Greensboro Population 2018

Greensboro is located in the state of North Carolina. With an estimated population of 287,027, this city has the third largest population in North Carolina. It is the county seat of Guilford County, and it is also the largest city by population in the county. This exciting city is known for the arts and its many events and attractions that lure in residents and visitors alike.

Greensboro History

Greensboro was established in 1808 and was named after General Nathanael Greene. By 1821, the city had a population of 369 people. Substantial growth was on the horizon, though, as the city was picked by state government to be a stop for a railroad line. With this rail traffic and expanded market access, the city’s population surged. Greensboro during this time secured its spot as a center for transportation in the Piedmont region.

Greensboro has a long history with the textile industry, and still remains a center for this industry to this day. It is home to many brands including Galey & Lord and VF Corporation, which is the company behind popular brand names including Nautica and the North Face. It was through the cotton trade and merchandising that Greensboro generated much wealth during its early history, resulting in the construction of villas, plantation houses and estates.

Following the Civil War, textile mills were restored and continued to expand. As the center of the textile industry in the southern United States, the city continued to build wealth and with it, develop buildings including a courthouses and churches. This expansion continued into the 20th century, and more companies made their way over to Greensboro. This includes Carolina Steel Corporation and Vicks Chemical Co. More people continued to move to Greensboro, even during the Great Depression, primarily because of its education, parks and employment opportunities. The city did, however, face dark times during the Civil Rights Movement, like many other southern cities. This included the Greensboro Massacre.

Today, Greensboro continues to be a thriving city. Investments have been made to revitalize the downtown area, while the Southside neighborhood has been redeveloped into an award-winning neighborhood. There are many nightclubs, restaurants, retail shops, parks and attractions, as well as multiple institutes of higher learning that provide educational opportunities for residents.

Greensboro Demographics

The population of Greensboro according to recent estimates is over 287,000. The last official population was recorded in 2010 and was 269,666. The city is spread over 131.8 square miles and a population density of 2,000 residents per square mile.

Breaking down the population by race shows that 48.4% of residents are white, 40.6% of residents are black, 4% are Asian, 3.8% are another race, and 2.6% are mixed. Almost 23% of residents in Greensboro are under the age of 18. The largest age group is the 25 to 44 group, which makes up over 28% of the population. There are more females than males, with just 84.6 males for every 100 females. The median age in the city is 33.4. Almost half of the residents in the city have a religious affiliation. The major religion is Christianity. However, there are also followers of Islam, Judaism, and Eastern religions that reside in Greensboro. Over 19% of the population lives below the federal poverty line. The largest employers in the city include Guilford County Public Schools, which employs over 10,000 people, Coen Health, the City of Greensboro, the United States Postal Service and Guilford County.

Greensboro Population Growth

Greensboro has seen substantial growth since it was founded. Its population between 1870 and 1880 grew over 323%. The city has seen multiple periods where its population more than doubled in just ten years. While growth has slowed slightly from its earliest years, it still continues to grow rapidly. Most recently, it went up by over 20% between the census taken in 2000 and the census taken in 2010. Since the last census, the population has grown by 6.4%. Based on this data, it won’t be long before Greensboro has a population exceeding 300,000 residents.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate

Greensboro Race Data

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American117,52440.95%
Some Other Race7,9892.78%
Two or More Races6,2052.16%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,0370.36%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2070.07%

Population Pyramid

0k0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k0k Female Population8580757065605550454035302520151050

Greensboro Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
Houses Without Mortgage
Houses With Mortgage
Vacancy Rate
Median Rent
Median Home Value
Renter-Occupied Units
Owner-Occupied Units
Total Housing Units

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Greensboro for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5.5% and the labor force participation rate is 64.3%.

Greensboro Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
Non Family Households
Female Householder (no husband) Families
Male Householder (no wife) Families
Married Couple Families
Average Family Size
Average Household Size