Fairbanks is a city located in the state of Alaska. It serves as a borough seat for Fairbanks North Star Borough. With an estimated population of 32,751, Fairbanks is the largest city in the interior region of Alaska.
In its earliest years, the region that is now Fairbanks was used by the Athabascan tribe, although it was not settled permanently. Archaeological evidence shows that Native Americans were in the area approximately 3,500 years ago, and it has been determined that the tribes were using the region for seasonal fishing and hunting.
The city of Fairbanks was settled by the Europeans in the early 20th century when it was founded by Captain E. T. Barnette. It was named after the Republican senator Charles Fairbanks. A trading post was set up in the area by Barnette before local gold prospectors came to the city to build mines and dredges.
Agriculture played a significant role in the city’s first years, particularly in the Tanana Valley. In the 1930s, construction began on the Ladd Army Airfield, and major infrastructure was installed for the first time in the area. This led to significant growth in the population and the economy. The University of Alaska Fairbanks was also constructed and was the founding campus of the University of Alaska system. The Moose Creek Dam was constructed following a devastating flood that almost flooded all of Fairbanks.
Today, Fairbanks’ population only continues to grow. It is home to several minor league sports teams and boasts many attractions, restaurants, and businesses. It is also the site of the Yukon Quest international sled dog race. Growth has slowed since the 1990s, however, and this could be due to Fairbanks’ ranking as one of the most dangerous cities in the U.S. for women and an overall crime rate that is higher than both the state and national averages.
Fairbanks Population Size and Density
Fairbanks has a population of over 32,000. The city is over 32 square miles, and it has a population density of over 1,006 people per square mile.
Fairbanks Age, Gender, and Education Statistics
Residents in the 25 to 44 age range make up the largest age group, accounting for nearly 33% of the total population. Over one-quarter of the population is under age 18, while 7.3% are over the age of 64.
There are more males than females residing in Fairbanks, with 108.2 men for every 100 women. Over 10% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.
Over 20% of people 25 years and older have at least a bachelor’s degree. Eighty-eight percent of the adult population has at least a high school diploma.
Fairbanks Population Growth
Fairbanks’ population from the 1930s experienced significant growth. In 1960, the city had over 13,000 residents. This number had more than doubled at the time of the 1990 census. However, the next poll showed a population loss of 2%. In 2010, however, the population grew again at a rate of over 4%. Current estimates indicate that the population is up nearly 4% since the last census was taken. This shows that while the city is still growing, it is not growing quite as rapidly as it was during its early history.
Fairbanks, Alaska's estimated population is 31,516 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Fairbanks, Alaska is the 3rd largest city in Alaska based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.
The population density is 991.49 people/mi² (382.81 people/km²).
The overall median age is 28.1 years, 26.5 years for males, and 29.6 years for females. For every 100 females there are 117.0 males.
Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 13,016 households in the city, with an average size of 2.64 people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.2%, with a median rent of $1341/month. The median house has 4.6 rooms, and has a value of $199,000.
The median income for households in Fairbanks, Alaska is $60,658, while the mean household income is $76,521.