Gainesville, Florida Population 2020

133,857

Gainesville is a city located in the state of Florida. More specifically, it is located in Alachua County, where it has been designated as the county city. It is also the largest city in the county with a population estimated to be 133,857, as well as the most populous city in North Central Florida. The city has been ranked as one of the best places in the U.S. to live.

Gainesville History

The Gainesville region was originally inhabited by Paleo-Indians approximately 12,000 years ago. The European explorer Hernando de Soto passed through the area in 1539. Once the Europeans arrived, many Native Americans perished from diseases that were brought over.

The city of Gainesville was founded to serve as the Alachua County seat because of its position along the Florida Railroad Company’s route. The original proposed name of the city was Hogtown, but a settlement located near Westside Park already had this name, so the city name was adopted. This former site was later annexed in 1961.

In 1854, the public sale of lots was ordered. Two years later, a courthouse was constructed, and the following year, a well was dug and a jail was constructed. The property values during this time began to rise quickly. The city continued to grow and by the end of the 1850s, there were multiple stores and hotels.

Gainesville was incorporated as a city in 1866, but the government was weak at this time. The city was reincorporated in 1869 by order of the Florida legislature. After the Civil War, the city’s economy revolved around cotton shipping and was the leading shipping facility in the state. More railroads arrived, continuing the growth of the city. For a brief period, citrus growing became an important part of the economy but ended following freezes.

Heading into the 20th century, Gainesville became known as a rough city. Lots of violence included severe injuries and killings. This included racial violence.

In the 20th century, a new charter was requested and was granted in 1905. The borders of the city were also expanded. A bond issue was offered this year and was used to launch a sewer system and pave roads. A generating plant was built in 1914. The University of Florida had also been established by this time.

The city faced its hardships in the 20th century, including exhausting its water supply. A new well was drilled and a water tower built. Agriculture remained the dominant industry in Gainesville. It was also still a major shipping point through until a boll weevil infestation destroyed crops.

In the 1920s, a land boom occurred, and new subdivisions were developed. More schools opened, the government added a city manager, and the police force expanded. The city continued to grow. When the Great Depression hit, Gainesville wasn’t affected nearly as bad as other cities and had a lower unemployment rate than many other areas in the country. During World War II, the city continued to grow both in terms of the economy and population. The airport was updated, and the hospital was expanded, while the university was used to train military personnel. Following the war, enrollment at the University of Florida grew, bringing veterans and their families to the area.

The city continued to see a pattern of growth through the 1960s when it became known for college activism. This rose again during the 1980s. Today, the city has been named as one of the best places to live in the U.S. It is known for its low cost of living. One drawback is that with so many educated residents, the job market is quite weak and the median income falls below the national average. The city welcomes many visitors each year, who come to see the cultural facilities and festivities, historic sites and landmarks, and other attractions that Gainesville has to offer.

Gainesville Population and Labor Statistics

Gainesville’s estimated population currently exceeds 132.000, up quite a bit from the last recorded population during the 2010 census. At that time, the population was 124,354. The city has a total area of over 63 square miles and a population density of over 2,111 people per square mile. There are more females than males in Gainesville, making up 51.6% of the population.

The University of Florida is the largest employer in the city, with over 27,000 employees. UF Health, Alachua County School Board, Gainesville Veterans Administration Medical Center, and the City of Gainesville are other top employers, providing jobs to thousands of residents.

Gainesville Population Growth

Since the census taken in 1890, Gainesville has seen nothing but growth across its population. By 1930, the city had over 10,000 residents. This number had nearly tripled by the 1950 census. The population grew significantly between 1950 and 1960, exploding from over 29,000 residents to over 64,000. By 2000, the population had nearly reached 100,000. Recent estimates show that the population has grown by 5.8% since the 2010 census. At this rate, the population will reach 150,000 soon.

Gainesville Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Gainesville was:

  • White: 65.92%
  • Black or African American: 21.42%
  • Asian: 7.23%
  • Two or more races: 4.03%
  • Other race: 0.90%
  • Native American: 0.40%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.09%

How Many People Live in Gainesville, Florida?

133,857
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018133,8571,8391.39%
2017132,0185440.41%
2016131,4742,3151.79%
2015129,1591,8191.43%
2014127,3401,2360.98%
2013126,1043610.29%
2012125,7433290.26%
2011125,4149710.78%
2010124,44328,9962.69%
200095,44710,6771.19%
199084,7703,3990.41%
198081,37116,8612.35%
197064,51034,8098.07%
196029,7012,8401.01%
195026,86113,1046.92%
194013,7573,2922.77%
193010,4653,6054.31%
19206,8606771.04%
19106,1832,5505.46%
19003,6338432.68%
18902,7900.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018288,2123,5271.22%
2017284,6852,8000.98%
2016281,8855,3391.89%
2015276,5464,0601.47%
2014272,4863,0351.11%
2013269,4511,0460.39%
2012268,4051,6090.60%
2011266,7962,1840.82%
2010264,6120.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White86,22065.92%
Black or African American28,01821.42%
Asian9,4517.23%
Two or More Races5,2744.03%
Some Other Race1,1790.90%
American Indian and Alaska Native5290.40%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1190.09%

Gainesville Population Pyramid 2020

Gainesville Median Age

26.1


Total

26.1


Male

26


Female

Gainesville Adults

There are 113,913 adults, (13,399 of whom are seniors) in Gainesville.

Gainesville Age Dependency

30.1

Age Dependency Ratio

13.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

16.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Gainesville Sex Ratio

Female

68,537

52.40%

Male

62,253

47.60%

Gainesville Households and Families

Gainesville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Gainesville Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married65.3%34.7%
Male44.3%55.7%
All39.4%60.6%
Female33.6%66.4%
Non Family29.2%70.8%

39.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All48,4072.3839.4
Non Family29,5571.7329.2
Married12,5063.1365.3
Female4,837433.6
Male1,5073.7444.3

3.32

Average Family Size

2.38

Average Household Size

6.6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Gainesville Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,5783.72%
9th to 12th Grade2,8134.06%
High School Graduate14,31720.65%
Some College11,89717.16%
Associates Degree6,7749.77%
Bachelors Degree15,77522.76%
Graduate Degree15,16721.88%

Gainesville Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White40,85638,86921,059
Black15,63613,2372,781
Hispanic6,1455,5842,910
Asian4,9964,7523,506
Multiple Races1,8391,641813
Other Race616571238
Native American430384110
Islander777447

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 96.10%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 70.18%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$32,404$35,116$30,890
Less Than High School$16,085$14,761$19,766
High School Grad$24,007$28,016$21,976
Some College$27,056$28,688$26,319
Bachelors Degree$39,543$41,432$37,027
Graduate Degree$49,188$52,504$44,953

$32,404

Average Earnings

$35,116

Average Male

$30,890

Average Female

Gainesville Language

Gainesville Language by Age

Gainesville Language

83.43% of Gainesville residents speak only English, while 16.57% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 7.61% of the population.

Gainesville Poverty

Gainesville Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White65,89117,94627.24%
Black25,9789,13335.16%
Hispanic12,2894,82739.28%
Asian8,5283,38939.74%
Multiple4,7401,60333.82%
Other1,10839835.92%
Native52012924.81%
Islander1146153.51%

31.44%

Overall Poverty Rate

31.57%

Male Poverty Rate

31.33%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Gainesville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Gainesville is Islander, with 53.51% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Gainesville is Native, with 24.81% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.87%. Among those working part-time, it was 45.12%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 49.89%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School40.47%
High School21.96%
Some College16.02%
Bachelors or Greater12.55%
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed57.04%
Female Unemployed54.24%
Female Employed19.40%
Male Employed18.00%

Gainesville Income

Gainesville Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$36,389$54,605
Families$62,964$81,429
Married Families$81,413$99,815
Non Families$24,644$36,830

Gainesville Marital Status

Gainesville Marital Status

Marriage Rates

24.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

26.0%

Male Marriage Rate

23.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Gainesville Married by Age and Sex

Gainesville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Gainesville Marital Status by Race

Gainesville Veterans

5,534

Number of Veterans

5,003

Male Veterans

531

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,842
Second Gulf War1,249
First Gulf War738
Korea455
World War II284

Gainesville Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White4,2025.34%
Black1,0444.83%
Hispanic3212.58%
2 or More1323.90%
Asian630.74%
Indian489.25%
Other424.00%
Hawaiian32.52%

Gainesville Veterans by Education

9.62%

Veteran Poverty Rate

22.68%

Veteran Disability Rate

Gainesville Employment Status

57.3%

Labor Force Participation

53.4%

Employment Rate

6.8%

Unemployment Rate

Gainesville Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

53.72%

Born in Florida

88.87%

Native Born

11.13%

Foreign Born

6.36%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

88.87% of Gainesville residents were born in the United States, with 53.72% having been born in Florida. 6.36% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.