Fresno, California Population 2018

Fresno is located in Central California as the seat of Fresno County. Fresno is about 200 miles north of Los Angeles and 170 miles south of Sacramento. It is the fifth largest city in California and the largest inland city in the state with an estimated 2014 population of 512,000, which ranks 34th in the United States.

Fresno's population is estimated at 512,000, up from 467,600 in 2010. The greater Metropolitan Fresno area has a population estimated at 1.1 million. There are several well-known neighborhoods in Fresno, including Tower District, which is the city's hub for community events and the center of the city's LGBT and Hipster communities, and the West Side, which is culturally diverse and the center of Fresno's African American community with large Asian-American and Mexican-American populations.

Fresno Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the racial composition of Fresno was: White: 49.6% (non-Hispanic: 30.0%) Black or African American: 8.3% Hispanic or Latino of any race: 46.9% (42.7% Mexican, 0.4% Salvadoran, 0.4% Puerto Rican) Asian: 12.6% (3.6% Hmong, 1.7% Indian, 1.2% Filipino, 1.2% Laotian, 1.0% Thai, 0.8% Cambodian, 0.7% Chinese, 0.5% Japanese, 0.4% Vietnamese, 0.2% Korean) Native American: 1.7% Pacific Islander: 0.2% Other races: 22.6% Two or more races: 5.0%

Fresno has one of the largest urban Hmong populations in the United States.

Fresno has a long history of Armenian immigrants as well. The first Armenians to move to the region were brothers Garabed and Hagop Seropian in 1881, with the Armenian population reaching 360 in Fresno by 1894. This number continued to grow with early immigrants heavily involved in agriculture and farming. By 1930, Armenians owned about 40% of the raisin acreage in the county. Many Anglicized their names due to widespread bigotry, and fear of immigrant land ownership caused the passage of laws to restrict their right to buy land. Today, there are about 40,000 Armenians in Fresno.

Fresno History

The San Joaquin Valley area was first inhabited by the Yokuts people who traded with other tribes of Native Americans in the state. The County of Fresno was created after the California Gold Rush in 1856, and it was named for the ash trees along the river (Fresno is Spanish for ash tree). Within a few years, several settlements were established for settlers and traders.

The Central Pacific Railroad established a station close to Easterby's (a large wheat farm) in 1872 for the new Southern Pacific line. A store followed, and the town of Fresno Station -- later Fresno -- was formed. Many residents from nearby settlements moved to the new community, and Fresno was incorporated in 1885.

Prior to World War II, there was many ethnic neighborhoods in the city, such as Little Italy, Little Armenia, and German Town. The population in 1940 was 94% white, 2.7% Asian and 3.3% black.

During the second half of the 20th century, Fresno's population boomed, becoming one of the 100 largest cities in the country in 1960 with a population of 134,000. It hit 47th in 1990 and 37th place in 2000 with a population of 428,000.

Fresno Population Growth

Between July 2012 and July 2013, Fresno County's population grew just over 1%, which is the county's highest growth rate in three years. Fresno is growing faster than the state of California as a whole, and faster than other counties. The growth in the area is attributed to a growing Hispanic population, which makes up a first-time majority in Fresno. Between 2000 and 2010, the city of Fresno grew a whopping 41% as more Californians move inland to get away from the high cost of living on the coast.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017527,4384,6460.89%
2016522,7923,1420.60%
2015519,6504,2340.82%
2014515,4165,4071.06%
2013510,0093,7160.73%
2012506,2934,4420.89%
2011501,8514,0790.82%
2010497,77270,12016.40%
2000427,65273,45020.74%
1990354,202136,71162.86%
1980217,49151,83631.29%
1970165,65531,72623.69%
1960133,92942,26046.10%
195091,66930,98451.06%
194060,6858,17215.56%
193052,5137,42716.47%
192045,08620,19481.13%
191024,89212,42299.62%
190012,4701,65215.27%
189010,8189,706872.84%
18801,1120.00%

Fresno Population in 2018Source: By JMora24 [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White278,525
Some Other Race95,782
Asian68,790
Black or African American41,414
Two or More Races22,548
American Indian and Alaska Native5,885
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander863

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Fresno Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Fresno Median Age

30.2


Total

29.2


Male

31.2


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 373,426 adults in Fresno.

Fresno Age Dependency

65.1

Age Dependency Ratio

16.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

48.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Fresno Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
5
Houses Without Mortgage
21,313
Houses With Mortgage
55,061
Vacancy Rate
6.8
Median Rent
901
Median Home Value
187,500
Renter-Occupied Units
87,703
Owner-Occupied Units
76,374
Total Housing Units
175,978

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Fresno for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 7.8% and the labor force participation rate is 61.4%.

Fresno Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
3.08
Average Family Size
3.67
Total Households
164077
Married Couple Households
66490
Male Householder (no wife) Families
13834
Female Householder (no husband) Families
33103
Non Family Households
50650
Total Families
113427
Households With Own Children
60301
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
9.3
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.6

Fresno Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
15,882
$10,000 to $14,999
13,027
$15,000 to $24,999
22,903
$25,000 to $34,999
19,419
$35,000 to $49,999
21,514
$50,000 to $74,999
27,451
$75,000 to $99,999
16,521
$100,000 to $149,999
16,266
$150,000 to $199,999
6,215
Over $200,000
4,879

Fresno Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Fresno

California

$41,842

$63,783

$60,242

$91,149

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.0450.090.1350.18

Fresno Education Data

Fresno Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
39,86013.10%
9th to 12th Grade
35,38611.63%
High School Graduate
68,83622.63%
Some College
74,04624.34%
Associates Degree
23,8747.85%
Bachelors Degree
42,07413.83%
Graduate Degree
20,1676.63%