Fresno Population 2017

Fresno's population is estimated at 512,000, up from 467,600 in 2010. The greater Metropolitan Fresno area has a population estimated at 1.1 million. There are several well-known neighborhoods in Fresno, including Tower District, which is the city's hub for community events and the center of the city's LGBT and Hipster communities, and the West Side, which is culturally diverse and the center of Fresno's African American community with large Asian-American and Mexican-American populations.

Fresno Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the racial composition of Fresno was: White: 49.6% (non-Hispanic: 30.0%) Black or African American: 8.3% Hispanic or Latino of any race: 46.9% (42.7% Mexican, 0.4% Salvadoran, 0.4% Puerto Rican) Asian: 12.6% (3.6% Hmong, 1.7% Indian, 1.2% Filipino, 1.2% Laotian, 1.0% Thai, 0.8% Cambodian, 0.7% Chinese, 0.5% Japanese, 0.4% Vietnamese, 0.2% Korean) Native American: 1.7% Pacific Islander: 0.2% Other races: 22.6% Two or more races: 5.0%

Fresno has one of the largest urban Hmong populations in the United States.

Fresno has a long history of Armenian immigrants as well. The first Armenians to move to the region were brothers Garabed and Hagop Seropian in 1881, with the Armenian population reaching 360 in Fresno by 1894. This number continued to grow with early immigrants heavily involved in agriculture and farming. By 1930, Armenians owned about 40% of the raisin acreage in the county. Many Anglicized their names due to widespread bigotry, and fear of immigrant land ownership caused the passage of laws to restrict their right to buy land. Today, there are about 40,000 Armenians in Fresno.

Fresno History

The San Joaquin Valley area was first inhabited by the Yokuts people who traded with other tribes of Native Americans in the state. The County of Fresno was created after the California Gold Rush in 1856, and it was named for the ash trees along the river (Fresno is Spanish for ash tree). Within a few years, several settlements were established for settlers and traders.

The Central Pacific Railroad established a station close to Easterby's (a large wheat farm) in 1872 for the new Southern Pacific line. A store followed, and the town of Fresno Station -- later Fresno -- was formed. Many residents from nearby settlements moved to the new community, and Fresno was incorporated in 1885.

Prior to World War II, there was many ethnic neighborhoods in the city, such as Little Italy, Little Armenia, and German Town. The population in 1940 was 94% white, 2.7% Asian and 3.3% black.

During the second half of the 20th century, Fresno's population boomed, becoming one of the 100 largest cities in the country in 1960 with a population of 134,000. It hit 47th in 1990 and 37th place in 2000 with a population of 428,000.

Fresno Population Growth

Between July 2012 and July 2013, Fresno County's population grew just over 1%, which is the county's highest growth rate in three years. Fresno is growing faster than the state of California as a whole, and faster than other counties. The growth in the area is attributed to a growing Hispanic population, which makes up a first-time majority in Fresno. Between 2000 and 2010, the city of Fresno grew a whopping 41% as more Californians move inland to get away from the high cost of living on the coast.

Year Population Change
2015 520,052 5.10%
2010 494,665 15.70%
2000 427,652 20.70%
1990 354,202 62.90%
1980 217,491 31.30%
1970 165,655 23.70%
1960 133,929 46.10%
1950 91,669 51.10%
1940 60,685 15.60%
1930 52,513 16.50%
1920 45,086 81.10%
1910 24,892 99.60%
1900 12,470 15.30%
1890 10,818 872.80%
1880 1,112 0.00%

Fresno Population in 2017 Source: Spyder Monkey

Fresno Race Data

Race Population Percentage
White 259,381 51.25%
Black or African American 39,786 7.86%
American Indian and Alaska Native 5,142 1.02%
Asian 65,406 12.92%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 983 0.19%
Some Other Race 110,291 21.79%
Two or More Races 25,143 4.97%

Population Pyramid