Cleveland, Ohio Population 2019

383,793

Cleveland, or The Forest City, is located in northeastern Ohio on the southern shore of Lake Erie about 60 miles west of the Pennsylvania border. Cleveland now has an estimated population of 383,793, which makes it the 45th largest city in the United States and the second-largest in Ohio after Columbus.

Population Size and Density in Cleveland Metro

Cleveland has an estimated population of 383,793, down from 396,000 at the 2010 census and its record high of 914,000 in 1950. The city proper has a population density of 5,107 people per square mile. The Greater Cleveland Metro area is the 28th largest metropolitan statistical area in the U.S. with a population of just over 2 million. The larger Cleveland- Akron-Canton Combined Statistical Area (CSA) has a population of 3.5 million, and it is the 15th largest CSA in the country.

Cleveland Diversity

Major ethnic groups include German (9.2%), Irish (8.2%), Poles (4.8%), Italians (4.6%), and English (2.8%). 4.5% of Cleveland's population was foreign-born as of 2000, with 41% born in Europe, 29% born in Asia, 22% born in Latin America, 5% in Africa and 1.9% in North America.

Cleveland is also home to several small communities of Slovaks, Slovenes, French, Hungarians, Arabs, Dutch, Czechs, Ukrainians, Scottish, Russian, Scotch Irish, Croats, Puerto Ricans, West Indians, Romanians, Greeks, and Lithuanians. At one time, Cleveland had the highest number of Hungarians outside of Budapest. Between just 1920 and 1960, the black population in the city rose from 35,000 to 251,000.

Cleveland History

Cleveland got its start in 1796, when surveyors for the Connecticut Land Company laid out the area into townships and a capital they called "Cleaveland" after the leader, General Moses Cleaveland. The village of Cleaveland was incorporated in 1814, and its prime waterfront location quickly presented itself as an advantage. The region proliferated after the Ohio and Erie Canal was completed in 1832, linking the Ohio River and the Great Lakes to Cleveland and the Atlantic Ocean. Growth picked up even further when the railroad links were added, and it was incorporated as a city in 1836.

With its prime location, Cleveland served as a transportation hub on the Great Lakes, which helped it develop as a significant commercial center. It also became important in the American manufacturing industry at the beginning of the 20th century. Cleveland reached a population peak of 914,000 in 1950, but by the 1960s the economy had slowed, and residents fled to the suburbs.

After years of decline, Cleveland is today viewed as a great example of revitalization, and it now ranks as one of the most livable cities in the United States.

Cleveland Population Growth

Between 2000 and 2010, Cleveland lost 17% of its population, and some neighborhoods -- including Glenville and Hough -- lost up to 38% of their population between 2000 and 2007, although downtown Cleveland has gained population. This puts Cleveland in the same category as Youngstown, Ohio, and Detroit in terms of population decline.

Despite the bleak picture, Cleveland has been revitalizing its downtown area since the 1990s and more than $3.5 billion has been invested in redeveloping the area. Forbes recently ranked Cleveland as one of the top 15 emerging downtown cities in the country. In 2013, downtown Cleveland also saw record growth, both in terms of its economy and population. The city's core daily population has reached 125,000, which is the highest ever for the city.

Cleveland, Ohio's estimated population is 383,793 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Cleveland, Ohio is the 2nd largest city in Ohio based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 4939.48 people/mi² (1907.13 people/km²).

The overall median age is 35.8 years, 34.7 years for males, and 37 years for females. For every 100 females there are 92.1 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 211,902 households in the city, with an average size of 2.23 people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.6%, with a median rent of $678/month. The median house has 5.2 rooms, and has a value of $67,600.

The median income for households in Cleveland, Ohio is $27,854, while the mean household income is $41,643.

Cleveland Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Cleveland was:

  • Black or African American: 50.41%
  • White: 39.79%
  • Two or more races: 4.01%
  • Other race: 3.21%
  • Asian: 2.06%
  • Native American: 0.50%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.02%

How Many People Live in Cleveland, Ohio?

383,793
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018383,793-1,635-0.42%
2017385,428-2,280-0.59%
2016387,708-1,540-0.40%
2015389,248-1,602-0.41%
2014390,850-909-0.23%
2013391,7592590.07%
2012391,500-1,094-0.28%
2011392,594-3,296-0.83%
2010395,890-82,513-1.88%
2000478,403-27,213-0.55%
1990505,616-68,206-1.26%
1980573,822-177,057-2.65%
1970750,879-125,171-1.53%
1960876,050-38,758-0.43%
1950914,80836,4720.41%
1940878,336-22,093-0.25%
1930900,429103,5881.23%
1920796,841236,1783.58%
1910560,663178,8953.92%
1900381,768120,4153.86%
1890261,353101,2075.02%
1880160,14667,3175.60%
187092,82949,4127.90%
186043,41726,3839.81%
185017,03410,96310.87%
18406,0714,97118.63%
18301,1005006.25%
18206000.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20182,057,009-1,540-0.07%
20172,058,549-2,978-0.14%
20162,061,527-2,757-0.13%
20152,064,284-3,175-0.15%
20142,067,4593320.02%
20132,067,1272,4110.12%
20122,064,716-4,085-0.20%
20112,068,801-6,680-0.32%
20102,075,4810.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American196,00650.41%
White154,71839.79%
Two or More Races15,5924.01%
Some Other Race12,4793.21%
Asian8,0262.06%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,9310.50%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander600.02%

Cleveland Population Pyramid 2019

Cleveland Median Age

35.8


Total

34.7


Male

37


Female

Cleveland Adults

There are 299,900 adults, (51,825 of whom are seniors) in Cleveland.

Cleveland Age Dependency

56.7

Age Dependency Ratio

20.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Cleveland Sex Ratio

Female

202,385

52.05%

Male

186,427

47.95%

Cleveland Households and Families

Cleveland Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Cleveland Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married69.7%30.3%
All41.8%58.2%
Male41.2%58.8%
Non Family35%65%
Female31.7%68.3%

41.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All168,4962.2341.8
Non Family84,9831.235
Female39,0283.4131.7
Married35,1733.1769.7
Male9,3123.1941.2

3.16

Average Family Size

2.23

Average Household Size

7.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.6%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Cleveland Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade13,7725.37%
9th to 12th Grade39,52115.42%
High School Graduate84,82433.10%
Some College58,66822.89%
Associates Degree17,3956.79%
Bachelors Degree26,45510.32%
Graduate Degree15,6286.10%

Cleveland Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Black122,16595,22611,371
White100,73584,36125,289
Hispanic24,24216,3472,283
Other Race7,6325,308672
Multiple Races5,4004,1541,029
Asian5,3113,9732,211
Native American1,293865177
Islander474733

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 70.21%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$27,658$30,729$25,610
Less Than High School$16,962$20,877$14,139
High School Grad$23,997$27,321$20,850
Some College$27,194$30,645$25,460
Bachelors Degree$43,800$49,241$40,887
Graduate Degree$54,103$57,056$52,269

$27,658

Average Earnings

$30,729

Average Male

$25,610

Average Female

Cleveland Language

Cleveland Language by Age

Cleveland Language

86.95% of Cleveland residents speak only English, while 13.05% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.42% of the population.

Cleveland Poverty

Cleveland Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black191,99382,42942.93%
White126,00228,81122.87%
Hispanic42,86315,30235.70%
Multiple15,1226,03939.94%
Other12,3694,07232.92%
Asian7,4552,60634.96%
Native1,81769738.36%
Islander552749.09%

35.22%

Overall Poverty Rate

33.55%

Male Poverty Rate

36.75%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Cleveland

The race most likely to be in poverty in Cleveland is Islander, with 49.09% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Cleveland is White, with 22.87% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.91%. Among those working part-time, it was 37.32%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 46.48%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School44.16%
High School29.98%
Some College26.10%
Bachelors or Greater11.12%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed61.18%
Male Unemployed53.15%
Female Employed18.36%
Male Employed13.11%

Cleveland Income

Cleveland Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$27,854$41,643
Families$34,166$48,898
Married Families$56,617$72,497
Non Families$20,740$32,721

Cleveland Marital Status

Cleveland Marital Status

Marriage Rates

25.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

26.6%

Male Marriage Rate

23.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Cleveland Married by Age and Sex

Cleveland Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Cleveland Marital Status by Race

Cleveland Veterans

19,757

Number of Veterans

18,172

Male Veterans

1,585

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam7,142
First Gulf War2,753
Second Gulf War1,946
Korea1,600
World War II1,001
Age Group Veterans
55 to 645,112
35 to 544,680
65 to 744,677
75+3,929
18 to 341,359

Cleveland Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
Black10,1777.05%
White8,8096.74%
Hispanic9023.10%
2 or More2893.99%
Other2402.70%
Indian16210.73%
Asian771.08%
Hawaiian35.77%

Cleveland Veterans by Education

17.73%

Veteran Poverty Rate

35.45%

Veteran Disability Rate

Cleveland Employment Status

58.9%

Labor Force Participation

49.5%

Employment Rate

16%

Unemployment Rate

Cleveland Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

72.74%

Born in Ohio

94.83%

Native Born

5.17%

Foreign Born

2.88%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

94.83% of Cleveland residents were born in the United States, with 72.74% having been born in Ohio. 2.88% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.