Bozeman, Montana Population 2018

Bozeman is a city located in the state of Montana. It is the county seat of Gallatin County. With an estimated population of 45,250 people, Bozeman is the fourth most populous city in Montana.

Bozeman History

The area that is now Bozeman was inhabited by indigenous tribes for thousands of years. These groups included the Nez Perce, Blackfeet, Shoshone and Sioux. During the 19th century, the area was visited by William Clark during his expedition. It was later that century in 1863 when John Bozeman and his partner John Jacobs opened the Bozeman Trail off of the Oregon Trail, which went through Virginia City and what would one day be Bozeman.

The town was plotted out and established the next year, and although the Bozeman Trail was closed before the end of the 1860s, the fertile land in the area brought in more settlers. During the same decade, gold miner Nelson Story brought over 1,000 cattle and established a ranch in Paradise Valley. Some of this land was later donated to Montana State University. The town of Bozeman was incorporated in 1883.

Fort Ellis was also established but was decommissioned in 1886. The end of the 19th century brought growth to Bozeman with the addition of a library, a fish hatchery, and Montana State University – Bozeman. The 20th century saw continued growth, including the construction of the first high school, a federal building and a post office. Canneries in the area were producing canned peas and at one time, the city was one of the largest producers in the country.

In the 1950s, the city opened up Bridger Bowl, its first ski area. In the 1970s, the Big Sky Ski Resort was established and is still in operation today as one of the most popular tourist destinations in the area. The Museum of the Rockies was also established in the 1950s, as the city and its population continued to grow. These attractions and the outdoor recreational activities including fishing, kayaking and mountain climbing have attracted residents and tourists to the area.

The city has continued to grow with the expansion of the Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport, the quality of life, and employment and educational opportunities.

Bozeman Demographics

The city’s population is over 45,000. With a total area of over 19 square miles, Bozeman has a population density of 1,900 people per square mile. Its population makes it the fourth most populous city in Montana.

The city’s population is over 93% white, 0.5% black, 1.1% Native American, 1.9% Asian, and 2.1% mixed race. Almost 3% of the population is of Hispanic or Latino origin. The biggest age group is 25 to 44, making up 28.6% of the population. About 16% of the population is under the age of 18, while 8% are at least 65 years old. There are more males than females living in Bozeman, with 111.2 men for every 100 women. Just over 20% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

Bozeman Population Growth

Bozeman’s population has seen steady gains since the census of 1870. The population exceeded 2,000 before the end of the 19th century. The city’s population continued to grow at a steady rate through the 20th century, surpassing 11,000 at the time of the 1950 census. By 1980, the population had nearly doubled. Recent estimates show that the population is up 21.4% since the last census taken in 2010, showing that Bozeman is on track to reaching 50,000 residents in the near future.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201746,5961,6753.73%
201644,9211,8104.20%
201543,1111,6664.02%
201441,4451,8114.57%
201339,6341,0172.63%
201238,6175581.47%
201138,0597462.00%
201037,3139,8043.10%
200027,5094,8491.96%
199022,6601,0150.46%
198021,6452,9751.49%
197018,6705,3093.40%
196013,3612,0361.67%
195011,3252,6602.71%
19408,6651,8102.37%
19306,8556721.04%
19206,1831,0761.93%
19105,1071,6884.09%
19003,4190.00%

Bozeman Population in 2018Source: By Feetyouwear [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White38,686
Asian1,032
Two or More Races918
American Indian and Alaska Native639
Black or African American270
Some Other Race203
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander13

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Bozeman Population Pyramid 2018

0%5%10%15%20% Male Population0%5%10%15%20% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Bozeman Median Age

27.9


Total

26.4


Male

29.5


Female

Bozeman Adults

There are 35,413 adults, (3,550 of which are seniors) in Bozeman.

Bozeman Age Dependency

31

Age Dependency Ratio

11.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

19.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Bozeman Sex Ratio

Female

19,646

47.04%

Male

22,115

52.96%

Bozeman Households and Families

Bozeman Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Bozeman Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married70.5%29.5%
All44%56%
Female31.4%68.6%
Male30.7%69.3%
Non Family29.7%70.3%

44.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Bozeman Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All17,0632.2444
Non Family9,3721.7129.7
Married5,8962.9470.5
Female1,1692.6331.4
Male6262.9830.7

2.8

Average Family Size

2.24

Average Household Size

8.3%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Bozeman Households

Bozeman Education

Bozeman Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade570.24%
9th to 12th Grade2541.08%
High School Graduate3,13913.29%
Some College5,60623.73%
Associates Degree1,4446.11%
Bachelors Degree8,15434.52%
Graduate Degree4,97021.04%

Bozeman Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White21,66821,42212,313
Asian665665446
Hispanic538538131
Native American34628243
Multiple Races280280104
Black14914887
Other Race848413

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 67.07%.

Bozeman Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$33,645$36,683$29,666
Less Than High School$25,719$30,721$
High School Grad$24,974$26,004$17,336
Some College$28,736$30,642$26,865
Bachelors Degree$36,871$40,790$30,759
Graduate Degree$50,728$61,368$39,592

$33,645

Average Earnings

$36,683

Average Male

$29,666

Average Female

Bozeman Language

Bozeman Language by Age

Bozeman Language

94.97% of Bozeman residents speak only English, while 5.03% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 1.66% of the population.

Bozeman Poverty

Bozeman Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White34,8826,56118.81%
Multiple82139748.36%
Native58936962.65%
Asian98835335.73%
Hispanic1,10728425.65%
Black2387631.93%
Other203188.87%

20.70%

Overall Poverty Rate

20.94%

Male Poverty Rate

20.44%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Bozeman

The race most likely to be in poverty in Bozeman is Native, with 62.65% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Bozeman is Other, with 8.87% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.86%. Among those working part-time, it was 41.92%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 22.61%.

Bozeman Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School32.58%
Some College17.04%
High School13.06%
Bachelors or Greater7.11%

Bozeman Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Male Unemployed37.76%
Female Unemployed31.17%
Female Employed19.54%
Male Employed17.81%

Bozeman Income

Bozeman Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$48,612$67,350
Families$73,283$96,536
Married Families$84,444$
Non Families$33,057$41,745

Bozeman Marital Status

Bozeman Marital Status

Marriage Rates

33.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

32.3%

Male Marriage Rate

35.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Bozeman Married by Age and Sex

Bozeman Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

Bozeman Marital Status by Race

Bozeman Veterans

Bozeman Veterans by War

1,878

Number of Veterans

1,668

Male Veterans

210

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Second Gulf War560
First Gulf War411
Vietnam407
World War II146
Korea144

Bozeman Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 54483
75+435
18 to 34433
55 to 64266
65 to 74261

Bozeman Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White1,8265.53%
Hispanic11612.41%
Indian296.09%
2 or More233.48%

Bozeman Veterans by Education

10.31%

Veteran Poverty Rate

22.79%

Veteran Disability Rate

Bozeman Employment Status

Bozeman Employment by Age

74.3%

Labor Force Participation

69.7%

Employment Rate

6.1%

Unemployment Rate

Bozeman Employment by Race

Bozeman Employment by Education

Bozeman Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

38.60%

Born in Montana

95.65%

Native Born

4.35%

Foreign Born

2.85%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

95.65% of Bozeman residents were born in the United States, with 38.60% having been born in Montana. 2.85% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.