El Paso, Texas Population 2020

682,669

El Paso is the county seat of El Paso County in West Texas. El Paso is located on the Rio Grande just across the border from Juarez, Mexico. El Paso has an estimated population of 682,669, which makes it the 19th most populous city in the U.S.

The estimated population of El Paso gives it a population density of 2,500 people per square mile (980/square mile). The larger metropolitan area, covering all of Hudspeth and El Paso counties, has a population of 837,000 while the El Paso- Las Cruces CSA has a population of 1.05 million. Juarez, Mexico, and El Paso form a broad international metropolitan area often called the Paso del Norte or the El Paso-Juarez-Las Cruces with more than 2.7 million residents. This constitutes the Western Hemisphere's largest bilingual, binational work force.

El Paso has been ranked as one of the top three safest large U.S. cities since 1997 and the safest for the last three years. The city is known for its strong military presence, including Biggs Army Airfield and Fort Bliss -- one of the largest U.S. Army military complexes and the country's largest training area. El Paso is also the headquarters for the U.S. Border Patrol Special Operations Group, the Joint Task Force North, and the El Paso Intelligence Center.

El Paso History

The El Paso area has been inhabited for thousands of years, initially by maize farmers. When the Spanish arrived, the Suma, Manso, and Jumano people lived in the area and were incorporated later into the Mestizo culture with immigrants from other parts of Texas.

Spanish explorer Don Juan de Onate was the first New Spain or Mexican explorer to see the Rio Grande near El Paso, celebrating Thanksgiving Mass in the area in 1598, which was decades before the famous Pilgrims' Thanksgiving.

Fray Garcia de San Francisco established the Our Lady of Guadalupe Mission of El Paso del Norte in 1659. It was the construction of this mission that allowed the village of El Paso del Norte to grow.

The Texas Revolution in 1836 did not affect the area much, although Texas claimed the El Paso area as part of a treaty with Mexico. The village of El Paso remained a self-governing community with Texan and Mexican representatives until Texas took full control in 1846. Americans continued settling in the area during this time.

The city of El Paso experienced a booming population when the railroads arrived, with the population exploding by more than 9,000 between 1881 and 1890. Most were Americans from Texas. The city became a violent boomtown called the Six Shooter Capital with gambling and prostitution flourishing until WWI when the Army pressured authorities to crack down on the city's vices.

By 1920, the population was more than 100,000 with a white majority. It wasn't until 1965 that Hispanics once more claimed a majority in the city.

The first bridge crossing the Rio Grande at El Paso del Norte was constructed more than 250 years ago. There are now several bridges serving the area, including the Santa Fe Street Bridge, the Bridge of the Americas, and the Ysleta Bridge.

El Paso Population Growth

While the Texas population grew by 20% from 2000 to 2010, El Paso grew by 15% during the same period. A great deal of the growth is attributed to people leaving the fringe communities and moving into the large urban center of El Paso. The increase in the Hispanic population is attributed to immigration and high fertility rates. It's believed Hispanics and Latinos will have an 85% share of the population by 2020, although the military presence and university will maintain diversity in the city.

El Paso, Texas's estimated population is 682,669 according to the most recent United States census estimates. El Paso, Texas is the 6th largest city in Texas based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 2652.64 people/mi² (1024.19 people/km²).

The overall median age is 32.9 years, 31 years for males, and 35.1 years for females. For every 100 females there are 95.8 males.

The median income for households in El Paso, Texas is $, while the mean household income is $.

El Paso Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of El Paso was:

  • White: 80.80%
  • Other race: 10.68%
  • Black or African American: 3.80%
  • Two or more races: 2.66%
  • Asian: 1.37%
  • Native American: 0.54%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.16%

How Many People Live in El Paso, Texas?

682,669
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018682,669-269-0.04%
2017682,9381,4530.21%
2016681,4854,2320.62%
2015677,253-492-0.07%
2014677,7452,5230.37%
2013675,222170.00%
2012675,20510,6841.61%
2011664,52113,8132.12%
2010650,70887,0461.45%
2000563,66248,3200.90%
1990515,34290,0831.94%
1980425,259102,9982.81%
1970322,26145,5741.54%
1960276,687146,2027.81%
1950130,48533,6753.03%
194096,810-5,611-0.56%
1930102,42124,8612.82%
192077,56038,2817.04%
191039,27923,3739.46%
190015,9065,5684.40%
189010,3389,63830.90%
18807000.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018845,5534080.05%
2017845,1452,8850.34%
2016842,2604,7600.57%
2015837,500-800-0.10%
2014838,3003,2130.38%
2013835,087-1,186-0.14%
2012836,27312,6451.51%
2011823,62816,5012.00%
2010807,1270.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White549,70080.80%
Some Other Race72,67710.68%
Black or African American25,8353.80%
Two or More Races18,0962.66%
Asian9,3291.37%
American Indian and Alaska Native3,6510.54%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,0660.16%

El Paso Population Pyramid 2020

El Paso Median Age

32.9


Total

31


Male

35.1


Female

El Paso Adults

There are 497,424 adults, (84,690 of whom are seniors) in El Paso.

El Paso Age Dependency

64.8

Age Dependency Ratio

20.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

44.3

Child Dependency Ratio

El Paso Sex Ratio

Female

347,556

51.08%

Male

332,798

48.92%

El Paso Households and Families

El Paso Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

El Paso Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married71.3%28.7%
All59.1%40.9%
Male54.8%45.2%
Female50.4%49.6%
Non Family45.8%54.2%

59.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All225,2642.9959.1
Married105,8223.7171.3
Non Family64,2821.1945.8
Female41,7603.7550.4
Male13,4003.5554.8

3.63

Average Family Size

2.99

Average Household Size

4.1%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

El Paso Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade51,38712.19%
9th to 12th Grade34,6648.22%
High School Graduate98,73023.42%
Some College99,71423.66%
Associates Degree33,0937.85%
Bachelors Degree69,13716.40%
Graduate Degree34,8018.26%

El Paso Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic332,444250,72167,671
White63,93661,10326,965
Other Race44,55929,2136,569
Black15,28314,5264,544
Multiple Races7,7196,9182,340
Asian6,7916,1393,598
Native American2,4531,995546
Islander534521139

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 97.57%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 52.98%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$30,592$36,198$25,136
Less Than High School$16,899$21,633$13,442
High School Grad$24,662$29,557$19,302
Some College$29,210$36,432$23,793
Bachelors Degree$47,479$53,391$42,611
Graduate Degree$61,504$73,288$55,242

$30,592

Average Earnings

$36,198

Average Male

$25,136

Average Female

El Paso Language

El Paso Language by Age

El Paso Language

30.67% of El Paso residents speak only English, while 69.33% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 67.01% of the population.

El Paso Poverty

El Paso Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic545,323120,34622.07%
Other70,59920,31528.78%
White88,4069,26110.48%
Black24,9073,18112.77%
Multiple17,8102,88716.21%
Asian9,23594610.24%
Native3,52483623.72%
Islander1,06667963.70%

20.00%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.98%

Male Poverty Rate

21.92%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in El Paso

The race most likely to be in poverty in El Paso is Islander, with 63.70% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in El Paso is Asian, with 10.24% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.98%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.66%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 27.97%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School32.07%
High School17.70%
Some College12.15%
Bachelors or Greater6.00%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed38.23%
Male Unemployed31.80%
Female Employed12.11%
Male Employed8.72%

El Paso Income

El Paso Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$45,656$62,132
Families$51,699$69,241
Married Families$63,666$81,937
Non Families$27,970$41,133

El Paso Marital Status

El Paso Marital Status

Marriage Rates

45.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

48.0%

Male Marriage Rate

42.4%

Female Marriage Rate

El Paso Married by Age and Sex

El Paso Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

El Paso Marital Status by Race

El Paso Veterans

43,536

Number of Veterans

37,956

Male Veterans

5,580

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War17,134
First Gulf War12,705
Vietnam11,011
Korea2,159
World War II879
Age Group Veterans
35 to 5414,143
18 to 349,191
65 to 747,458
55 to 646,976
75+5,768

El Paso Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White34,1668.59%
Hispanic22,1755.66%
Black5,59333.92%
Other1,8833.59%
2 or More1,09111.55%
Asian4436.24%
Indian33111.89%
Hawaiian294.05%

El Paso Veterans by Education

6.28%

Veteran Poverty Rate

25.51%

Veteran Disability Rate

El Paso Employment Status

62%

Labor Force Participation

55.9%

Employment Rate

6.7%

Unemployment Rate

El Paso Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

57.74%

Born in Texas

76.16%

Native Born

23.84%

Foreign Born

12.51%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

76.16% of El Paso residents were born in the United States, with 57.74% having been born in Texas. 12.51% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.