Colorado Springs, Colorado Population 2019

Colorado Springs is the most populous city in El Paso County, Colorado and sits at the base of Pikes Peak, one of the most famous mountains in the Americas. Colorado Springs is the second most populous city in Colorado, after Denver, and the 41st most populous city in the country with an estimated 2014 population of 674,000.

Population Density in Colorado Springs

Colorado Springs has an estimated metro population of 700,000, but the city proper is home to slightly less: 464,474. With over 194 square miles of land area, Colorado Springs has a population density of about 2,242 people per square mile.

While Colorado Springs is a large city with much land, it still faces the same problems of any city with fast growth: congested roads, crime, and budget issues. Despite its problems, it was chosen in 2006 by Money magazine as the number one Best Big City to live in and earned the first place in Outside magazine's 2009 list of America's Best Cities.

Colorado Springs History

The area of Pikes Peak was first inhabited by Arapahoe, Cheyenne, Kiowa and Ute Indians, who gathered each year at present-day Garden of the Gods park. General William Palmer, a Civil War General, first came to the area in 1870 and founded Denver, the Rio Grande Railroad and Colorado Springs a year later. He worked to lay out the plans for the city and donated land for schools and churches, envisioning the area as a resort destination, hence the town's first nickname: Little London.

The gold rush of the 1890s led to a settlement just west of Colorado Springs, and the town quickly became the "city of millionaires" by the beginning of the 19th century. By 1904, 35 of the country's 100 millionaires had come from the gold that was mined out of the area.

A Fort Carson Army installation was constructed in the city in the 1940s, and Colorado Springs still has a strong military presence to this day with the Peterson Air Force Base, the US Air Force Academy, US Space Command and more. Colorado Springs has posted positive population growth since its founding, with particularly strong growth during the 1960s and 70's when most large cities in the US were losing people to the suburbs. The crime rates are unusually high in Colorado Springs especially in regards to robbery and assaults.

Colorado Springs Population Growth

Colorado Springs has enjoyed steady growth since the earliest census in 1870, with the slowest growth occurring from 1910 to 1920 (just 3.5%). Since then, every census has reported double-digit growth in The Springs.

Still, the number of people moving to the area from other parts of the country has slowed, and demographers believe it may be signs of a troubled economy. There may be some association between the local city-wide ban of recreational cannabis retail stores - while there are over 100 medical cannabis dispensaries in the city.

The most substantial growth in recent years has come from births and from abroad, especially soldiers returning home. In 2010, a survey estimated 3,800 people moved to El Paso County in the last year, compared to just 777 two years later. According to some experts, the region has been one of the slowest to recover from the recession, and job growth isn't as strong as other areas in Colorado.

The Colorado Springs Regional Business Alliance is already moving quickly to reverse this trend and focusing on areas that work well with the community, particularly sporting, defense and aerospace industries. The city is also working harder to increase tourism to its region, believing that once people visit for the scenery and lifestyle, they'll want to settle in Colorado Springs to stay.

If projections are correct, Colorado Springs will grow from 674,000 in 2014 to 743,000 by 2020.

Colorado Springs Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Colorado Springs was:

  • White: 78.22%
  • Black or African American: 6.36%
  • Other race: 5.93%
  • Two or more races: 5.62%
  • Asian: 2.90%
  • Native American: 0.68%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.29%
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017464,4746,8741.50%
2016457,6008,9131.99%
2015448,6876,9671.58%
2014441,7204,2000.96%
2013437,5205,2601.22%
2012432,2605,2551.23%
2011427,0056,5131.55%
2010420,49259,6021.54%
2000360,89079,7502.53%
1990281,14066,0352.71%
1980215,10579,5884.73%
1970135,51765,3236.80%
196070,19424,7224.44%
195045,4728,6832.14%
194036,7893,5521.02%
193033,2373,1320.99%
192030,1051,0270.35%
191029,0787,9933.27%
190021,0859,9456.59%
189011,1406,91410.18%
18804,2260.00%

Colorado Springs Population in 2018Source: By The original uploader was Postoak at English Wikipedia [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White351,971
Black or African American28,641
Some Other Race26,672
Two or More Races25,294
Asian13,060
American Indian and Alaska Native3,052
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,310

Colorado Springs Population Pyramid 2019

Colorado Springs Median Age

34.6


Total

33.1


Male

36.1


Female

Colorado Springs Adults

There are 343,096 adults, (57,268 of whom are seniors) in Colorado Springs.

Colorado Springs Age Dependency

57.4

Age Dependency Ratio

20

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Colorado Springs Sex Ratio

Female

225,516

50.11%

Male

224,484

49.89%

Colorado Springs Households and Families

Colorado Springs Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Colorado Springs Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married73.7%26.3%
All58.6%41.4%
Female45.4%54.6%
Male45.4%54.6%
Non Family44.4%55.6%

58.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All176,0262.5258.6
Married84,5303.1873.7
Non Family63,4671.3144.4
Female20,0243.2345.4
Male8,0053.3545.4

3.1

Average Family Size

2.52

Average Household Size

5.6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Colorado Springs Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade6,8902.34%
9th to 12th Grade13,0354.43%
High School Graduate57,62319.60%
Some College72,43924.63%
Associates Degree31,06310.56%
Bachelors Degree68,86123.42%
Graduate Degree44,14015.01%

Colorado Springs Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White217,264209,40094,171
Hispanic40,85131,6277,935
Black17,63816,5123,806
Other Race14,1459,7821,577
Multiple Races10,0139,3572,921
Asian9,1067,6883,972
Native American2,0471,842527
Islander906850126

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 96.38%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 43.62%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$37,204$45,170$30,740
Less Than High School$20,740$24,731$13,777
High School Grad$27,736$31,820$23,466
Some College$33,067$39,796$26,868
Bachelors Degree$46,782$60,808$36,897
Graduate Degree$65,654$90,496$50,066

$37,204

Average Earnings

$45,170

Average Male

$30,740

Average Female

Colorado Springs Language

Colorado Springs Language by Age

Colorado Springs Language

87.16% of Colorado Springs residents speak only English, while 12.84% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.09% of the population.

Colorado Springs Poverty

Colorado Springs Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White304,07528,6559.42%
Hispanic77,90817,72322.75%
Other26,5276,66725.13%
Black28,2195,60619.87%
Multiple24,4914,85419.82%
Asian12,8431,35810.57%
Native2,98349216.49%
Islander1,30341231.62%

12.78%

Overall Poverty Rate

11.60%

Male Poverty Rate

13.96%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Colorado Springs

The race most likely to be in poverty in Colorado Springs is Islander, with 31.62% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Colorado Springs is White, with 9.42% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.67%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.56%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 18.58%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School28.39%
High School14.29%
Some College10.33%
Bachelors or Greater4.63%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed38.60%
Male Unemployed30.83%
Female Employed8.78%
Male Employed6.23%

Colorado Springs Income

Colorado Springs Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$58,158$77,814
Families$73,323$92,528
Married Families$86,985$106,357
Non Families$36,648$48,421

Colorado Springs Marital Status

Colorado Springs Marital Status

Marriage Rates

50.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

51.0%

Male Marriage Rate

49.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Colorado Springs Married by Age and Sex

Colorado Springs Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Colorado Springs Marital Status by Race

Colorado Springs Veterans

51,636

Number of Veterans

43,651

Male Veterans

7,985

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War18,703
First Gulf War18,333
Vietnam14,977
Korea3,217
World War II1,249
Age Group Veterans
35 to 5416,981
55 to 6410,179
65 to 748,958
18 to 348,518
75+7,000

Colorado Springs Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White43,02116.07%
Hispanic4,9309.89%
Black4,40621.65%
Other1,5458.79%
2 or More1,52611.67%
Asian6206.13%
Indian37016.15%
Hawaiian14814.04%

Colorado Springs Veterans by Education

6.73%

Veteran Poverty Rate

23.97%

Veteran Disability Rate

Colorado Springs Employment Status

67.3%

Labor Force Participation

59.8%

Employment Rate

6.9%

Unemployment Rate

Colorado Springs Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

33.16%

Born in Colorado

92.50%

Native Born

7.50%

Foreign Born

3.88%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

92.50% of Colorado Springs residents were born in the United States, with 33.16% having been born in Colorado. 3.88% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.