El Paso, Texas Population 2018

El Paso is the county seat of El Paso County in West Texas. El Paso is located on the Rio Grande just across the border from Juarez, Mexico. In 2015, El Paso has an estimated population of 679,000, which makes it the 19th most populous city in the U.S.

The estimated population of El Paso gives it a population density of 2,500 people per square mile (980/square mile). The larger metropolitan area, covering all of Hudspeth and El Paso counties, has a population of 837,000 while the El Paso-Las Cruces CSA has a population of 1.05 million. Juarez, Mexico and El Paso form a large international metropolitan area often called the Paso del Norte or the El Paso-Juarez-Las Cruces with more than 2.7 million residents. This forms the Western Hemisphere's largest bilingual, binational work force.

El Paso has been ranked as one of the top three safest large U.S. cities since 1997 and the safest for the last three years. The city is known for its strong military presence, including Biggs Army Airfield and Fort Bliss -- one of the largest U.S. Army military complexes and the country's largest training area. El Paso is also the headquarters for the U.S. Border Patrol Special Operations Group, the Joint Task Force North, and the El Paso Intelligence Center.

El Paso Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial composition of El Paso was 81% White (14% non-Hispanic), 3.5% Black or African American, 1% Asian, and 0.7% Native American. Hispanics and Latinos of any race account for almost 81% of the population, up from 57% in 1970, when the non-Hispanic white population was 40%.

El Paso History

The El Paso area has been inhabited for thousands of years, originally by maize farmers. When the Spanish arrived, the Suma, Manso, and Jumano people lived in the area and were later incorporated into the Mestizo culture with immigrants from other parts of Texas.

Spanish explorer Don Juan de Onate was the first New Spain or Mexican explorer to see the Rio Grande near El Paso, celebrating Thanksgiving Mass in the area in 1598, which was decades before the famous Pilgrims' Thanksgiving.

The Our Lady of Guadelupe Mission of El Paso del Norte was established by Fray Garcia de San Francisco in 1659. It was the construction of this mission that allowed the village of El Paso del Norte to grow.

The Texas Revolution in 1836 did not affect the area much, although the El Paso area was claimed by Texas as part of a treaty with Mexico. The village of El Paso remained a self-governing community with Texan and Mexican representatives until Texas took full control in 1846. Americans continued settling in the area during this time.

The city of El Paso experienced a booming population when the railroads arrived, with the population exploding by more than 9,000 between 1881 and 1890. Most were Americans from Texas. The city became a violent boomtown called the Six Shooter Capital with gambling and prostitution flourishing until WWI, when the Army pressured authorities to crack down on the city's vices.

By 1920, the population was more than 100,000 with a white majority. It wasn't until 1965 that Hispanics once more claimed a majority in the city.

The first bridge crossing the Rio Grande at El Paso del Norte was constructed more than 250 years ago. There are now several bridges serving the area, including the Santa Fe Street Bridge, the Bridge of the Americas, and the Ysleta Bridge.

El Paso Population Growth

While the Texas population grew by 20% from 2000 to 2010, El Paso grew by 15% during the same time period. A great deal of the growth is attributed to people leaving the fringe communities and moving into the large urban center of El Paso. The growth in the Hispanic population is attributed to immigration and high fertility rates. It's believed Hispanics and Latinos will have an 85% share of the population by 2020, although the military presence and university will maintain diversity in the city.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017683,5772,7800.41%
2016680,7974,4060.65%
2015676,391-141-0.02%
2014676,5322,5890.38%
2013673,9431980.03%
2012673,7459,9451.50%
2011663,80013,2142.03%
2010650,58686,9241.44%
2000563,66248,3200.90%
1990515,34290,0831.94%
1980425,259102,9982.81%
1970322,26145,5741.54%
1960276,687146,2027.81%
1950130,48533,6753.03%
194096,810-5,611-0.56%
1930102,42124,8612.82%
192077,56038,2817.04%
191039,27923,3739.46%
190015,9065,5684.40%
189010,3389,63830.90%
18807000.00%

El Paso Population in 2018Source: By Dicklyon [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White556,317
Some Other Race66,625
Black or African American25,741
Two or More Races16,128
Asian8,637
American Indian and Alaska Native3,918
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander900

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

El Paso Population Pyramid 2018

5,00010,00015,00020,00025,00030,000 Male Population5,00010,00015,00020,00025,00030,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

El Paso Median Age

32.8


Total

30.8


Male

35


Female

El Paso Adults

There are 493,530 adults, (82,785 of whom are seniors) in El Paso.

El Paso Age Dependency

65.1

Age Dependency Ratio

20.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

45

Child Dependency Ratio

El Paso Sex Ratio

Female

347,906

51.29%

Male

330,360

48.71%

El Paso Households and Families

El Paso Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

El Paso Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married71.4%28.6%
All59.5%40.5%
Male54.3%45.7%
Female50.7%49.3%
Non Family45.9%54.1%

59.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

El Paso Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All223,1643.0159.5
Married106,5413.7171.4
Non Family61,6131.1845.9
Female42,3133.7450.7
Male12,6973.5154.3

3.63

Average Family Size

3.01

Average Household Size

3.9%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

El Paso Households

El Paso Education

El Paso Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade53,19912.72%
9th to 12th Grade34,6198.28%
High School Graduate98,77823.62%
Some College98,81423.63%
Associates Degree32,1137.68%
Bachelors Degree68,22916.31%
Graduate Degree32,4577.76%

El Paso Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic328,307244,78465,708
White65,18162,40926,510
Other Race40,68827,3486,686
Black15,04914,1604,140
Multiple Races7,2006,4652,495
Asian6,2825,7333,101
Native American2,5152,095517
Islander662613253

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 95.75%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 49.36%.

El Paso Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$30,063$35,624$24,465
Less Than High School$16,312$20,704$12,818
High School Grad$23,940$28,813$19,018
Some College$29,252$36,711$23,388
Bachelors Degree$46,022$51,267$41,924
Graduate Degree$60,086$70,687$53,462

$30,063

Average Earnings

$35,624

Average Male

$24,465

Average Female

El Paso Language

El Paso Language by Age

El Paso Language

30.04% of El Paso residents speak only English, while 69.96% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 67.72% of the population.

El Paso Poverty

El Paso Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic543,060123,00422.65%
Other64,67518,97529.34%
White89,8738,8139.81%
Black24,8463,22012.96%
Multiple15,8762,31914.61%
Native3,78396625.54%
Asian8,54889210.44%
Islander90017819.78%

20.33%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.94%

Male Poverty Rate

22.58%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in El Paso

The race most likely to be in poverty in El Paso is Other, with 29.34% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in El Paso is White, with 9.81% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.19%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.49%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 28.48%.

El Paso Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School33.24%
High School17.66%
Some College12.04%
Bachelors or Greater5.65%

El Paso Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed39.44%
Male Unemployed30.07%
Female Employed12.24%
Male Employed9.12%

El Paso Income

El Paso Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$44,431$60,383
Families$50,247$67,059
Married Families$62,139$79,846
Non Families$27,481$39,880

El Paso Marital Status

El Paso Marital Status

Marriage Rates

45.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

48.8%

Male Marriage Rate

42.8%

Female Marriage Rate

El Paso Married by Age and Sex

El Paso Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

El Paso Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

El Paso Veterans

El Paso Veterans by War

43,826

Number of Veterans

38,186

Male Veterans

5,640

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Second Gulf War15,498
First Gulf War12,954
Vietnam11,825
Korea2,244
World War II926

El Paso Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 5414,087
18 to 348,721
55 to 647,716
65 to 747,514
75+5,788

El Paso Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White34,6478.68%
Hispanic22,4565.79%
Black5,51734.35%
Other1,8383.83%
2 or More97211.04%
Indian41914.65%
Asian3525.40%
Hawaiian8111.79%

El Paso Veterans by Education

6.38%

Veteran Poverty Rate

25.25%

Veteran Disability Rate

El Paso Employment Status

El Paso Employment by Age

61.6%

Labor Force Participation

55.3%

Employment Rate

6.9%

Unemployment Rate

El Paso Employment by Race

El Paso Employment by Education

El Paso Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

57.17%

Born in Texas

75.52%

Native Born

24.48%

Foreign Born

13.33%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

75.52% of El Paso residents were born in the United States, with 57.17% having been born in Texas. 13.33% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.