Fairbanks, Alaska Population 2018

Fairbanks is a city located in the state of Alaska. It serves as a borough seat for Fairbanks North Star Borough. With an estimated population of 32,751, Fairbanks is the largest city in the interior region of Alaska.

Fairbanks History

In its earliest years, the region that is now Fairbanks was used by the Athabascan tribe, although it was not permanently settled. Archaeological evidence shows that Native Americans were in the area approximately 3,500 years ago, and it has been determined that the tribes were using the region for seasonal fishing and hunting.

The city of Fairbanks was settled by the Europeans in the early 20th century when it was founded by Captain E. T. Barnette. It was named after the Republican senator Charles Fairbanks. A trading post was set up in the area by Barnette before local gold prospectors came to the area to build mines and dredges.

Agriculture played a significant role in the city’s first years, particularly in the Tanana Valley. In the 1930s, construction began on the Ladd Army Airfield and major infrastructure was installed for the first time in the area. This led to significant growth in the population and the economy. The University of Alaska Fairbanks was also constructed and was the founding campus of the University of Alaska system. The Moose Creek Dam was constructed following a devastating flood that almost flooded all of Fairbanks.

Today, Fairbanks’ population only continues to grow. It is home to several minor league sports teams and boasts many attractions, restaurants and businesses. It is also the site of the Yukon Quest international sled dog race. Growth has slowed since the 1990s, however, and this could be due to Fairbanks’ ranking as one of the most dangerous cities in the U.S. for women and an overall crime rate that is higher than both the state and national averages.

Fairbanks Demographics

Fairbanks has a population of over 32,000. The city is over 32 square miles, and it has a population density of over 1,006 people per square mile.

Over 66% of the city is white, 9% is black, 10% are Native American, over 3% are Asian, and 9% are of Hispanic or Latino origin. Residents in the 25 to 44 age range make up the largest age group, accounting for nearly 33% of the total population. Over one-quarter of the population is under age 18, while 7.3% are over the age of 64. There are more males than females residing in Fairbanks, with 108.2 men for every 100 women. Over 10% of the population lives below the federal poverty line. Over 20% of people 25 years and older have at least a bachelor’s degree. Eighty-eight percent of the adult population has at least a high school diploma.

Fairbanks Population Growth

Fairbanks’ population from the 1930s experienced significant growth. In 1960, the city had over 13,000 residents. This number had more than doubled at the time of the 1990 census. However, the next census showed a population loss of 2%. In 2010, however, the population grew again at a rate of over 4%. Current estimates show that the population is up nearly 4% since the last census was taken. This shows that while the city is still growing, it is not growing quite as rapidly as it was during its early history.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201731,644-346-1.08%
201631,9903521.11%
201531,638970.31%
201431,541-832-2.57%
201332,3732970.93%
201232,0761,3244.31%
201130,752-1,013-3.19%
201031,7651,5410.50%
200030,224-619-0.20%
199030,8438,1983.14%
198022,6457,8744.37%
197014,7711,4601.05%
196013,3117,6869.00%
19505,6252,1704.99%
19403,4551,3555.10%
19302,1009005.76%
19201,200-2,341-10.26%
19103,541410.12%
19003,5000.00%

Fairbanks Population in 2018Source: By Fairbanks Mike [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White21,613
Two or More Races3,262
Black or African American2,769
American Indian and Alaska Native2,385
Asian1,574
Some Other Race549
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander426

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Fairbanks Population Pyramid 2018

0%5%10%15%20% Male Population0%5%10%15%20% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Fairbanks Median Age

27.7


Total

26.2


Male

29.3


Female

Fairbanks Adults

There are 24,596 adults, (2,476 of which are seniors) in Fairbanks.

Fairbanks Age Dependency

47.1

Age Dependency Ratio

11.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36

Child Dependency Ratio

Fairbanks Sex Ratio

Female

15,170

46.57%

Male

17,408

53.43%

Fairbanks Households and Families

Fairbanks Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Fairbanks Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married42.3%57.7%
All36.4%63.6%
Female35.5%64.5%
Non Family30.7%69.3%
Male27.3%72.7%

36.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Fairbanks Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All10,9652.7536.4
Married4,9553.4542.3
Non Family4,1571.4630.7
Female1,3333.7535.5
Male5203.9127.3

3.42

Average Family Size

2.75

Average Household Size

7.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Fairbanks Households

Fairbanks Education

Fairbanks Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5693.09%
9th to 12th Grade9675.26%
High School Graduate4,92026.75%
Some College5,75731.30%
Associates Degree1,4808.05%
Bachelors Degree3,24917.66%
Graduate Degree1,4517.89%

Fairbanks Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White11,44110,8673,452
Hispanic1,7901,595252
Black1,6121,464355
Native American1,6051,20545
Asian1,078916373
Multiple Races924835208
Other Race29029041
Islander18615824

The highest rate of high school graduation is among other race people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among other race people with a rate of 34.60%.

Fairbanks Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$39,650$43,823$31,872
Less Than High School$20,703$$27,625
High School Grad$31,857$36,606$24,402
Some College$40,267$46,447$31,178
Bachelors Degree$46,007$60,332$40,398
Graduate Degree$66,287$71,429$63,661

$39,650

Average Earnings

$43,823

Average Male

$31,872

Average Female

Fairbanks Language

Fairbanks Language by Age

Fairbanks Language

83.46% of Fairbanks residents speak only English, while 16.54% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 6.31% of the population.

Fairbanks Poverty

Fairbanks Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White17,8281,7219.65%
Native2,20359226.87%
Multiple3,06657718.82%
Black2,43937615.42%
Hispanic3,4152256.59%
Other49810120.28%
Asian1,459936.37%

11.61%

Overall Poverty Rate

10.51%

Male Poverty Rate

12.75%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Fairbanks

The race most likely to be in poverty in Fairbanks is Native, with 26.87% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Fairbanks is Asian, with 6.37% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.18%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.16%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 19.95%.

Fairbanks Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School19.80%
High School12.85%
Some College7.28%
Bachelors or Greater4.99%

Fairbanks Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Male Unemployed36.77%
Female Unemployed34.31%
Male Employed7.11%
Female Employed6.68%

Fairbanks Income

Fairbanks Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$56,306$72,965
Families$68,218$81,937
Married Families$80,200$
Non Families$37,638$54,504

Fairbanks Marital Status

Fairbanks Marital Status

Marriage Rates

44.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.5%

Male Marriage Rate

47.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Fairbanks Married by Age and Sex

Fairbanks Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55To64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Fairbanks Marital Status by Race

Fairbanks Veterans

Fairbanks Veterans by War

2,816

Number of Veterans

2,236

Male Veterans

580

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Second Gulf War1,375
First Gulf War652
Vietnam561
Korea67
World War II59

Fairbanks Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
18 to 34895
35 to 54816
55 to 64567
65 to 74325
75+213

Fairbanks Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White2,04114.41%
Black39523.71%
Hispanic1839.93%
2 or More16510.78%
Indian925.19%
Asian635.77%
Hawaiian3918.14%
Other217.34%

Fairbanks Veterans by Education

6.52%

Veteran Poverty Rate

21.67%

Veteran Disability Rate

Fairbanks Employment Status

Fairbanks Employment by Age

73.3%

Labor Force Participation

52.1%

Employment Rate

9.8%

Unemployment Rate

Fairbanks Employment by Race

Fairbanks Employment by Education

Fairbanks Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

30.59%

Born in Alaska

92.03%

Native Born

7.97%

Foreign Born

3.70%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

92.03% of Fairbanks residents were born in the United States, with 30.59% having been born in Alaska. 3.70% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.