Grand Rapids, Michigan Population 2018

Grand Rapids is the second-largest city in Kent County, Michigan in the United States. Situated on the Grand River, Grand Rapids has an estimated 2015 population of 194,000.

The city proper has a population density of 4,365 people per square mile (1,685/square kilometer). The larger urban area has about 570,000 residents while the metropolitan area has a population of 1.02 million. The Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland CSA has 1.42 million residents, making it the 38th largest CSA in the United States.

Grand Rapids Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial composition of Grand Rapids was 65% White (59% non-Hispanic White), 21% African American, 2% Asian, 0.7% Native American, 7.7% from other races, and 4% from two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos of any race make up almost 16% of the population.

The most common ancestry groups in the city are German (24%), Dutch (21%), English (16%), Irish (11%), Polish (6.5%), and French (5%).

Grand Rapids has a large Dutch Reformed community. The Christian Reformed Church in North America (CRCNA) has more than 230 congregations in the state with many in Grand Rapids. CRCNA followers are largely located in the western region of Michigan where many Dutch immigrants settled. The Reformed Church in America (RCA) also has a large following in Grand Rapids. Other major congregations in the city include the Protestant Reformed Churches in America, the United Reformed Churches in North America, and the United Methodist Church.

Grand Rapids History

The Grand Rapids area has been inhabited by many indigenous peoples for thousands of years, including the Hopewell people and the Ottawa, who founded many villages along the river. European fur graders and missionaries began building trading posts in the area among the Ottawa people in the 19th century. The first permanent European American settler established a missionary in 1825.

The official founder of Grand Rapids was Louis Campau, who build a blacksmith shop and trading post in the area in 1826. In 1831, he purchased 72 acres from the government and named the tract Grand Rapids. This original tract is today's downtown business area. By 1838, the community was incorporated as a village. In 1845, it had a population of 1,510. Grand Rapids was incorporated five years later with a population of 2,686.

In 1880, Grand Rapids became the early center for America's auto industry. During the mid-19th century, Grand Rapids also became a major timber center and the largest furniture manufacturing city in the country. Grand Rapids was nicknamed the Furniture City, and it's still the leading U.S. city for office furniture manufacturing.

Grand Rapids Population Growth

The Metro Grand Rapids area surpassed 1 million residents for the first time in 2013 with the largest population growth among all Michigan metro areas. As more people in Michigan continue to move to urban areas, Grand Rapids is expected to continue its steady growth that surpasses the state average.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017198,8292,5781.31%
2016196,2511,4040.72%
2015194,8477930.41%
2014194,0541,3290.69%
2013192,7252,1081.11%
2012190,6171,6090.85%
2011189,0081,0160.54%
2010187,992-9,808-0.51%
2000197,8008,6740.45%
1990189,1267,2830.39%
1980181,843-15,806-0.83%
1970197,64920,3361.09%
1960177,3137980.05%
1950176,51512,2230.72%
1940164,292-4,300-0.26%
1930168,59230,9582.05%
1920137,63425,0632.03%
1910112,57125,0062.54%
190087,56527,2873.80%
189060,27828,2626.53%
188032,01615,5096.85%
187016,5078,4227.40%
18608,0855,39911.65%
18502,6860.00%

Grand Rapids Population in 2018Source: By Terry Johnston [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White132,450
Black or African American38,166
Two or More Races9,193
Some Other Race9,145
Asian4,009
American Indian and Alaska Native858
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander66

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Grand Rapids Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Grand Rapids Median Age

31.1


Total

30.2


Male

31.9


Female

Grand Rapids Adults

There are 147,548 adults, (22,103 of which are seniors) in Grand Rapids.

Grand Rapids Age Dependency

54.5

Age Dependency Ratio

17.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Grand Rapids Sex Ratio

Female

98,551

50.83%

Male

95,336

49.17%

Grand Rapids Households and Families

Grand Rapids Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Grand Rapids Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married78.6%21.4%
All54.3%45.7%
Male43.6%56.4%
Non Family41.3%58.7%
Female40.2%59.8%

54.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Grand Rapids Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All73,0682.5554.3
Non Family32,5321.4841.3
Married25,5633.3178.6
Female11,4373.640.2
Male3,5363.5643.6

3.26

Average Family Size

2.55

Average Household Size

7.1%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.7%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Grand Rapids Households

Grand Rapids Education

Grand Rapids Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade8,5107.02%
9th to 12th Grade9,1337.54%
High School Graduate27,60122.78%
Some College27,15922.42%
Associates Degree8,8827.33%
Bachelors Degree26,11121.55%
Graduate Degree13,75211.35%

Grand Rapids Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White80,99375,55933,966
Black21,92917,4933,018
Hispanic13,7316,8371,293
Other Race4,2041,874303
Asian2,6921,8571,115
Multiple Races2,6842,221598
Native American54044143
Islander21215

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 41.94%.

Grand Rapids Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$29,426$31,333$26,722
Less Than High School$16,248$19,417$12,473
High School Grad$21,927$24,892$19,375
Some College$27,635$30,183$25,319
Bachelors Degree$37,547$44,713$34,646
Graduate Degree$52,101$58,838$49,099

$29,426

Average Earnings

$31,333

Average Male

$26,722

Average Female

Grand Rapids Language

Grand Rapids Language by Age

Grand Rapids Language

84.68% of Grand Rapids residents speak only English, while 15.32% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 11.10% of the population.

Grand Rapids Poverty

Grand Rapids Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White110,27817,44715.82%
Black37,44114,09337.64%
Hispanic29,65312,54042.29%
Other9,0013,69641.06%
Multiple8,9893,27936.48%
Asian3,76997825.95%
Native84728533.65%

25.07%

Overall Poverty Rate

24.29%

Male Poverty Rate

25.83%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Grand Rapids

The race most likely to be in poverty in Grand Rapids is Hispanic, with 42.29% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Grand Rapids is White, with 15.82% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.06%. Among those working part-time, it was 32.42%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 33.94%.

Grand Rapids Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School38.41%
High School22.80%
Some College16.25%
Bachelors or Greater6.84%

Grand Rapids Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed54.91%
Male Unemployed45.07%
Female Employed16.05%
Male Employed13.11%

Grand Rapids Income

Grand Rapids Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$42,019$55,216
Families$51,495$63,862
Married Families$67,577$80,936
Non Families$30,860$42,190

Grand Rapids Marital Status

Grand Rapids Marital Status

Marriage Rates

36.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

37.5%

Male Marriage Rate

34.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Grand Rapids Married by Age and Sex

Grand Rapids Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55To64.

Grand Rapids Marital Status by Race

Grand Rapids Veterans

Grand Rapids Veterans by War

8,647

Number of Veterans

7,990

Male Veterans

657

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam2,670
Korea1,055
World War II1,034
Second Gulf War1,024
First Gulf War1,018

Grand Rapids Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
75+2,613
55 to 641,828
65 to 741,801
35 to 541,495
18 to 34910

Grand Rapids Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White6,8606.39%
Black1,5795.98%
Hispanic1741.01%
2 or More1102.78%
Other490.89%
Indian294.81%
Asian200.56%

Grand Rapids Veterans by Education

13.29%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.39%

Veteran Disability Rate

Grand Rapids Employment Status

Grand Rapids Employment by Age

67.5%

Labor Force Participation

61.7%

Employment Rate

8.5%

Unemployment Rate

Grand Rapids Employment by Race

Grand Rapids Employment by Education

Grand Rapids Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

71.67%

Born in Michigan

90.02%

Native Born

9.98%

Foreign Born

7.13%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

90.02% of Grand Rapids residents were born in the United States, with 71.67% having been born in Michigan. 7.13% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.