Dayton, Ohio Population 2018

Dayton is a city located in Ohio. It serves as the county seat for Montgomery County. Part of Dayton is located in neighboring Greene County. The city is the sixth most populous in the state, and its metro area is the fourth largest in Ohio. According to recent estimates, the population of Dayton is 140,599.

Dayton History

The city of Dayton was founded in 1796 by the Thompson Party. Other groups arrived shortly thereafter to the area. Just one year later, the “Mad River Country” was open to settlers and an overland connection was created between the city and Cincinnati. Dayton was incorporated as a city in 1805 and was named in honor of the Revolutionary War captain Jonathan Dayton.

In the 1820s, the Dayton-Cincinnati canal was constructed. This provided means for transporting goods and helped boost the city’s economy throughout the 19th century. It was during this time that many important items were invented in Dayton, including the first mechanical cash register and the hydraulic jump.

It was the invention of the cash register that led to the formation of the National Cash Register Company in the late 1800s. This began Dayton’s journey into manufacturing, which would only continue to bolster the economy in the years ahead. A manufacturing boom occurred during World War II and the population grew so rapidly that emergency housing was constructed.

The city continued to grow through the 1970s as veterans came to the area for the industrial and manufacturing opportunities that were available. There was also a suburban boom as the city expanded and over 127,000 homes were constructed in the 1950s.

However, this population boom didn’t last. Beginning in the 1980s, the population began to decline because of the national housing crisis of 2008 and the loss of manufacturing jobs. The city has taken steps to boost its growth, including diversifying the workforce and expanding the downtown area.

Dayton Demographics

The population of Dayton is over 140,000, which is down from the last census, which recorded a total population of 141,759. Dayton has an area of 56.6 square miles and a population density of 2,543.2 people per square mile.

When breaking down the population by race, Dayton is 51.7% white, 42.9% black, 0.9% Asian, and 3% Hispanic or Latino. Over one-quarter of the population is between the ages of 25 to 44, while another one-quarter is between the ages of 45 to 54. About 23% are under 18, while 11.8% are at least 65. There are more females than males, making up 51.3% of the total population.

The top employer of Dayton is Premier Health Partners, which employs over 14,000 people. Other top employers are Montgomery County, Sinclair Community College, Dayton Public Schools and the University of Dayton.

Dayton Population Growth

Through the 1960s, Dayton experienced significant growth, exceeding 116,000 residents in 1910 and then surpassing 200,000 in 1930. The population peaked at the time of the 1960 census, which showed that there were 262,332 residents. However, the population began to drop after, falling to 141,759 at the time of the 2010 census. Recent estimates show that the population has dropped 0.9% since the last census, indicating that the loss in population may be slowing down and efforts to revitalize the city may be successful.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017140,371-372-0.26%
2016140,743660.05%
2015140,677-296-0.21%
2014140,973-904-0.64%
2013141,877210.01%
2012141,856-102-0.07%
2011141,958-372-0.26%
2010142,330-23,849-1.54%
2000166,179-15,865-0.91%
1990182,044-11,492-0.61%
1980193,536-49,487-2.25%
1970243,023-19,309-0.76%
1960262,33218,4600.73%
1950243,87233,1541.47%
1940210,7189,7360.47%
1930200,98248,4232.79%
1920152,55935,9822.73%
1910116,57731,2443.17%
190085,33324,1133.38%
189061,22022,5424.70%
188038,6788,2052.41%
187030,47310,3924.26%
186020,0819,1046.23%
185010,9774,9106.11%
18406,0673,1177.48%
18302,9501,95011.42%
18201,0006009.60%
18104000.00%

Dayton Population in 2018Source: By Photo by Greg Hume (Greg5030) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White77,504
Black or African American56,143
Two or More Races4,648
Asian1,484
Some Other Race864
American Indian and Alaska Native444
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander56

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Dayton Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10%12% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10%12% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Dayton Median Age

33.3


Total

31.9


Male

34.8


Female

Dayton Adults

There are 109,950 adults, (17,643 of which are seniors) in Dayton.

Dayton Age Dependency

53

Age Dependency Ratio

19.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Dayton Sex Ratio

Female

72,754

51.55%

Male

68,389

48.45%

Dayton Households and Families

Dayton Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Dayton Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married75.4%24.6%
All48.4%51.6%
Male47.6%52.4%
Non Family41.2%58.8%
Female33.5%66.5%

48.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Dayton Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All57,4322.2548.4
Non Family28,2291.241.2
Married14,3193.2275.4
Female12,0433.3333.5
Male2,8413.1647.6

3.13

Average Family Size

2.25

Average Household Size

7.1%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Dayton Households

Dayton Education

Dayton Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade4,0254.58%
9th to 12th Grade10,86412.35%
High School Graduate25,95829.51%
Some College23,54526.77%
Associates Degree8,0509.15%
Bachelors Degree9,77811.12%
Graduate Degree5,7336.52%

Dayton Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White48,02340,6149,665
Black35,14828,8404,760
Hispanic2,5621,610365
Multiple Races1,4161,331387
Asian871744394
Other Race36419955
Native American25722532
Islander30306

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 45.24%.

Dayton Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$25,467$27,536$23,022
Less Than High School$15,873$17,005$15,130
High School Grad$21,372$25,193$17,270
Some College$24,354$26,640$22,567
Bachelors Degree$36,214$42,830$31,898
Graduate Degree$54,973$63,906$50,383

$25,467

Average Earnings

$27,536

Average Male

$23,022

Average Female

Dayton Language

Dayton Language by Age

Dayton Language

93.29% of Dayton residents speak only English, while 6.71% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.88% of the population.

Dayton Poverty

Dayton Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black54,96322,94141.74%
White64,54416,78426.00%
Hispanic5,2372,94156.16%
Multiple4,4091,78640.51%
Other78642353.82%
Native44034277.73%
Asian1,13722319.61%
Islander561933.93%

34.50%

Overall Poverty Rate

32.88%

Male Poverty Rate

35.99%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Dayton

The race most likely to be in poverty in Dayton is Native, with 77.73% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Dayton is Asian, with 19.61% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 6.82%. Among those working part-time, it was 37.03%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 42.95%.

Dayton Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School42.69%
High School30.08%
Some College26.01%
Bachelors or Greater9.00%

Dayton Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed66.33%
Male Unemployed50.82%
Female Employed19.17%
Male Employed14.05%

Dayton Income

Dayton Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$28,745$40,735
Families$36,637$49,541
Married Families$59,056$69,884
Non Families$21,798$30,121

Dayton Marital Status

Dayton Marital Status

Marriage Rates

28.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

29.7%

Male Marriage Rate

26.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Dayton Married by Age and Sex

Dayton Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

Dayton Marital Status by Race

Dayton Veterans

Dayton Veterans by War

9,397

Number of Veterans

8,339

Male Veterans

1,058

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam3,121
First Gulf War1,884
Second Gulf War1,253
Korea764
World War II343

Dayton Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 542,988
55 to 642,153
65 to 742,139
75+1,594
18 to 34523

Dayton Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White5,5948.76%
Black3,5708.61%
Hispanic2728.20%
2 or More1557.56%
Asian423.04%
Other367.24%

Dayton Veterans by Education

12.98%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.40%

Veteran Disability Rate

Dayton Employment Status

Dayton Employment by Age

56.8%

Labor Force Participation

48.9%

Employment Rate

13.3%

Unemployment Rate

Dayton Employment by Race

Dayton Employment by Education

Dayton Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

70.18%

Born in Ohio

95.48%

Native Born

4.52%

Foreign Born

2.52%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

95.48% of Dayton residents were born in the United States, with 70.18% having been born in Ohio. 2.52% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.