Dayton, Ohio Population 2018

Dayton is a city located in Ohio. It serves as the county seat for Montgomery County. Part of Dayton is located in neighboring Greene County. The city is the sixth most populous in the state, and its metro area is the fourth largest in Ohio. According to recent estimates, the population of Dayton is 140,599.

Dayton History

The city of Dayton was founded in 1796 by the Thompson Party. Other groups arrived shortly thereafter to the area. Just one year later, the “Mad River Country” was open to settlers and an overland connection was created between the city and Cincinnati. Dayton was incorporated as a city in 1805 and was named in honor of the Revolutionary War captain Jonathan Dayton.

In the 1820s, the Dayton-Cincinnati canal was constructed. This provided means for transporting goods and helped boost the city’s economy throughout the 19th century. It was during this time that many important items were invented in Dayton, including the first mechanical cash register and the hydraulic jump.

It was the invention of the cash register that led to the formation of the National Cash Register Company in the late 1800s. This began Dayton’s journey into manufacturing, which would only continue to bolster the economy in the years ahead. A manufacturing boom occurred during World War II and the population grew so rapidly that emergency housing was constructed.

The city continued to grow through the 1970s as veterans came to the area for the industrial and manufacturing opportunities that were available. There was also a suburban boom as the city expanded and over 127,000 homes were constructed in the 1950s.

However, this population boom didn’t last. Beginning in the 1980s, the population began to decline because of the national housing crisis of 2008 and the loss of manufacturing jobs. The city has taken steps to boost its growth, including diversifying the workforce and expanding the downtown area.

Dayton Demographics

The population of Dayton is over 140,000, which is down from the last census, which recorded a total population of 141,759. Dayton has an area of 56.6 square miles and a population density of 2,543.2 people per square mile.

When breaking down the population by race, Dayton is 51.7% white, 42.9% black, 0.9% Asian, and 3% Hispanic or Latino. Over one-quarter of the population is between the ages of 25 to 44, while another one-quarter is between the ages of 45 to 54. About 23% are under 18, while 11.8% are at least 65. There are more females than males, making up 51.3% of the total population.

The top employer of Dayton is Premier Health Partners, which employs over 14,000 people. Other top employers are Montgomery County, Sinclair Community College, Dayton Public Schools and the University of Dayton.

Dayton Population Growth

Through the 1960s, Dayton experienced significant growth, exceeding 116,000 residents in 1910 and then surpassing 200,000 in 1930. The population peaked at the time of the 1960 census, which showed that there were 262,332 residents. However, the population began to drop after, falling to 141,759 at the time of the 2010 census. Recent estimates show that the population has dropped 0.9% since the last census, indicating that the loss in population may be slowing down and efforts to revitalize the city may be successful.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017140,371-372-0.26%
2016140,743660.05%
2015140,677-296-0.21%
2014140,973-904-0.64%
2013141,877210.01%
2012141,856-102-0.07%
2011141,958-372-0.26%
2010142,330-23,849-14.35%
2000166,179-15,865-8.71%
1990182,044-11,492-5.94%
1980193,536-49,487-20.36%
1970243,023-19,309-7.36%
1960262,33218,4607.57%
1950243,87233,15415.73%
1940210,7189,7364.84%
1930200,98248,42331.74%
1920152,55935,98230.87%
1910116,57731,24436.61%
190085,33324,11339.39%
189061,22022,54258.28%
188038,6788,20526.93%
187030,47310,39251.75%
186020,0819,10482.94%
185010,9774,91080.93%
18406,0673,117105.66%
18302,9501,950195.00%
18201,000600150.00%
18104000.00%

Dayton Population in 2018Source: By Photo by Greg Hume (Greg5030) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White77,504
Black or African American56,143
Two or More Races4,648
Asian1,484
Some Other Race864
American Indian and Alaska Native444
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander56

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Dayton Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Dayton Median Age

33.3


Total

31.9


Male

34.8


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 109,349 adults in Dayton.

Dayton Age Dependency

53

Age Dependency Ratio

19.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Dayton Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
5.3
Houses Without Mortgage
10,848
Houses With Mortgage
16,976
Vacancy Rate
22.7
Median Rent
636
Median Home Value
66,600
Renter-Occupied Units
29,608
Owner-Occupied Units
27,824
Total Housing Units
74,333

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Dayton for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 7.5% and the labor force participation rate is 56.8%.

Dayton Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.25
Average Family Size
3.13
Total Households
57432
Married Couple Households
14319
Male Householder (no wife) Families
2841
Female Householder (no husband) Families
12043
Non Family Households
28229
Total Families
29203
Households With Own Children
13413
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
7.1
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.5

Dayton Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
10,534
$10,000 to $14,999
5,609
$15,000 to $24,999
9,464
$25,000 to $34,999
7,553
$35,000 to $49,999
7,607
$50,000 to $74,999
8,620
$75,000 to $99,999
3,932
$100,000 to $149,999
2,939
$150,000 to $199,999
739
Over $200,000
435

Dayton Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Dayton

Ohio

$28,745

$50,674

$40,735

$68,341

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.050.10.150.2

Dayton Education Data

Dayton Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
4,0254.58%
9th to 12th Grade
10,86412.35%
High School Graduate
25,95829.51%
Some College
23,54526.77%
Associates Degree
8,0509.15%
Bachelors Degree
9,77811.12%
Graduate Degree
5,7336.52%