25,227$18,438
Some College$29,075$32,202$26,895
Bachelors Degree$40,591$43,043$35,863
Graduate Degree$52,433$60,392$47,435

$35,658

Average Earnings

$37,235

Average Male

$32,040

Average Female

Bozeman Language

Bozeman Language by Age

Bozeman Language

95.08% of Bozeman residents speak only English, while 4.92% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 1.54% of the population.

Bozeman Poverty

Bozeman Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White36,3376,91419.03%
Multiple92135638.65%
Asian91930032.64%
Native47927356.99%
Hispanic1,07726024.14%
Black22110045.25%
Other162116.79%

20.50%

Overall Poverty Rate

21.14%

Male Poverty Rate

19.81%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Bozeman

The race most likely to be in poverty in Bozeman is Native, with 56.99% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Bozeman is Other, with 6.79% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.04%. Among those working part-time, it was 40.63%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 21.84%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School18.33%
Some College14.50%
High School13.04%
Bachelors or Greater6.47%
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed43.55%
Female Unemployed27.45%
Female Employed19.65%
Male Employed16.87%

Bozeman Income

Bozeman Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$49,217$67,791
Families$78,314$96,821
Married Families$87,352$
Non Families$33,144$43,234

Bozeman Marital Status

Bozeman Marital Status

Marriage Rates

35.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

33.7%

Male Marriage Rate

36.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Bozeman Married by Age and Sex

Bozeman Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Bozeman Marital Status by Race

Bozeman Veterans

1,907

Number of Veterans

1,629

Male Veterans

278

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War609
First Gulf War421
Vietnam419
Korea129
World War II115

Bozeman Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White1,8365.36%
Hispanic929.98%
2 or More506.72%
Indian215.16%

Bozeman Veterans by Education

8.24%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.52%

Veteran Disability Rate

Bozeman Employment Status

73.4%

Labor Force Participation

69.5%

Employment Rate

5.1%

Unemployment Rate

Bozeman Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

38.50%

Born in Montana

95.88%

Native Born

4.12%

Foreign Born

2.58%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

95.88% of Bozeman residents were born in the United States, with 38.50% having been born in Montana. 2.58% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.