Colorado Springs, Colorado Population 2018

Colorado Springs is the most populous city city in El Paso County, Colorado and sits at the base of Pikes Peak, one of the most famous mountains in the Americas. Colorado Springs is the second most populous city in Colorado, after Denver, and the 41st most populous city in the country with an estimated 2014 population of 674,000.

Colorado Springs has an estimated population of 674,000, but the city proper is home to slightly less: 435,000. With over 194 square miles of land area, Colorado Springs has a population density of about 2,242 people per square mile.

While Colorado Springs is a large city with a lot of land, it still faces the same problems of any city with fast growth: overcrowded roads, crime, and budget issues. Despite its issues, it was chosen in 2006 by Money magazine as the number one Best Big City to live in, and earned the first place in Outside magazine's 2009 list of America's Best Cities.

Colorado Springs Demographics

At the 2010 Census, the racial breakdown of Colorado Springs was:

  • White: 78.8%
  • Black or African American: 6.3%
  • Asian: 3.0%
  • Native American: 1.0%
  • Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.3%
  • Other race: 5.5%
  • Two or more races: 5.1%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 16.1% (Mexican American: 14.6%)

Colorado Springs History

The area of Pikes Peak was first inhabited by Arapahoe, Cheyenne, Kiowa and Ute Indians, who gathered each year at present-day Garden of the Gods park. General William Palmer, a Civil War General, first came to the area in 1870 and founded Denver, the Rio Grande Railroad and Colorado Springs a year later. He worked to lay out the plans for the city and donated land for schools and churches, envisioning the area as a resort destination, hence the town's first nickname: Little London.

The gold rush of the 1890's led to a settlement just west of Colorado Springs, and the town quickly became the "city of millionaires" by the beginning of the 19th century. By 1904, 35 of the country's 100 millionaires from gold mined in the area.

A Fort Carson Army installation was constructed in the city in the 1940's, and Colorado Springs still has a strong military presence to this day with the Peterson Air Force Base, the US Air Force Academy, US Space Command and more. Colorado Springs has posted positive population growth since its founding, with particularly strong growth during the 1960's and 70's when most large cities in the US were losing people to the suburbs.

Colorado Springs Population Growth

Colorado Springs has enjoyed steady growth since the earliest census in 1870, with the slowest growth occurring from 1910 to 1920 (just 3.5%). Since then, every census has reported double-digit growth in The Springs.

Still, the amount of people moving to the area from other parts of the country has slowed, and demographers believe it may be signs of a troubled economy. The strongest growth in recent years has come from births and from abroad, especially soldiers returning home. In 2010, a survey estimated 3,800 people moved to El Paso County in the last year, compared to just 777 two years later. According to some experts, the region has been one of the slowest to recovery from the recession, and job growth isn't as strong as other areas in Colorado.

The Colorado Springs Regional Business Alliance is already moving quickly to reverse this trend and focusing on areas that work well with the community, particularly sporting, defense and aerospace industries. The city is also working harder to increase tourism to its region, believing that once people visit for the scenery and lifestyle, they'll want to stay.

If projections are correct, Colorado Springs will grow from 674,000 in 2014 to 743,000 by 2020.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017464,4746,8741.50%
2016457,6008,9131.99%
2015448,6876,9671.58%
2014441,7204,2000.96%
2013437,5205,2601.22%
2012432,2605,2551.23%
2011427,0056,5131.55%
2010420,49259,6021.54%
2000360,89079,7502.53%
1990281,14066,0352.71%
1980215,10579,5884.73%
1970135,51765,3236.80%
196070,19424,7224.44%
195045,4728,6832.14%
194036,7893,5521.02%
193033,2373,1320.99%
192030,1051,0270.35%
191029,0787,9933.27%
190021,0859,9456.59%
189011,1406,91410.18%
18804,2260.00%

Colorado Springs Population in 2018Source: By The original uploader was Postoak at English Wikipedia [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White353,819
Black or African American28,631
Some Other Race25,021
Two or More Races24,227
Asian13,396
American Indian and Alaska Native2,454
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,211

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Colorado Springs Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Colorado Springs Median Age

34.5


Total

33.1


Male

36


Female

Colorado Springs Adults

There are 341,057 adults, (55,197 of which are seniors) in Colorado Springs.

Colorado Springs Age Dependency

56.9

Age Dependency Ratio

19.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Colorado Springs Sex Ratio

Female

225,632

50.28%

Male

223,127

49.72%

Colorado Springs Households and Families

Colorado Springs Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Colorado Springs Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married73.5%26.5%
All58%42%
Male45.6%54.4%
Female43.9%56.1%
Non Family43.6%56.4%

58.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Colorado Springs Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All177,7742.4958
Married85,1463.1673.5
Non Family64,0851.2843.6
Female20,9903.1743.9
Male7,5533.1945.6

3.07

Average Family Size

2.49

Average Household Size

5.4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Colorado Springs Households

Colorado Springs Education

Colorado Springs Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade6,7452.32%
9th to 12th Grade12,4664.29%
High School Graduate58,63120.18%
Some College71,85624.73%
Associates Degree30,92710.64%
Bachelors Degree67,15423.11%
Graduate Degree42,82814.74%

Colorado Springs Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White215,636207,81191,884
Hispanic39,85431,0657,532
Black17,11016,0373,876
Other Race13,5469,3651,538
Asian9,4098,1473,948
Multiple Races9,2498,7522,667
Native American1,6871,452410
Islander841776102

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 96.37%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 42.61%.

Colorado Springs Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$36,781$45,198$29,852
Less Than High School$21,090$25,617$13,121
High School Grad$26,706$31,352$22,158
Some College$32,165$40,246$26,254
Bachelors Degree$46,126$59,013$36,457
Graduate Degree$63,575$86,719$48,116

$36,781

Average Earnings

$45,198

Average Male

$29,852

Average Female

Colorado Springs Language

Colorado Springs Language by Age

Colorado Springs Language

86.71% of Colorado Springs residents speak only English, while 13.29% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.49% of the population.

Colorado Springs Poverty

Colorado Springs Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White304,85127,7089.09%
Hispanic76,91218,16623.62%
Other24,9586,86827.52%
Black28,1756,19621.99%
Multiple23,5874,72320.02%
Asian13,2051,38010.45%
Native2,38737215.58%
Islander1,20332126.68%

12.83%

Overall Poverty Rate

11.67%

Male Poverty Rate

13.98%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Colorado Springs

The race most likely to be in poverty in Colorado Springs is Other, with 27.52% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Colorado Springs is White, with 9.09% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.70%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.64%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 18.61%.

Colorado Springs Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School29.33%
High School14.41%
Some College10.04%
Bachelors or Greater4.36%

Colorado Springs Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed35.03%
Male Unemployed27.48%
Female Employed9.16%
Male Employed6.29%

Colorado Springs Income

Colorado Springs Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$56,227$75,151
Families$71,772$89,888
Married Families$84,488$103,152
Non Families$34,734$45,878

Colorado Springs Marital Status

Colorado Springs Marital Status

Marriage Rates

50.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

51.8%

Male Marriage Rate

49.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Colorado Springs Married by Age and Sex

Colorado Springs Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Colorado Springs Marital Status by Race

Colorado Springs Veterans

Colorado Springs Veterans by War

53,583

Number of Veterans

45,186

Male Veterans

8,397

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
First Gulf War19,186
Second Gulf War19,173
Vietnam15,571
Korea3,584
World War II1,562

Colorado Springs Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 5417,815
55 to 6410,617
18 to 349,297
65 to 748,696
75+7,158

Colorado Springs Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White44,58016.64%
Hispanic5,18510.63%
Black4,44222.26%
Other1,6319.79%
2 or More1,61112.92%
Asian7697.41%
Indian33917.69%
Hawaiian21121.71%

Colorado Springs Veterans by Education

6.19%

Veteran Poverty Rate

22.60%

Veteran Disability Rate

Colorado Springs Employment Status

Colorado Springs Employment by Age

67.5%

Labor Force Participation

59.6%

Employment Rate

7.5%

Unemployment Rate

Colorado Springs Employment by Race

Colorado Springs Employment by Education

Colorado Springs Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

33.15%

Born in Colorado

92.18%

Native Born

7.82%

Foreign Born

4.07%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

92.18% of Colorado Springs residents were born in the United States, with 33.15% having been born in Colorado. 4.07% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.