Greensboro, North Carolina Population 2019

Greensboro is located in the state of North Carolina. With an estimated population of 287,027, this city has the third largest population in North Carolina. It is the county seat of Guilford County, and it is also the largest city by population in the county. This exciting city is known for the arts and its many events and attractions that lure residents and visitors alike.

Greensboro History

Greensboro was established in 1808 and was named after General Nathanael Greene. By 1821, the city had a population of 369 people. Substantial growth was on the horizon, though, as the city was picked by the state government to be a stop for a railroad line. With this rail traffic and expanded market access, the city’s population surged. Greensboro during this time secured its spot as a center for transportation in the Piedmont region.

Greensboro has a long history with the textile industry, and remains a center for this industry to this day. It is home to many brands including Galey & Lord and VF Corporation, which is the company behind popular brand names including Nautica and the North Face. It was through the cotton trade and merchandising that Greensboro generated much wealth during its early history, resulting in the construction of villas, plantation houses, and estates.

Following the Civil War, textile mills were restored and continued to expand. As the center of the textile industry in the southern United States, the city continued to build wealth and with it, develop buildings including courthouses and churches. This expansion continued into the 20th century, and more companies made their way over to Greensboro. This includes Carolina Steel Corporation and Vicks Chemical Co. More people continued to move to Greensboro, even during the Great Depression, primarily because of its education, parks and employment opportunities. The city did, however, face dark times during the Civil Rights Movement, like many other southern cities. This included the Greensboro Massacre.

Today, Greensboro continues to be a thriving city. Investments have been made to revitalize the downtown area, while the Southside neighborhood has been redeveloped into an award-winning community. There are many nightclubs, restaurants, retail shops, parks, and attractions, as well as multiple institutes of higher learning that provide educational opportunities for residents.

Greensboro Population Statistics

The population of Greensboro according to recent estimates is over 287,000. The last official population was recorded in 2010 and was 269,666. The city is spread over 131.8 square miles and a population density of 2,000 residents per square mile.

Almost 23% of residents in Greensboro are under the age of 18. The largest age group is the 25 to 44 group, which makes up over 28% of the population.

There are more females than males, with just 84.6 males for every 100 females. The median age in the city is 33.4.

Almost half of the residents in the city have a religious affiliation. The primary religion is Christianity. However, there are also followers of Islam, Judaism, and Eastern religions that reside in Greensboro.

Over 19% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

The largest employers in the city include Guilford County Public Schools, which employs over 10,000 people, Coen Health, the City of Greensboro, the United States Postal Service and Guilford County.

Greensboro Population Growth

Greensboro has seen substantial growth since it was founded. Its population between 1870 and 1880 grew over 323%. The city has seen multiple periods where its population more than doubled in just ten years. While growth has slowed slightly from its earliest years, it continues to proliferate. Most recently, it went up by over 20% between the census taken in 2000 and the poll taken in 2010. Since the last count, the population has grown by 6.4%. Based on this data, it won’t be long before Greensboro has a population exceeding 300,000 residents.

Greensboro Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Greensboro was:

  • White: 48.01%
  • Black or African American: 41.83%
  • Asian: 4.44%
  • Other race: 2.73%
  • Two or more races: 2.49%
  • Native American: 0.42%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.09%
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018294,7222,5130.86%
2017292,2092,6120.90%
2016289,5974,7891.68%
2015284,8082,5330.90%
2014282,2753,0311.09%
2013279,2443,2201.17%
2012276,0243,6281.33%
2011272,3962,8091.04%
2010269,58745,6961.87%
2000223,89140,3702.01%
1990183,52127,8791.66%
1980155,64211,5660.78%
1970144,07624,5021.88%
1960119,57445,1854.86%
195074,38915,0702.29%
194059,3195,7501.02%
193053,56933,70810.43%
192019,8613,9662.25%
191015,8955,8604.71%
190010,0356,71811.71%
18903,3171,2174.68%
18802,1001,60015.43%
18705000.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018767,7114,2250.55%
2017763,4863,9400.52%
2016759,5467,8221.03%
2015751,7245,1390.68%
2014746,5855,9540.80%
2013740,6315,1880.70%
2012735,4435,4240.74%
2011730,0194,7860.66%
2010725,2330.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
White136,733
Black or African American119,133
Asian12,641
Some Other Race7,774
Two or More Races7,083
American Indian and Alaska Native1,197
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander255

Greensboro Population Pyramid 2019

Greensboro Median Age

35


Total

33.8


Male

36


Female

Greensboro Adults

There are 222,430 adults, (37,818 of whom are seniors) in Greensboro.

Greensboro Age Dependency

54.3

Age Dependency Ratio

20.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Greensboro Sex Ratio

Female

152,011

53.37%

Male

132,805

46.63%

Greensboro Households and Families

Greensboro Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Greensboro Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married73.9%26.1%
All50.4%49.6%
Non Family37.7%62.3%
Female34.9%65.1%
Male34.1%65.9%

50.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All114,5522.3750.4
Non Family48,7481.337.7
Married42,0563.1173.9
Female18,6933.2534.9
Male5,0553.334.1

3.09

Average Family Size

2.37

Average Household Size

5.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Greensboro Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade6,8063.64%
9th to 12th Grade12,1756.51%
High School Graduate41,46422.17%
Some College42,39822.67%
Associates Degree14,2077.60%
Bachelors Degree43,97723.52%
Graduate Degree25,98713.90%

Greensboro Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White93,64589,53347,118
Black71,65663,72016,854
Hispanic10,4116,3951,594
Asian7,8105,4082,920
Other Race3,7772,303663
Multiple Races2,6912,3511,047
Native American865636197
Islander1187610

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 95.61%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 50.32%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$32,428$36,073$30,128
Less Than High School$20,568$24,002$15,425
High School Grad$25,833$27,756$23,116
Some College$28,506$32,267$25,538
Bachelors Degree$42,079$52,895$38,179
Graduate Degree$54,004$66,078$47,492

$32,428

Average Earnings

$36,073

Average Male

$30,128

Average Female

Greensboro Language

Greensboro Language by Age

Greensboro Language

87.04% of Greensboro residents speak only English, while 12.96% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 5.76% of the population.

Greensboro Poverty

Greensboro Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black112,37430,47727.12%
White120,70412,18910.10%
Hispanic20,2466,21530.70%
Asian12,5072,09216.73%
Other7,6341,94325.45%
Multiple6,7381,74225.85%
Native1,18534128.78%
Islander25511143.53%

19.22%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.24%

Male Poverty Rate

20.96%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Greensboro

The race most likely to be in poverty in Greensboro is Islander, with 43.53% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Greensboro is White, with 10.10% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.37%. Among those working part-time, it was 25.79%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 28.55%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School34.12%
High School20.13%
Some College15.73%
Bachelors or Greater4.83%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed48.46%
Male Unemployed40.69%
Female Employed12.32%
Male Employed7.46%

Greensboro Income

Greensboro Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$44,978$66,683
Families$57,271$82,808
Married Families$77,516$106,341
Non Families$32,058$43,049

Greensboro Marital Status

Greensboro Marital Status

Marriage Rates

39.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.5%

Male Marriage Rate

35.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Greensboro Married by Age and Sex

Greensboro Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Greensboro Marital Status by Race

Greensboro Veterans

14,653

Number of Veterans

13,265

Male Veterans

1,388

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam5,075
First Gulf War2,850
Second Gulf War1,896
Korea1,291
World War II749
Age Group Veterans
35 to 543,938
65 to 743,514
75+3,331
55 to 642,863
18 to 341,007

Greensboro Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White8,0657.08%
Black6,0436.77%
Hispanic3322.59%
Asian2362.52%
2 or More1544.07%
Other861.78%
Indian636.54%
Hawaiian66.32%

Greensboro Veterans by Education

9.96%

Veteran Poverty Rate

24.77%

Veteran Disability Rate

Greensboro Employment Status

64.1%

Labor Force Participation

59.8%

Employment Rate

6.5%

Unemployment Rate

Greensboro Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

56.20%

Born in North Carolina

89.46%

Native Born

10.54%

Foreign Born

6.41%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

89.46% of Greensboro residents were born in the United States, with 56.20% having been born in North Carolina. 6.41% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.