Eugene, Oregon Population 2018

Eugene is a city located in the state of Oregon. It serves as the county seat for Lane County. This city is most known for its outdoor activities and its culture of arts. Its official slogan is “A Great City for the Arts and Outdoors.” Eugene is the second most populous city in the state of Oregon with a population of 166,575.

Eugene History

The Kalapuyan people were the first people to settle the area that is now the city of Eugene. However, inhabitants were believed to have occupied that area as far back as 10,000 years ago.

The Europeans did not arrive to Eugene until the early 19th century, when French fur traders settled in the Willamette Valley. The traders negotiated with the Kalapuyan natives for land. Though they initially only lived in the area seasonally, by the end of the 1920s, people were staying year-round. Many of the French settlers also began taking Native wives, increasing the population of mixed race people.

In the early 1930s, disaster struck with the arrival of a disease known as intermittent fever – or what is thought today to be malaria. Approximately 92% of Kalapuyans perished from the disease during the 1830s and 1840s.

After this, more white settlers moved to the area. From 1840 through 1860, 11,000 colonists moved to the area. The remaining Kalapuyan people were moved to Indian reservations. Mixed race settlers were given the difficult choice of staying or living on the reservation.

In 1846, Eugene Skinner brought over 1,000 colonists to settle the area. He built the first cabin that was used as a trading post. Eugene’s first post office was established in 1850. The area was originally called Skinner’s Mudhole but was renamed incorporated as Eugene City in 1862 before changing its name to Eugene in 1889.

Eugene’s first college was Columbia College, which burned down twice in four years. It was not rebuilt after it burned for the second time. The University of Oregon was established in 1876. The city quickly grew a reputation for its beautiful natural environment, making it the ideal location for outdoor recreation such as running, bicycling and kayaking. One of the most notable things about this city through its history is that it was where Nike was created.

Through the 20th century, the city saw rapid population growth. However, in the 1980s, the population was negative affected by the decline of the timber industry. Unemployment rates rose and people moved from the city. However, by the mid-1980s, the city bounced back and put more of a focus on the tech industry. Today, the city’s economy revolved primarily around the manufacturing of recreational vehicles and wood products.

Eugene Demographics

Eugene has a population of over 166,000 residents, making it the 155th most populous city in the country. The city’s total area is almost 44 square miles, and it has a population density of over 3,572 people per square mile.

The population of Eugene is primarily white, making up almost 86% of total residents. Four percent of the population is Asian, 1.4% is black, 1% is Native American and 4.7% are of another race. Nearly 8% of the population is of Hispanic or Latino descent. There are more female residents than males, accounting for over 51% of the population. Just over 17% of Eugene’s population lives below the federal poverty line. There are many churched located throughout Eugene, with many different religions represented. This includes Roman Catholic parishes, Lutheran churches, Jehovah’s Witnesses Kingdom Halls, and Jewisj synagogues.

Eugene Population Growth

Eugene has seen steady growth throughout its history, particularly during the 20th century. The city’s population exceeded 10,000 in 1920 before nearly doubling just two years later. By 1960, the population was over 50,000. It had more than doubled in 1980. In 2010, the population grew past 150,000. Current estimates show that the population is up 6.7% from the 2010 census, indicating that this city is only going to continue to grow in the years ahead.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017168,9163,2511.96%
2016165,6652,8501.75%
2015162,8152,7571.72%
2014160,0581,8101.14%
2013158,2482720.17%
2012157,9768230.52%
2011157,1536470.41%
2010156,50618,61313.50%
2000137,89325,22422.39%
1990112,6697,0056.63%
1980105,66426,63633.70%
197079,02828,05155.03%
196050,97715,09842.08%
195035,87915,04172.18%
194020,8381,93710.25%
193018,9018,30878.43%
192010,5931,58417.58%
19109,0095,773178.40%
19003,2362,119189.70%
18801,11725629.73%
18708610.00%

Eugene Population in 2018Source: Jsayre64 [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White136,660
Two or More Races8,325
Asian6,941
Some Other Race4,436
Black or African American3,023
American Indian and Alaska Native1,707
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander557

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Eugene Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Eugene Median Age

33.9


Total

32.6


Male

35.7


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 138,680 adults in Eugene.

Eugene Age Dependency

47.7

Age Dependency Ratio

21.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

26.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Eugene Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
5.1
Houses Without Mortgage
10,389
Houses With Mortgage
22,013
Vacancy Rate
6
Median Rent
921
Median Home Value
246,400
Renter-Occupied Units
33,999
Owner-Occupied Units
32,402
Total Housing Units
70,649

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Eugene for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5% and the labor force participation rate is 60.8%.

Eugene Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.33
Average Family Size
2.9
Total Households
66401
Married Couple Households
24819
Male Householder (no wife) Families
2999
Female Householder (no husband) Families
6710
Non Family Households
31873
Total Families
34528
Households With Own Children
14962
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
7.9
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.8

Eugene Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
8,201
$10,000 to $14,999
4,278
$15,000 to $24,999
8,209
$25,000 to $34,999
6,340
$35,000 to $49,999
8,880
$50,000 to $74,999
11,578
$75,000 to $99,999
6,411
$100,000 to $149,999
7,634
$150,000 to $199,999
2,642
Over $200,000
2,228

Eugene Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Eugene

Oregon

$44,859

$53,270

$64,173

$72,013

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.050.10.150.2

Eugene Education Data

Eugene Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
2,2432.22%
9th to 12th Grade
4,4304.38%
High School Graduate
18,72318.49%
Some College
27,41627.08%
Associates Degree
8,2218.12%
Bachelors Degree
22,93522.65%
Graduate Degree
17,28917.07%