Durham, North Carolina Population 2018

Durham is a city in North Carolina that serves as the county seat for Durham County. The city is the fourth most populous in the state with a population of 263,016 according to recent estimates. Durham is most-known for its role within the “Research Triangle” of North Carolina, which also includes the cities of Raleigh and Chapel Hill. The city is home to Duke University and is a diverse city that is known for its cultural events, schools and institutions, sports, music and the arts.

Durham History

Durham was incorporated as a city in 1869, but its history began long before that. The Eno and the Occoneechi were believed to have first lived in the area and it is thought that there was once a village named Adshusheer located where Durham currently stands. In its early history, prior to the development of the region’s railroad, Durham was an agricultural center. The development of Hillsborough Road, which served as a major route through the state, led to population growth. A railroad depot was constructed prior to the Civil War. While growth was slow before the war, the end of the Civil War brought about much more rapid population growth. This was primarily because of the city’s thriving tobacco industry.

Durham was incorporated as a city in 1869. The early 1900s saw continued population growth because of the tobacco industry. Washington Duke's W. Duke & Sons Tobacco Company was a prosperous company that brought wealth to the city. However, antitrust laws broke up what was a monopoly, allowing the family to retain American Tobacco. The Dukes went on to become involved in the generation of electric power, establishing Duke Power, which is now known as Duke Energy and provided electricity to residents in North Carolina before eventually expanded to other states.

The city faced some troubles in 1914 when a fire destroyed much of the downtown business district. This led to the establishment of a city water system. Durham in its earliest years also became known its black community, with an area known as Hayti becoming home to some of the most successful black-owned businesses in the 20th century. The first publicly supported liberal arts college for blacks was also founded here in 1910. This university – North Carolina Central University – wasn’t the only institution the city became known for. Later, Trinity College became Duke University and is one of the most renowned colleges in the country.

Today, Duke University and Duke Medical Center are two of the city’s largest employers. City officials have also tackled a revitalization of the downtown area, including the construction of the $80 million “City Center Tower.” Other projects are currently underway, including the construction of a boutique hotel, upscale restaurants, and a contemporary art museum.

Durham Demographics

The city of Durham has an estimated population of over 263,000 residents. The city has a land area of over 108 square miles, with a population density of 2,100 people per square mile. Data from Durham’s 2010 census show that the population is 42.45% white, 40.96% black, 5.07% Asian, 14.22% Hispanic or Latino, 8.28% other race, and 2.66% mixed race. Over 22% of the population is under the age of 18. Over 33% are in the 25 to 44 age range, while just 8.9% are aged 65 or older. The median age for the city is 32.1 years. There is a higher ratio of females to males living in Durham, with 86.9 males for every 100 females.

Population estimates according to 2014 data show that Durham is the second fastest-growing city in North Carolina. It is the 46th fastest-growing in the country. A total of 18.6% of the population lives below the federal poverty line. Over 34,000 people are employed by Duke University and the Duke University Health System. Other major employers include IBM, Blue Cross & Blue Shield of NC, and the City of Durham, just to name a few.

Durham Population Growth

The city of Durham has seen rapid population growth throughout its history. Most recently, the population has grown over 15% between the 2010 census and estimates taken in 2016. Prior to that, the censuses between 2000 and 2010 recorded over 22% growth. A thriving economy, jobs at major companies, and educational opportunities will keep the city of Durham’s population on the upswing far into the future.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017267,7434,6051.75%
2016263,1385,7492.23%
2015257,3895,3862.14%
2014252,0036,3782.60%
2013245,6255,7822.41%
2012239,8435,7722.47%
2011234,0714,8942.14%
2010229,17742,1422.05%
2000187,03550,4243.19%
1990136,61135,4623.05%
1980101,1495,7110.58%
197095,43817,1362.00%
196078,3026,9910.94%
195071,31111,1161.71%
194060,1958,1581.47%
193052,03730,3189.13%
192021,7193,4781.76%
191018,24111,56210.57%
19006,6791,1941.99%
18905,4850.00%

Durham Population in 2018Source: By Atlpedia [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White120,591
Black or African American100,583
Asian12,873
Some Other Race9,093
Two or More Races7,550
American Indian and Alaska Native946
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander125

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Durham Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Durham Median Age

33.3


Total

32.3


Male

34.3


Female

Durham Adults

There are 195,115 adults, (25,680 of which are seniors) in Durham.

Durham Age Dependency

48.6

Age Dependency Ratio

15.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Durham Sex Ratio

Female

133,481

53.02%

Male

118,280

46.98%

Durham Households and Families

Durham Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Durham Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married72.4%27.6%
All48.7%51.3%
Non Family35.9%64.1%
Male34.9%65.1%
Female33%67%

48.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Durham Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All103,0762.3448.7
Non Family45,1831.3235.9
Married37,5743.0672.4
Female15,6863.2433
Male4,6333.4634.9

3.04

Average Family Size

2.34

Average Household Size

6.1%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.7%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Durham Households

Durham Education

Durham Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade10,4016.24%
9th to 12th Grade11,2856.77%
High School Graduate26,56715.93%
Some College27,74416.64%
Associates Degree10,1846.11%
Bachelors Degree42,83925.69%
Graduate Degree37,73922.63%

Durham Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White74,13971,60449,632
Black63,65655,35521,298
Hispanic17,8677,8912,225
Asian8,5507,7666,176
Other Race5,2831,797305
Multiple Races2,8742,5251,341
Native American53246975
Islander777722

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 72.23%.

Durham Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$37,010$39,531$35,524
Less Than High School$17,646$20,257$15,230
High School Grad$24,850$27,408$21,907
Some College$31,193$35,688$28,348
Bachelors Degree$44,834$48,814$41,492
Graduate Degree$55,881$63,927$52,189

$37,010

Average Earnings

$39,531

Average Male

$35,524

Average Female

Durham Language

Durham Language by Age

Durham Language

79.93% of Durham residents speak only English, while 20.07% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 12.78% of the population.

Durham Poverty

Durham Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black96,56622,67323.48%
Hispanic34,23511,08732.38%
White93,9057,9188.43%
Other8,7442,61129.86%
Asian11,7282,04317.42%
Multiple7,2721,55821.42%
Native92835638.36%
Islander11597.83%

18.47%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.44%

Male Poverty Rate

19.39%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Durham

The race most likely to be in poverty in Durham is Native, with 38.36% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Durham is Islander, with 7.83% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.48%. Among those working part-time, it was 25.98%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 29.89%.

Durham Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School35.15%
High School20.82%
Some College13.75%
Bachelors or Greater5.42%

Durham Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed44.95%
Male Unemployed33.27%
Female Employed10.93%
Male Employed7.92%

Durham Income

Durham Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$52,115$73,462
Families$68,255$89,393
Married Families$92,737$114,533
Non Families$37,664$50,913

Durham Marital Status

Durham Marital Status

Marriage Rates

40.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.7%

Male Marriage Rate

37.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Durham Married by Age and Sex

Durham Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Durham Marital Status by Race

Durham Veterans

Durham Veterans by War

12,022

Number of Veterans

10,760

Male Veterans

1,262

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam3,808
First Gulf War2,911
Second Gulf War2,269
Korea755
World War II572

Durham Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 543,789
55 to 642,771
65 to 742,214
75+2,063
18 to 341,185

Durham Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
Black6,1568.04%
White5,4515.65%
Hispanic5232.44%
2 or More2446.22%
Other891.43%
Indian425.45%
Asian400.37%

Durham Veterans by Education

7.77%

Veteran Poverty Rate

25.79%

Veteran Disability Rate

Durham Employment Status

Durham Employment by Age

69.7%

Labor Force Participation

65%

Employment Rate

6.5%

Unemployment Rate

Durham Employment by Race

Durham Employment by Education

Durham Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

48.99%

Born in North Carolina

85.53%

Native Born

14.47%

Foreign Born

10.35%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

85.53% of Durham residents were born in the United States, with 48.99% having been born in North Carolina. 10.35% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.