Gainesville, Florida Population 2019

Gainesville is a city located in the state of Florida. More specifically, it is located in Alachua County, where it has been designated as the county city. It is also the largest city in the county with a population estimated to be 131,591, as well as the most populous city in North Central Florida. The city has been ranked as one of the best places in the U.S. to live.

Gainesville History

The Gainesville region was originally inhabited by Paleo-Indians approximately 12,000 years ago. The European explorer Hernando de Soto passed through the area in 1539. Once the Europeans arrived, many Native Americans perished from diseases that were brought over.

The city of Gainesville was founded to serve as the Alachua County seat because of its position along the Florida Railroad Company’s route. The original proposed name of the city was Hogtown, but a settlement located near Westside Park already had this name, so the city name was adopted. This former site was later annexed in 1961.

In 1854, the public sale of lots was ordered. Two years later, a courthouse was constructed, and the following year, a well was dug and a jail was constructed. The property values during this time began to rise quickly. The city continued to grow and by the end of the 1850s, there were multiple stores and hotels.

Gainesville was incorporated as a city in 1866, but the government was weak at this time. The city was reincorporated in 1869 by order of the Florida legislature. After the Civil War, the city’s economy revolved around cotton shipping and was the leading shipping facility in the state. More railroads arrived, continuing the growth of the city. For a brief period, citrus growing became an important part of the economy but ended following freezes.

Heading into the 20th century, Gainesville became known as a rough city. Lots of violence included severe injuries and killings. This included racial violence.

In the 20th century, a new charter was requested and was granted in 1905. The borders of the city were also expanded. A bond issue was offered this year and was used to launch a sewer system and pave roads. A generating plant was built in 1914. The University of Florida had also been established by this time.

The city faced its hardships in the 20th century, including exhausting its water supply. A new well was drilled and a water tower built. Agriculture remained the dominant industry in Gainesville. It was also still a major shipping point through until a boll weevil infestation destroyed crops.

In the 1920s, a land boom occurred, and new subdivisions were developed. More schools opened, the government added a city manager, and the police force expanded. The city continued to grow. When the Great Depression hit, Gainesville wasn’t affected nearly as bad as other cities and had a lower unemployment rate than many other areas in the country. During World War II, the city continued to grow both in terms of the economy and population. The airport was updated, and the hospital was expanded, while the university was used to train military personnel. Following the war, enrollment at the University of Florida grew, bringing veterans and their families to the area.

The city continued to see a pattern of growth through the 1960s when it became known for college activism. This rose again during the 1980s. Today, the city has been named as one of the best places to live in the U.S. It is known for its low cost of living. One drawback is that with so many educated residents, the job market is quite weak and the median income falls below the national average. The city welcomes many visitors each year, who come to see the cultural facilities and festivities, historic sites and landmarks, and other attractions that Gainesville has to offer.

Gainesville Population and Labor Statistics

Gainesville’s estimated population currently exceeds 132.000, up quite a bit from the last recorded population during the 2010 census. At that time, the population was 124,354. The city has a total area of over 63 square miles and a population density of over 2,111 people per square mile. There are more females than males in Gainesville, making up 51.6% of the population.

The University of Florida is the largest employer in the city, with over 27,000 employees. UF Health, Alachua County School Board, Gainesville Veterans Administration Medical Center, and the City of Gainesville are other top employers, providing jobs to thousands of residents.

Gainesville Population Growth

Since the census taken in 1890, Gainesville has seen nothing but growth across its population. By 1930, the city had over 10,000 residents. This number had nearly tripled by the 1950 census. The population grew significantly between 1950 and 1960, exploding from over 29,000 residents to over 64,000. By 2000, the population had nearly reached 100,000. Recent estimates show that the population has grown by 5.8% since the 2010 census. At this rate, the population will reach 150,000 soon.

Gainesville Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Gainesville was:

  • White: 65.95%
  • Black or African American: 22.02%
  • Asian: 6.88%
  • Two or more races: 3.78%
  • Other race: 0.92%
  • Native American: 0.34%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.11%
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018133,8571,8391.39%
2017132,0185440.41%
2016131,4742,3151.79%
2015129,1591,8191.43%
2014127,3401,2360.98%
2013126,1043610.29%
2012125,7433290.26%
2011125,4149710.78%
2010124,44328,9962.69%
200095,44710,6771.19%
199084,7703,3990.41%
198081,37116,8612.35%
197064,51034,8098.07%
196029,7012,8401.01%
195026,86113,1046.92%
194013,7573,2922.77%
193010,4653,6054.31%
19206,8606771.04%
19106,1832,5505.46%
19003,6338432.68%
18902,7900.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
White85,339
Black or African American28,499
Asian8,896
Two or More Races4,892
Some Other Race1,190
American Indian and Alaska Native434
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander144

Gainesville Population Pyramid 2019

Gainesville Median Age

26


Total

25.9


Male

26.1


Female

Gainesville Adults

There are 113,265 adults, (12,588 of whom are seniors) in Gainesville.

Gainesville Age Dependency

28.5

Age Dependency Ratio

12.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

16

Child Dependency Ratio

Gainesville Sex Ratio

Female

67,221

51.95%

Male

62,173

48.05%

Gainesville Households and Families

Gainesville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Gainesville Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married65.1%34.9%
Male48.9%51.1%
All38.8%61.2%
Female32.4%67.6%
Non Family28.3%71.7%

38.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All48,9932.3238.8
Non Family29,8461.7228.3
Married12,6793.165.1
Female5,0423.5632.4
Male1,4263.7548.9

3.17

Average Family Size

2.32

Average Household Size

6.9%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Gainesville Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,3853.50%
9th to 12th Grade3,4155.01%
High School Graduate14,43421.17%
Some College12,03517.65%
Associates Degree6,5289.57%
Bachelors Degree14,63921.47%
Graduate Degree14,76021.64%

Gainesville Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White40,53038,33820,341
Black16,04913,4342,905
Hispanic5,5145,0432,479
Asian4,6724,3463,159
Multiple Races1,6681,496651
Other Race581539202
Native American33626966
Islander878437

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 96.55%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 67.62%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,259$32,866$29,426
Less Than High School$$$21,944
High School Grad$24,028$25,525$23,055
Some College$26,855$30,209$26,085
Bachelors Degree$36,890$40,232$35,194
Graduate Degree$47,533$51,161$42,432

$31,259

Average Earnings

$32,866

Average Male

$29,426

Average Female

Gainesville Language

Gainesville Language by Age

Gainesville Language

84.27% of Gainesville residents speak only English, while 15.73% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 7.24% of the population.

Gainesville Poverty

Gainesville Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White65,58718,98428.94%
Black26,39510,28138.95%
Hispanic11,7645,08043.18%
Asian7,9593,14039.45%
Multiple4,2311,54136.42%
Other1,12347041.85%
Native42510224.00%
Islander1397151.08%

33.56%

Overall Poverty Rate

34.16%

Male Poverty Rate

33.00%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Gainesville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Gainesville is Islander, with 51.08% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Gainesville is Native, with 24.00% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.34%. Among those working part-time, it was 48.39%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 51.28%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School46.03%
High School25.45%
Some College18.21%
Bachelors or Greater13.52%
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed60.41%
Female Unemployed56.77%
Female Employed21.15%
Male Employed20.39%

Gainesville Income

Gainesville Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$34,004$51,019
Families$57,659$74,916
Married Families$77,512-
Non Families$24,166$35,019

Gainesville Marital Status

Gainesville Marital Status

Marriage Rates

24.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

26.1%

Male Marriage Rate

23.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Gainesville Married by Age and Sex

Gainesville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Gainesville Marital Status by Race

Gainesville Veterans

5,609

Number of Veterans

5,054

Male Veterans

555

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam2,050
Second Gulf War1,114
First Gulf War761
Korea520
World War II360
Age Group Veterans
65 to 741,308
55 to 641,225
75+1,218
35 to 541,181
18 to 34677

Gainesville Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White4,1545.33%
Black1,1815.27%
Hispanic2251.89%
2 or More1374.15%
Asian550.68%
Other444.51%
Indian348.06%
Hawaiian43.28%

Gainesville Veterans by Education

12.60%

Veteran Poverty Rate

25.48%

Veteran Disability Rate

Gainesville Employment Status

56.5%

Labor Force Participation

52.1%

Employment Rate

7.8%

Unemployment Rate

Gainesville Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

52.80%

Born in Florida

88.95%

Native Born

11.05%

Foreign Born

6.41%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

88.95% of Gainesville residents were born in the United States, with 52.80% having been born in Florida. 6.41% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.