Columbus Population 2018

Columbus is the capital of Ohio and the largest city in the state. It is the county seat of Franklin County and its size has grown as it has annexed areas of Fairfield County and Delaware County. Named for explorer Christopher Columbus, the city was founded in 1812. Columbus has an estimated 2014 population of 825,000, which makes it the 15th largest city in the United States.

Columbus has an estimated population of 825,000, up from 809,800 in 2012. Columbus is the core city of the Columbus Metropolitan Statistical Area, which spreads ten counties and is the third largest metropolitan area in the state, nearly tied with the Cleveland MSA and just behind the Cincinnati MSA. The Columbus metro area is the 28th largest in the country with a population of 2.4 million. The city proper has a population density of 3,625 people per square mile.

Columbus was named as one of the top 50 cities in America in 2012 by BusinessWeek, and it was given an A rating by Forbes a year later as one of the top cities for business in the country. It was also recently named as one of the top cities to relocate in the country and the number 3 best city of the future.

Columbus Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the racial and ethnic composition of Columbus was: White: 61.5% African American: 28.0% Native American: 0.3% Asian: 4.1% Pacific Islander: 0.1% Other races: 2.9% Two or more races: 3.3% Hispanic or Latino of any race: 5.6%

The most common ancestry groups in Columbus are German (19.4%), Irish (11.7%), English (7.9%), Polish (7.2%), and Italian (5.0%). While European immigration to Columbus has declined, the metropolitan area has seen great increases in African, Latin American and Asian immigration, particularly from China, Mexico, India and Somalia. The city has a diverse Asian population, although the Hispanic community is mostly Mexican with a sizable Puerto Rican population. About 116,000 people in Columbus are foreign-born, which accounts for about 82% of new residents. 40% came from Asia, 23% from Africa, 22% from Latin America and 13% immigrated from Europe.

Columbus also has a large LGBT community of around 35,000. It has been rated as one of the best cities in the U.S. for lesbians and gay people, as well as the most underrated gay city.

37.6% of Columbus residents report they are religious. Of this group, 15.7% are Protestant, 13.7% are Catholic, 1.5% are Jewish, 0.6% are Muslim and 0.5% are Mormon.

Columbus History

The Columbus area was once known as the Ohio Country and it was controlled by the French Empire in the 18th century during a time when it was a fur trading point. The region was often caught between Native American and European interests. In the 1750's, George Washington was sent to the area by the Ohio Company to survey, and a fight over the territory led to the Seven Years' War with the French and Indian War. The region was ceded to the British Empire in 1763.

After the American Revolution, the Ohio Country came under control of the United States. When colonists from the East Coast attempted to move to the area expecting empty land, they found several Indian peoples, including the Miami, Delaware, Shawnee, Mingo and Wyandot nations, who resisted this expansion by the U.S.

After Ohio became a state in 1803, Columbus was chosen as a site for the new capital because it was located centrally and easily accessible. Prior to this decision, Columbus did not exist. It was designed from the beginning as the capital for the state and it was founded in 1812 and named in honor of Christopher Columbus. It was chartered as a city in 1834 with a population of 3,500. It became a major base for the Union Army during the Civil War and housed 26,000 troops as well as 9,000 Confederate prisoners of war in present-day west Columbus. It is now the site of one of the largest Confederate cemetaries in the North.

By 1990, Columbus became the largest city in Ohio in terms of size and population.

Columbus Population Growth

The Columbus area is currently leading Ohio in population growth, as it has been for several years, both in terms of a percentage share and absolute terms. While four northern Ohio counties ranked in the top 10 nationally for population decline in 2013, Columbus grew by 1.4%.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate

Columbus Population in 2018Source: Ron Reiring

Columbus Race Data

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American229,01226.63%
Two or More Races32,5883.79%
Some Other Race16,0231.86%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,5370.18%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2990.03%

Population Pyramid

0k0k0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k0k0k Female Population8580757065605550454035302520151050

Columbus Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
Houses Without Mortgage
Houses With Mortgage
Vacancy Rate
Median Rent
Median Home Value
Renter-Occupied Units
Owner-Occupied Units
Total Housing Units

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Columbus for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5.4% and the labor force participation rate is 69.7%.

Columbus Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
Non Family Households
Female Householder (no husband) Families
Male Householder (no wife) Families
Married Couple Families
Average Family Size
Average Household Size