Eugene, Oregon Population 2020

171,245

Eugene is a city located in the state of Oregon. It serves as the county seat for Lane County. This city is most known for its outdoor activities and its culture of arts. Its official slogan is “A Great City for the Arts and Outdoors.” Eugene is the second most populous city in the state of Oregon with a population of 171,245.

Eugene History

The Kalapuyan people were the first people to settle the area that is now the city of Eugene. However, inhabitants were believed to have occupied that area as far back as 10,000 years ago.

The Europeans did not arrive in Eugene until the early 19th century when French fur traders settled in the Willamette Valley. The traders negotiated with the Kalapuyan natives for land. Though they initially only lived in the area seasonally, by the end of the 1920s, people were staying year-round. Many of the French settlers also began taking Native wives, increasing the population of mixed race people.

In the early 1930s, disaster struck with the arrival of a disease known as intermittent fever – or what is thought today to be malaria. Approximately 92% of Kalapuyans perished from the disease during the 1830s and 1840s.

After this, more white settlers moved to the area. From 1840 through 1860, 11,000 colonists moved to the area. The remaining Kalapuyan people were moved to Indian reservations. Mixed race settlers were given the difficult choice of staying or living on the reservation.

In 1846, Eugene Skinner brought over 1,000 colonists to settle the area. He built the first cabin that was used as a trading post. Eugene’s first post office was established in 1850. The area was originally called Skinner’s Mudhole but was renamed and incorporated as Eugene City in 1862 before changing its name once more to Eugene in 1889.

Eugene’s first college was Columbia College, which burned down twice in four years. It was not rebuilt after it burned for the second time. The University of Oregon was established in 1876. The city quickly grew a reputation for its beautiful natural environment, making it the ideal location for outdoor recreation such as running, bicycling and kayaking. One of the most notable things about this city through its history is that it was where Nike was created.

Through the 20th century, the city saw rapid population growth. However, in the 1980s, the population was negatively affected by the decline of the timber industry. Unemployment rates rose and people moved from the city. However, by the mid-1980s, the city bounced back and put more of a focus on the tech industry. Today, the city’s economy revolved primarily around the manufacturing of recreational vehicles and wood products.

Eugene City Size and Population Density

Eugene has a population of over 166,000 residents, making it the 155th most populous city in the country. The city’s total area is almost 44 square miles, and it has a population density of over 3,572 people per square mile.

Eugene Gender and Religion Statistics

There are more female residents than males, accounting for over 51% of the population. Just over 17% of Eugene’s population lives below the federal poverty line.

There are many churched located throughout Eugene, with many different religions represented. This includes Roman Catholic parishes, Lutheran churches, Jehovah’s Witnesses Kingdom Halls, and Jewish synagogues.

Eugene Population Growth

Eugene has seen steady growth throughout its history, particularly during the 20th century. The city’s population exceeded 10,000 in 1920 before nearly doubling just two years later. By 1960, the community was over 50,000. It had more than doubled in 1980. In 2010, the population grew past 150,000. Current estimates show that the population is up 6.7% from the 2010 census, indicating that this city is only going to continue to grow in the years ahead.

Eugene Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Eugene was:

  • White: 83.26%
  • Two or more races: 6.23%
  • Asian: 4.47%
  • Other race: 3.21%
  • Black or African American: 1.61%
  • Native American: 0.99%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.22%

How Many People Live in Eugene, Oregon?

171,245
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018171,2451,6870.99%
2017169,5583,5422.13%
2016166,0163,0561.88%
2015162,9602,6761.67%
2014160,2841,8331.16%
2013158,4512100.13%
2012158,2418300.53%
2011157,4118840.56%
2010156,52718,6341.28%
2000137,89325,2242.04%
1990112,6697,0050.64%
1980105,66426,6362.95%
197079,02828,0514.48%
196050,97715,0983.57%
195035,87915,0415.58%
194020,8381,9370.98%
193018,9018,3085.96%
192010,5931,5841.63%
19109,0095,77310.78%
19003,2362,1195.46%
18801,1172562.64%
18708610.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018379,6113,9941.05%
2017375,6176,5561.75%
2016369,0617,0141.90%
2015362,0473,9711.10%
2014358,0762,5700.72%
2013355,5064250.12%
2012355,0811,0760.30%
2011354,0052,0820.59%
2010351,9230.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White138,20583.26%
Two or More Races10,3486.23%
Asian7,4184.47%
Some Other Race5,3363.21%
Black or African American2,6791.61%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,6500.99%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3610.22%

Eugene Population Pyramid 2020

Eugene Median Age

34


Total

32.8


Male

35.5


Female

Eugene Adults

There are 136,550 adults, (25,644 of whom are seniors) in Eugene.

Eugene Age Dependency

49.7

Age Dependency Ratio

23.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

26.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Eugene Sex Ratio

Female

84,643

50.99%

Male

81,354

49.01%

Eugene Households and Families

Eugene Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Eugene Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married74%26%
All47.9%52.1%
Male39%61%
Female38.3%61.7%
Non Family30.2%69.8%

47.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All68,8552.3247.9
Non Family33,2011.5330.2
Married25,958374
Female6,5853.1238.3
Male3,1113.2739

2.9

Average Family Size

2.32

Average Household Size

8.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.6%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Eugene Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,3742.26%
9th to 12th Grade4,8774.64%
High School Graduate17,77216.90%
Some College27,29325.96%
Associates Degree9,3658.91%
Bachelors Degree24,47423.28%
Graduate Degree18,97918.05%

Eugene Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White88,14384,08137,483
Hispanic7,7575,3561,897
Multiple Races3,7743,3981,193
Asian3,6093,3282,243
Other Race2,7221,233426
Black1,6641,551643
Native American906728195
Islander16913730

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 95.39%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 62.15%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,842$36,127$29,193
Less Than High School$22,354$27,291$17,543
High School Grad$25,864$27,777$21,390
Some College$29,460$31,896$27,266
Bachelors Degree$37,216$46,250$31,566
Graduate Degree$53,127$64,194$44,874

$31,842

Average Earnings

$36,127

Average Male

$29,193

Average Female

Eugene Language

Eugene Language by Age

Eugene Language

88.78% of Eugene residents speak only English, while 11.22% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 5.70% of the population.

Eugene Poverty

Eugene Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White125,43624,03319.16%
Hispanic15,5834,14326.59%
Multiple9,9163,48635.16%
Asian7,1222,39933.68%
Other5,0241,05120.92%
Black2,53474029.20%
Native1,63055133.80%
Islander3369327.68%

21.47%

Overall Poverty Rate

20.82%

Male Poverty Rate

22.10%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Eugene

The race most likely to be in poverty in Eugene is Multiple, with 35.16% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Eugene is White, with 19.16% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.84%. Among those working part-time, it was 33.71%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 27.97%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School27.66%
High School19.99%
Some College16.10%
Bachelors or Greater7.59%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed53.66%
Male Unemployed43.12%
Female Employed16.72%
Male Employed13.18%

Eugene Income

Eugene Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$49,029$68,813
Families$70,493$90,832
Married Families$84,653$106,605
Non Families$28,297$42,503

Eugene Marital Status

Eugene Marital Status

Marriage Rates

38.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

39.6%

Male Marriage Rate

38.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Eugene Married by Age and Sex

Eugene Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Eugene Marital Status by Race

Eugene Veterans

9,740

Number of Veterans

8,818

Male Veterans

922

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam3,481
Second Gulf War1,870
First Gulf War1,384
Korea995
World War II466
Age Group Veterans
65 to 742,658
75+2,576
35 to 541,745
55 to 641,613
18 to 341,148

Eugene Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White8,8927.70%
2 or More4637.22%
Hispanic3363.00%
Black1325.82%
Asian1271.91%
Other641.61%
Indian574.08%
Hawaiian51.61%

Eugene Veterans by Education

12.40%

Veteran Poverty Rate

32.69%

Veteran Disability Rate

Eugene Employment Status

62%

Labor Force Participation

57.6%

Employment Rate

7%

Unemployment Rate

Eugene Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

41.63%

Born in Oregon

91.86%

Native Born

8.14%

Foreign Born

5.02%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

91.86% of Eugene residents were born in the United States, with 41.63% having been born in Oregon. 5.02% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.