Garland, Texas Population 2019

242,507

Garland is a city that is part of the Dallas- Fort Worth metroplex in the state of Texas. Garland is located almost entirely in Dallas County, with a small portion located in Collin and Rockwall counties.

The estimated population of Garland is 242,507, making it the 12th-largest city in Texas and the 93rd-largest city in the United States. The city spans over 57.1 square miles, resulting in a population of 4,200 people per square mile. The population density in Garland is 4147% higher than the Texas average and 4444% higher than the national average. For every 100 females in Garland, there are 96.1 males.

Garland Diversity and Language

According to the 2010 United States Census, Garland’s racial makeup was 57.5% white, 14.5% black, 0.8% Native American, 9.4% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 14.4% other races, and 3.3% of two or more races. Non-Hispanic whites comprised 36.7% of the population, down from 86.5% in 1980.

English is the official language of Garland. 51.74% of Garland residents speak only English, while 48.26% speak other languages. The most-spoken non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 35.09% of the population.

Garland History

Around 1850, immigrants began arriving to the area of modern-day Garland and two communities formed by 1874: Embree and Duck Creek. The two communities grew a rivalry around the Santa Fe Railroad depot and fought over which town would get the local post office for several years. In 1887, Congressman Joe Abbott submitted a bill to Congress to move the post office to a place between the two towns. The new location was named Garland after President Grover Cleveland’s Attorney General, Augustus H. Garland. Soon after, the Embree and Duck Creek communities joined with Garland to form the city of Garland.

By 1890, Garland had four churches, three gristmills, three cotton gins, a flour mill, and several hotels and businesses. Garland was incorporated on April 21, 1891, and had a population of 819 people by 1904.

In 1920, a local businessman financed a new electrical generator plant, which led to the formation of Garland Power and Light. Garland Power and Light still powers the city today. The first car dealership was built in the 1920s. Unfortunately, a tornado in 1927 destroyed much of the city and killed seventeen people, including the former mayor S.E. Nicholson.

In the late 1930s, the Craddock food company and the Byer-Rolnick hat factory moved into Garland. The first radio tower, the KRLD (Dallas) radio tower, was constructed and is still operational to this day. Kraft Foods bought a motor plant to rebuild for its manufacture. In the 1940s, Garland was a major onion-shipping point.

Garland’s government changed to a city-manager government in 1951, with L.E. Stark becoming the first city manager. Between 1954 and 1957, Garland grew from 6,832 acres to 8,000 acres. By the late 1960s, the city had 80 churches, 28 schools, 15 parks, four banks, and two hospitals.

Garland has one of the lowest poverty rates of U.S. cities. In 1990, Garland’s population was at 180,650 and had 2,227 businesses, making it the second-largest city in Dallas County and the tenth-largest city in Texas.

The 2000s brought several developments for Garland, including the Hawaiian Falls waterpark in 2003, the Garland Independent School District’s Curtis Culwell Center (an arena and conference facility) in 2005, and the Firewheel Town Center in 2005, an outdoor mall with over 100 businesses and an AMC theater. In 2009, the 5th Street Crossing was developed, a mixed-use, transit-oriented project with 189 apartment units, 11,000 square feet of retail, and six live-work units.

On December 26, 2015, the southeast part of Garland was struck by an EF4 tornado causing at least eight fatalities.

Garland Population Growth

In 1890, Garland’s population was 478, which grew to 242,507 in 2018.

Between 1900 and 1910, Garland experienced its only decrease in population by 1.8% from 819 people to 804 people.

Garland experienced its largest population growth between 1940 and 1950, where it grew by 373.4% from 2,233 to 10,571. In the following decade, the population grew 264.2% from 10,571 to 38,501.

The population growth rate has decreased significantly. From 2010 to 2018, the population grew 6.9%, less than 1.0% growth per year.

Garland Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Garland was:

  • White: 59.81%
  • Black or African American: 13.67%
  • Other race: 11.10%
  • Asian: 10.96%
  • Two or more races: 3.94%
  • Native American: 0.49%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.03%

How Many People Live in Garland, Texas?

242,507
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018242,5073,9471.65%
2017238,5602,0600.87%
2016236,500-831-0.35%
2015237,3311,5700.67%
2014235,7619780.42%
2013234,7831,0080.43%
2012233,7753,6971.61%
2011230,0782,7231.20%
2010227,35511,5870.52%
2000215,76835,1181.79%
1990180,65041,7932.67%
1980138,85757,4205.48%
197081,43742,9367.78%
196038,50127,93013.80%
195010,5718,37117.00%
19402,2001,4002.56%
19008000.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White141,13559.81%
Black or African American32,25113.67%
Some Other Race26,18811.10%
Asian25,86610.96%
Two or More Races9,2943.94%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,1510.49%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander800.03%

Garland Population Pyramid 2019

Garland Median Age

34.5


Total

32.8


Male

36.4


Female

Garland Adults

There are 170,996 adults, (26,302 of whom are seniors) in Garland.

Garland Age Dependency

63.1

Age Dependency Ratio

18.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

44.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Garland Sex Ratio

Female

120,386

51.02%

Male

115,579

48.98%

Garland Households and Families

Garland Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Garland Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married73.6%26.4%
All61.9%38.1%
Non Family51.7%48.3%
Male50.7%49.3%
Female45.6%54.4%

61.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All75,8373.161.9
Married39,1023.7673.6
Non Family19,4981.2651.7
Female12,3543.6945.6
Male4,8833.7350.7

3.64

Average Family Size

3.1

Average Household Size

5.6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Garland Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade18,32512.30%
9th to 12th Grade16,40611.01%
High School Graduate35,97924.15%
Some College34,50423.16%
Associates Degree10,1026.78%
Bachelors Degree23,57715.82%
Graduate Degree10,1046.78%

Garland Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White59,41755,01917,673
Hispanic48,97424,9174,362
Black19,71118,1925,180
Asian17,74113,2465,652
Other Race12,5716,021618
Multiple Races3,7583,2601,023
Native American71560654
Islander8061

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 92.60%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 31.86%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,828$35,349$29,000
Less Than High School$22,349$26,184$16,813
High School Grad$27,248$31,555$24,018
Some College$33,949$37,201$31,454
Bachelors Degree$48,933$51,562$45,613
Graduate Degree$59,028$70,397$54,184

$31,828

Average Earnings

$35,349

Average Male

$29,000

Average Female

Garland Language

Garland Language by Age

Garland Language

51.74% of Garland residents speak only English, while 48.26% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 35.09% of the population.

Garland Poverty

Garland Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic97,04920,96721.60%
Other26,1686,64925.41%
White73,2665,3507.30%
Black31,9924,89615.30%
Asian25,8084,30816.69%
Multiple9,1531,77419.38%
Native1,15138733.62%

15.67%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.20%

Male Poverty Rate

17.10%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Garland

The race most likely to be in poverty in Garland is Native, with 33.62% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Garland is White, with 7.30% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.63%. Among those working part-time, it was 16.31%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 20.60%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School20.59%
High School11.07%
Some College9.99%
Bachelors or Greater4.37%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed26.67%
Male Unemployed24.02%
Female Employed9.44%
Male Employed7.32%

Garland Income

Garland Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$55,637$69,116
Families$60,101$73,792
Married Families$70,363$85,000
Non Families$39,082$50,299

Garland Marital Status

Garland Marital Status

Marriage Rates

49.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

52.0%

Male Marriage Rate

47.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Garland Married by Age and Sex

Garland Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Garland Marital Status by Race

Garland Veterans

9,373

Number of Veterans

8,478

Male Veterans

895

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam3,673
Second Gulf War1,521
First Gulf War1,467
Korea699
World War II309
Age Group Veterans
65 to 742,360
55 to 642,056
75+2,037
35 to 541,766
18 to 341,154

Garland Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White7,1856.74%
Black1,4056.13%
Hispanic9391.55%
2 or More2705.58%
Other2091.34%
Asian2081.03%
Indian9611.47%

Garland Veterans by Education

4.91%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.51%

Veteran Disability Rate

Garland Employment Status

68.8%

Labor Force Participation

64%

Employment Rate

7%

Unemployment Rate

Garland Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

52.02%

Born in Texas

71.78%

Native Born

28.22%

Foreign Born

17.23%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

71.78% of Garland residents were born in the United States, with 52.02% having been born in Texas. 17.23% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.