Grand Rapids, Michigan Population 2018

Grand Rapids is the second-largest city in Kent County, Michigan in the United States. Situated on the Grand River, Grand Rapids has an estimated 2015 population of 194,000.

The city proper has a population density of 4,365 people per square mile (1,685/square kilometer). The larger urban area has about 570,000 residents while the metropolitan area has a population of 1.02 million. The Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland CSA has 1.42 million residents, making it the 38th largest CSA in the United States.

Grand Rapids Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial composition of Grand Rapids was 65% White (59% non-Hispanic White), 21% African American, 2% Asian, 0.7% Native American, 7.7% from other races, and 4% from two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos of any race make up almost 16% of the population.

The most common ancestry groups in the city are German (24%), Dutch (21%), English (16%), Irish (11%), Polish (6.5%), and French (5%).

Grand Rapids has a large Dutch Reformed community. The Christian Reformed Church in North America (CRCNA) has more than 230 congregations in the state with many in Grand Rapids. CRCNA followers are largely located in the western region of Michigan where many Dutch immigrants settled. The Reformed Church in America (RCA) also has a large following in Grand Rapids. Other major congregations in the city include the Protestant Reformed Churches in America, the United Reformed Churches in North America, and the United Methodist Church.

Grand Rapids History

The Grand Rapids area has been inhabited by many indigenous peoples for thousands of years, including the Hopewell people and the Ottawa, who founded many villages along the river. European fur graders and missionaries began building trading posts in the area among the Ottawa people in the 19th century. The first permanent European American settler established a missionary in 1825.

The official founder of Grand Rapids was Louis Campau, who build a blacksmith shop and trading post in the area in 1826. In 1831, he purchased 72 acres from the government and named the tract Grand Rapids. This original tract is today's downtown business area. By 1838, the community was incorporated as a village. In 1845, it had a population of 1,510. Grand Rapids was incorporated five years later with a population of 2,686.

In 1880, Grand Rapids became the early center for America's auto industry. During the mid-19th century, Grand Rapids also became a major timber center and the largest furniture manufacturing city in the country. Grand Rapids was nicknamed the Furniture City, and it's still the leading U.S. city for office furniture manufacturing.

Grand Rapids Population Growth

The Metro Grand Rapids area surpassed 1 million residents for the first time in 2013 with the largest population growth among all Michigan metro areas. As more people in Michigan continue to move to urban areas, Grand Rapids is expected to continue its steady growth that surpasses the state average.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017198,8292,5781.31%
2016196,2511,4040.72%
2015194,8477930.41%
2014194,0541,3290.69%
2013192,7252,1081.11%
2012190,6171,6090.85%
2011189,0081,0160.54%
2010187,992-9,808-4.96%
2000197,8008,6744.59%
1990189,1267,2834.01%
1980181,843-15,806-8.00%
1970197,64920,33611.47%
1960177,3137980.45%
1950176,51512,2237.44%
1940164,292-4,300-2.55%
1930168,59230,95822.49%
1920137,63425,06322.26%
1910112,57125,00628.56%
190087,56527,28745.27%
189060,27828,26288.27%
188032,01615,50993.95%
187016,5078,422104.17%
18608,0855,399201.01%
18502,6860.00%

Grand Rapids Population in 2018Source: By Terry Johnston [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White132,450
Black or African American38,166
Two or More Races9,193
Some Other Race9,145
Asian4,009
American Indian and Alaska Native858
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander66

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Grand Rapids Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Grand Rapids Median Age

31.1


Total

30.2


Male

31.9


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 151,309 adults in Grand Rapids.

Grand Rapids Age Dependency

54.5

Age Dependency Ratio

17.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Grand Rapids Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
5.7
Houses Without Mortgage
12,977
Houses With Mortgage
26,678
Vacancy Rate
8.3
Median Rent
806
Median Home Value
113,600
Renter-Occupied Units
33,413
Owner-Occupied Units
39,655
Total Housing Units
79,719

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Grand Rapids for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5.7% and the labor force participation rate is 67.5%.

Grand Rapids Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.55
Average Family Size
3.26
Total Households
73068
Married Couple Households
25563
Male Householder (no wife) Families
3536
Female Householder (no husband) Families
11437
Non Family Households
32532
Total Families
40536
Households With Own Children
19092
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
7.1
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.7

Grand Rapids Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
7,698
$10,000 to $14,999
4,580
$15,000 to $24,999
9,767
$25,000 to $34,999
8,430
$35,000 to $49,999
11,610
$50,000 to $74,999
13,734
$75,000 to $99,999
7,972
$100,000 to $149,999
6,345
$150,000 to $199,999
1,701
Over $200,000
1,231

Grand Rapids Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Grand Rapids

Michigan

$42,019

$50,803

$55,216

$68,928

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.050.10.150.2

Grand Rapids Education Data

Grand Rapids Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
8,5107.02%
9th to 12th Grade
9,1337.54%
High School Graduate
27,60122.78%
Some College
27,15922.42%
Associates Degree
8,8827.33%
Bachelors Degree
26,11121.55%
Graduate Degree
13,75211.35%