Greensboro, North Carolina Population 2018

Greensboro is located in the state of North Carolina. With an estimated population of 287,027, this city has the third largest population in North Carolina. It is the county seat of Guilford County, and it is also the largest city by population in the county. This exciting city is known for the arts and its many events and attractions that lure in residents and visitors alike.

Greensboro History

Greensboro was established in 1808 and was named after General Nathanael Greene. By 1821, the city had a population of 369 people. Substantial growth was on the horizon, though, as the city was picked by state government to be a stop for a railroad line. With this rail traffic and expanded market access, the city’s population surged. Greensboro during this time secured its spot as a center for transportation in the Piedmont region.

Greensboro has a long history with the textile industry, and still remains a center for this industry to this day. It is home to many brands including Galey & Lord and VF Corporation, which is the company behind popular brand names including Nautica and the North Face. It was through the cotton trade and merchandising that Greensboro generated much wealth during its early history, resulting in the construction of villas, plantation houses and estates.

Following the Civil War, textile mills were restored and continued to expand. As the center of the textile industry in the southern United States, the city continued to build wealth and with it, develop buildings including a courthouses and churches. This expansion continued into the 20th century, and more companies made their way over to Greensboro. This includes Carolina Steel Corporation and Vicks Chemical Co. More people continued to move to Greensboro, even during the Great Depression, primarily because of its education, parks and employment opportunities. The city did, however, face dark times during the Civil Rights Movement, like many other southern cities. This included the Greensboro Massacre.

Today, Greensboro continues to be a thriving city. Investments have been made to revitalize the downtown area, while the Southside neighborhood has been redeveloped into an award-winning neighborhood. There are many nightclubs, restaurants, retail shops, parks and attractions, as well as multiple institutes of higher learning that provide educational opportunities for residents.

Greensboro Demographics

The population of Greensboro according to recent estimates is over 287,000. The last official population was recorded in 2010 and was 269,666. The city is spread over 131.8 square miles and a population density of 2,000 residents per square mile.

Breaking down the population by race shows that 48.4% of residents are white, 40.6% of residents are black, 4% are Asian, 3.8% are another race, and 2.6% are mixed. Almost 23% of residents in Greensboro are under the age of 18. The largest age group is the 25 to 44 group, which makes up over 28% of the population. There are more females than males, with just 84.6 males for every 100 females. The median age in the city is 33.4. Almost half of the residents in the city have a religious affiliation. The major religion is Christianity. However, there are also followers of Islam, Judaism, and Eastern religions that reside in Greensboro. Over 19% of the population lives below the federal poverty line. The largest employers in the city include Guilford County Public Schools, which employs over 10,000 people, Coen Health, the City of Greensboro, the United States Postal Service and Guilford County.

Greensboro Population Growth

Greensboro has seen substantial growth since it was founded. Its population between 1870 and 1880 grew over 323%. The city has seen multiple periods where its population more than doubled in just ten years. While growth has slowed slightly from its earliest years, it still continues to grow rapidly. Most recently, it went up by over 20% between the census taken in 2000 and the census taken in 2010. Since the last census, the population has grown by 6.4%. Based on this data, it won’t be long before Greensboro has a population exceeding 300,000 residents.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017290,2223,2041.12%
2016287,0181,9840.70%
2015285,0342,5580.91%
2014282,4762,9941.07%
2013279,4823,2601.18%
2012276,2223,5981.32%
2011272,6243,0431.13%
2010269,58145,6901.87%
2000223,89140,3702.01%
1990183,52127,8791.66%
1980155,64211,5660.78%
1970144,07624,5021.88%
1960119,57445,1854.86%
195074,38915,0702.29%
194059,3195,7501.02%
193053,56933,70810.43%
192019,8613,9662.25%
191015,8955,8604.71%
190010,0356,71811.71%
18903,3171,2174.68%
18802,1001,60015.43%
18705000.00%

Greensboro Population in 2018Source: By Beyonce245 of English Wikipedia. [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White135,861
Black or African American118,079
Asian12,250
Some Other Race8,240
Two or More Races6,434
American Indian and Alaska Native1,085
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander228

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Greensboro Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Greensboro Median Age

34.7


Total

33.5


Male

35.6


Female

Greensboro Adults

There are 219,816 adults, (36,401 of which are seniors) in Greensboro.

Greensboro Age Dependency

53.9

Age Dependency Ratio

19.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

34

Child Dependency Ratio

Greensboro Sex Ratio

Female

150,367

53.29%

Male

131,810

46.71%

Greensboro Households and Families

Greensboro Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Greensboro Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married74.2%25.8%
All50.1%49.9%
Non Family37.6%62.4%
Female33.8%66.2%
Male33.6%66.4%

50.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Greensboro Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All114,3622.3650.1
Non Family48,2591.2737.6
Married41,5593.0974.2
Female19,2203.2133.8
Male5,3243.3533.6

3.07

Average Family Size

2.36

Average Household Size

5.5%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Greensboro Households

Greensboro Education

Greensboro Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade7,1463.88%
9th to 12th Grade12,7636.93%
High School Graduate41,26622.42%
Some College42,04522.84%
Associates Degree13,0727.10%
Bachelors Degree42,93123.32%
Graduate Degree24,84313.50%

Greensboro Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White92,80288,47445,818
Black70,44161,85416,637
Hispanic10,4516,1321,456
Asian7,4755,0982,614
Other Race4,0142,419690
Multiple Races2,3021,981766
Native American774552141
Islander1239415

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 95.34%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 49.37%.

Greensboro Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,585$34,943$28,815
Less Than High School$19,461$22,307$15,245
High School Grad$25,227$27,672$22,138
Some College$27,248$30,825$24,924
Bachelors Degree$40,403$51,617$36,032
Graduate Degree$53,992$69,397$46,930

$31,585

Average Earnings

$34,943

Average Male

$28,815

Average Female

Greensboro Language

Greensboro Language by Age

Greensboro Language

86.93% of Greensboro residents speak only English, while 13.07% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 5.84% of the population.

Greensboro Poverty

Greensboro Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black111,78031,93428.57%
White120,31312,20010.14%
Hispanic20,5026,33830.91%
Other8,0792,28628.30%
Asian12,1122,19218.10%
Multiple6,0641,63526.96%
Native1,07034532.24%
Islander2288035.09%

19.86%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.10%

Male Poverty Rate

21.41%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Greensboro

The race most likely to be in poverty in Greensboro is Islander, with 35.09% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Greensboro is White, with 10.14% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.35%. Among those working part-time, it was 26.49%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 29.74%.

Greensboro Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School38.06%
High School18.61%
Some College15.63%
Bachelors or Greater5.02%

Greensboro Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed48.74%
Male Unemployed39.26%
Female Employed12.60%
Male Employed7.71%

Greensboro Income

Greensboro Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$42,802$63,848
Families$54,116$79,202
Married Families$74,378$102,938
Non Families$30,507$40,957

Greensboro Marital Status

Greensboro Marital Status

Marriage Rates

39.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.7%

Male Marriage Rate

35.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Greensboro Married by Age and Sex

Greensboro Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55To64.

Greensboro Marital Status by Race

Greensboro Veterans

Greensboro Veterans by War

15,175

Number of Veterans

13,753

Male Veterans

1,422

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam5,224
First Gulf War2,949
Second Gulf War1,869
Korea1,434
World War II919

Greensboro Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 544,210
65 to 743,554
75+3,418
55 to 642,923
18 to 341,070

Greensboro Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White8,4107.46%
Black6,2137.04%
Hispanic3102.37%
Asian2052.30%
Other1342.50%
Indian11513.31%
2 or More892.68%
Hawaiian98.18%

Greensboro Veterans by Education

9.93%

Veteran Poverty Rate

21.98%

Veteran Disability Rate

Greensboro Employment Status

Greensboro Employment by Age

64.2%

Labor Force Participation

59.2%

Employment Rate

7.6%

Unemployment Rate

Greensboro Employment by Race

Greensboro Employment by Education

Greensboro Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

55.95%

Born in North Carolina

89.38%

Native Born

10.62%

Foreign Born

6.98%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

89.38% of Greensboro residents were born in the United States, with 55.95% having been born in North Carolina. 6.98% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.