Fairbanks, Alaska Population 2019

Fairbanks is a city located in the state of Alaska. It serves as a borough seat for Fairbanks North Star Borough. With an estimated population of 32,751, Fairbanks is the largest city in the interior region of Alaska.

Fairbanks History

In its earliest years, the region that is now Fairbanks was used by the Athabascan tribe, although it was not settled permanently. Archaeological evidence shows that Native Americans were in the area approximately 3,500 years ago, and it has been determined that the tribes were using the region for seasonal fishing and hunting.

The city of Fairbanks was settled by the Europeans in the early 20th century when it was founded by Captain E. T. Barnette. It was named after the Republican senator Charles Fairbanks. A trading post was set up in the area by Barnette before local gold prospectors came to the city to build mines and dredges.

Agriculture played a significant role in the city’s first years, particularly in the Tanana Valley. In the 1930s, construction began on the Ladd Army Airfield, and major infrastructure was installed for the first time in the area. This led to significant growth in the population and the economy. The University of Alaska Fairbanks was also constructed and was the founding campus of the University of Alaska system. The Moose Creek Dam was constructed following a devastating flood that almost flooded all of Fairbanks.

Today, Fairbanks’ population only continues to grow. It is home to several minor league sports teams and boasts many attractions, restaurants, and businesses. It is also the site of the Yukon Quest international sled dog race. Growth has slowed since the 1990s, however, and this could be due to Fairbanks’ ranking as one of the most dangerous cities in the U.S. for women and an overall crime rate that is higher than both the state and national averages.

Fairbanks Population Size and Density

Fairbanks has a population of over 32,000. The city is over 32 square miles, and it has a population density of over 1,006 people per square mile.

Fairbanks Age, Gender, and Education Statistics

Residents in the 25 to 44 age range make up the largest age group, accounting for nearly 33% of the total population. Over one-quarter of the population is under age 18, while 7.3% are over the age of 64.

There are more males than females residing in Fairbanks, with 108.2 men for every 100 women. Over 10% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

Over 20% of people 25 years and older have at least a bachelor’s degree. Eighty-eight percent of the adult population has at least a high school diploma.

Fairbanks Population Growth

Fairbanks’ population from the 1930s experienced significant growth. In 1960, the city had over 13,000 residents. This number had more than doubled at the time of the 1990 census. However, the next poll showed a population loss of 2%. In 2010, however, the population grew again at a rate of over 4%. Current estimates indicate that the population is up nearly 4% since the last census was taken. This shows that while the city is still growing, it is not growing quite as rapidly as it was during its early history.

Fairbanks Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Fairbanks was:

  • White: 65.31%
  • Two or more races: 9.53%
  • Native American: 8.66%
  • Black or African American: 8.28%
  • Asian: 4.99%
  • Other race: 1.91%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 1.32%

Fairbanks, Alaska's estimated population is 31,516 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Fairbanks, Alaska is the 3rd largest city in Alaska based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 991.49 people/mi² (382.81 people/km²), with a household density of 158.10 people/km² (409.48 people/mi²).

The overall median age is 28.1 years, 26.5 years for males, and 29.6 years for females. For every 100 females there are 117.0 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 13,016 households in the city, with an average size of people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.2%, with a median rent of $1341/month. The median house has 4.6 rooms, and has a value of $199,000.

The median income for households in Fairbanks, Alaska is $60,658, while the mean household income is $76,521.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201831,516-239-0.75%
201731,755-260-0.81%
201632,0153791.20%
201531,6361070.34%
201431,529-856-2.64%
201332,3853241.01%
201232,0611,3204.29%
201130,741-1,019-3.21%
201031,7601,5360.50%
200030,224-619-0.20%
199030,8438,1983.14%
198022,6457,8744.37%
197014,7711,4601.05%
196013,3117,6869.00%
19505,6252,1704.99%
19403,4551,3555.10%
19302,1009005.76%
19201,200-2,341-10.26%
19103,541410.12%
19003,5000.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201898,971-754-0.76%
201799,725-958-0.96%
2016100,6831,0531.05%
201599,6303740.38%
201499,256-1,672-1.68%
2013100,9286230.62%
2012100,3052,2012.19%
201198,104-156-0.16%
201098,2600.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
White20,803
Two or More Races3,037
American Indian and Alaska Native2,758
Black or African American2,636
Asian1,590
Some Other Race607
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander422

Fairbanks Population Pyramid 2019

Fairbanks Median Age

28.1


Total

26.5


Male

29.6


Female

Fairbanks Adults

There are 24,351 adults, (2,577 of whom are seniors) in Fairbanks.

Fairbanks Age Dependency

46.3

Age Dependency Ratio

11.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

34.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Fairbanks Sex Ratio

Female

14,678

46.08%

Male

17,175

53.92%

Fairbanks Households and Families

Fairbanks Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Fairbanks Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married41.8%58.2%
All36.6%63.4%
Female35.5%64.5%
Non Family31.5%68.5%
Male28.7%71.3%

36.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All11,1152.6436.6
Married5,1443.3141.8
Non Family4,1211.4531.5
Female1,2303.4835.5
Male6203.2928.7

3.23

Average Family Size

2.64

Average Household Size

8.6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Fairbanks Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5032.74%
9th to 12th Grade9685.28%
High School Graduate4,84426.43%
Some College5,69731.09%
Associates Degree1,5068.22%
Bachelors Degree3,29217.96%
Graduate Degree1,5178.28%

Fairbanks Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White11,12110,6483,574
Native American1,8391,35273
Hispanic1,8331,720226
Black1,5311,385313
Asian1,120980413
Multiple Races946826194
Other Race36636626
Islander23519033

The highest rate of high school graduation is among other race people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 36.88%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$41,014$48,483$31,312
Less Than High School$21,667$23,365$20,125
High School Grad$34,088$42,525$24,438
Some College$40,845$48,110$30,836
Bachelors Degree$48,724$61,550$39,077
Graduate Degree$71,667$73,417$64,643

$41,014

Average Earnings

$48,483

Average Male

$31,312

Average Female

Fairbanks Language

Fairbanks Language by Age

Fairbanks Language

82.99% of Fairbanks residents speak only English, while 17.01% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 5.91% of the population.

Fairbanks Poverty

Fairbanks Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White17,1421,6099.39%
Native2,56771928.01%
Multiple2,83247916.91%
Black2,29436015.69%
Hispanic3,3593329.88%
Other55313023.51%
Asian1,455825.64%

11.92%

Overall Poverty Rate

10.27%

Male Poverty Rate

13.64%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Fairbanks

The race most likely to be in poverty in Fairbanks is Native, with 28.01% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Fairbanks is Asian, with 5.64% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.48%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.78%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 19.01%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School19.67%
High School15.57%
Some College6.45%
Bachelors or Greater4.65%
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed40.92%
Female Unemployed32.60%
Female Employed7.37%
Male Employed6.23%

Fairbanks Income

Fairbanks Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$60,658$76,521
Families$73,938$86,539
Married Families$84,205-
Non Families$39,852$55,391

Fairbanks Marital Status

Fairbanks Marital Status

Marriage Rates

46.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

44.6%

Male Marriage Rate

48.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Fairbanks Married by Age and Sex

Fairbanks Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Fairbanks Marital Status by Race

Fairbanks Veterans

2,874

Number of Veterans

2,288

Male Veterans

586

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War1,522
First Gulf War648
Vietnam564
Korea60
World War II58
Age Group Veterans
18 to 341,083
35 to 54718
55 to 64449
65 to 74422
75+202

Fairbanks Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White2,04515.14%
Black42027.13%
Hispanic23712.82%
2 or More16111.48%
Indian1145.27%
Asian706.43%
Other3710.51%
Hawaiian2711.49%

Fairbanks Veterans by Education

6.84%

Veteran Poverty Rate

23.07%

Veteran Disability Rate

Fairbanks Employment Status

72.9%

Labor Force Participation

51.2%

Employment Rate

9.4%

Unemployment Rate

Fairbanks Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

30.38%

Born in Alaska

92.40%

Native Born

7.60%

Foreign Born

3.68%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

92.40% of Fairbanks residents were born in the United States, with 30.38% having been born in Alaska. 3.68% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.