Cleveland, Ohio Population 2018

Cleveland, or The Forest City, is located in northeastern Ohio on the southern shore of Lake Erie about 60 miles west of the Pennsylvania border. In 2014, Cleveland has an estimated population of 390,000, which makes it the 45th largest city in the United States and the second-largest in Ohio after Columbus.

Cleveland has an estimated population of 390,000, down from 396,000 at the 2010 census and its record high of 914,000 in 1950. The city proper has a population density of 5,107 people per square mile. The Greater Cleveland area is the 28th largest metropolitan statistical area in the U.S. with a population of just over 2 million. The larger Cleveland-Akron-Canton Combined Statistical Area (CSA) has a population of 3.5 million and it is the 15th largest CSA in the country.

Cleveland Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial makeup of Cleveland was:

  • African American: 53.3%
  • White: 37.3%
  • Asian: 1.8%
  • Native American: 0.3%
  • Other race: 4.4%
  • Two or more races: 2.8%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 10.0%

Major ethnic groups include German (9.2%), Irish (8.2%), Poles (4.8%), Italians (4.6%), and English (2.8%). 4.5% of Cleveland's population was foreign-born as of 2000, with 41% born in Europe, 29% born in Asia, 22% born in Latin America, 5% in Africa and 1.9% in North America.

Cleveland is also home to several small communities of Slovaks, Slovenes, French, Hungarians, Arabs, Dutch, Czechs, Ukranians, Scottish, Russian, Scotch Irish, Croats, Puerto Ricans, West Indians, Romanians, Greeks and Lithuanians. At one time, Cleveland had the highest number of Hungarians outside of Budapest. Between just 1920 and 1960, the black population in the city rose from 35,000 to 251,000.

Cleveland History

Cleveland got its start in 1796, when surveyors for the Connecticut Land Company laid out the area into townships and a capital they called "Cleaveland" after the leader, General Moses Cleaveland. The village of Cleaveland was incorporated in 1814, and its prime waterfront location quickly presented itself as an advantage. The region grew rapidly after the Ohio and Erie Canal was completed in 1832, linking the Ohio River and the Great Lakes to Cleveland and the Atlantic Ocean. Growth picked up even further when the railroad links were added, and it was incorporated as a city in 1836.

With its prime location, Cleveland served as a transportation hub on the Great Lakes, which helped it develop as a major commercial center. It also became important in the American manufacturing industry at the beginning of the 20th century. Cleveland reached a population peak of 914,000 in 1950, but by the 1960s the economy had slowed and residents fled to the suburbs.

After years of decline, Cleveland is today viewed as a great example of revitalization, and it now ranks as one of the most livable cities in the United States.

Cleveland Population Growth

Between 2000 and 2010, Cleveland lost 17% of its population, and some neighborhoods -- including Glenville and Hough -- lost up to 38% of their population between 2000 and 2007, although downtown Cleveland has gained population. This puts Cleveland in the same category as Youngstown, Ohio and Detroit in terms of population decline.

Despite the bleak picture, Cleveland has been revitalizing its downtown area since the 1990's and more than $3.5 billion has been invested in redeveloping the area. Forbes recently ranked Cleveland as one of the top 15 emerging downtown cities in the country. In 2013, downtown Cleveland also saw record growth, both in terms of its economy and population. The city's core daily population has reached 125,000, which is the highest ever for the city.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017385,525-1,926-0.50%
2016387,451-1,558-0.40%
2015389,009-1,644-0.42%
2014390,653-902-0.23%
2013391,555-41-0.01%
2012391,596-1,127-0.29%
2011392,723-3,255-0.82%
2010395,978-82,425-17.23%
2000478,403-27,213-5.38%
1990505,616-68,206-11.89%
1980573,822-177,057-23.58%
1970750,879-125,171-14.29%
1960876,050-38,758-4.24%
1950914,80836,4724.15%
1940878,336-22,093-2.45%
1930900,429103,58813.00%
1920796,841236,17842.12%
1910560,663178,89546.86%
1900381,768120,41546.07%
1890261,353101,20763.20%
1880160,14667,31772.52%
187092,82949,412113.81%
186043,41726,383154.88%
185017,03410,963180.58%
18406,0714,971451.91%
18301,10050083.33%
18206000.00%

Cleveland Population in 2018Source: By No machine-readable author provided. Avogadro94~commonswiki assumed (based on copyright claims). [CC BY-SA 2.5 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
Black or African American197,756
White156,912
Two or More Races13,786
Some Other Race11,051
Asian7,759
American Indian and Alaska Native1,821
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander80

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Cleveland Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Cleveland Median Age

35.8


Total

34.5


Male

37.2


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 296,854 adults in Cleveland.

Cleveland Age Dependency

56.2

Age Dependency Ratio

20.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Cleveland Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
5.2
Houses Without Mortgage
28,021
Houses With Mortgage
41,930
Vacancy Rate
21
Median Rent
660
Median Home Value
67,500
Renter-Occupied Units
97,116
Owner-Occupied Units
69,951
Total Housing Units
211,387

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Cleveland for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 10.1% and the labor force participation rate is 58.5%.

Cleveland Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.25
Average Family Size
3.16
Total Households
167067
Married Couple Households
35726
Male Householder (no wife) Families
9493
Female Householder (no husband) Families
39147
Non Family Households
82701
Total Families
84366
Households With Own Children
39665
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
7.1
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.5

Cleveland Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
34,604
$10,000 to $14,999
17,278
$15,000 to $24,999
27,683
$25,000 to $34,999
20,792
$35,000 to $49,999
22,434
$50,000 to $74,999
22,098
$75,000 to $99,999
10,338
$100,000 to $149,999
7,752
$150,000 to $199,999
2,048
Over $200,000
2,040

Cleveland Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Cleveland

Ohio

$26,583

$50,674

$40,057

$68,341

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.0550.110.1650.22

Cleveland Education Data

Cleveland Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
13,9115.46%
9th to 12th Grade
41,07016.12%
High School Graduate
84,46533.16%
Some College
57,84622.71%
Associates Degree
16,5116.48%
Bachelors Degree
25,87710.16%
Graduate Degree
15,0695.92%