Cleveland Population 2017

Cleveland has an estimated population of 390,000, down from 396,000 at the 2010 census and its record high of 914,000 in 1950. The city proper has a population density of 5,107 people per square mile. The Greater Cleveland area is the 28th largest metropolitan statistical area in the U.S. with a population of just over 2 million. The larger Cleveland-Akron-Canton Combined Statistical Area (CSA) has a population of 3.5 million and it is the 15th largest CSA in the country.

Cleveland Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial makeup of Cleveland was:

  • African American: 53.3%
  • White: 37.3%
  • Asian: 1.8%
  • Native American: 0.3%
  • Other race: 4.4%
  • Two or more races: 2.8%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 10.0%

Major ethnic groups include German (9.2%), Irish (8.2%), Poles (4.8%), Italians (4.6%), and English (2.8%). 4.5% of Cleveland's population was foreign-born as of 2000, with 41% born in Europe, 29% born in Asia, 22% born in Latin America, 5% in Africa and 1.9% in North America.

Cleveland is also home to several small communities of Slovaks, Slovenes, French, Hungarians, Arabs, Dutch, Czechs, Ukranians, Scottish, Russian, Scotch Irish, Croats, Puerto Ricans, West Indians, Romanians, Greeks and Lithuanians. At one time, Cleveland had the highest number of Hungarians outside of Budapest. Between just 1920 and 1960, the black population in the city rose from 35,000 to 251,000.

Cleveland History

Cleveland got its start in 1796, when surveyors for the Connecticut Land Company laid out the area into townships and a capital they called "Cleaveland" after the leader, General Moses Cleaveland. The village of Cleaveland was incorporated in 1814, and its prime waterfront location quickly presented itself as an advantage. The region grew rapidly after the Ohio and Erie Canal was completed in 1832, linking the Ohio River and the Great Lakes to Cleveland and the Atlantic Ocean. Growth picked up even further when the railroad links were added, and it was incorporated as a city in 1836.

With its prime location, Cleveland served as a transportation hub on the Great Lakes, which helped it develop as a major commercial center. It also became important in the American manufacturing industry at the beginning of the 20th century. Cleveland reached a population peak of 914,000 in 1950, but by the 1960s the economy had slowed and residents fled to the suburbs.

After years of decline, Cleveland is today viewed as a great example of revitalization, and it now ranks as one of the most livable cities in the United States.

Cleveland Population Growth

Between 2000 and 2010, Cleveland lost 17% of its population, and some neighborhoods -- including Glenville and Hough -- lost up to 38% of their population between 2000 and 2007, although downtown Cleveland has gained population. This puts Cleveland in the same category as Youngstown, Ohio and Detroit in terms of population decline.

Despite the bleak picture, Cleveland has been revitalizing its downtown area since the 1990's and more than $3.5 billion has been invested in redeveloping the area. Forbes recently ranked Cleveland as one of the top 15 emerging downtown cities in the country. In 2013, downtown Cleveland also saw record growth, both in terms of its economy and population. The city's core daily population has reached 125,000, which is the highest ever for the city.

Year Population Change
2015 388,072 -2.20%
2010 396,815 -17.10%
2000 478,403 -5.40%
1990 505,616 -11.90%
1980 573,822 -23.60%
1970 750,879 -14.30%
1960 876,050 -4.20%
1950 914,808 4.20%
1940 878,336 -2.50%
1930 900,429 13.00%
1920 796,841 42.10%
1910 560,663 46.90%
1900 381,768 46.10%
1890 261,353 63.20%
1880 160,146 72.50%
1870 92,829 113.80%
1860 43,417 154.90%
1850 17,034 180.60%
1840 6,071 451.90%
1830 1,100 83.30%
1820 600 0.00%

Cleveland Population in 2017 Source: Chris Gent

Cleveland Race Data

Race Population Percentage
White 157,419 40.15%
Black or African American 204,249 52.09%
American Indian and Alaska Native 1,533 0.39%
Asian 6,711 1.71%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 91 0.02%
Some Other Race 9,198 2.35%
Two or More Races 12,913 3.29%

Population Pyramid

Cleveland Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Total Housing Units 212,154
Owner-Occupied Units 70,489
Renter-Occupied Units 96,611
Median Home Value $69,600
Median Rent $654
Vacancy Rate 21.2%
Houses With Mortgage 43,552
Houses Without Mortgage 26,937
Median Number of Rooms (per House) 5.3

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Cleveland for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 10.7% and the labor force participation rate is 58.2%.

Cleveland Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size 2.26
Average Family Size 3.18
Married Couple Families 35,767
Male Householder (no wife) Families 9,200
Female Householder (no husband) Families 39,486
Non Family Households
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex) 6.8%
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex) 0.6%