Eugene, Oregon Population 2018

Eugene is a city located in the state of Oregon. It serves as the county seat for Lane County. This city is most known for its outdoor activities and its culture of arts. Its official slogan is “A Great City for the Arts and Outdoors.” Eugene is the second most populous city in the state of Oregon with a population of 166,575.

Eugene History

The Kalapuyan people were the first people to settle the area that is now the city of Eugene. However, inhabitants were believed to have occupied that area as far back as 10,000 years ago.

The Europeans did not arrive to Eugene until the early 19th century, when French fur traders settled in the Willamette Valley. The traders negotiated with the Kalapuyan natives for land. Though they initially only lived in the area seasonally, by the end of the 1920s, people were staying year-round. Many of the French settlers also began taking Native wives, increasing the population of mixed race people.

In the early 1930s, disaster struck with the arrival of a disease known as intermittent fever – or what is thought today to be malaria. Approximately 92% of Kalapuyans perished from the disease during the 1830s and 1840s.

After this, more white settlers moved to the area. From 1840 through 1860, 11,000 colonists moved to the area. The remaining Kalapuyan people were moved to Indian reservations. Mixed race settlers were given the difficult choice of staying or living on the reservation.

In 1846, Eugene Skinner brought over 1,000 colonists to settle the area. He built the first cabin that was used as a trading post. Eugene’s first post office was established in 1850. The area was originally called Skinner’s Mudhole but was renamed incorporated as Eugene City in 1862 before changing its name to Eugene in 1889.

Eugene’s first college was Columbia College, which burned down twice in four years. It was not rebuilt after it burned for the second time. The University of Oregon was established in 1876. The city quickly grew a reputation for its beautiful natural environment, making it the ideal location for outdoor recreation such as running, bicycling and kayaking. One of the most notable things about this city through its history is that it was where Nike was created.

Through the 20th century, the city saw rapid population growth. However, in the 1980s, the population was negative affected by the decline of the timber industry. Unemployment rates rose and people moved from the city. However, by the mid-1980s, the city bounced back and put more of a focus on the tech industry. Today, the city’s economy revolved primarily around the manufacturing of recreational vehicles and wood products.

Eugene Demographics

Eugene has a population of over 166,000 residents, making it the 155th most populous city in the country. The city’s total area is almost 44 square miles, and it has a population density of over 3,572 people per square mile.

The population of Eugene is primarily white, making up almost 86% of total residents. Four percent of the population is Asian, 1.4% is black, 1% is Native American and 4.7% are of another race. Nearly 8% of the population is of Hispanic or Latino descent. There are more female residents than males, accounting for over 51% of the population. Just over 17% of Eugene’s population lives below the federal poverty line. There are many churched located throughout Eugene, with many different religions represented. This includes Roman Catholic parishes, Lutheran churches, Jehovah’s Witnesses Kingdom Halls, and Jewisj synagogues.

Eugene Population Growth

Eugene has seen steady growth throughout its history, particularly during the 20th century. The city’s population exceeded 10,000 in 1920 before nearly doubling just two years later. By 1960, the population was over 50,000. It had more than doubled in 1980. In 2010, the population grew past 150,000. Current estimates show that the population is up 6.7% from the 2010 census, indicating that this city is only going to continue to grow in the years ahead.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017168,9163,2511.96%
2016165,6652,8501.75%
2015162,8152,7571.72%
2014160,0581,8101.14%
2013158,2482720.17%
2012157,9768230.52%
2011157,1536470.41%
2010156,50618,6131.27%
2000137,89325,2242.04%
1990112,6697,0050.64%
1980105,66426,6362.95%
197079,02828,0514.48%
196050,97715,0983.57%
195035,87915,0415.58%
194020,8381,9370.98%
193018,9018,3085.96%
192010,5931,5841.63%
19109,0095,77310.78%
19003,2362,1195.46%
18801,1172562.64%
18708610.00%

Eugene Population in 2018Source: Jsayre64 [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White136,660
Two or More Races8,325
Asian6,941
Some Other Race4,436
Black or African American3,023
American Indian and Alaska Native1,707
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander557

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Eugene Population Pyramid 2018

0%5%10%15% Male Population0%5%10%15% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Eugene Median Age

33.9


Total

32.6


Male

35.7


Female

Eugene Adults

There are 132,714 adults, (23,277 of which are seniors) in Eugene.

Eugene Age Dependency

47.7

Age Dependency Ratio

21.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

26.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Eugene Sex Ratio

Female

82,098

50.79%

Male

79,551

49.21%

Eugene Households and Families

Eugene Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Eugene Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married75.1%24.9%
All48.8%51.2%
Female39%61%
Male35.3%64.7%
Non Family31.6%68.4%

48.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Eugene Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All66,4012.3348.8
Non Family31,8731.5631.6
Married24,8193.0275.1
Female6,7103.0539
Male2,9993.2735.3

2.9

Average Family Size

2.33

Average Household Size

7.9%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.8%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Eugene Households

Eugene Education

Eugene Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,2432.22%
9th to 12th Grade4,4304.38%
High School Graduate18,72318.49%
Some College27,41627.08%
Associates Degree8,2218.12%
Bachelors Degree22,93522.65%
Graduate Degree17,28917.07%

Eugene Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White86,01782,37235,308
Hispanic6,8794,6371,318
Multiple Races3,2472,9221,144
Asian3,0572,7451,851
Other Race2,2691,216273
Black1,7351,616570
Native American921717231
Islander21921446

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 97.72%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 60.55%.

Eugene Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,020$35,532$27,164
Less Than High School$20,906$25,997$12,392
High School Grad$24,969$26,578$21,924
Some College$27,108$31,937$22,811
Bachelors Degree$36,279$46,141$31,265
Graduate Degree$51,174$62,620$42,466

$31,020

Average Earnings

$35,532

Average Male

$27,164

Average Female

Eugene Language

Eugene Language by Age

Eugene Language

88.84% of Eugene residents speak only English, while 11.16% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 5.59% of the population.

Eugene Poverty

Eugene Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White124,05526,12221.06%
Hispanic13,9033,76527.08%
Asian6,6292,83342.74%
Multiple7,8342,45831.38%
Black2,86691131.79%
Other4,22976418.07%
Native1,68446627.67%
Islander50210921.71%

23.10%

Overall Poverty Rate

23.43%

Male Poverty Rate

22.77%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Eugene

The race most likely to be in poverty in Eugene is Asian, with 42.74% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Eugene is Other, with 18.07% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.83%. Among those working part-time, it was 36.83%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 29.76%.

Eugene Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School28.55%
Some College18.07%
High School17.76%
Bachelors or Greater7.89%

Eugene Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed51.69%
Male Unemployed43.35%
Female Employed17.99%
Male Employed14.59%

Eugene Income

Eugene Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$44,859$64,173
Families$64,318$85,745
Married Families$78,846$100,938
Non Families$25,654$38,431

Eugene Marital Status

Eugene Marital Status

Marriage Rates

38.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

39.1%

Male Marriage Rate

37.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Eugene Married by Age and Sex

Eugene Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Eugene Marital Status by Race

Eugene Veterans

Eugene Veterans by War

9,627

Number of Veterans

8,963

Male Veterans

664

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam3,436
First Gulf War1,394
Second Gulf War1,264
Korea1,191
World War II824

Eugene Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
75+2,683
65 to 742,455
35 to 542,022
55 to 641,728
18 to 34739

Eugene Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White8,9117.82%
2 or More3817.58%
Hispanic2492.50%
Asian1061.72%
Black873.53%
Indian775.20%
Other581.85%
Hawaiian71.57%

Eugene Veterans by Education

10.19%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.98%

Veteran Disability Rate

Eugene Employment Status

Eugene Employment by Age

60.8%

Labor Force Participation

55.7%

Employment Rate

8.3%

Unemployment Rate

Eugene Employment by Race

Eugene Employment by Education

Eugene Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

42.03%

Born in Oregon

91.94%

Native Born

8.06%

Foreign Born

5.10%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

91.94% of Eugene residents were born in the United States, with 42.03% having been born in Oregon. 5.10% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.