Cincinnati, Ohio Population 2018

Cincinnati is Ohio's third largest city and the 25th largest city in the United States. The city sits on the border of Ohio and Kentucky at the meeting of the Ohio River and the Licking River. Cincinnati's population is slowly declining. In 2014, the population of Cincinnati is estimated at 296,000.

Cincinnati has had a steadily declining population for several decades. Between 2000 and 2010, the population dropped from 331,300 to 296,900. While the worst of the decline seems to be over, Cincinnati is still steadily losing residents.

The population of Cincinnati is estimated at 296,000 with a population density of 3,810 Cincinnatians per square mile. The urban population is estimated at 1.5 million, while the metropolitan area has about 2.12 million residents.

Cincinnati Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial and ethnic breakdown of Cincinnati was:

  • White: 49.3%
  • African American: 44.8%
  • Native American: 0.3%
  • Asian: 1.8%
  • Pacific Islander: 0.1%
  • Other races: 1.2%
  • Two or more races: 2.5%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 2.8%

Cincinnati has historically been predominantly white, with a 1940 white population accounting for 88% of the population. Cincinnati has dealt with strained race relations for much of its history, however. Due to its location on the Ohio River, the city was a border town between Kentucky, a slave state, and Ohio, with many residents playing a role in abolitionism. Many fugitive slaves also crossed at Cincinnati to escape North, and it had several stations on the Underground Railroad.

There have been many race riots in Cincinnati. The earliest occurred in 1829, when a riot broke out as anti-abolitionists attacked black people in the city, with other riots occurring in 1836 and 1841. The most recent racially-charged riot occurred in 2001 when police shot and killed a black man during a foot pursuit.

Cincinnati History

Cincinnati was founded in 1788. The original surveyor of the area, John Filson, originally named the settlement Losantiville, which combines four terms from different languages to mean "the town opposite the mouth of the Licking River." The settlement was renamed Cincinnati in 1790 by Arthur St. Clair to honor the Society of the Cincinnati, which honored General George Washington, who was considered a latter-day Cincinnatus.

By 1819, the city was incorporated. The introduction of steam navigation on the Ohio River helped Cincinnati grow to 115,000 people by 1850, and the area began to grow rapidly. In its early history, Cincinnati depended heavily on trade with slave states to the south and African Americans began to settle the area in growing numbers. This led to tensions and racially-fueled riots.

Cincinnati later played a major role in the Civil War, serving as a source for troops and supplies for the Union Army. While Cincinnati later made it through the Great Depression better than most large cities in the United States, it was devastated not long afterward by the flood of 1937, one of the worst floods in the history of the country.

Cincinnati was a major boomtown in the heart of the United States for the early part of the 19th century, but by the end of the city, as the country moved from steamboats to railroads, the city was surpassed in importance and population by other cities like Chicago.

Cincinnati Population Growth

Like many other large industrial cities, Cincinnati recorded a peak population in 1950 and it has steadily lost people since. Cincinnati has lost 43% of its peak population, while its metropolitan area has doubled in population.

Municipal boundaries have remained unchanged since 1950, yet thousands of pre-war homes and apartments have now been replaced by non-residential structures, including expressways, hospitals and universities.

Cincinnati is in a tough position, as increasing the population in the city proper would now require higher rents, increased traffic and most likely the demolition of many historic buildings for the construction of high-rise apartments.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics recently rated the U.S. metropolitan areas with the highest and lowest projected job growth. Cincinnati was rated as one of the bottom ten metropolitan areas for job growth, which does not bode well for increased population in the near future.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017301,3012,1740.73%
2016299,1272670.09%
2015298,8607070.24%
2014298,1537020.24%
2013297,4517600.26%
2012296,6917010.24%
2011295,990-804-0.27%
2010296,794-34,491-10.41%
2000331,285-32,755-9.00%
1990364,040-21,369-5.54%
1980385,409-68,105-15.02%
1970453,514-49,036-9.76%
1960502,550-1,448-0.29%
1950503,99848,38810.62%
1940455,6104,4500.99%
1930451,16049,91312.44%
1920401,24737,65610.36%
1910363,59137,68911.56%
1900325,90228,9949.77%
1890296,90841,76916.37%
1880255,13938,90017.99%
1870216,23955,19534.27%
1860161,04445,60939.51%
1850115,43569,097149.12%
184046,33821,50786.61%
183024,83115,189157.53%
18209,6427,102279.61%
18102,5400.00%

Cincinnati Population in 2018Source: By 5chw4r7z (Flickr) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White151,045
Black or African American128,342
Two or More Races9,258
Asian5,359
Some Other Race3,256
American Indian and Alaska Native603
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander148

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Cincinnati Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Cincinnati Median Age

32.3


Total

31.6


Male

33


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 234,713 adults in Cincinnati.

Cincinnati Age Dependency

50.8

Age Dependency Ratio

17.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Cincinnati Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
4.6
Houses Without Mortgage
14,770
Houses With Mortgage
36,045
Vacancy Rate
16.5
Median Rent
662
Median Home Value
120,300
Renter-Occupied Units
83,833
Owner-Occupied Units
50,815
Total Housing Units
161,162

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Cincinnati for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 7.5% and the labor force participation rate is 65.4%.

Cincinnati Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.12
Average Family Size
3.02
Total Households
134648
Married Couple Households
30743
Male Householder (no wife) Families
5556
Female Householder (no husband) Families
25240
Non Family Households
73109
Total Families
61539
Households With Own Children
29697
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
6.5
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.6

Cincinnati Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
22,872
$10,000 to $14,999
11,972
$15,000 to $24,999
17,925
$25,000 to $34,999
14,993
$35,000 to $49,999
17,284
$50,000 to $74,999
19,450
$75,000 to $99,999
11,712
$100,000 to $149,999
10,049
$150,000 to $199,999
3,706
Over $200,000
4,685

Cincinnati Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Cincinnati

Ohio

$34,629

$50,674

$55,931

$68,341

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.050.10.150.2

Cincinnati Education Data

Cincinnati Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
6,5843.45%
9th to 12th Grade
19,70210.31%
High School Graduate
49,22625.77%
Some College
37,67519.72%
Associates Degree
13,2946.96%
Bachelors Degree
37,50819.64%
Graduate Degree
27,02114.15%