Denver, Colorado Population 2018

In 2016, the estimated population of Denver is 682,545. Denver, officially the City and County of Denver, is the capital of Colorado and the largest city in the state. Denver is also the 22nd most populous city in the country, and the most populous city within a 500-mile radius.

Denver is a rapidly growing area. According to the Census Bureau, it ranks 11th on the list of cities in the country with the greatest addition of residents, adding nearly 15,000 people between 2011 and 2012. The state of Colorado is the second fastest growing state in the US, driven in large part by growth in the Denver metro area.

While the 2016 population is estimated at over 680,000, the metropolitan area is much larger. The 10-county Denver-Aurora-Broomfield Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) has a population of 2.8 million, making it the 21st most populous MSA in the country. The 12-county Denver-Aurora-Boulder Combined Statistical Area, meanwhile, had a population of 3.15 million in 2013.

Denver has a population density of 4,044 people per square mile (1,561/square kilometer).

Denver Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the racial composition of Denver was:

  • White: 68.9% (non-Hispanic: 52.2%)
  • Black or African American: 10.2%
  • Asian: 3.4%
  • Native American: 1.4%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.1%
  • Other race: 9.2%
  • Two or more races: 4.1%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 31.8% (Mexican Americans account for 24.9% of Denver's total population.)

The most common ancestry groups in Denver are Mexican (31.2%), German (14.6%), Irish (9.7%), English (8.9%) and Italian (4.0%). 23.5% of Denver's population speaks Spanish at home.

21.5% of Denver's population is under 18, while 10.7% are 18-24, 36.1% are 25-44, 20% are 45-64 and 10.4% are 65 or older, with a median average of 37 years.

Denver History

Denver City was founded in 1858 as a mining town during the peak of a Gold Rush in the area. Earlier in the year, gold prospectors arrived from Kansas and established Montana City along the South Platte River, which later became the city of Denver. This first settlement was abandoned by 1859 in favor of Auraria and nearby St. Charles City.

General William Larimer, a land speculator, staked a claim on the bluff overlooking the river across the creek from Auraria in 1858, naming the town site Denver City in an attempt to curry favor with Kansas Territorial Governor James W. Denver, although he didn't realize the governor had already resigned. Parcels of land were sold to miners and merchants, and Denver City became a frontier town with an economy centered on livestock, saloons and gambling.

By 1861, the Colorado Territory was created, followed by Arapahoe County and the incorporation of Denver City a week later. Denver City became the Territorial Capital 6 years later, and its name was shortened to Denver given its importance.

Denver was finally linked to the rest of the country by railway in 1870, and its population grew as millionaires and those in poverty both made the city their home. Between 1870 and 1880, the population grew 648.7%, followed by almost 200% growth in the next decade. While its growth has slowed, it has continued to grow in both importance and size through the 20th and 21st century.

Denver Population Growth

Denver has led Colorado in population growth for four years in a row, according to the Census Bureau. Denver is both the fastest growing city and county in the state, with a growth rate of 2.42% from 2011 to 2012.

The city-county's growth is attributed to ongoing development of areas like Stapleton, the buildout of the area's few remaining greenfield areas and a great deal of densification in the urban area. Denver is now the fastest growing city in the United States overall, and also first among large metro areas for population gain in the 25-34-year age group.

A 2013 economic forecast for metro Denver shows net migration in 2013 of close to 17,000, with an employment growth rate of 2.0%. Denver will continue to remain an attractive area to new residents through migration, and it's estimated the city will reach 700,000 and beyond by 2020.

The wider metro area is projected to reach 4.1 million by 2040, according to projections from the state demographer.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017704,6219,8441.42%
2016694,77713,1591.93%
2015681,61818,3472.77%
2014663,27115,2222.35%
2013648,04914,2512.25%
2012633,79814,4422.33%
2011619,35616,1382.68%
2010603,21848,5820.84%
2000554,63687,0261.72%
1990467,610-25,076-0.52%
1980492,686-21,992-0.44%
1970514,67820,7910.41%
1960493,88778,1011.74%
1950415,78693,3742.58%
1940322,41234,5511.14%
1930287,86131,3701.16%
1920256,49143,1101.86%
1910213,38179,5224.77%
1900133,85927,1462.29%
1890106,71371,08411.59%
188035,62930,87022.30%
18704,759100.02%
18604,7490.00%

Denver Population in 2018Source: By Bryan.simmons [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White510,441
Black or African American64,805
Some Other Race35,547
Asian23,191
Two or More Races22,710
American Indian and Alaska Native6,203
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander406

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Denver Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10%12% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10%12% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Denver Median Age

34.2


Total

34


Male

34.5


Female

Denver Adults

There are 525,999 adults, (72,300 of which are seniors) in Denver.

Denver Age Dependency

46.1

Age Dependency Ratio

15.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

30.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Denver Sex Ratio

Female

331,701

50.01%

Male

331,602

49.99%

Denver Households and Families

Denver Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Denver Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married69.9%30.1%
All49.4%50.6%
Male47.1%52.9%
Female39.8%60.2%
Non Family38%62%

49.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Denver Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All281,0722.3149.4
Non Family144,0491.3538
Married95,1953.2469.9
Female29,2023.5139.8
Male12,6263.3447.1

3.21

Average Family Size

2.31

Average Household Size

7.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

1.1%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Denver Households

Denver Education

Denver Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade31,3516.70%
9th to 12th Grade32,5146.94%
High School Graduate82,55517.63%
Some College82,92417.71%
Associates Degree24,8345.30%
Bachelors Degree131,01327.98%
Graduate Degree83,07217.74%

Denver Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White285,141275,547176,744
Hispanic114,49569,73314,677
Black42,08336,4839,433
Other Race21,48212,5252,699
Asian16,50313,3388,322
Multiple Races11,20710,2585,402
Native American4,0883,301750
Islander294247118

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 96.64%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 61.98%.

Denver Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$40,591$42,979$36,850
Less Than High School$22,930$26,492$15,652
High School Grad$28,445$30,738$24,860
Some College$33,318$36,675$30,197
Bachelors Degree$50,857$57,012$45,129
Graduate Degree$64,813$79,615$56,232

$40,591

Average Earnings

$42,979

Average Male

$36,850

Average Female

Denver Language

Denver Language by Age

Denver Language

72.90% of Denver residents speak only English, while 27.10% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 20.57% of the population.

Denver Poverty

Denver Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic201,30249,18124.43%
White346,91133,6559.70%
Black63,13917,74228.10%
Other35,3398,26823.40%
Asian22,7713,99617.55%
Multiple22,2943,18714.30%
Native5,9711,74929.29%
Islander40010626.50%

16.40%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.58%

Male Poverty Rate

17.21%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Denver

The race most likely to be in poverty in Denver is Native, with 29.29% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Denver is White, with 9.70% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.04%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.73%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 29.97%.

Denver Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School28.13%
High School18.28%
Some College13.93%
Bachelors or Greater5.40%

Denver Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Male Unemployed36.41%
Female Unemployed33.81%
Female Employed8.42%
Male Employed6.72%

Denver Income

Denver Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$56,258$83,293
Families$71,913$103,161
Married Families$90,522$124,279
Non Families$44,354$62,365

Denver Marital Status

Denver Marital Status

Marriage Rates

39.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

39.4%

Male Marriage Rate

38.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Denver Married by Age and Sex

Denver Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Denver Marital Status by Race

Denver Veterans

Denver Veterans by War

30,957

Number of Veterans

27,958

Male Veterans

2,999

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam10,791
First Gulf War5,571
Second Gulf War4,770
Korea2,667
World War II1,973

Denver Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 547,849
65 to 747,313
75+7,123
55 to 645,830
18 to 342,842

Denver Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White24,2675.85%
Black4,4159.15%
Hispanic3,8752.83%
2 or More8986.57%
Other7102.83%
Indian3146.59%
Asian3021.59%
Hawaiian5116.04%

Denver Veterans by Education

9.67%

Veteran Poverty Rate

25.89%

Veteran Disability Rate

Denver Employment Status

Denver Employment by Age

70.9%

Labor Force Participation

67%

Employment Rate

5.4%

Unemployment Rate

Denver Employment by Race

Denver Employment by Education

Denver Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

41.21%

Born in Colorado

84.14%

Native Born

15.86%

Foreign Born

10.51%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

84.14% of Denver residents were born in the United States, with 41.21% having been born in Colorado. 10.51% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.