Grand Junction, Colorado Population 2018

Grand Junction is a city located in the state of Colorado. It is the county city of Mesa County. The city has an estimated population of 61,881, making it just the 14th most populous in the state. The city’s location along the Colorado River has given it the nickname of River City. Though it wasn’t incorporated until the late 19th century, Grand Junction has seen major growth in its city limits and its population.

Grand Junction History

The region that is now Grand Junction was originally inhabited by the Ute tribe. In 1881, the tribe was removed from the land by the government so that it could be settled by Europeans. A plot of land was purchased by George Addison, a man from Pennsylvania. In 1882m Grand Junction was established and was incorporated as a town.

From the time of settlement, the economy revolved around farming, cattle and fruit orchards. In fact, the first vineyard was planted during its early history following European settlement. This resulted in more vineyards and later led to the nickname “Colorado Wine Country.”

Even to this day, the fruit orchards remain a staple to Grand Junction’s economy. Fruits grown in the city include pears, peaches, plums and wine grapes.

Grand Junction hasn’t just relied on agriculture, hower. It has also been a hotspot for uranium mining and was once the site of the Climax Uranium Mill that provided ore to the Atomic Energy Commission. Oil shale development has also fueled the economy, particularly during the 1970s and 1980s. Exxon purchased the rights to oil shale reserves and the city thrived until it left the region and put a strain on the economy in 1982. This period was known as “Black Sunday.”

However, Grand Junction’s economy quickly recovered and became even more diverse. Gas and oil mining and agriculture are among its top industries; however, education and healthcare also contribute significantly to the economy. The city also makes money from tourism, as people from all over the world come to visit nearby Powderhorn Resort and other attractions and ski resorts.

Grand Junction Demographics

The city of Grand Junction has an estimated population of over 61,000. The total area of the city is 39.64 square miles and the population density is over 1,575 people per square mile.

The city’s population is primarily white, making up 91.78% of the total population. Blacks, Native Americans, Asians, and Pacific Islanders each make up less than 1% of the population. Almost 4% identify as another race, while nearly 2% are mixed. Almost 11% of the population is Hispanic or Latino. There are more females than males residing in Grand Junction, with 95.1 men for every 100 women.

The largest age group is 25 to 44, which makes up 26.3% of the population. Over 21% is under the age of 18, while nearly 18% of the population is at least 65 years old. Close to 12% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

The Mesa County Valley School District 51 is the top employer in the city, providing jobs to over 2,500 people. City Market, St. Mary’s Hospital, the State of Colorado and Mesa County are other top employers in Grand Junction.

Grand Junction Population Growth

Despite some economic hardships, Grand Junction has continued to post population growth at every 10-year census. Though growth had slowed at the time of the 1990 census, it quickly rebounded in 2000, with the population growing from less than 30,000 to almost 42,000 people. The 2010 census shows that the population grew to over 58,000, reflecting almost 40% growth since the previous census. Current estimates show that the population has risen by 5.7% since the last official census and as the city’s economy continues to grow stronger and more diverse, it’s only natural that the city is expected to see continued growth.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201762,4751,0271.67%
201661,4488601.42%
201560,5887271.21%
201459,861-152-0.25%
201360,0131310.22%
201259,8821720.29%
201159,7106081.03%
201059,10217,1163.48%
200041,98612,9523.76%
199029,0341,0780.38%
198027,9567,7863.32%
197020,1701,4760.76%
196018,6944,1902.57%
195014,5042,0251.52%
194012,4792,2321.99%
193010,2471,5821.69%
19208,6659111.12%
19107,7544,2518.27%
19003,5030.00%

Grand Junction Population in 2018Source: By ryan lockwood [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White56,383
Two or More Races1,446
Some Other Race1,186
Black or African American642
Asian641
American Indian and Alaska Native403
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander181

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Grand Junction Population Pyramid 2018

5001,0001,5002,0002,5003,000 Male Population5001,0001,5002,0002,5003,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Grand Junction Median Age

35.9


Total

34.7


Male

37.5


Female

Grand Junction Adults

There are 48,075 adults, (10,263 of whom are seniors) in Grand Junction.

Grand Junction Age Dependency

61

Age Dependency Ratio

27.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Grand Junction Sex Ratio

Female

31,293

51.40%

Male

29,589

48.60%

Grand Junction Households and Families

Grand Junction Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Grand Junction Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married75.8%24.2%
All56.4%43.6%
Female45.9%54.1%
Male45.1%54.9%
Non Family41.2%58.8%

56.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Grand Junction Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All25,4982.2756.4
Non Family11,0461.3241.2
Married10,736375.8
Female2,7853.0345.9
Male9312.9845.1

2.91

Average Family Size

2.27

Average Household Size

4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Grand Junction Households

Grand Junction Education

Grand Junction Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,3233.34%
9th to 12th Grade2,3495.92%
High School Graduate9,98025.16%
Some College9,55124.08%
Associates Degree3,4188.62%
Bachelors Degree8,76022.09%
Graduate Degree4,27810.79%

Grand Junction Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White32,71130,66311,676
Hispanic5,3003,788769
Other Race768499101
Multiple Races698649203
Asian413377258
Black36834476
Native American31026674
Islander11112

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 62.47%.

Grand Junction Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,726$41,675$28,870
Less Than High School$25,562$32,755$13,785
High School Grad$29,042$38,306$20,788
Some College$31,904$40,139$27,174
Bachelors Degree$41,382$45,093$36,995
Graduate Degree$53,015$61,181$47,193

$35,726

Average Earnings

$41,675

Average Male

$28,870

Average Female

Grand Junction Language

Grand Junction Language by Age

Grand Junction Language

92.22% of Grand Junction residents speak only English, while 7.78% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 6.17% of the population.

Grand Junction Poverty

Grand Junction Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White45,5956,97115.29%
Hispanic9,7182,88729.71%
Multiple1,32038429.09%
Other1,13929125.55%
Native39423459.39%
Black52320739.58%
Islander1254536.00%
Asian592325.41%

18.29%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.93%

Male Poverty Rate

19.60%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Grand Junction

The race most likely to be in poverty in Grand Junction is Native, with 59.39% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Grand Junction is Asian, with 5.41% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.85%. Among those working part-time, it was 27.95%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 22.64%.

Grand Junction Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School25.64%
High School14.20%
Some College13.00%
Bachelors or Greater6.58%

Grand Junction Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed46.64%
Male Unemployed26.75%
Female Employed11.91%
Male Employed11.72%

Grand Junction Income

Grand Junction Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$47,824$64,447
Families$65,442$80,323
Married Families$76,063$93,704
Non Families$29,023$41,078

Grand Junction Marital Status

Grand Junction Marital Status

Marriage Rates

45.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

48.0%

Male Marriage Rate

43.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Grand Junction Married by Age and Sex

Grand Junction Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Grand Junction Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Grand Junction Veterans

Grand Junction Veterans by War

4,462

Number of Veterans

4,021

Male Veterans

441

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam1,499
First Gulf War975
Second Gulf War675
Korea516
World War II352

Grand Junction Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
75+1,261
35 to 541,095
65 to 74980
55 to 64772
18 to 34354

Grand Junction Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White4,2339.46%
Hispanic3374.81%
Indian7720.81%
Black6913.27%
Other525.93%
2 or More313.38%

Grand Junction Veterans by Education

9.70%

Veteran Poverty Rate

36.15%

Veteran Disability Rate

Grand Junction Employment Status

Grand Junction Employment by Age

62.9%

Labor Force Participation

57.5%

Employment Rate

8.5%

Unemployment Rate

Grand Junction Employment by Race

Grand Junction Employment by Education

Grand Junction Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

48.96%

Born in Colorado

95.02%

Native Born

4.98%

Foreign Born

2.72%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

95.02% of Grand Junction residents were born in the United States, with 48.96% having been born in Colorado. 2.72% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.