Elgin, Illinois Population 2019

Elgin, Illinois's estimated population is 111,683 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Elgin, Illinois is the 7th largest city in Illinois based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 2973.10 people/mi² (1147.92 people/km²).

The overall median age is 34.1 years, 32.9 years for males, and 35.3 years for females. For every 100 females there are 103.1 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 38,556 households in the city, with an average size of 3.08 people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.5%, with a median rent of $1027/month. The median house has 5.7 rooms, and has a value of $171,200.

The median income for households in Elgin, Illinois is $63,655, while the mean household income is $79,105.

Elgin Il Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Elgin Il was:

  • White: 61.74%
  • Other race: 21.84%
  • Black or African American: 6.64%
  • Asian: 6.15%
  • Two or more races: 2.80%
  • Native American: 0.84%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
LatLng(42.0396, -88.3217)
Rank in State7th
StateIllinois
CountyCook County
Time ZoneCentral Time Zone
Land Area (km²)97.29 (37.56 mi²)
Water Area (km²)1.28 (0.49 mi²)
TypeCity
GEOID1723074
Density (km²)1,147.92
Density (mi²)2,973.10
Area Code(s)224 / 847
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018111,683-498-0.44%
2017112,181-141-0.13%
2016112,3223040.27%
2015112,0189640.87%
2014111,0549260.84%
2013110,1284630.42%
2012109,6655050.46%
2011109,1608400.78%
2010108,32013,8331.38%
200094,48717,4772.07%
199077,01013,3421.92%
198063,6687,9771.35%
197055,6916,2441.20%
196049,4475,2241.12%
195044,2235,8901.44%
194038,3332,4040.65%
193035,9298,4752.73%
192027,4541,4780.55%
191025,9763,5431.48%
190022,4334,6102.33%
189017,8239,0367.33%
18808,7873,3464.91%
18705,4412,6446.88%
18602,7970.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20189,498,716-22,068-0.23%
20179,520,784-19,360-0.20%
20169,540,144-17,736-0.19%
20159,557,880-6,734-0.07%
20149,564,61411,3460.12%
20139,553,26823,4950.25%
20129,529,77328,7820.30%
20119,500,99130,1110.32%
20109,470,8800.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
White69,533
Some Other Race24,599
Black or African American7,474
Asian6,925
Two or More Races3,150
American Indian and Alaska Native947

Elgin Il Population Pyramid 2019

Elgin Il Median Age

34.1


Total

32.9


Male

35.3


Female

Elgin Il Adults

There are 82,036 adults, (12,509 of whom are seniors) in Elgin Il.

Elgin Il Age Dependency

62

Age Dependency Ratio

18

Old Age Dependency Ratio

44

Child Dependency Ratio

Elgin Il Sex Ratio

Female

55,447

49.23%

Male

57,181

50.77%

Elgin Il Households and Families

Elgin Il Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Elgin Il Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married77.3%22.7%
All66.9%33.1%
Non Family59%41%
Female48.3%51.7%
Male47.8%52.2%

66.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All35,9193.0866.9
Married19,2973.877.3
Non Family10,0651.2659
Female4,4693.748.3
Male2,0883.9947.8

3.67

Average Family Size

3.08

Average Household Size

5.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Elgin Il Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade8,31611.74%
9th to 12th Grade6,7759.57%
High School Graduate17,94825.34%
Some College15,31521.62%
Associates Degree5,1677.30%
Bachelors Degree11,66416.47%
Graduate Degree5,6397.96%

Elgin Il Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White35,06933,08612,166
Hispanic26,27314,4772,271
Other Race13,1766,633572
Asian4,5403,9282,089
Black4,2813,671692
Multiple Races1,110882119
Native American52722018

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.35%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 46.01%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,424$40,159$30,008
Less Than High School$23,677$27,213$19,554
High School Grad$27,439$31,046$24,120
Some College$39,886$45,230$33,107
Bachelors Degree$53,980$62,283$42,438
Graduate Degree$62,474$72,813$59,500

$35,424

Average Earnings

$40,159

Average Male

$30,008

Average Female

Elgin Il Language

Elgin Il Language by Age

Elgin Il Language

54.09% of Elgin Il residents speak only English, while 45.91% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 38.66% of the population.

Elgin Il Poverty

Elgin Il Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic50,1938,17316.28%
Other24,3693,77615.50%
White44,8253,2667.29%
Black7,1862,58435.96%
Multiple3,11270422.62%
Asian6,8943645.28%

13.16%

Overall Poverty Rate

12.50%

Male Poverty Rate

13.84%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Elgin Il

The race most likely to be in poverty in Elgin Il is Black, with 35.96% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Elgin Il is Asian, with 5.28% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.47%. Among those working part-time, it was 15.72%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 19.55%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School17.43%
High School13.01%
Some College8.25%
Bachelors or Greater2.88%
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed27.87%
Female Unemployed21.82%
Female Employed7.57%
Male Employed5.45%

Elgin Il Income

Elgin Il Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$63,655$79,105
Families$73,197$87,900
Married Families$83,490$96,935
Non Families$39,349$50,248

Elgin Il Marital Status

Elgin Il Marital Status

Marriage Rates

49.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

49.4%

Male Marriage Rate

49.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Elgin Il Married by Age and Sex

Elgin Il Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Elgin Il Marital Status by Race

Elgin Il Veterans

3,587

Number of Veterans

3,367

Male Veterans

220

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,110
Korea555
First Gulf War550
Second Gulf War426
World War II215
Age Group Veterans
75+1,024
35 to 54811
55 to 64756
65 to 74653
18 to 34343

Elgin Il Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White3,0315.69%
Black4147.84%
Hispanic4111.27%
Other630.39%
2 or More433.27%
Asian360.67%

Elgin Il Veterans by Education

10.87%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.40%

Veteran Disability Rate

Elgin Il Employment Status

69.8%

Labor Force Participation

64.7%

Employment Rate

7.2%

Unemployment Rate

Elgin Il Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

59.53%

Born in Illinois

73.48%

Native Born

26.52%

Foreign Born

15.75%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

73.48% of Elgin Il residents were born in the United States, with 59.53% having been born in Illinois. 15.75% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.