Fresno, California Population 2019

Fresno is located in Central California as the seat of Fresno County. Fresno is about 200 miles north of Los Angeles and 170 miles south of Sacramento. It is the fifth largest city in California and the largest inland city in the state with an estimated 2014 population of 512,000, which ranks 34th in the United States.

Fresno's population is estimated at 512,000, up from 467,600 in 2010. The greater Metropolitan Fresno area has a population estimated at 1.1 million. There are several well-known neighborhoods in Fresno, including Tower District, which is the city's hub for community events and the center of the city's LGBT and Hipster communities, and the West Side, which is culturally diverse and the center of Fresno's African American community with large Asian-American and Mexican-American populations.

Fresno Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the racial composition of Fresno was: White: 49.6% (non-Hispanic: 30.0%) Black or African American: 8.3% Hispanic or Latino of any race: 46.9% (42.7% Mexican, 0.4% Salvadoran, 0.4% Puerto Rican) Asian: 12.6% (3.6% Hmong, 1.7% Indian, 1.2% Filipino, 1.2% Laotian, 1.0% Thai, 0.8% Cambodian, 0.7% Chinese, 0.5% Japanese, 0.4% Vietnamese, 0.2% Korean) Native American: 1.7% Pacific Islander: 0.2% Other races: 22.6% Two or more races: 5.0%

Fresno has one of the largest urban populations in the United States.

Fresno has a long history of Armenian immigrants as well. The first Armenians to move to the region were brothers Garabed and Hagop Seropian in 1881, with the Armenian population reaching 360 in Fresno by 1894. This number continued to grow with early immigrants heavily involved in agriculture and farming. By 1930, Armenians owned about 40% of the raisin acreage in the county. Many Anglicized their names due to widespread bigotry, and fear of immigrant land ownership caused the passage of laws to restrict their right to buy land. Today, there are about 40,000 Armenians in Fresno.

Fresno History

The San Joaquin Valley area was first inhabited by the Yokuts people who traded with other tribes of Native Americans in the state. The County of Fresno was created after the California Gold Rush in 1856, and it was named for the ash trees along the river (Fresno is Spanish for ash tree). Within a few years, several settlements were established for settlers and traders.

The Central Pacific Railroad established a station close to Easterby's (a large wheat farm) in 1872 for the new Southern Pacific line. A store followed, and the town of Fresno Station -- later Fresno -- was formed. Many residents from nearby settlements moved to the new community, and Fresno was incorporated in 1885.

Prior to World War II, there was many ethnic neighborhoods in the city, such as Little Italy, Little Armenia, and German Town. The population in 1940 was 94% white, 2.7% Asian and 3.3% black.

During the second half of the 20th century, Fresno's population boomed, becoming one of the 100 largest cities in the country in 1960 with a population of 134,000. It hit 47th in 1990 and 37th place in 2000 with a population of 428,000.

Fresno Population Growth

Between July 2012 and July 2013, Fresno County's population grew just over 1%, which is the county's highest growth rate in three years. Fresno is growing faster than the state of California as a whole, and faster than other counties. The growth in the area is attributed to a growing Hispanic population, which makes up a first-time majority in Fresno. Between 2000 and 2010, the city of Fresno grew a whopping 41% as more Californians move inland to get away from the high cost of living on the coast.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017527,4384,6460.89%
2016522,7923,1420.60%
2015519,6504,2340.82%
2014515,4165,4071.06%
2013510,0093,7160.73%
2012506,2934,4420.89%
2011501,8514,0790.82%
2010497,77270,1201.53%
2000427,65273,4501.90%
1990354,202136,7115.00%
1980217,49151,8362.76%
1970165,65531,7262.15%
1960133,92942,2603.86%
195091,66930,9844.21%
194060,6858,1721.46%
193052,5137,4271.54%
192045,08620,1946.12%
191024,89212,4227.16%
190012,4701,6521.43%
189010,8189,70625.55%
18801,1120.00%

Fresno Population in 2018Source: By JMora24 [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White293,916
Some Other Race84,965
Asian70,530
Black or African American40,414
Two or More Races22,485
American Indian and Alaska Native5,967
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander760

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Fresno Population Pyramid 2019

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Fresno Median Age

30.5


Total

29.6


Male

31.3


Female

Fresno Adults

There are 368,254 adults, (54,212 of whom are seniors) in Fresno.

Fresno Age Dependency

65.3

Age Dependency Ratio

17.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

48

Child Dependency Ratio

Fresno Sex Ratio

Female

264,620

50.98%

Male

254,417

49.02%

Fresno Households and Families

Fresno Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Fresno Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married64.4%35.6%
All46.9%53.1%
Non Family38%62%
Male35.2%64.8%
Female29.4%70.6%

46.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Fresno Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All165,1073.0946.9
Married67,8373.8564.4
Non Family50,4981.3638
Female33,0403.8229.4
Male13,7323.8935.2

3.69

Average Family Size

3.09

Average Household Size

9%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.6%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Fresno Households

Fresno Education

Fresno Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade38,62512.50%
9th to 12th Grade35,46711.48%
High School Graduate69,13922.38%
Some College75,55824.46%
Associates Degree25,7258.33%
Bachelors Degree42,91013.89%
Graduate Degree21,4956.96%

Fresno Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic130,69681,72913,056
White106,91098,33634,180
Other Race45,11925,6023,397
Asian41,65730,27111,469
Black23,49019,2953,948
Multiple Races8,7617,0472,100
Native American3,7342,981547
Islander39035349

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 91.98%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 31.97%.

Fresno Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$30,252$32,221$26,735
Less Than High School$17,812$20,083$14,104
High School Grad$25,651$29,798$21,181
Some College$30,862$35,897$26,735
Bachelors Degree$48,464$52,792$44,590
Graduate Degree$71,575$77,407$66,655

$30,252

Average Earnings

$32,221

Average Male

$26,735

Average Female

Fresno Language

Fresno Language by Age

Fresno Language

57.31% of Fresno residents speak only English, while 42.69% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 29.30% of the population.

Fresno Poverty

Fresno Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic250,92485,18933.95%
Other83,11529,62835.65%
White139,07720,49014.73%
Asian69,92819,77628.28%
Black39,26016,40841.79%
Multiple22,0366,59929.95%
Native5,7652,29039.72%
Islander72625935.67%

28.39%

Overall Poverty Rate

26.86%

Male Poverty Rate

29.86%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Fresno

The race most likely to be in poverty in Fresno is Black, with 41.79% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Fresno is White, with 14.73% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 6.32%. Among those working part-time, it was 28.61%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 37.15%.

Fresno Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School39.54%
High School23.23%
Some College17.46%
Bachelors or Greater5.83%

Fresno Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Male Unemployed46.04%
Female Unemployed45.64%
Female Employed15.08%
Male Employed12.55%

Fresno Income

Fresno Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$44,853$63,830
Families$50,074$69,761
Married Families$69,148$89,737
Non Families$29,614$44,886

Fresno Marital Status

Fresno Marital Status

Marriage Rates

40.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.0%

Male Marriage Rate

38.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Fresno Married by Age and Sex

Fresno Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

Fresno Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Fresno Veterans

Fresno Veterans by War

19,574

Number of Veterans

18,056

Male Veterans

1,518

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam7,457
Second Gulf War3,461
First Gulf War3,223
Korea1,843
World War II986

Fresno Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 744,893
75+4,411
35 to 544,374
55 to 643,766
18 to 342,130

Fresno Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White14,3906.64%
Hispanic5,6693.47%
Other1,6282.90%
Black1,5535.53%
Asian1,1792.35%
2 or More5044.30%
Indian2515.35%
Hawaiian6912.48%

Fresno Veterans by Education

12.55%

Veteran Poverty Rate

36.66%

Veteran Disability Rate

Fresno Employment Status

Fresno Employment by Age

61.5%

Labor Force Participation

54.7%

Employment Rate

11.1%

Unemployment Rate

Fresno Employment by Race

Fresno Employment by Education

Fresno Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

67.51%

Born in California

79.80%

Native Born

20.20%

Foreign Born

11.45%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

79.80% of Fresno residents were born in the United States, with 67.51% having been born in California. 11.45% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.