Detroit, Michigan Population 2018

Detroit, the most populous city in Michigan and the Metro Detroit area, serves as a major port connecting the Great Lakes to the Saint Lawrence Seaway. Detroit is also known as the traditional automotive center of the world and its name is synonymous for the US auto industry, as well as its musical legacies, which have earned it the nicknames Motor City and Motown. As of 2016, Detroit's estimated population is just over 677,000, a steep decline from a peak of over 1.8 million in the 1950s.

Detroit's population in 2000 was 951,270, which dropped to only 713,777 by 2010. In 2016, the city's estimated population is 677,116.

Detroit's population has been declining for more than 60 years, and its 2016 estimated population of 677,116 represents a 0.94% decrease from its 2010 population. The urban area of Detroit is home to an estimated 3.7 million, while its metropolitan area has a population of 4.275 million. The Combined Statistical Area has a population of 5.2 million.

This is Detroit's lowest population since 1910, when the auto industry took root in the area.

In 1950, Detroit was the 4th largest city in the country, but its population has been in decline for the past 60 years with the second largest population decline in the country (second only to St. Louis).

Because of this decline, Detroit now has a large number of abandoned buildings and homes and the area is dealing with urban decay.

Detroit's Decline

Detroit has been going through an economic decline for many years, in part due to urban decline, in which young, educated people move away from the city for better options. Other causes of Detroit's decline include segregation, politics, and of course, the collapse of the auto industry, which the city has relied on for many years.

Between 1947 and 1963, the city lost over 140,000 manufacturing jobs. In the next decade, Japanese car imports took up a greater share of the United States market, which took even more jobs from the region. Unfortunately, Detroit became dependent on a single industry -- automobiles -- and the city's population dropped by over 40% from 1970 to 2006.

Between 2000 and 2010, Detroit's population fell an amazing 25%, dropping the city from the 10th largest city in the country to the 18th. In 2010, Detroit's population was 713,000, a 60% decrease from its peak population of 1.8 million in 1950.

Detroit is an extreme case of what has affected other major, old industrial cities in the country. As the industrial cities in the United States declined, only Detroit hit rock botton with $20 billion in unpaid bills in 2013 that led to the single largest municipal bankruptcy in US history.

Detroit Demographics

Along with its population problem, Detroit also has a demographics problem with a wide age distribution. 31.1% of its population is under 18, 9.7% are 18-24, 29.5% are 25-44, 19.3% are 45-64 and 10.4% are 65 or older. The median age in Detroit is 31, and for every 100 females aged 18 there are 83 males.

Detroit is also one of the poorest major cities in the United States, and poverty is a real problem. The median household income dropped from $29,526 in 2000 to $26,098 in 2009. A year later, it had dropped further to $25,787. nIn In 2010, the mean income is below the US average by thousands. 1 in 3 residents in the city are in poverty.

Oakland County, a part of Metro Detroit, was once one of the wealthiest counties in the US, but it is no longer in the top 25.

According to the 2010 Census, the racial composition of Detroit was:

  • Black or African American: 82.7%
  • White: 10.6% (7.8% non-Hispanic)
  • Other races: 3%
  • Asian: 1.1%
  • Two or more races: 2.2%
  • American Indian: 0.4%
  • Pacific Islander: 0.02%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 6.8%

In 1940, non-Hispanic whites accounted for 90.4% of Detroit's population, but there has been a major shift in its population to the suburbs since the 1950s. In 1910, only 6,000 black people lived in the city, which grew to 120,000 by 1930.

Detroit is still one of the most racially segregated cities in the country. While black people moved to Detroit from the 40s through the 70s to escape Jim Crow laws elsewhere, they encountered exclusion from white areas, sometimes through economic discrimination or even violence. The traditional boundary between white and black areas in the city is Eight Mile Road.

Blacks and African Americans make up only 13% of the state's population as a whole, but account for 82% of Detroit's population.

Detroit Population Growth

Detroit's population decline is expected to continue for some time. The city owes creditors $18 billion, and its bankruptcy case was approved in 2014. As of 2016, the future for the city remains unknown.

Even if Detroit comes up with a feasible plan, it doesn't answer the question of what will happen in the future. Detroit's revenues simply do not match its expenses, and it's dealing with a rapidly declining population, and thus lower tax revenues.

According to the US Census Bureau, Detroit's population decline is finally slowing, which means its 25% drop over the last 10 years may have bottomed out. This doesn't mean the decline is over, however, or that the city is rebounding.

It's currently estimated that Detroit's population will fall to just 610,000 people by 2030, down from 2013's 701,475. Demographer Kurt Metzger, however, adds that he believes the population will as low as 600,000 before stabilizing.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017673,104-2,376-0.35%
2016675,480-2,770-0.41%
2015678,250-3,249-0.48%
2014681,499-9,346-1.35%
2013690,845-8,540-1.22%
2012699,385-5,255-0.75%
2011704,640-6,403-0.90%
2010711,043-240,227-2.87%
2000951,270-76,704-0.77%
19901,027,974-175,394-1.56%
19801,203,368-310,695-2.27%
19701,514,063-156,081-0.98%
19601,670,144-179,424-1.02%
19501,849,568226,1161.31%
19401,623,45254,7900.34%
19301,568,662574,9844.67%
1920993,678527,9127.87%
1910465,766180,0625.01%
1900285,70479,8283.33%
1890205,87689,5365.87%
1880116,34036,7633.87%
187079,57733,9585.72%
186045,61924,6008.06%
185021,01911,9178.73%
18409,1026,90215.26%
18302,2008004.62%
18201,4000.00%

Detroit Population in 2018Source: By Ritcheypro [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
Black or African American537,931
White95,875
Some Other Race20,527
Two or More Races12,918
Asian10,185
American Indian and Alaska Native2,322
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander107

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Detroit Population Pyramid 2018

5,00010,00015,00020,00025,00030,000 Male Population5,00010,00015,00020,00025,00030,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Detroit Median Age

34.7


Total

32.8


Male

36.5


Female

Detroit Adults

There are 508,795 adults, (88,936 of whom are seniors) in Detroit.

Detroit Age Dependency

61.9

Age Dependency Ratio

21.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Detroit Sex Ratio

Female

358,524

52.73%

Male

321,341

47.27%

Detroit Households and Families

Detroit Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Detroit Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married72.3%27.7%
Male53.8%46.2%
All48.1%51.9%
Non Family41%59%
Female40.9%59.1%

48.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Detroit Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All258,4712.5848.1
Non Family115,8771.1941
Female72,3773.8140.9
Married51,9463.6472.3
Male18,2713.4853.8

3.56

Average Family Size

2.58

Average Household Size

6.6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Detroit Households

Detroit Education

Detroit Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade25,0105.77%
9th to 12th Grade62,83914.51%
High School Graduate141,43132.65%
Some College111,17425.66%
Associates Degree31,0867.18%
Bachelors Degree36,7658.49%
Graduate Degree24,8875.75%

Detroit Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Black344,477281,75641,296
White49,78740,44614,965
Hispanic26,03212,9991,113
Other Race10,7225,043380
Multiple Races6,3695,2081,339
Asian6,1284,5822,821
Native American1,6801,243109
Islander9446

The highest rate of high school graduation is among black people with a rate of 81.79%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among black people with a rate of 46.03%.

Detroit Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$25,438$26,775$23,823
Less Than High School$17,779$21,063$14,683
High School Grad$21,729$24,352$19,809
Some College$25,695$28,598$23,761
Bachelors Degree$37,854$39,803$36,969
Graduate Degree$51,262$55,173$50,117

$25,438

Average Earnings

$26,775

Average Male

$23,823

Average Female

Detroit Language

Detroit Language by Age

Detroit Language

89.17% of Detroit residents speak only English, while 10.83% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 6.62% of the population.

Detroit Poverty

Detroit Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black530,864199,99037.67%
White64,38323,55836.59%
Hispanic51,12419,99139.10%
Other20,3537,36036.16%
Multiple12,5985,33142.32%
Asian9,5364,00141.96%
Native2,3011,12348.80%
Islander1023433.33%

37.85%

Overall Poverty Rate

36.98%

Male Poverty Rate

38.63%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Detroit

The race most likely to be in poverty in Detroit is Native, with 48.80% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Detroit is Islander, with 33.33% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 8.31%. Among those working part-time, it was 36.61%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 44.98%.

Detroit Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School45.27%
High School33.27%
Some College26.80%
Bachelors or Greater13.21%

Detroit Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed57.35%
Male Unemployed52.58%
Female Employed20.21%
Male Employed15.05%

Detroit Income

Detroit Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$27,838$40,314
Families$33,478$46,356
Married Families$53,418$68,173
Non Families$19,696$30,507

Detroit Marital Status

Detroit Marital Status

Marriage Rates

22.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

24.7%

Male Marriage Rate

21.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Detroit Married by Age and Sex

Detroit Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

Detroit Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Detroit Veterans

Detroit Veterans by War

28,572

Number of Veterans

26,087

Male Veterans

2,485

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam10,161
First Gulf War3,688
Second Gulf War2,889
Korea2,585
World War II1,358

Detroit Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 747,461
55 to 646,638
35 to 546,598
75+6,329
18 to 341,546

Detroit Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
Black23,6775.87%
White3,9455.28%
2 or More4725.92%
Hispanic4641.46%
Indian20210.94%
Other1761.36%
Asian750.93%
Hawaiian2526.60%

Detroit Veterans by Education

19.39%

Veteran Poverty Rate

36.00%

Veteran Disability Rate

Detroit Employment Status

Detroit Employment by Age

53.6%

Labor Force Participation

42.9%

Employment Rate

19.8%

Unemployment Rate

Detroit Employment by Race

Detroit Employment by Education

Detroit Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

75.12%

Born in Michigan

94.25%

Native Born

5.75%

Foreign Born

3.53%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

94.25% of Detroit residents were born in the United States, with 75.12% having been born in Michigan. 3.53% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.