El Paso, Texas Population 2018

El Paso is the county seat of El Paso County in West Texas. El Paso is located on the Rio Grande just across the border from Juarez, Mexico. In 2015, El Paso has an estimated population of 679,000, which makes it the 19th most populous city in the U.S.

The estimated population of El Paso gives it a population density of 2,500 people per square mile (980/square mile). The larger metropolitan area, covering all of Hudspeth and El Paso counties, has a population of 837,000 while the El Paso-Las Cruces CSA has a population of 1.05 million. Juarez, Mexico and El Paso form a large international metropolitan area often called the Paso del Norte or the El Paso-Juarez-Las Cruces with more than 2.7 million residents. This forms the Western Hemisphere's largest bilingual, binational work force.

El Paso has been ranked as one of the top three safest large U.S. cities since 1997 and the safest for the last three years. The city is known for its strong military presence, including Biggs Army Airfield and Fort Bliss -- one of the largest U.S. Army military complexes and the country's largest training area. El Paso is also the headquarters for the U.S. Border Patrol Special Operations Group, the Joint Task Force North, and the El Paso Intelligence Center.

El Paso Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial composition of El Paso was 81% White (14% non-Hispanic), 3.5% Black or African American, 1% Asian, and 0.7% Native American. Hispanics and Latinos of any race account for almost 81% of the population, up from 57% in 1970, when the non-Hispanic white population was 40%.

El Paso History

The El Paso area has been inhabited for thousands of years, originally by maize farmers. When the Spanish arrived, the Suma, Manso, and Jumano people lived in the area and were later incorporated into the Mestizo culture with immigrants from other parts of Texas.

Spanish explorer Don Juan de Onate was the first New Spain or Mexican explorer to see the Rio Grande near El Paso, celebrating Thanksgiving Mass in the area in 1598, which was decades before the famous Pilgrims' Thanksgiving.

The Our Lady of Guadelupe Mission of El Paso del Norte was established by Fray Garcia de San Francisco in 1659. It was the construction of this mission that allowed the village of El Paso del Norte to grow.

The Texas Revolution in 1836 did not affect the area much, although the El Paso area was claimed by Texas as part of a treaty with Mexico. The village of El Paso remained a self-governing community with Texan and Mexican representatives until Texas took full control in 1846. Americans continued settling in the area during this time.

The city of El Paso experienced a booming population when the railroads arrived, with the population exploding by more than 9,000 between 1881 and 1890. Most were Americans from Texas. The city became a violent boomtown called the Six Shooter Capital with gambling and prostitution flourishing until WWI, when the Army pressured authorities to crack down on the city's vices.

By 1920, the population was more than 100,000 with a white majority. It wasn't until 1965 that Hispanics once more claimed a majority in the city.

The first bridge crossing the Rio Grande at El Paso del Norte was constructed more than 250 years ago. There are now several bridges serving the area, including the Santa Fe Street Bridge, the Bridge of the Americas, and the Ysleta Bridge.

El Paso Population Growth

While the Texas population grew by 20% from 2000 to 2010, El Paso grew by 15% during the same time period. A great deal of the growth is attributed to people leaving the fringe communities and moving into the large urban center of El Paso. The growth in the Hispanic population is attributed to immigration and high fertility rates. It's believed Hispanics and Latinos will have an 85% share of the population by 2020, although the military presence and university will maintain diversity in the city.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017683,5772,7800.41%
2016680,7974,4060.65%
2015676,391-141-0.02%
2014676,5322,5890.38%
2013673,9431980.03%
2012673,7459,9451.50%
2011663,80013,2142.03%
2010650,58686,9241.44%
2000563,66248,3200.90%
1990515,34290,0831.94%
1980425,259102,9982.81%
1970322,26145,5741.54%
1960276,687146,2027.81%
1950130,48533,6753.03%
194096,810-5,611-0.56%
1930102,42124,8612.82%
192077,56038,2817.04%
191039,27923,3739.46%
190015,9065,5684.40%
189010,3389,63830.90%
18807000.00%

El Paso Population in 2018Source: By Dicklyon [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White567,175
Some Other Race56,129
Black or African American25,922
Two or More Races15,079
Asian8,574
American Indian and Alaska Native4,006
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,173

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

El Paso Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

El Paso Median Age

32.6


Total

30.5


Male

34.9


Female

El Paso Adults

There are 491,592 adults, (82,045 of which are seniors) in El Paso.

El Paso Age Dependency

65.6

Age Dependency Ratio

20.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

45.5

Child Dependency Ratio

El Paso Sex Ratio

Female

347,639

51.27%

Male

330,419

48.73%

El Paso Households and Families

El Paso Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

El Paso Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married70.3%29.7%
All59.2%40.8%
Male52.3%47.7%
Female51.1%48.9%
Non Family46.3%53.7%

59.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

El Paso Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All221,5503.0359.2
Married107,7593.770.3
Non Family59,8901.1946.3
Female41,9993.7551.1
Male11,9023.5952.3

3.64

Average Family Size

3.03

Average Household Size

3.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

El Paso Households

El Paso Education

El Paso Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade53,83512.95%
9th to 12th Grade35,0768.44%
High School Graduate100,18724.10%
Some College97,29223.41%
Associates Degree31,1547.50%
Bachelors Degree67,42016.22%
Graduate Degree30,6947.38%

El Paso Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic323,724239,44563,125
White67,48564,43426,869
Other Race33,76723,2746,292
Black15,03014,0923,963
Multiple Races6,8225,8542,298
Asian6,1515,5582,994
Native American2,5372,064581
Islander698636149

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 95.48%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 48.68%.

El Paso Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$29,029$35,012$23,228
Less Than High School$15,786$20,011$12,474
High School Grad$23,111$27,821$18,695
Some College$28,524$36,076$22,685
Bachelors Degree$45,412$51,230$40,376
Graduate Degree$58,349$68,614$52,080

$29,029

Average Earnings

$35,012

Average Male

$23,228

Average Female

El Paso Language

El Paso Language by Age

El Paso Language

29.68% of El Paso residents speak only English, while 70.32% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 68.00% of the population.

El Paso Poverty

El Paso Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic539,344127,85423.71%
Other54,28616,55530.50%
White93,1298,2768.89%
Black25,1473,59414.29%
Multiple14,7562,18114.78%
Native3,8231,12229.35%
Asian8,5047178.43%
Islander1,16324721.24%

20.99%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.73%

Male Poverty Rate

23.13%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in El Paso

The race most likely to be in poverty in El Paso is Other, with 30.50% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in El Paso is Asian, with 8.43% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.59%. Among those working part-time, it was 23.29%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 28.70%.

El Paso Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School33.39%
High School17.50%
Some College12.38%
Bachelors or Greater6.12%

El Paso Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed38.03%
Male Unemployed32.54%
Female Employed12.73%
Male Employed9.64%

El Paso Income

El Paso Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$43,322$58,902
Families$48,981$64,909
Married Families$59,809$77,104
Non Families$26,655$39,643

El Paso Marital Status

El Paso Marital Status

Marriage Rates

46.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

49.8%

Male Marriage Rate

43.5%

Female Marriage Rate

El Paso Married by Age and Sex

El Paso Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

El Paso Marital Status by Race

El Paso Veterans

El Paso Veterans by War

44,580

Number of Veterans

39,180

Male Veterans

5,400

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Second Gulf War14,463
Vietnam12,721
First Gulf War12,324
Korea2,679
World War II1,332

El Paso Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 5413,887
55 to 648,368
18 to 348,316
65 to 747,534
75+6,475

El Paso Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White35,8738.86%
Hispanic22,7485.94%
Black5,38833.89%
Other1,7344.30%
2 or More7909.59%
Indian36713.17%
Asian2734.22%
Hawaiian15521.74%

El Paso Veterans by Education

7.16%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.20%

Veteran Disability Rate

El Paso Employment Status

El Paso Employment by Age

61.4%

Labor Force Participation

54.4%

Employment Rate

7.7%

Unemployment Rate

El Paso Employment by Race

El Paso Employment by Education

El Paso Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

56.92%

Born in Texas

75.64%

Native Born

24.36%

Foreign Born

13.49%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

75.64% of El Paso residents were born in the United States, with 56.92% having been born in Texas. 13.49% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.