Escondido, California Population 2019

Escondido is located in the North County region of San Diego County just 30 miles northeast of San Diego. Escondido is part of the Greater San Diego metropolitan area which has an estimated population of 3.1 million. In 2019, Escondido's population is about 152,000.

Diversity

The North County area of San Diego County, including Escondido, is the least diverse in the entire county. If two residents of southeastern San Diego are chosen at random, there's a 71% chance they will be of different ethnic and racial backgrounds. There's just a 25% chance in the North County area. Overall, San Diego is the 12th most diverse county in California.

History

Escondido is one of the oldest cities in San Diego County. The region was controlled by Spain from the end of the 18th century to the start of the 19th century. During this time, many missions were created throughout California. The area was converted into large ranchos when Mexico took control of the region. Most of modern-day Escondido is located on the former Rancho Rincon del Diablo or Devil's Corner land grant.

When California became part of the U.S., the first census in 1850 showed a mostly Spanish-speaking population in Escondido. It wasn't long before non-Hispanic settlers arrived in the area during the Southern California Land Boom. Rancho Rincon del Diablo was eventually sold to investors from Los Angeles in 1883 who incorporated the Escondido Land and Town Company. By 1888, Escondido was incorporated.

During its early history, Escondido was a small agricultural community focusing on grapes and later walnut, olive, orange, and lemon. Avocados became the city's largest crop in the 1960s but the region largely turned to housing developments just a decade later. It was during the 1960s and 1970s when Escondido experienced rapid growth, growing from a population of 16,300 in 1960 to 64,000 in 1980. By 1990, the population was 108,500.

Population Growth

It's projected that San Diego County will grow by 1 million people (42%) between 2000 and 2030. Some of this growth will be focused on Escondido, especially as home prices rise in San Diego which has already lured thousands to the more affordable Escondido area. Escondido is expected to continue its modest population growth through 2030.

Escondido Ca Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Escondido Ca was:

  • White: 74.68%
  • Other race: 10.60%
  • Asian: 6.97%
  • Two or more races: 4.00%
  • Black or African American: 2.52%
  • Native American: 0.93%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.29%

Escondido, California's estimated population is 152,213 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Escondido, California is the 38th largest city in California based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 4086.82 people/mi² (1577.92 people/km²), with a household density of 489.44 people/km² (1267.64 people/mi²).

The overall median age is 33.4 years, 32.2 years for males, and 34.6 years for females. For every 100 females there are 99.7 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 47,213 households in the city, with an average size of people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.7%, with a median rent of $1318/month. The median house has 4.9 rooms, and has a value of $396,200.

The median income for households in Escondido, California is $58,834, while the mean household income is $77,041.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018152,2138140.54%
2017151,399160.01%
2016151,3835590.37%
2015150,8241,0250.68%
2014149,7999390.63%
2013148,8601,2560.85%
2012147,6041,5021.03%
2011146,1021,6651.15%
2010144,43710,8780.79%
2000133,55924,9242.09%
1990108,63544,2805.38%
198064,35527,5635.75%
197036,79220,4158.43%
196016,3779,8339.61%
19506,5441,9843.68%
19404,5601,1392.92%
19303,4211,6326.70%
19201,7894552.98%
19101,3345795.86%
19007552143.39%
18905410.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
White112,606
Some Other Race15,987
Asian10,515
Two or More Races6,024
Black or African American3,799
American Indian and Alaska Native1,409
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander443

Escondido Ca Population Pyramid 2019

Escondido Ca Median Age

33.4


Total

32.2


Male

34.6


Female

Escondido Ca Adults

There are 112,674 adults, (16,395 of whom are seniors) in Escondido Ca.

Escondido Ca Age Dependency

56.6

Age Dependency Ratio

17

Old Age Dependency Ratio

39.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Escondido Ca Sex Ratio

Female

75,492

50.07%

Male

75,291

49.93%

Escondido Ca Households and Families

Escondido Ca Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Escondido Ca Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married62.5%37.5%
All49.8%50.2%
Non Family40.5%59.5%
Female34.7%65.3%
Male28%72%

49.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All45,1753.2949.8
Married22,7983.9362.5
Non Family12,3151.5440.5
Female6,6623.9834.7
Male3,4003.9528

3.71

Average Family Size

3.29

Average Household Size

8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Escondido Ca Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade14,28514.82%
9th to 12th Grade9,0569.40%
High School Graduate21,11921.91%
Some College22,06922.90%
Associates Degree7,6797.97%
Bachelors Degree15,03615.60%
Graduate Degree7,1367.40%

Escondido Ca Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White42,48939,34014,142
Hispanic41,25922,1573,299
Other Race9,0365,207493
Asian7,9497,0483,284
Multiple Races2,6362,4311,010
Black2,6212,468558
Native American1,03465970
Islander37335144

The highest rate of high school graduation is among black people with a rate of 94.16%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 41.31%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,914$35,997$27,070
Less Than High School$22,823$26,362$16,426
High School Grad$28,873$32,297$23,986
Some College$35,169$41,978$28,222
Bachelors Degree$54,007$64,577$42,127
Graduate Degree$65,537$76,851$59,841

$31,914

Average Earnings

$35,997

Average Male

$27,070

Average Female

Escondido Ca Language

Escondido Ca Language by Age

Escondido Ca Language

51.29% of Escondido Ca residents speak only English, while 48.71% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 41.67% of the population.

Escondido Ca Poverty

Escondido Ca Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic76,46315,69620.53%
White54,1876,65612.28%
Other15,8302,16513.68%
Asian10,3858368.05%
Black3,68572319.62%
Multiple6,0215909.80%
Native1,39331222.40%
Islander43512027.59%

16.28%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.63%

Male Poverty Rate

16.94%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Escondido Ca

The race most likely to be in poverty in Escondido Ca is Islander, with 27.59% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Escondido Ca is Asian, with 8.05% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.52%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.50%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.43%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School23.24%
High School16.29%
Some College11.47%
Bachelors or Greater4.84%
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed24.92%
Female Unemployed22.85%
Female Employed8.37%
Male Employed8.03%

Escondido Ca Income

Escondido Ca Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$58,834$77,041
Families$64,045$82,693
Married Families$77,691$95,286
Non Families$38,325$53,237

Escondido Ca Marital Status

Escondido Ca Marital Status

Marriage Rates

46.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

48.0%

Male Marriage Rate

44.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Escondido Ca Married by Age and Sex

Escondido Ca Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Escondido Ca Marital Status by Race

Escondido Ca Veterans

7,394

Number of Veterans

6,827

Male Veterans

567

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam2,361
First Gulf War1,919
Second Gulf War1,558
Korea636
World War II468
Age Group Veterans
35 to 542,240
75+1,657
65 to 741,437
55 to 641,289
18 to 34771

Escondido Ca Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White5,6836.75%
Hispanic1,0422.03%
Black56519.04%
Asian4735.48%
Other2842.50%
2 or More2667.49%
Hawaiian9021.38%
Indian332.87%

Escondido Ca Veterans by Education

7.69%

Veteran Poverty Rate

23.65%

Veteran Disability Rate

Escondido Ca Employment Status

65.8%

Labor Force Participation

61.2%

Employment Rate

6.3%

Unemployment Rate

Escondido Ca Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

51.48%

Born in California

70.88%

Native Born

29.12%

Foreign Born

18.96%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

70.88% of Escondido Ca residents were born in the United States, with 51.48% having been born in California. 18.96% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.