Cincinnati, Ohio Population 2018

Cincinnati is Ohio's third largest city and the 25th largest city in the United States. The city sits on the border of Ohio and Kentucky at the meeting of the Ohio River and the Licking River. Cincinnati's population is slowly declining. In 2014, the population of Cincinnati is estimated at 296,000.

Cincinnati has had a steadily declining population for several decades. Between 2000 and 2010, the population dropped from 331,300 to 296,900. While the worst of the decline seems to be over, Cincinnati is still steadily losing residents.

The population of Cincinnati is estimated at 296,000 with a population density of 3,810 Cincinnatians per square mile. The urban population is estimated at 1.5 million, while the metropolitan area has about 2.12 million residents.

Cincinnati Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial and ethnic breakdown of Cincinnati was:

  • White: 49.3%
  • African American: 44.8%
  • Native American: 0.3%
  • Asian: 1.8%
  • Pacific Islander: 0.1%
  • Other races: 1.2%
  • Two or more races: 2.5%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 2.8%

Cincinnati has historically been predominantly white, with a 1940 white population accounting for 88% of the population. Cincinnati has dealt with strained race relations for much of its history, however. Due to its location on the Ohio River, the city was a border town between Kentucky, a slave state, and Ohio, with many residents playing a role in abolitionism. Many fugitive slaves also crossed at Cincinnati to escape North, and it had several stations on the Underground Railroad.

There have been many race riots in Cincinnati. The earliest occurred in 1829, when a riot broke out as anti-abolitionists attacked black people in the city, with other riots occurring in 1836 and 1841. The most recent racially-charged riot occurred in 2001 when police shot and killed a black man during a foot pursuit.

Cincinnati History

Cincinnati was founded in 1788. The original surveyor of the area, John Filson, originally named the settlement Losantiville, which combines four terms from different languages to mean "the town opposite the mouth of the Licking River." The settlement was renamed Cincinnati in 1790 by Arthur St. Clair to honor the Society of the Cincinnati, which honored General George Washington, who was considered a latter-day Cincinnatus.

By 1819, the city was incorporated. The introduction of steam navigation on the Ohio River helped Cincinnati grow to 115,000 people by 1850, and the area began to grow rapidly. In its early history, Cincinnati depended heavily on trade with slave states to the south and African Americans began to settle the area in growing numbers. This led to tensions and racially-fueled riots.

Cincinnati later played a major role in the Civil War, serving as a source for troops and supplies for the Union Army. While Cincinnati later made it through the Great Depression better than most large cities in the United States, it was devastated not long afterward by the flood of 1937, one of the worst floods in the history of the country.

Cincinnati was a major boomtown in the heart of the United States for the early part of the 19th century, but by the end of the city, as the country moved from steamboats to railroads, the city was surpassed in importance and population by other cities like Chicago.

Cincinnati Population Growth

Like many other large industrial cities, Cincinnati recorded a peak population in 1950 and it has steadily lost people since. Cincinnati has lost 43% of its peak population, while its metropolitan area has doubled in population.

Municipal boundaries have remained unchanged since 1950, yet thousands of pre-war homes and apartments have now been replaced by non-residential structures, including expressways, hospitals and universities.

Cincinnati is in a tough position, as increasing the population in the city proper would now require higher rents, increased traffic and most likely the demolition of many historic buildings for the construction of high-rise apartments.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics recently rated the U.S. metropolitan areas with the highest and lowest projected job growth. Cincinnati was rated as one of the bottom ten metropolitan areas for job growth, which does not bode well for increased population in the near future.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017301,3012,1740.73%
2016299,1272670.09%
2015298,8607070.24%
2014298,1537020.24%
2013297,4517600.26%
2012296,6917010.24%
2011295,990-804-0.27%
2010296,794-34,491-1.09%
2000331,285-32,755-0.94%
1990364,040-21,369-0.57%
1980385,409-68,105-1.61%
1970453,514-49,036-1.02%
1960502,550-1,448-0.03%
1950503,99848,3881.01%
1940455,6104,4500.10%
1930451,16049,9131.18%
1920401,24737,6560.99%
1910363,59137,6891.10%
1900325,90228,9940.94%
1890296,90841,7691.53%
1880255,13938,9001.67%
1870216,23955,1952.99%
1860161,04445,6093.39%
1850115,43569,0979.56%
184046,33821,5076.44%
183024,83115,1899.92%
18209,6427,10214.27%
18102,5400.00%

Cincinnati Population in 2018Source: By 5chw4r7z (Flickr) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White151,045
Black or African American128,342
Two or More Races9,258
Asian5,359
Some Other Race3,256
American Indian and Alaska Native603
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander148

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Cincinnati Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Cincinnati Median Age

32.3


Total

31.6


Male

33


Female

Cincinnati Adults

There are 232,151 adults, (34,569 of which are seniors) in Cincinnati.

Cincinnati Age Dependency

50.8

Age Dependency Ratio

17.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Cincinnati Sex Ratio

Female

155,271

52.10%

Male

142,740

47.90%

Cincinnati Households and Families

Cincinnati Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Cincinnati Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married71.8%28.2%
All37.7%62.3%
Male33.1%66.9%
Non Family27.5%72.5%
Female26.9%73.1%

37.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Cincinnati Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All134,6482.1237.7
Non Family73,1091.2827.5
Married30,7433.0171.8
Female25,2403.2626.9
Male5,5563.0333.1

3.02

Average Family Size

2.12

Average Household Size

6.5%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.6%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Cincinnati Households

Cincinnati Education

Cincinnati Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade6,5843.45%
9th to 12th Grade19,70210.31%
High School Graduate49,22625.77%
Some College37,67519.72%
Associates Degree13,2946.96%
Bachelors Degree37,50819.64%
Graduate Degree27,02114.15%

Cincinnati Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White100,75692,00249,697
Black78,30962,9669,545
Hispanic5,0203,5591,483
Asian3,5283,1872,689
Multiple Races3,1902,8921,076
Other Race1,641895357
Native American46535127
Islander1027733

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 91.31%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 76.22%.

Cincinnati Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,974$35,414$29,800
Less Than High School$16,067$18,527$13,872
High School Grad$23,995$26,520$21,789
Some College$27,792$30,622$25,874
Bachelors Degree$44,127$50,069$40,669
Graduate Degree$56,370$68,106$51,224

$31,974

Average Earnings

$35,414

Average Male

$29,800

Average Female

Cincinnati Language

Cincinnati Language by Age

Cincinnati Language

92.42% of Cincinnati residents speak only English, while 7.58% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.91% of the population.

Cincinnati Poverty

Cincinnati Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black125,72251,55541.01%
White137,58326,01418.91%
Multiple8,8243,19136.16%
Hispanic9,2323,18334.48%
Asian5,0051,74634.89%
Other3,2081,16136.19%
Native57920735.75%

29.89%

Overall Poverty Rate

28.53%

Male Poverty Rate

31.13%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Cincinnati

The race most likely to be in poverty in Cincinnati is Black, with 41.01% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Cincinnati is White, with 18.91% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.50%. Among those working part-time, it was 36.78%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 42.94%.

Cincinnati Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School45.76%
High School27.89%
Some College22.89%
Bachelors or Greater7.17%

Cincinnati Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed61.21%
Male Unemployed51.72%
Female Employed16.81%
Male Employed11.92%

Cincinnati Income

Cincinnati Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$34,629$55,931
Families$45,832$72,113
Married Families$78,405$108,509
Non Families$26,660$41,014

Cincinnati Marital Status

Cincinnati Marital Status

Marriage Rates

27.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

29.7%

Male Marriage Rate

25.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Cincinnati Married by Age and Sex

Cincinnati Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Cincinnati Marital Status by Race

Cincinnati Veterans

Cincinnati Veterans by War

13,669

Number of Veterans

12,512

Male Veterans

1,157

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam4,581
First Gulf War1,727
Second Gulf War1,711
Korea1,363
World War II871

Cincinnati Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 543,275
55 to 643,135
75+3,095
65 to 743,002
18 to 341,162

Cincinnati Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White7,3475.76%
Black5,9256.43%
2 or More3447.29%
Hispanic2443.90%
Indian244.83%
Asian190.39%
Other100.47%

Cincinnati Veterans by Education

16.85%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.01%

Veteran Disability Rate

Cincinnati Employment Status

Cincinnati Employment by Age

65.4%

Labor Force Participation

57.9%

Employment Rate

11.4%

Unemployment Rate

Cincinnati Employment by Race

Cincinnati Employment by Education

Cincinnati Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

71.39%

Born in Ohio

94.91%

Native Born

5.09%

Foreign Born

3.25%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

94.91% of Cincinnati residents were born in the United States, with 71.39% having been born in Ohio. 3.25% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.