Gainesville, Florida Population 2018

Gainesville is a city located in the state of Florida. More specifically, it is located in Alachua County, where it has been designated as the county city. It is also the largest city in the county with a population estimated to be 131,591, as well as the most populous city in North Central Florida. The city has been ranked as one of the best places in the U.S. to live.

Gainesville History

The Gainesville region was originally inhabited by Paleo-Indians approximately 12,000 years ago. The European explorer Hernando de Soto passed through the area in 1539. Once the Europeans arrived, many Native Americans perished from diseases that were brought over.

The city of Gainesville was founded to serve as the Alachua County seat because of its position along the Florida Railroad Company’s route. The original proposed name of the city was Hogtown, but a settlement located near Westside Park already had this name, so the city name was adopted. This former site was later annexed in 1961.

In 1854, the public sale of lots were ordered. Two years later, a courthouse was constructed and the following year, a well was dug and a jail was constructed. The property values during this time began to rise quickly. The city continued to grow and by the end of the 1850s, there were multiple stores and hotels.

Gainesville was incorporated as a city in 1866 but the government was weak at this time. The city was reincorporated in 1869 by order of the Florida legislature. After the Civil War, the city’s economy revolved around cotton shipping and was the leading shipping facility in the state. More railroads arrived, continuing the growth of the city. For a brief period, citrus growing became an important part of the economy but ended following freezes.

Heading into the 20th century, Gainesville became known as a rough city. There was lots of violence that included serious injuries and killings. This included racial violence.

In the 20th century, a new charter was requested and was granted in 1905. The borders of the city were also expanded. A bond issue was offered this year and was used to launch a sewer system and pave roads. A generating plant was built in 1914. The University of Florida had also been established by this time.

The city faced its hardships in the 20th century, including exhausting its water supply. A new well was drilled and a water tower built. Agriculture remained the dominant industry in Gainesville. It was also still a major shipping point through until a boll weevil infestation destroyed crops.

In the 1920s, a land boom occurred and new subdivisions were developed. More schools opened, the government added a city manager, and the police force expanded. The city continued to grow. When the Great Depression hit, Gainesville wasn’t affected nearly as bad as other cities and had a lower unemployment rate than many other areas in the country. During World War II, the city continued to grow both in terms of the economy and population. The airport was updated and the hospital was expanded, while the university was used to train military personnel. Following the war, enrollment at the University of Florida grew, bringing veterans and their families to the area.

The city continued to see a pattern of growth through the 1960s, when it became known for college activism. This rose again during the 1980s. Today, the city has been named as one of the best places to live in the U.S. It is known for its low cost of living. One drawback is that with so many educated residents, the job market is quite weak and the median income falls below the national average. The city welcomes many visitors each year, who come to see the cultural facilities and festivities, historic sites and landmarks, and other attractions that Gainesville has to offer.

Gainesville Demographics

Gainesville’s estimated population exceeds 131.000, up quite a bit from the last recorded population during the 2010 census. At that time, the population was 124,354. The city has a total area of over 63 square miles and a population density of over 2,111 people per square mile.

The majority of the population is white, making up almost 65% of the total population. Twenty-three percent of the population is black, 6.9% is Asian, 2.9% are mixed race, and 10% are Hispanic or Latino. There are more females than males in Gainesville, making up 51.6% of the population.

The University of Florida is the largest employer in the city, with over 27,000 employees. UF Health, Alachua County School Board, Gainesville Veterans Administration Medical Center, and the City of Gainesville are other top employers, providing jobs to thousands of residents.

Gainesville Population Growth

Since the census taken in 1890, Gainesville has seen nothing but growth across its population. By 1930, the city had over 10,000 residents. This number had nearly tripled by the 1950 census. The population grew significantly between 1950 and 1960, exploding from over 29,000 residents to over 64,000. By 2000, the population had nearly reached 100,000. Recent estimates show that the population has grown by 5.8% since the 2010 census. At this rate, the population will reach 150,000 in the near future.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017132,2497030.53%
2016131,5462,1781.68%
2015129,3681,8441.45%
2014127,5241,2861.02%
2013126,2383880.31%
2012125,8503800.30%
2011125,4709920.80%
2010124,47829,03130.42%
200095,44710,67712.60%
199084,7703,3994.18%
198081,37116,86126.14%
197064,51034,809117.20%
196029,7012,84010.57%
195026,86113,10495.25%
194013,7573,29231.46%
193010,4653,60552.55%
19206,86067710.95%
19106,1832,55070.19%
19003,63384330.22%
18902,7900.00%

Gainesville Population in 2018Source: By Flatwoods 36 [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White84,108
Black or African American28,491
Asian9,066
Two or More Races4,849
Some Other Race1,209
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander451
American Indian and Alaska Native436

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Gainesville Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Gainesville Median Age

25.7


Total

25.6


Male

25.7


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 115,321 adults in Gainesville.

Gainesville Age Dependency

28.9

Age Dependency Ratio

12.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

16.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Gainesville Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
4.6
Houses Without Mortgage
7,939
Houses With Mortgage
10,528
Vacancy Rate
17.2
Median Rent
858
Median Home Value
143,900
Renter-Occupied Units
29,455
Owner-Occupied Units
18,467
Total Housing Units
57,867

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Gainesville for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 4.6% and the labor force participation rate is 55.2%.

Gainesville Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.36
Average Family Size
3.16
Total Households
47922
Married Couple Households
12428
Male Householder (no wife) Families
1462
Female Householder (no husband) Families
5343
Non Family Households
28689
Total Families
19233
Households With Own Children
7270
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
6.4
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.5

Gainesville Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
9,316
$10,000 to $14,999
3,065
$15,000 to $24,999
6,694
$25,000 to $34,999
5,879
$35,000 to $49,999
5,771
$50,000 to $74,999
7,355
$75,000 to $99,999
4,263
$100,000 to $149,999
3,722
$150,000 to $199,999
938
Over $200,000
919

Gainesville Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Gainesville

Florida

$32,716

$48,900

$49,398

$69,936

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.050.10.150.2

Gainesville Education Data

Gainesville Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
2,1923.29%
9th to 12th Grade
3,1944.79%
High School Graduate
14,05421.07%
Some College
12,23918.35%
Associates Degree
6,2369.35%
Bachelors Degree
14,36421.54%
Graduate Degree
14,41621.61%