Denver, Colorado Population 2018

In 2016, the estimated population of Denver is 682,545. Denver, officially the City and County of Denver, is the capital of Colorado and the largest city in the state. Denver is also the 22nd most populous city in the country, and the most populous city within a 500-mile radius.

Denver is a rapidly growing area. According to the Census Bureau, it ranks 11th on the list of cities in the country with the greatest addition of residents, adding nearly 15,000 people between 2011 and 2012. The state of Colorado is the second fastest growing state in the US, driven in large part by growth in the Denver metro area.

While the 2016 population is estimated at over 680,000, the metropolitan area is much larger. The 10-county Denver-Aurora-Broomfield Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) has a population of 2.8 million, making it the 21st most populous MSA in the country. The 12-county Denver-Aurora-Boulder Combined Statistical Area, meanwhile, had a population of 3.15 million in 2013.

Denver has a population density of 4,044 people per square mile (1,561/square kilometer).

Denver Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the racial composition of Denver was:

  • White: 68.9% (non-Hispanic: 52.2%)
  • Black or African American: 10.2%
  • Asian: 3.4%
  • Native American: 1.4%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.1%
  • Other race: 9.2%
  • Two or more races: 4.1%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 31.8% (Mexican Americans account for 24.9% of Denver's total population.)

The most common ancestry groups in Denver are Mexican (31.2%), German (14.6%), Irish (9.7%), English (8.9%) and Italian (4.0%). 23.5% of Denver's population speaks Spanish at home.

21.5% of Denver's population is under 18, while 10.7% are 18-24, 36.1% are 25-44, 20% are 45-64 and 10.4% are 65 or older, with a median average of 37 years.

Denver History

Denver City was founded in 1858 as a mining town during the peak of a Gold Rush in the area. Earlier in the year, gold prospectors arrived from Kansas and established Montana City along the South Platte River, which later became the city of Denver. This first settlement was abandoned by 1859 in favor of Auraria and nearby St. Charles City.

General William Larimer, a land speculator, staked a claim on the bluff overlooking the river across the creek from Auraria in 1858, naming the town site Denver City in an attempt to curry favor with Kansas Territorial Governor James W. Denver, although he didn't realize the governor had already resigned. Parcels of land were sold to miners and merchants, and Denver City became a frontier town with an economy centered on livestock, saloons and gambling.

By 1861, the Colorado Territory was created, followed by Arapahoe County and the incorporation of Denver City a week later. Denver City became the Territorial Capital 6 years later, and its name was shortened to Denver given its importance.

Denver was finally linked to the rest of the country by railway in 1870, and its population grew as millionaires and those in poverty both made the city their home. Between 1870 and 1880, the population grew 648.7%, followed by almost 200% growth in the next decade. While its growth has slowed, it has continued to grow in both importance and size through the 20th and 21st century.

Denver Population Growth

Denver has led Colorado in population growth for four years in a row, according to the Census Bureau. Denver is both the fastest growing city and county in the state, with a growth rate of 2.42% from 2011 to 2012.

The city-county's growth is attributed to ongoing development of areas like Stapleton, the buildout of the area's few remaining greenfield areas and a great deal of densification in the urban area. Denver is now the fastest growing city in the United States overall, and also first among large metro areas for population gain in the 25-34-year age group.

A 2013 economic forecast for metro Denver shows net migration in 2013 of close to 17,000, with an employment growth rate of 2.0%. Denver will continue to remain an attractive area to new residents through migration, and it's estimated the city will reach 700,000 and beyond by 2020.

The wider metro area is projected to reach 4.1 million by 2040, according to projections from the state demographer.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017704,6219,8441.42%
2016694,77713,1591.93%
2015681,61818,3472.77%
2014663,27115,2222.35%
2013648,04914,2512.25%
2012633,79814,4422.33%
2011619,35616,1382.68%
2010603,21848,5828.76%
2000554,63687,02618.61%
1990467,610-25,076-5.09%
1980492,686-21,992-4.27%
1970514,67820,7914.21%
1960493,88778,10118.78%
1950415,78693,37428.96%
1940322,41234,55112.00%
1930287,86131,37012.23%
1920256,49143,11020.20%
1910213,38179,52259.41%
1900133,85927,14625.44%
1890106,71371,084199.51%
188035,62930,870648.67%
18704,759100.21%
18604,7490.00%

Denver Population in 2018Source: By Bryan.simmons [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White510,441
Black or African American64,805
Some Other Race35,547
Asian23,191
Two or More Races22,710
American Indian and Alaska Native6,203
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander406

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Denver Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Denver Median Age

34.2


Total

34


Male

34.5


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 558,764 adults in Denver.

Denver Age Dependency

46.1

Age Dependency Ratio

15.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

30.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Denver Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
4.8
Houses Without Mortgage
34,867
Houses With Mortgage
104,003
Vacancy Rate
6.1
Median Rent
1,035
Median Home Value
292,700
Renter-Occupied Units
142,202
Owner-Occupied Units
138,870
Total Housing Units
299,338

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Denver for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 3.8% and the labor force participation rate is 70.9%.

Denver Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.31
Average Family Size
3.21
Total Households
281072
Married Couple Households
95195
Male Householder (no wife) Families
12626
Female Householder (no husband) Families
29202
Non Family Households
144049
Total Families
137023
Households With Own Children
65495
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
7.2
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
1.1

Denver Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
22,292
$10,000 to $14,999
13,645
$15,000 to $24,999
25,792
$25,000 to $34,999
27,411
$35,000 to $49,999
36,467
$50,000 to $74,999
48,204
$75,000 to $99,999
33,193
$100,000 to $149,999
36,785
$150,000 to $199,999
17,034
Over $200,000
20,249

Denver Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Denver

Colorado

$56,258

$62,520

$83,293

$84,384

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.0450.090.1350.18

Denver Education Data

Denver Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
31,3516.70%
9th to 12th Grade
32,5146.94%
High School Graduate
82,55517.63%
Some College
82,92417.71%
Associates Degree
24,8345.30%
Bachelors Degree
131,01327.98%
Graduate Degree
83,07217.74%