Cincinnati Population 2017

Cincinnati is Ohio's third largest city and the 25th largest city in the United States. The city sits on the border of Ohio and Kentucky at the meeting of the Ohio River and the Licking River. Cincinnati's population is slowly declining. In 2014, the population of Cincinnati is estimated at 296,000.

Cincinnati has had a steadily declining population for several decades. Between 2000 and 2010, the population dropped from 331,300 to 296,900. While the worst of the decline seems to be over, Cincinnati is still steadily losing residents.

The population of Cincinnati is estimated at 296,000 with a population density of 3,810 Cincinnatians per square mile. The urban population is estimated at 1.5 million, while the metropolitan area has about 2.12 million residents.

Cincinnati Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial and ethnic breakdown of Cincinnati was:

  • White: 49.3%
  • African American: 44.8%
  • Native American: 0.3%
  • Asian: 1.8%
  • Pacific Islander: 0.1%
  • Other races: 1.2%
  • Two or more races: 2.5%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 2.8%

Cincinnati has historically been predominantly white, with a 1940 white population accounting for 88% of the population. Cincinnati has dealt with strained race relations for much of its history, however. Due to its location on the Ohio River, the city was a border town between Kentucky, a slave state, and Ohio, with many residents playing a role in abolitionism. Many fugitive slaves also crossed at Cincinnati to escape North, and it had several stations on the Underground Railroad.

There have been many race riots in Cincinnati. The earliest occurred in 1829, when a riot broke out as anti-abolitionists attacked black people in the city, with other riots occurring in 1836 and 1841. The most recent racially-charged riot occurred in 2001 when police shot and killed a black man during a foot pursuit.

Cincinnati History

Cincinnati was founded in 1788. The original surveyor of the area, John Filson, originally named the settlement Losantiville, which combines four terms from different languages to mean "the town opposite the mouth of the Licking River." The settlement was renamed Cincinnati in 1790 by Arthur St. Clair to honor the Society of the Cincinnati, which honored General George Washington, who was considered a latter-day Cincinnatus.

The first settlers to the area were Germans. By 1819, the city was incorporated. The introduction of steam navigation on the Ohio River helped Cincinnati grow to 115,000 people by 1850, and the area began to grow rapidly. In its early history, Cincinnati depended heavily on trade with slave states to the south and African Americans began to settle the area in growing numbers. This led to tensions and racially-fueled riots.

Cincinnati later played a major role in the Civil War, serving as a source for troops and supplies for the Union Army. While Cincinnati later made it through the Great Depression better than most large cities in the United States, it was devastated not long afterward by the flood of 1937, one of the worst floods in the history of the country.

Cincinnati was a major boomtown in the heart of the United States for the early part of the 19th century, but by the end of the city, as the country moved from steamboats to railroads, the city was surpassed in importance and population by other cities like Chicago.

Cincinnati Population Growth

Like many other large industrial cities, Cincinnati recorded a peak population in 1950 and it has steadily lost people since. Cincinnati has lost 43% of its peak population, while its metropolitan area has doubled in population.

Municipal boundaries have remained unchanged since 1950, yet thousands of pre-war homes and apartments have now been replaced by non-residential structures, including expressways, hospitals and universities.

Cincinnati is in a tough position, as increasing the population in the city proper would now require higher rents, increased traffic and most likely the demolition of many historic buildings for the construction of high-rise apartments.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics recently rated the U.S. metropolitan areas with the highest and lowest projected job growth. Cincinnati was rated as one of the bottom ten metropolitan areas for job growth, which does not bode well for increased population in the near future.

Year Population Change
2015 298,550 0.50%
2010 296,943 -10.40%
2000 331,285 -9.00%
1990 364,040 -5.50%
1980 385,409 -15.00%
1970 453,514 -9.80%
1960 502,550 -0.30%
1950 503,998 10.60%
1940 455,610 1.00%
1930 451,160 12.40%
1920 401,247 10.40%
1910 363,591 11.60%
1900 325,902 9.80%
1890 296,908 16.40%
1880 255,139 18.00%
1870 216,239 34.30%
1860 161,044 39.50%
1850 115,435 149.10%
1840 46,338 86.60%
1830 24,831 157.50%
1820 9,642 279.60%
1810 2,540 0.00%

Cincinnati Population in 2017 Source: Ynsalh

Cincinnati Race Data

Race Population Percentage
White 149,778 50.41%
Black or African American 129,193 43.48%
American Indian and Alaska Native 961 0.32%
Asian 5,655 1.90%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 117 0.04%
Some Other Race 3,177 1.07%
Two or More Races 8,236 2.77%

Population Pyramid

Cincinnati Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Total Housing Units 162,398
Owner-Occupied Units 51,247
Renter-Occupied Units 81,792
Median Home Value $119,700
Median Rent $649
Vacancy Rate 18.1%
Houses With Mortgage 36,657
Houses Without Mortgage 14,590
Median Number of Rooms (per House) 4.6

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Cincinnati for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 8.2% and the labor force participation rate is 65.3%.

Cincinnati Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size 2.14
Average Family Size 3.04
Married Couple Families 30,743
Male Householder (no wife) Families 5,390
Female Householder (no husband) Families 25,264
Non Family Households
Unmarried Martner Households (Opposite Sex) 6.4%
Unmarried Martner Households (Same Sex) 0.7%