Denver, Colorado Population 2020

716,492

The estimated population of Denver is 716,492. Denver, officially the City and County of Denver, is the capital of Colorado and the largest city in the state. Denver is also the 22nd most populous city in the country and the most populous city within a 500-mile radius.

Denver is a rapidly growing area. According to the Census Bureau, it ranks 11th on the list of cities in the country with the most significant addition of residents, adding nearly 15,000 people between 2011 and 2012. The state of Colorado is the second fastest growing state in the US, driven in large part by growth in the Denver metro area.

While the 2016 population is estimated at over 680,000, the metropolitan area is much larger. The 10-county Denver- Aurora-Broomfield Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) has a population of 2.8 million, making it the 21st most populous MSA in the country. The 12-county Denver-Aurora- Boulder Combined Statistical Area, meanwhile, had a population of 3.15 million in 2013.

Denver has a population density of 4,044 people per square mile (1,561/square kilometer).

Denver Diversity and Age Statistics

The most common ancestry groups in Denver are Mexican (31.2%), German (14.6%), Irish (9.7%), English (8.9%) and Italian (4.0%). 23.5% of Denver's population speaks Spanish at home.

21.5% of Denver's population is under 18, while 10.7% are 18-24, 36.1% are 25-44, 20% are 45-64 and 10.4% are 65 or older, with a median average of 37 years.

Denver History

Denver City was founded in 1858 as a mining town during the peak of a Gold Rush in the area. Earlier in the year, gold prospectors arrived from Kansas and established Montana City along the South Platte River, which later became the city of Denver. This first settlement was abandoned by 1859 in favor of Auraria and nearby St. Charles City.

General William Larimer, a land speculator, staked a claim on the bluff overlooking the river across the creek from Auraria in 1858, naming the town site Denver City in an attempt to curry favor with Kansas Territorial Governor James W. Denver, although he didn't realize the governor had already resigned. Parcels of land were sold to miners and merchants, and Denver City became a frontier town with an economy centered on livestock, saloons, and gambling.

By 1861, the Colorado Territory was created, followed by Arapahoe County and the incorporation of Denver City a week later. Denver City became the Territorial Capital 6 years later, and its name was shortened to Denver given its importance.

Denver was finally linked to the rest of the country by railway in 1870, and its population grew as millionaires and those in poverty both made the city their home. Between 1870 and 1880, the population increased 648.7%, followed by almost 200% growth in the next decade. While its growth has slowed, it has continued to grow in both importance and size through the 20th and 21st century.

Denver Population Growth

Denver has led Colorado in population growth for four years in a row, according to the Census Bureau. Denver is both the fastest growing city and county in the state, with a growth rate of 2.42% from 2011 to 2012.

The city-county's growth is attributed to the ongoing development of areas like Stapleton, the buildout of the area's few remaining greenfield areas and a great deal of densification in the urban area. Denver is now the fastest growing city in the United States overall, and also first among large metro areas for population gain in the 25-34-year age group.

A 2013 economic forecast for metro Denver shows net migration in 2013 of close to 17,000, with an employment growth rate of 2.0%. Denver will continue to remain an attractive area to new residents through migration, and it's estimated the city will reach 700,000 and beyond by 2020.

The wider metro area is projected to reach 4.1 million by 2040, according to projections from the state demographer.

Denver Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Denver was:

  • White: 76.47%
  • Black or African American: 9.36%
  • Other race: 5.70%
  • Asian: 3.77%
  • Two or more races: 3.56%
  • Native American: 0.99%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.15%

How Many People Live in Denver, Colorado?

716,492
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018716,49211,0531.57%
2017705,4398,8211.27%
2016696,61812,9531.89%
2015683,66518,7952.83%
2014664,87015,3572.36%
2013649,51314,2362.24%
2012635,27714,7642.38%
2011620,51317,1592.84%
2010603,35448,7180.85%
2000554,63687,0261.72%
1990467,610-25,076-0.52%
1980492,686-21,992-0.44%
1970514,67820,7910.41%
1960493,88778,1011.74%
1950415,78693,3742.58%
1940322,41234,5511.14%
1930287,86131,3701.16%
1920256,49143,1101.86%
1910213,38179,5224.77%
1900133,85927,1462.29%
1890106,71371,08411.59%
188035,62930,87022.30%
18704,759100.02%
18604,7490.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20182,932,41539,4361.34%
20172,892,97935,4301.22%
20162,857,54944,0351.54%
20152,813,51458,8732.09%
20142,754,64153,8671.96%
20132,700,77450,3181.86%
20122,650,45647,4831.79%
20112,602,97348,1571.85%
20102,554,8160.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White530,27876.47%
Black or African American64,8819.36%
Some Other Race39,5315.70%
Asian26,1433.77%
Two or More Races24,7183.56%
American Indian and Alaska Native6,8330.99%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,0330.15%

Denver Population Pyramid 2020

Denver Median Age

34.4


Total

34.2


Male

34.6


Female

Denver Adults

There are 553,616 adults, (78,751 of whom are seniors) in Denver.

Denver Age Dependency

46

Age Dependency Ratio

16.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

29.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Denver Sex Ratio

Female

346,229

49.93%

Male

347,188

50.07%

Denver Households and Families

Denver Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Denver Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married70.9%29.1%
All49.6%50.4%
Male46.9%53.1%
Female40.6%59.4%
Non Family37.3%62.7%

49.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All294,3582.3149.6
Non Family151,2601.3737.3
Married101,3143.2470.9
Female28,5253.4340.6
Male13,2593.4146.9

3.19

Average Family Size

2.31

Average Household Size

7.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.9%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Denver Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade31,6046.36%
9th to 12th Grade32,4396.53%
High School Graduate84,26516.97%
Some College83,92416.90%
Associates Degree26,4645.33%
Bachelors Degree145,10529.22%
Graduate Degree92,77218.68%

Denver Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White302,768293,696194,600
Hispanic120,51475,35817,622
Black43,19837,48910,405
Other Race24,37413,6373,263
Asian18,62015,2519,600
Multiple Races12,86411,8016,391
Native American4,7353,814769
Islander590566283

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 97.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 64.27%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$44,466$48,945$40,777
Less Than High School$26,012$30,399$18,456
High School Grad$30,751$32,645$26,346
Some College$36,975$41,161$32,048
Bachelors Degree$54,237$61,994$49,056
Graduate Degree$70,026$84,566$60,410

$44,466

Average Earnings

$48,945

Average Male

$40,777

Average Female

Denver Language

Denver Language by Age

Denver Language

73.54% of Denver residents speak only English, while 26.46% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 19.79% of the population.

Denver Poverty

Denver Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic207,15840,06619.34%
White365,66632,0848.77%
Black63,17415,21224.08%
Other39,2926,41516.33%
Asian25,8453,93115.21%
Multiple24,2733,25513.41%
Native6,5521,37220.94%
Islander1,033605.81%

13.76%

Overall Poverty Rate

12.72%

Male Poverty Rate

14.80%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Denver

The race most likely to be in poverty in Denver is Black, with 24.08% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Denver is Islander, with 5.81% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.43%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.12%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 27.38%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School24.23%
High School15.58%
Some College12.71%
Bachelors or Greater5.01%
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed34.95%
Female Unemployed33.05%
Female Employed7.16%
Male Employed5.39%

Denver Income

Denver Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$63,793$93,650
Families$81,452$117,419
Married Families$101,425$140,013
Non Families$50,542$68,982

Denver Marital Status

Denver Marital Status

Marriage Rates

39.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

39.6%

Male Marriage Rate

38.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Denver Married by Age and Sex

Denver Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Denver Marital Status by Race

Denver Veterans

29,648

Number of Veterans

26,772

Male Veterans

2,876

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam10,975
Second Gulf War5,599
First Gulf War5,349
Korea2,192
World War II1,259
Age Group Veterans
65 to 747,674
75+6,749
35 to 546,731
55 to 645,365
18 to 343,129

Denver Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White23,2495.37%
Hispanic4,0722.84%
Black3,7577.63%
Other9573.35%
2 or More8635.66%
Asian4332.04%
Indian2584.87%
Hawaiian13119.55%

Denver Veterans by Education

9.80%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.42%

Veteran Disability Rate

Denver Employment Status

71.7%

Labor Force Participation

68.8%

Employment Rate

4%

Unemployment Rate

Denver Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

40.32%

Born in Colorado

84.37%

Native Born

15.63%

Foreign Born

9.87%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

84.37% of Denver residents were born in the United States, with 40.32% having been born in Colorado. 9.87% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.