Cincinnati, Ohio Population 2019

Cincinnati is Ohio's third largest city and the 66th largest city in the United States. The city sits on the border of Ohio and Kentucky at the meeting of the Ohio River and the Licking River. Cincinnati's population is slowly declining. In 2017, the population of Cincinnati is estimated at 301,301.

Cincinnati has had a steadily declining population for several decades. Between 2000 and 2010, the population dropped from 331,300 to 296,900. While the worst of the decline seems to be over, Cincinnati still has not recovered its previous population.

Population Size and Population Density

The population of Cincinnati is estimated at 301,301 with a population density of 3,810 Cincinnatians per square mile. The urban population is estimated at 1.5 million, while the metropolitan area has about 2.12 million residents.

Cincinnati Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial and ethnic breakdown of Cincinnati was:

  • White: 49.3%
  • African American: 44.8%
  • Native American: 0.3%
  • Asian: 1.8%
  • Pacific Islander: 0.1%
  • Other races: 1.2%
  • Two or more races: 2.5%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 2.8%

Strained Racial Relations in Cincinnati

Cincinnati has historically been predominantly white, with a 1940 white population accounting for 88% of the population. Cincinnati has dealt with strained race relations for much of its history, however. Due to its location on the Ohio River, the city was a border town between Kentucky, a slave state, and Ohio, with many residents playing a role in abolitionism. Many fugitive slaves also crossed at Cincinnati to escape North, and it had several stations on the Underground Railroad.

There have been many race riots in Cincinnati. The earliest occurred in 1829, when a riot broke out as anti-abolitionists attacked black people in the city, with other riots occurring in 1836 and 1841.

One of the most recent racially-charged riots occurred in 2001 when police shot and killed a black man during a foot pursuit. Racial agitation again reared its head with the case of a university officer named Ray Tensing and his actions in the death of Samuel DuBose, which lead to a number of protests and two mistrials in court as juries became deadlocked and could not reach an agreement.

Cincinnati History

Cincinnati was founded in 1788. The original surveyor of the area, John Filson, originally named the settlement Losantiville, which combines four terms from different languages to mean "the town opposite the mouth of the Licking River." The settlement was renamed Cincinnati in 1790 by Arthur St. Clair to honor the Society of the Cincinnati, which honored General George Washington, who was considered a latter-day Cincinnatus.

By 1819, the city was incorporated. The introduction of steam navigation on the Ohio River helped Cincinnati grow to 115,000 people by 1850, and the area began to grow rapidly. In its early history, Cincinnati depended heavily on trade with slave states to the south and African Americans began to settle the area in growing numbers. This led to tensions and racially-fueled riots.

Cincinnati later played a major role in the Civil War, serving as a source for troops and supplies for the Union Army. While Cincinnati later made it through the Great Depression better than most large cities in the United States, it was devastated not long afterward by the flood of 1937, one of the worst floods in the history of the country.

Cincinnati was a major boomtown in the heart of the United States for the early part of the 19th century, but by the end of the city, as the country moved from steamboats to railroads, the city was surpassed in importance and population by other cities like Chicago.

Cincinnati Population Growth

Like many other large industrial cities, Cincinnati recorded a peak population in 1950 and it has steadily lost people since. Cincinnati has lost 43% of its peak population, while its metropolitan area has doubled in population.

Municipal boundaries have remained unchanged since 1950, yet thousands of pre-war homes and apartments have now been replaced by non-residential structures, including expressways, hospitals and universities.

Cincinnati is in a tough position, as increasing the population in the city proper would now require higher rents, increased traffic and most likely the demolition of many historic buildings for the construction of high-rise apartments.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics recently rated the U.S. metropolitan areas with the highest and lowest projected job growth. Cincinnati was rated as one of the bottom ten metropolitan areas for job growth, which does not bode well for increased population in the near future.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017301,3012,1740.73%
2016299,1272670.09%
2015298,8607070.24%
2014298,1537020.24%
2013297,4517600.26%
2012296,6917010.24%
2011295,990-804-0.27%
2010296,794-34,491-1.09%
2000331,285-32,755-0.94%
1990364,040-21,369-0.57%
1980385,409-68,105-1.61%
1970453,514-49,036-1.02%
1960502,550-1,448-0.03%
1950503,99848,3881.01%
1940455,6104,4500.10%
1930451,16049,9131.18%
1920401,24737,6560.99%
1910363,59137,6891.10%
1900325,90228,9940.94%
1890296,90841,7691.53%
1880255,13938,9001.67%
1870216,23955,1952.99%
1860161,04445,6093.39%
1850115,43569,0979.56%
184046,33821,5076.44%
183024,83115,1899.92%
18209,6427,10214.27%
18102,5400.00%

Cincinnati Population in 2018Source: By 5chw4r7z (Flickr) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White150,663
Black or African American128,105
Two or More Races10,011
Asian5,872
Some Other Race3,465
American Indian and Alaska Native442
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander399

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Cincinnati Population Pyramid 2019

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Cincinnati Median Age

32.4


Total

31.4


Male

33.3


Female

Cincinnati Adults

There are 233,452 adults, (35,696 of whom are seniors) in Cincinnati.

Cincinnati Age Dependency

51.2

Age Dependency Ratio

18.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Cincinnati Sex Ratio

Female

154,880

51.81%

Male

144,077

48.19%

Cincinnati Households and Families

Cincinnati Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Cincinnati Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married72.1%27.9%
All37.7%62.3%
Male31%69%
Female27.6%72.4%
Non Family27.3%72.7%

37.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Cincinnati Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All136,1802.137.7
Non Family74,7031.2727.3
Married31,0593.0172.1
Female24,7113.2427.6
Male5,7073.0531

3.01

Average Family Size

2.1

Average Household Size

6.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.6%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Cincinnati Households

Cincinnati Education

Cincinnati Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade6,3593.30%
9th to 12th Grade19,0629.88%
High School Graduate49,00425.41%
Some College37,61419.51%
Associates Degree14,0367.28%
Bachelors Degree38,48219.96%
Graduate Degree28,28114.67%

Cincinnati Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White100,98592,55150,612
Black78,93364,34610,106
Hispanic5,4633,8311,685
Asian3,9513,6133,106
Multiple Races3,4193,0711,224
Other Race1,584727310
Native American33825044
Islander215182108

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 91.65%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 78.61%.

Cincinnati Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$33,632$36,564$31,037
Less Than High School$15,494$17,816$13,592
High School Grad$24,973$27,437$22,144
Some College$28,465$31,125$26,075
Bachelors Degree$46,711$50,884$42,195
Graduate Degree$59,437$69,017$53,648

$33,632

Average Earnings

$36,564

Average Male

$31,037

Average Female

Cincinnati Language

Cincinnati Language by Age

Cincinnati Language

92.08% of Cincinnati residents speak only English, while 7.92% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.87% of the population.

Cincinnati Poverty

Cincinnati Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black125,40249,71839.65%
White136,44923,86017.49%
Multiple9,5773,78439.51%
Hispanic10,5103,65734.80%
Asian5,4641,72031.48%
Other3,3951,06331.31%
Native43713530.89%

28.66%

Overall Poverty Rate

27.29%

Male Poverty Rate

29.92%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Cincinnati

The race most likely to be in poverty in Cincinnati is Black, with 39.65% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Cincinnati is White, with 17.49% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.29%. Among those working part-time, it was 35.69%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 41.80%.

Cincinnati Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School44.57%
High School27.41%
Some College22.55%
Bachelors or Greater6.78%

Cincinnati Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed58.09%
Male Unemployed51.67%
Female Employed16.15%
Male Employed11.38%

Cincinnati Income

Cincinnati Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$36,429$58,863
Families$48,567$76,778
Married Families$83,137$113,914
Non Families$27,781$42,639

Cincinnati Marital Status

Cincinnati Marital Status

Marriage Rates

27.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

29.3%

Male Marriage Rate

26.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Cincinnati Married by Age and Sex

Cincinnati Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55To64.

Cincinnati Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Cincinnati Veterans

Cincinnati Veterans by War

12,790

Number of Veterans

11,733

Male Veterans

1,057

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam4,626
First Gulf War1,530
Second Gulf War1,396
Korea1,208
World War II823

Cincinnati Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 743,028
55 to 643,027
75+3,008
35 to 542,867
18 to 34860

Cincinnati Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White6,7035.26%
Black5,7136.16%
2 or More2955.92%
Hispanic2333.39%
Indian3510.06%
Asian320.59%
Other120.55%

Cincinnati Veterans by Education

17.15%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.25%

Veteran Disability Rate

Cincinnati Employment Status

Cincinnati Employment by Age

65.7%

Labor Force Participation

58.9%

Employment Rate

10.4%

Unemployment Rate

Cincinnati Employment by Race

Cincinnati Employment by Education

Cincinnati Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

70.98%

Born in Ohio

94.52%

Native Born

5.48%

Foreign Born

3.58%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

94.52% of Cincinnati residents were born in the United States, with 70.98% having been born in Ohio. 3.58% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.