Grand Rapids, Michigan Population 2019

Grand Rapids is the second-largest city in Kent County, Michigan in the United States. Situated on the Grand River, Grand Rapids has an estimated 2015 population of 194,000.

The city proper has a population density of 4,365 people per square mile (1,685/square kilometer), the larger urban area has about 570,000 residents while the metropolitan area has a population of 1.02 million. The Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland CSA has 1.42 million residents, making it the 38th largest CSA in the United States.

Grand Rapids Diversity and Religion

The most common ancestry groups in the city are German (24%), Dutch (21%), English (16%), Irish (11%), Polish (6.5%), and French (5%).

Grand Rapids has a large Dutch Reformed community. The Christian Reformed Church in North America (CRCNA) has more than 230 congregations in the state with many in Grand Rapids. CRCNA followers are largely located in the western region of Michigan where many Dutch immigrants settled. The Reformed Church in America (RCA) also has a large following in Grand Rapids. Other major congregations in the city include the Protestant Reformed Churches in America, the United Reformed Churches in North America, and the United Methodist Church.

Grand Rapids History

The Grand Rapids area has been inhabited by many indigenous peoples for thousands of years, including the Hopewell people and the Ottawa, who founded many villages along the river. European fur traders and missionaries began building trading posts in the area among the Ottawa people in the 19th century. The first permanent European American settler established a missionary in 1825.

The official founder of Grand Rapids was Louis Campau, who build a blacksmith shop and trading post in the area in 1826. In 1831, he purchased 72 acres from the government and named the track Grand Rapids. This original track is today's downtown business area. By 1838, the community was incorporated as a village. In 1845, it had a population of 1,510. Grand Rapids was included five years later with a population of 2,686.

In 1880, Grand Rapids became the early center for America's auto industry. During the mid-19th century, Grand Rapids also became a significant timber center and the largest furniture manufacturing city in the country. Grand Rapids was nicknamed the Furniture City, and it's still the leading U.S. city for office furniture manufacturing.

Grand Rapids Population Growth

The Metro Grand Rapids area surpassed 1 million residents for the first time in 2013 with the most substantial population growth among all Michigan metro areas. As more people in Michigan continue to move to urban areas, Grand Rapids is expected to continue its steady growth that surpasses the state average.

Grand Rapids Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Grand Rapids was:

  • White: 67.61%
  • Black or African American: 19.87%
  • Other race: 5.15%
  • Two or more races: 4.84%
  • Asian: 2.07%
  • Native American: 0.42%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.04%

Grand Rapids, Michigan's estimated population is 200,217 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Grand Rapids, Michigan is the 2nd largest city in Michigan based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 4504.94 people/mi² (1739.36 people/km²), with a household density of 693.12 people/km² (1795.18 people/mi²).

The overall median age is 31.1 years, 30.2 years for males, and 32.1 years for females. For every 100 females there are 97.0 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 79,785 households in the city, with an average size of people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.6%, with a median rent of $854/month. The median house has 5.7 rooms, and has a value of $121,800.

The median income for households in Grand Rapids, Michigan is $44,369, while the mean household income is $58,917.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018200,2171,1350.57%
2017199,0822,5361.29%
2016196,5461,4730.76%
2015195,0737210.37%
2014194,3521,3610.71%
2013192,9912,1741.14%
2012190,8171,7300.91%
2011189,0871,0840.58%
2010188,003-9,797-0.51%
2000197,8008,6740.45%
1990189,1267,2830.39%
1980181,843-15,806-0.83%
1970197,64920,3361.09%
1960177,3137980.05%
1950176,51512,2230.72%
1940164,292-4,300-0.26%
1930168,59230,9582.05%
1920137,63425,0632.03%
1910112,57125,0062.54%
190087,56527,2873.80%
189060,27828,2626.53%
188032,01615,5096.85%
187016,5078,4227.40%
18608,0855,39911.65%
18502,6860.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
White132,087
Black or African American38,820
Some Other Race10,056
Two or More Races9,446
Asian4,051
American Indian and Alaska Native824
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander71

Grand Rapids Population Pyramid 2019

Grand Rapids Median Age

31.1


Total

30.2


Male

32.1


Female

Grand Rapids Adults

There are 149,595 adults, (22,384 of whom are seniors) in Grand Rapids.

Grand Rapids Age Dependency

53.6

Age Dependency Ratio

17.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36

Child Dependency Ratio

Grand Rapids Sex Ratio

Female

99,169

50.76%

Male

96,186

49.24%

Grand Rapids Households and Families

Grand Rapids Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Grand Rapids Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married78.2%21.8%
All54.4%45.6%
Male43.1%56.9%
Non Family41.6%58.4%
Female40.1%59.9%

54.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All73,4342.5654.4
Non Family32,8011.4941.6
Married25,8983.3378.2
Female10,8463.5640.1
Male3,8893.6743.1

3.27

Average Family Size

2.56

Average Household Size

7.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.6%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Grand Rapids Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade8,3356.77%
9th to 12th Grade8,9147.24%
High School Graduate27,50322.34%
Some College26,39221.44%
Associates Degree9,2837.54%
Bachelors Degree27,69622.50%
Graduate Degree14,97312.16%

Grand Rapids Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White82,38277,24836,317
Black22,33417,9423,322
Hispanic13,8086,8331,412
Other Race4,6991,990343
Multiple Races2,9692,475672
Asian2,6101,8731,077
Native American50641237
Islander22226

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 44.08%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$30,396$31,992$27,907
Less Than High School$17,116$20,190$13,576
High School Grad$24,060$26,472$20,681
Some College$28,056$30,811$25,550
Bachelors Degree$40,040$45,624$35,689
Graduate Degree$51,465$54,850$48,348

$30,396

Average Earnings

$31,992

Average Male

$27,907

Average Female

Grand Rapids Language

Grand Rapids Language by Age

Grand Rapids Language

84.65% of Grand Rapids residents speak only English, while 15.35% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 10.65% of the population.

Grand Rapids Poverty

Grand Rapids Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White111,27916,51414.84%
Black37,95212,17432.08%
Hispanic29,28810,68536.48%
Other9,8923,63936.79%
Multiple9,2073,42137.16%
Asian3,8321,00626.25%
Native79327434.55%

22.46%

Overall Poverty Rate

21.55%

Male Poverty Rate

23.33%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Grand Rapids

The race most likely to be in poverty in Grand Rapids is Multiple, with 37.16% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Grand Rapids is White, with 14.84% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.05%. Among those working part-time, it was 31.02%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 30.97%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School34.67%
High School20.69%
Some College15.93%
Bachelors or Greater6.47%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed49.06%
Male Unemployed39.90%
Female Employed14.48%
Male Employed12.18%

Grand Rapids Income

Grand Rapids Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$44,369$58,917
Families$54,102$68,450
Married Families$70,516$85,424
Non Families$31,682$44,721

Grand Rapids Marital Status

Grand Rapids Marital Status

Marriage Rates

36.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

37.4%

Male Marriage Rate

35.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Grand Rapids Married by Age and Sex

Grand Rapids Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Grand Rapids Marital Status by Race

Grand Rapids Veterans

8,133

Number of Veterans

7,509

Male Veterans

624

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam2,503
Second Gulf War947
First Gulf War937
Korea912
World War II904
Age Group Veterans
75+2,458
55 to 641,819
65 to 741,693
35 to 541,386
18 to 34777

Grand Rapids Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White6,4876.02%
Black1,4555.40%
Hispanic1350.77%
2 or More912.05%
Other550.89%
Indian294.99%
Asian160.45%

Grand Rapids Veterans by Education

13.31%

Veteran Poverty Rate

32.47%

Veteran Disability Rate

Grand Rapids Employment Status

67.9%

Labor Force Participation

62.8%

Employment Rate

7.4%

Unemployment Rate

Grand Rapids Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

72.06%

Born in Michigan

89.73%

Native Born

10.27%

Foreign Born

7.36%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

89.73% of Grand Rapids residents were born in the United States, with 72.06% having been born in Michigan. 7.36% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.