Fresno, California Population 2018

Fresno is located in Central California as the seat of Fresno County. Fresno is about 200 miles north of Los Angeles and 170 miles south of Sacramento. It is the fifth largest city in California and the largest inland city in the state with an estimated 2014 population of 512,000, which ranks 34th in the United States.

Fresno's population is estimated at 512,000, up from 467,600 in 2010. The greater Metropolitan Fresno area has a population estimated at 1.1 million. There are several well-known neighborhoods in Fresno, including Tower District, which is the city's hub for community events and the center of the city's LGBT and Hipster communities, and the West Side, which is culturally diverse and the center of Fresno's African American community with large Asian-American and Mexican-American populations.

Fresno Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the racial composition of Fresno was: White: 49.6% (non-Hispanic: 30.0%) Black or African American: 8.3% Hispanic or Latino of any race: 46.9% (42.7% Mexican, 0.4% Salvadoran, 0.4% Puerto Rican) Asian: 12.6% (3.6% Hmong, 1.7% Indian, 1.2% Filipino, 1.2% Laotian, 1.0% Thai, 0.8% Cambodian, 0.7% Chinese, 0.5% Japanese, 0.4% Vietnamese, 0.2% Korean) Native American: 1.7% Pacific Islander: 0.2% Other races: 22.6% Two or more races: 5.0%

Fresno has one of the largest urban Hmong populations in the United States.

Fresno has a long history of Armenian immigrants as well. The first Armenians to move to the region were brothers Garabed and Hagop Seropian in 1881, with the Armenian population reaching 360 in Fresno by 1894. This number continued to grow with early immigrants heavily involved in agriculture and farming. By 1930, Armenians owned about 40% of the raisin acreage in the county. Many Anglicized their names due to widespread bigotry, and fear of immigrant land ownership caused the passage of laws to restrict their right to buy land. Today, there are about 40,000 Armenians in Fresno.

Fresno History

The San Joaquin Valley area was first inhabited by the Yokuts people who traded with other tribes of Native Americans in the state. The County of Fresno was created after the California Gold Rush in 1856, and it was named for the ash trees along the river (Fresno is Spanish for ash tree). Within a few years, several settlements were established for settlers and traders.

The Central Pacific Railroad established a station close to Easterby's (a large wheat farm) in 1872 for the new Southern Pacific line. A store followed, and the town of Fresno Station -- later Fresno -- was formed. Many residents from nearby settlements moved to the new community, and Fresno was incorporated in 1885.

Prior to World War II, there was many ethnic neighborhoods in the city, such as Little Italy, Little Armenia, and German Town. The population in 1940 was 94% white, 2.7% Asian and 3.3% black.

During the second half of the 20th century, Fresno's population boomed, becoming one of the 100 largest cities in the country in 1960 with a population of 134,000. It hit 47th in 1990 and 37th place in 2000 with a population of 428,000.

Fresno Population Growth

Between July 2012 and July 2013, Fresno County's population grew just over 1%, which is the county's highest growth rate in three years. Fresno is growing faster than the state of California as a whole, and faster than other counties. The growth in the area is attributed to a growing Hispanic population, which makes up a first-time majority in Fresno. Between 2000 and 2010, the city of Fresno grew a whopping 41% as more Californians move inland to get away from the high cost of living on the coast.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017527,4384,6460.89%
2016522,7923,1420.60%
2015519,6504,2340.82%
2014515,4165,4071.06%
2013510,0093,7160.73%
2012506,2934,4420.89%
2011501,8514,0790.82%
2010497,77270,1201.53%
2000427,65273,4501.90%
1990354,202136,7115.00%
1980217,49151,8362.76%
1970165,65531,7262.15%
1960133,92942,2603.86%
195091,66930,9844.21%
194060,6858,1721.46%
193052,5137,4271.54%
192045,08620,1946.12%
191024,89212,4227.16%
190012,4701,6521.43%
189010,8189,70625.55%
18801,1120.00%

Fresno Population in 2018Source: By JMora24 [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White278,525
Some Other Race95,782
Asian68,790
Black or African American41,414
Two or More Races22,548
American Indian and Alaska Native5,885
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander863

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Fresno Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Fresno Median Age

30.2


Total

29.2


Male

31.2


Female

Fresno Adults

There are 363,775 adults, (52,922 of which are seniors) in Fresno.

Fresno Age Dependency

65.1

Age Dependency Ratio

16.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

48.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Fresno Sex Ratio

Female

261,444

50.88%

Male

252,363

49.12%

Fresno Households and Families

Fresno Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Fresno Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married63.9%36.1%
All46.5%53.5%
Non Family38.9%61.1%
Male35.4%64.6%
Female28.1%71.9%

46.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Fresno Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All164,0773.0846.5
Married66,4903.8463.9
Non Family50,6501.3838.9
Female33,1033.8228.1
Male13,8343.8535.4

3.67

Average Family Size

3.08

Average Household Size

9.3%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.6%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Fresno Households

Fresno Education

Fresno Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade39,86013.10%
9th to 12th Grade35,38611.63%
High School Graduate68,83622.63%
Some College74,04624.34%
Associates Degree23,8747.85%
Bachelors Degree42,07413.83%
Graduate Degree20,1676.63%

Fresno Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic127,60578,27212,585
White106,89597,88533,501
Other Race49,56627,5313,504
Asian39,86728,46310,849
Black23,56319,1303,668
Multiple Races9,0217,0512,037
Native American3,5502,856515
Islander48739961

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 91.57%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 31.34%.

Fresno Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$29,143$31,158$26,166
Less Than High School$16,778$19,163$13,431
High School Grad$24,831$26,865$20,943
Some College$30,546$35,211$26,198
Bachelors Degree$48,167$53,026$43,621
Graduate Degree$68,042$74,760$62,967

$29,143

Average Earnings

$31,158

Average Male

$26,166

Average Female

Fresno Language

Fresno Language by Age

Fresno Language

57.20% of Fresno residents speak only English, while 42.80% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 29.29% of the population.

Fresno Poverty

Fresno Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic246,12788,03735.77%
Other93,54536,36038.87%
White138,91921,58415.54%
Asian68,12021,29731.26%
Black40,43817,69143.75%
Multiple22,2086,93031.20%
Native5,7022,00835.22%
Islander85429334.31%

30.02%

Overall Poverty Rate

28.63%

Male Poverty Rate

31.36%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Fresno

The race most likely to be in poverty in Fresno is Black, with 43.75% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Fresno is White, with 15.54% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 7.12%. Among those working part-time, it was 29.76%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 38.90%.

Fresno Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School40.19%
High School24.41%
Some College18.55%
Bachelors or Greater6.39%

Fresno Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed46.71%
Male Unemployed46.59%
Female Employed15.70%
Male Employed14.04%

Fresno Income

Fresno Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$41,842$60,242
Families$46,813$65,808
Married Families$65,739$85,257
Non Families$28,528$42,721

Fresno Marital Status

Fresno Marital Status

Marriage Rates

39.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

41.7%

Male Marriage Rate

38.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Fresno Married by Age and Sex

Fresno Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Fresno Marital Status by Race

Fresno Veterans

Fresno Veterans by War

19,720

Number of Veterans

18,462

Male Veterans

1,258

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam7,222
First Gulf War3,128
Second Gulf War2,996
Korea2,012
World War II1,176

Fresno Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 744,883
75+4,562
35 to 544,284
55 to 643,896
18 to 342,095

Fresno Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White14,5817.04%
Hispanic5,8503.66%
Other1,8482.96%
Black1,5015.29%
Asian8391.71%
2 or More6065.12%
Indian2776.11%
Hawaiian6810.83%

Fresno Veterans by Education

13.03%

Veteran Poverty Rate

34.68%

Veteran Disability Rate

Fresno Employment Status

Fresno Employment by Age

61.4%

Labor Force Participation

53.5%

Employment Rate

12.7%

Unemployment Rate

Fresno Employment by Race

Fresno Employment by Education

Fresno Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

66.96%

Born in California

79.34%

Native Born

20.66%

Foreign Born

12.08%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

79.34% of Fresno residents were born in the United States, with 66.96% having been born in California. 12.08% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.