Elk Grove, California Population 2019

172,886

Elk Grove is located in Sacramento County, California just outside Sacramento. Elk Grove is part of the Sacramento-Arden Arcade-Roseville metropolitan area which has a population of about 2.2 million thanks to rapid growth over the last decade. Elk Grove is Sacramento County's second-largest city and it has a population estimated at 172,886 in 2019.

Diversity

Elk Grove has a very diverse culture with Asians accounting for the largest minority. This isn't surprising as Sacramento is one of America's most ethnically diverse cities. According to the Sacramento Bee, there's an 81% chance that two people picked randomly from Elk Grove or other urban communities in the area will be from different ethnic backgrounds.

The beginning of Elk Grove's ethnic diversity began in 1852 when the McCauleys left the South and moved to the area with 50 former slaves, the first African-Americans in the area. The construction of the railroads in the 1860s introduced a large Chinese community. Other cultures came to Elk Grove in the 1890s, including immigrants from Germany, Portugal, Switzerland, Mexico, and the Philippines. One of the largest immigrant groups of the era was the Japanese who moved from other areas of California thanks to the booming wine industry.

Between the 1940s and 1990s, other groups came to the Sacramento area such as the Dutch in the 1940s, Spaniards in the 1960s, and a surge of immigrants from China, Russia, India, and Vietnam in the 1970s.

History

The area around Sacramento and Elk Grove was explored by a Spaniard named Gabriel Moraga in 1808 who named the valley Sacramento Valley for Sacramento, the Holy Sacrament in Spanish. In 1850, Elk Grove was founded to create a stage stop for people coming from San Francisco and Sacramento. Within twenty years, the Western Division of the Central Pacific Railroad came within one mile of Elk Grove.

Elk Grove remained a small farming town with little development for almost 100 years. It wasn't until suburban developments began in the 1980s that the community began to grow. Elk Grove rapidly grew from a population of just 3,700 in 1970 to 11,000 in 1980 and 59,000 by 2000 when it was incorporated as a city.

Population Growth

In 2004 and 2005, Elk Grove's population growth peaked when it became the fastest growing city in the United States. Between 2000 and 2010, Elk Grove grew an astounding 155% from 59,000 to more than 153,000. While the city's growth has slowed, it remains impressive. A survey found the city has one of the country's fastest growing economies the Sacramento area is one of the fastest growing in the nation. Elk Grove is expected to hit a population of 200,000 by 2029 as the city struggles to keep up with its rapid growth by expanding safety services.

Elk Grove, California's estimated population is 172,886 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Elk Grove, California is the 29th largest city in California based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 4106.00 people/mi² (1585.33 people/km²).

The overall median age is 36 years, 34.4 years for males, and 37.6 years for females. For every 100 females there are 93.4 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 53,164 households in the city, with an average size of 3.22 people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.6%, with a median rent of $1560/month. The median house has 6.4 rooms, and has a value of $349,500.

The median income for households in Elk Grove, California is $85,556, while the mean household income is $104,270.

Elk Grove Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Elk Grove was:

  • White: 45.93%
  • Asian: 28.42%
  • Black or African American: 11.11%
  • Two or more races: 8.43%
  • Other race: 3.92%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 1.50%
  • Native American: 0.67%

How Many People Live in Elk Grove, California?

172,886
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018172,8861,3830.81%
2017171,5032,2601.34%
2016169,2433,1531.90%
2015166,0903,2902.02%
2014162,8002,4861.55%
2013160,3142,1911.39%
2012158,1232,4921.60%
2011155,6312,2371.46%
2010153,39493,3949.84%
200060,00042,51713.12%
199017,4836,5244.78%
198010,9597,23811.41%
19703,7211,5165.37%
19602,2051,6056.72%
19406003982.20%
18902020.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White76,35645.93%
Asian47,24228.42%
Black or African American18,47011.11%
Two or More Races14,0208.43%
Some Other Race6,5203.92%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,5011.50%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,1190.67%

Elk Grove Population Pyramid 2019

Elk Grove Median Age

36


Total

34.4


Male

37.6


Female

Elk Grove Adults

There are 120,943 adults, (18,872 of whom are seniors) in Elk Grove.

Elk Grove Age Dependency

62.9

Age Dependency Ratio

18.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

44.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Elk Grove Sex Ratio

Female

85,967

51.72%

Male

80,261

48.28%

Elk Grove Households and Families

Elk Grove Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Elk Grove Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married79.8%20.2%
All72.7%27.3%
Male65.3%34.7%
Non Family63.4%36.6%
Female58.6%41.4%

72.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All51,3513.2272.7
Married31,0913.7779.8
Non Family10,1861.2563.4
Female7,3893.6158.6
Male2,6853.2965.3

3.63

Average Family Size

3.22

Average Household Size

3.1%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.1%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Elk Grove Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5,7755.45%
9th to 12th Grade4,6224.36%
High School Graduate18,67617.62%
Some College26,25924.77%
Associates Degree11,84111.17%
Bachelors Degree27,23125.69%
Graduate Degree11,60910.95%

Elk Grove Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White41,39539,53615,467
Asian31,62027,09614,247
Hispanic16,00313,5153,468
Black11,66910,8653,907
Multiple Races5,2034,6421,780
Other Race4,1293,273691
Islander1,5791,274426
Native American691603105

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 95.51%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 45.06%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$50,288$55,284$43,066
Less Than High School$25,079$29,331$20,245
High School Grad$35,557$40,627$30,464
Some College$42,996$51,893$36,723
Bachelors Degree$65,833$71,143$60,581
Graduate Degree$77,509$88,676$71,839

$50,288

Average Earnings

$55,284

Average Male

$43,066

Average Female

Elk Grove Language

Elk Grove Language by Age

Elk Grove Language

66.76% of Elk Grove residents speak only English, while 33.24% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 17.09% of the population.

Elk Grove Poverty

Elk Grove Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White57,3884,2207.35%
Asian47,1654,1508.80%
Hispanic30,8182,9399.54%
Black18,2942,85415.60%
Multiple13,9688856.34%
Other6,51777911.95%
Islander2,4691957.90%
Native1,11814613.06%

8.98%

Overall Poverty Rate

8.53%

Male Poverty Rate

9.39%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Elk Grove

The race most likely to be in poverty in Elk Grove is Black, with 15.60% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Elk Grove is Multiple, with 6.34% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.83%. Among those working part-time, it was 11.06%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 14.84%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School15.40%
High School10.28%
Some College8.11%
Bachelors or Greater3.34%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed22.89%
Male Unemployed19.51%
Female Employed4.78%
Male Employed4.17%

Elk Grove Income

Elk Grove Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$85,556$104,270
Families$95,292$112,188
Married Families$107,846$125,076
Non Families$48,558$65,447

Elk Grove Marital Status

Elk Grove Marital Status

Marriage Rates

54.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

57.8%

Male Marriage Rate

50.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Elk Grove Married by Age and Sex

Elk Grove Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Elk Grove Marital Status by Race

Elk Grove Veterans

8,166

Number of Veterans

7,360

Male Veterans

806

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam3,046
First Gulf War1,624
Second Gulf War1,405
Korea748
World War II302

Elk Grove Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White5,2509.14%
Black1,3059.62%
Hispanic1,1135.77%
Asian9412.67%
2 or More3384.76%
Other2635.51%
Indian465.60%
Hawaiian231.25%

Elk Grove Veterans by Education

5.47%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.86%

Veteran Disability Rate

Elk Grove Employment Status

64.5%

Labor Force Participation

59.6%

Employment Rate

7.5%

Unemployment Rate

Elk Grove Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

59.56%

Born in California

76.75%

Native Born

23.25%

Foreign Born

5.87%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

76.75% of Elk Grove residents were born in the United States, with 59.56% having been born in California. 5.87% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.