Carson City, Nevada Population 2019

Carson City is a city located in the state of Nevada. It is an independent city, and it also serves as the state capital. The city was originally founded in 1858 and was once a stopover until silver was discovered in the mountains. Since then, the city has grown and expanded, with current estimates showing the population to be 54,752.

Carson City History

The Washoe people were the first known inhabitants in what is now Carson City. John Fremont was the first European to come to the area and first arrived in the region of Eagle Valley in 1843. The region was initially named Washoe after the first inhabitants.

During the next decade, the area served as a trading post and stopover for people settling in California. The post was named Eagle Station and was located along the Carson River. In 1858, it was purchased by Abraham Currey and was surveyed for development, and it was at this time that the name was changed to Carson City. Curry believed that Carson City would be the capital, so a plot of land was reserved in which to build a capitol building.

The population began to grow following the discovery of gold and silver at Comstock Lode in the late 1850s. The city had a hotel built in the city center, and further growth continued when Carson City was chosen as the capital of the territory. It was during the next decade when Nevada was made a state and Carson City designated as its capital.

Through the end of the 19th century, growth continued with the arrival of the Virginia and Truckee Railroad and the Carson City Mint. Many Chinese immigrants came to the area during this period. However, when the Central Pacific Railroad arrived, the population decreased, as it was located far north of Carson City. The population continued to drop through the 1930s. It was at this time that Carson City nicknamed itself, “America’s smallest capital,” although the population rose again following World War II.

Carson City expanded its boundaries in the 1960s when Ormsby County and Carson City merged, making Carson City one of the largest state capitals in the United States. The population also continued to grow, and today the city’s population exceeds 50,000.

Carson City Population and Diversity Statistics

The population of Carson City is over 54,000. The city’s total area is 157 square miles, and the population density is 350 people per square mile.

Residents 25 to 44 make up the largest age group, accounting for 28.9% of the total population. Nearly one-quarter of the population is 45 to 74, while 23.4% of the population is under the age of 18. Almost 15% of the population is at least 65. There are more men than women in Carson City, with 108.20 males for every 100 females. About 10% of the population lives below the federal poverty line. Over 14% of the Carson City population speaks Spanish at home, while over 82% speak English. The city’s largest employer is Carson Tahoe Health. The Carson City School District, Carson City Municipal Government, and the Nevada Department of Transportation are other top employers.

Carson City Population Growth

According to census data, Carson City's population has seen highs and lows, with declining populations recorded during the early 20th century. However, by the time of the 1940 census, the population was on the rise again, with numbers jumping significantly in the 1970s and 1980s. Recent estimates show that the population is down slightly from the last census. However, there is nothing that would indicate that this will become a trend, and Carson City is likely to see continued growth in its future.

Carson City Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Carson City was:

  • White: 80.86%
  • Other race: 9.16%
  • Two or more races: 3.15%
  • Native American: 2.52%
  • Asian: 2.45%
  • Black or African American: 1.72%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.14%
LatLng(39.1638, -119.7674)
Rank in State6th
StateNevada
CountyCarson City
Time ZonePacific Time Zone
Land Area (km²)374.67 (144.66 mi²)
Water Area (km²)32.59 (12.58 mi²)
TypeOther
GEOID3209700
Density (km²)147.90
Density (mi²)383.06
Area Code(s)775
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201855,4148061.48%
201754,6084610.85%
201654,147780.14%
201554,069-27-0.05%
201454,0963600.67%
201353,736-583-1.07%
201254,319-360-0.66%
201154,679-307-0.56%
201054,9862,5290.47%
200052,45712,0142.64%
199040,4438,4212.36%
198032,02216,5547.55%
197015,46810,30511.60%
19605,1632,0815.29%
19503,0825822.11%
19402,5009004.56%
19301,600-100-0.60%
19201,700-800-3.78%
19102,5004001.76%
19002,100-1,850-6.12%
18903,950-279-0.68%
18804,2290.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201855,4148061.45%
201754,6084610.84%
201654,147780.14%
201554,069-27-0.05%
201454,0963600.67%
201353,736-583-1.08%
201254,319-360-0.66%
201154,679-307-0.56%
201054,9860.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
White43,841
Some Other Race4,969
Two or More Races1,709
American Indian and Alaska Native1,365
Asian1,326
Black or African American931
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander78

Carson City Population Pyramid 2019

Carson City Median Age

43


Total

40.6


Male

44.8


Female

Carson City Adults

There are 43,074 adults, (10,499 of whom are seniors) in Carson City.

Carson City Age Dependency

66.4

Age Dependency Ratio

32.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

34.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Carson City Sex Ratio

Female

26,425

48.74%

Male

27,794

51.26%

Carson City Households and Families

Carson City Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Carson City Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married67.9%32.1%
All55%45%
Non Family48.1%51.9%
Male45.6%54.4%
Female38.8%61.2%

55.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All22,1582.3655
Married9,2663.0467.9
Non Family8,8221.2148.1
Female2,9293.3338.8
Male1,1413.1745.6

3

Average Family Size

2.36

Average Household Size

7.1%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Carson City Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,4653.79%
9th to 12th Grade3,5519.18%
High School Graduate11,13128.79%
Some College10,80527.95%
Associates Degree3,3728.72%
Bachelors Degree5,00612.95%
Graduate Degree3,3348.62%

Carson City Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White28,70226,4396,734
Hispanic6,7674,552816
Other Race2,6271,645225
Asian996894419
Native American91474754
Multiple Races808647135
Black752627241
Islander5757

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 42.07%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$32,813$36,598$29,554
Less Than High School$24,190$28,220$20,571
High School Grad$29,697$31,477$25,667
Some College$32,125$37,119$27,356
Bachelors Degree$46,922$51,990$41,667
Graduate Degree$61,784$61,595$62,137

$32,813

Average Earnings

$36,598

Average Male

$29,554

Average Female

Carson City Language

Carson City Language by Age

Carson City Language

79.90% of Carson City residents speak only English, while 20.10% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 16.45% of the population.

Carson City Poverty

Carson City Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White35,7284,38812.28%
Hispanic12,3672,57920.85%
Other4,89793819.15%
Native1,24139431.75%
Multiple1,63034321.04%
Asian1,31313410.21%
Black6408413.13%

14.73%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.72%

Male Poverty Rate

15.75%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Carson City

The race most likely to be in poverty in Carson City is Native, with 31.75% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Carson City is Asian, with 10.21% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.61%. Among those working part-time, it was 15.63%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 20.88%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School20.20%
High School13.40%
Some College10.97%
Bachelors or Greater5.20%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed37.92%
Male Unemployed28.96%
Female Employed9.43%
Male Employed5.57%

Carson City Income

Carson City Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$49,341$66,713
Families$65,357$80,159
Married Families$77,067-
Non Families$31,279$42,482

Carson City Marital Status

Carson City Marital Status

Marriage Rates

44.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

45.5%

Male Marriage Rate

43.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Carson City Married by Age and Sex

Carson City Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Carson City Marital Status by Race

Carson City Veterans

4,762

Number of Veterans

4,548

Male Veterans

214

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam2,006
First Gulf War628
Second Gulf War519
Korea516
World War II248
Age Group Veterans
65 to 741,596
75+1,167
55 to 64910
35 to 54750
18 to 34339

Carson City Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White4,25811.85%
Hispanic2483.00%
Other1314.26%
Black12815.67%
Indian11310.49%
2 or More909.40%
Asian383.35%
Hawaiian47.02%

Carson City Veterans by Education

6.65%

Veteran Poverty Rate

36.30%

Veteran Disability Rate

Carson City Employment Status

59.5%

Labor Force Participation

54.8%

Employment Rate

7.7%

Unemployment Rate

Carson City Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

27.53%

Born in Nevada

88.83%

Native Born

11.17%

Foreign Born

6.67%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

88.83% of Carson City residents were born in the United States, with 27.53% having been born in Nevada. 6.67% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.