Chesapeake, Virginia Population 2019
Chesapeake is an independent city located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Chesapeake is not located within a county. Chesapeake is located on the border of North Carolina.
The 2018 estimated population of Chesapeake is 242,634. Chesapeake is the third-most populous city in Virginia and the second-largest city by land area in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Chesapeake spans over 350.95 square miles and has a population density of 630 people per square mile. The population density in Chesapeake is 260% higher than the Virginia average and 660% higher than the national average. According to the 2010 United States Census, for every 100 females in Chesapeake, there are 94.4 males.
Chesapeake Diversity and Language
According to the 2010 United States Census, the racial makeup of Chesapeake was 62.6% white, 29.8% black, 0.4% Native American, 2.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. 4.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latinos of any race. Approximately 50.7% of the population is non-Hispanic white, according to 2012 estimates.
English is the primary language in Chesapeake, with 92.41% of residents speaking only English. 7.59% of residents speak another non-English language. The most common non-English language spoken is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.76% of the population.
Chesapeake has played a significant role in the birth of the United States since the arrival of colonial settlers to the area in 1620. The Virginia Colony was formed in 1691 and Norfolk County included the area encompassing what would become the cities of Norfolk, Portsmouth, and South Norfolk. South Norfolk would later become Chesapeake.
During the American Revolutionary War, the colonists fought and won the Battle of Great Bridge in 1775. The victory resulted in the removal of the British Government from the Colony of Virginia.
South Norfolk became an incorporated town in Norfolk County in 1919 and became an independent city in 1922. The residents of South Norfolk wanted to put their jurisdiction on equal ground with the larger cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth; however, South Norfolk was about to lose all of the county land adjoining it to the city of Norfolk. In 1963, Chesapeake was formed as a new independent city of South Norfolk consolidated with Norfolk County.
Up until the late 1980s and 1990s, Chesapeake remained relatively rural or suburban and served as a bedroom community for Norfolk and Virginia. Chesapeake residents typically commuted to these larger cities from Chesapeake. During and after this period, Chesapeake started to experience significant growth in both the population and industries and businesses. While the growth was mostly positive, it did come with several issues, such as strains on municipal infrastructure.
Chesapeake hosted the first trial of alleged Beltway sniper Lee Boyd Malvo for shootings in 2002. A jury convicted him of murder and sentenced him to life in prison without parole. Chesapeake made national headlines for the trial.
Chesapeake Population Growth
The Chesapeake population has had a generally steady growth with a few periods of decreasing population, such as a 48.1% decrease from 1950 to 1960. Chesapeake’s largest period of population growth happened between 1940 and 1950, with an increase from 35,828 people to 99.537, or 177.8%. Between 2010 and 2018, Chesapeake’s population is estimated to have grown 9.2%, a little over 1% per year.
Chesapeake, Virginia's estimated population is 242,634 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Chesapeake, Virginia is the 3rd largest city in Virginia based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.
The population density is 716.77 people/mi² (276.75 people/km²).
The overall median age is 36.6 years, 35.3 years for males, and 38.2 years for females. For every 100 females there are 95.4 males.
Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 88,856 households in the city, with an average size of 2.76 people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1%, with a median rent of $1201/month. The median house has 6.4 rooms, and has a value of $260,900.
The median income for households in Chesapeake, Virginia is $72,214, while the mean household income is $88,423.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Chesapeake was:
- White: 61.82%
- Black or African American: 29.81%
- Two or more races: 3.46%
- Asian: 3.25%
- Other race: 1.37%
- Native American: 0.19%
- Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.11%