Columbus, Ohio Population 2018

Columbus is the capital of Ohio and the largest city in the state. It is the county seat of Franklin County and its size has grown as it has annexed areas of Fairfield County and Delaware County. Named for explorer Christopher Columbus, the city was founded in 1812. Columbus has an estimated 2014 population of 825,000, which makes it the 15th largest city in the United States.

Columbus has an estimated population of 825,000, up from 809,800 in 2012. Columbus is the core city of the Columbus Metropolitan Statistical Area, which spreads ten counties and is the third largest metropolitan area in the state, nearly tied with the Cleveland MSA and just behind the Cincinnati MSA. The Columbus metro area is the 28th largest in the country with a population of 2.4 million. The city proper has a population density of 3,625 people per square mile.

Columbus was named as one of the top 50 cities in America in 2012 by BusinessWeek, and it was given an A rating by Forbes a year later as one of the top cities for business in the country. It was also recently named as one of the top cities to relocate in the country and the number 3 best city of the future.

Columbus Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the racial and ethnic composition of Columbus was: White: 61.5% African American: 28.0% Native American: 0.3% Asian: 4.1% Pacific Islander: 0.1% Other races: 2.9% Two or more races: 3.3% Hispanic or Latino of any race: 5.6%

The most common ancestry groups in Columbus are German (19.4%), Irish (11.7%), English (7.9%), Polish (7.2%), and Italian (5.0%). While European immigration to Columbus has declined, the metropolitan area has seen great increases in African, Latin American and Asian immigration, particularly from China, Mexico, India and Somalia. The city has a diverse Asian population, although the Hispanic community is mostly Mexican with a sizable Puerto Rican population. About 116,000 people in Columbus are foreign-born, which accounts for about 82% of new residents. 40% came from Asia, 23% from Africa, 22% from Latin America and 13% immigrated from Europe.

Columbus also has a large LGBT community of around 35,000. It has been rated as one of the best cities in the U.S. for lesbians and gay people, as well as the most underrated gay city.

37.6% of Columbus residents report they are religious. Of this group, 15.7% are Protestant, 13.7% are Catholic, 1.5% are Jewish, 0.6% are Muslim and 0.5% are Mormon.

Columbus History

The Columbus area was once known as the Ohio Country and it was controlled by the French Empire in the 18th century during a time when it was a fur trading point. The region was often caught between Native American and European interests. In the 1750's, George Washington was sent to the area by the Ohio Company to survey, and a fight over the territory led to the Seven Years' War with the French and Indian War. The region was ceded to the British Empire in 1763.

After the American Revolution, the Ohio Country came under control of the United States. When colonists from the East Coast attempted to move to the area expecting empty land, they found several Indian peoples, including the Miami, Delaware, Shawnee, Mingo and Wyandot nations, who resisted this expansion by the U.S.

After Ohio became a state in 1803, Columbus was chosen as a site for the new capital because it was located centrally and easily accessible. Prior to this decision, Columbus did not exist. It was designed from the beginning as the capital for the state and it was founded in 1812 and named in honor of Christopher Columbus. It was chartered as a city in 1834 with a population of 3,500. It became a major base for the Union Army during the Civil War and housed 26,000 troops as well as 9,000 Confederate prisoners of war in present-day west Columbus. It is now the site of one of the largest Confederate cemetaries in the North.

By 1990, Columbus became the largest city in Ohio in terms of size and population.

Columbus Population Growth

The Columbus area is currently leading Ohio in population growth, as it has been for several years, both in terms of a percentage share and absolute terms. While four northern Ohio counties ranked in the top 10 nationally for population decline in 2013, Columbus grew by 1.4%.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017879,17015,4291.79%
2016863,74111,4361.34%
2015852,30512,6591.51%
2014839,64613,7401.66%
2013825,90613,6311.68%
2012812,27511,8871.49%
2011800,3889,5761.21%
2010790,81279,3421.06%
2000711,47078,5601.18%
1990632,91067,8891.14%
1980565,02124,9960.45%
1970540,02568,7091.37%
1960471,31695,4152.29%
1950375,90169,8142.08%
1940306,08715,5230.52%
1930290,56453,5332.06%
1920237,03155,5202.70%
1910181,51155,9513.75%
1900125,56037,4103.60%
189088,15036,5035.49%
188051,64720,3735.14%
187031,27412,7205.36%
186018,5546720.37%
185017,88211,83411.45%
18406,0483,6489.68%
18302,4000.00%

Columbus Population in 2018Source: By Tysto [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White511,628
Black or African American234,021
Asian41,204
Two or More Races34,161
Some Other Race14,153
American Indian and Alaska Native1,485
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander386

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Columbus Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10%12% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10%12% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Columbus Median Age

32.1


Total

31.4


Male

32.8


Female

Columbus Adults

There are 647,030 adults, (78,682 of which are seniors) in Columbus.

Columbus Age Dependency

47.4

Age Dependency Ratio

13.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Columbus Sex Ratio

Female

429,492

51.31%

Male

407,546

48.69%

Columbus Households and Families

Columbus Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Columbus Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married67.1%32.9%
All45%55%
Male39.1%60.9%
Non Family34.7%65.3%
Female31%69%

45.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Columbus Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All340,2682.3945
Non Family158,1801.3834.7
Married111,3123.267.1
Female53,7363.3831
Male17,0403.4439.1

3.15

Average Family Size

2.39

Average Household Size

7.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.8%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Columbus Households

Columbus Education

Columbus Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade20,0483.67%
9th to 12th Grade41,2607.56%
High School Graduate140,59025.75%
Some College115,45121.14%
Associates Degree38,6177.07%
Bachelors Degree124,87422.87%
Graduate Degree65,23711.95%

Columbus Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White342,087314,626139,558
Black139,230118,72825,824
Asian27,65923,26216,279
Hispanic24,37816,5814,649
Multiple Races12,61211,3943,587
Other Race7,5654,7851,328
Native American1,196960186
Islander25420359

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 91.97%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 58.86%.

Columbus Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$34,998$37,539$31,754
Less Than High School$18,000$20,613$15,313
High School Grad$26,490$30,233$22,800
Some College$31,727$35,215$29,516
Bachelors Degree$45,924$51,086$41,768
Graduate Degree$57,272$65,342$52,300

$34,998

Average Earnings

$37,539

Average Male

$31,754

Average Female

Columbus Language

Columbus Language by Age

Columbus Language

85.32% of Columbus residents speak only English, while 14.68% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.17% of the population.

Columbus Poverty

Columbus Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black230,64474,08232.12%
White464,73767,75814.58%
Hispanic47,74015,47832.42%
Multiple33,1639,04527.27%
Asian39,6097,40818.70%
Other14,1004,55832.33%
Native1,38454739.52%
Islander3793910.29%

21.21%

Overall Poverty Rate

20.16%

Male Poverty Rate

22.20%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Columbus

The race most likely to be in poverty in Columbus is Native, with 39.52% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Columbus is Islander, with 10.29% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.14%. Among those working part-time, it was 29.37%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 34.41%.

Columbus Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School38.76%
High School19.34%
Some College13.86%
Bachelors or Greater5.27%

Columbus Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed49.15%
Male Unemployed38.94%
Female Employed11.42%
Male Employed8.85%

Columbus Income

Columbus Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$47,156$61,050
Families$56,539$70,761
Married Families$76,303$89,162
Non Families$36,603$47,548

Columbus Marital Status

Columbus Marital Status

Marriage Rates

36.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

38.0%

Male Marriage Rate

35.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Columbus Married by Age and Sex

Columbus Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Columbus Marital Status by Race

Columbus Veterans

Columbus Veterans by War

41,428

Number of Veterans

37,338

Male Veterans

4,090

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam13,479
First Gulf War8,683
Second Gulf War7,573
Korea2,828
World War II1,977

Columbus Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 5412,108
65 to 748,876
55 to 648,332
75+6,974
18 to 345,138

Columbus Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White28,5966.81%
Black10,9716.66%
2 or More1,1566.43%
Hispanic8012.70%
Asian4641.40%
Indian14410.25%
Other971.08%

Columbus Veterans by Education

9.64%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.56%

Veteran Disability Rate

Columbus Employment Status

Columbus Employment by Age

70.1%

Labor Force Participation

65.2%

Employment Rate

6.9%

Unemployment Rate

Columbus Employment by Race

Columbus Employment by Education

Columbus Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

65.78%

Born in Ohio

88.43%

Native Born

11.57%

Foreign Born

7.00%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

88.43% of Columbus residents were born in the United States, with 65.78% having been born in Ohio. 7.00% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.