Greensboro, North Carolina Population 2018

Greensboro is located in the state of North Carolina. With an estimated population of 287,027, this city has the third largest population in North Carolina. It is the county seat of Guilford County, and it is also the largest city by population in the county. This exciting city is known for the arts and its many events and attractions that lure in residents and visitors alike.

Greensboro History

Greensboro was established in 1808 and was named after General Nathanael Greene. By 1821, the city had a population of 369 people. Substantial growth was on the horizon, though, as the city was picked by state government to be a stop for a railroad line. With this rail traffic and expanded market access, the city’s population surged. Greensboro during this time secured its spot as a center for transportation in the Piedmont region.

Greensboro has a long history with the textile industry, and still remains a center for this industry to this day. It is home to many brands including Galey & Lord and VF Corporation, which is the company behind popular brand names including Nautica and the North Face. It was through the cotton trade and merchandising that Greensboro generated much wealth during its early history, resulting in the construction of villas, plantation houses and estates.

Following the Civil War, textile mills were restored and continued to expand. As the center of the textile industry in the southern United States, the city continued to build wealth and with it, develop buildings including a courthouses and churches. This expansion continued into the 20th century, and more companies made their way over to Greensboro. This includes Carolina Steel Corporation and Vicks Chemical Co. More people continued to move to Greensboro, even during the Great Depression, primarily because of its education, parks and employment opportunities. The city did, however, face dark times during the Civil Rights Movement, like many other southern cities. This included the Greensboro Massacre.

Today, Greensboro continues to be a thriving city. Investments have been made to revitalize the downtown area, while the Southside neighborhood has been redeveloped into an award-winning neighborhood. There are many nightclubs, restaurants, retail shops, parks and attractions, as well as multiple institutes of higher learning that provide educational opportunities for residents.

Greensboro Demographics

The population of Greensboro according to recent estimates is over 287,000. The last official population was recorded in 2010 and was 269,666. The city is spread over 131.8 square miles and a population density of 2,000 residents per square mile.

Breaking down the population by race shows that 48.4% of residents are white, 40.6% of residents are black, 4% are Asian, 3.8% are another race, and 2.6% are mixed. Almost 23% of residents in Greensboro are under the age of 18. The largest age group is the 25 to 44 group, which makes up over 28% of the population. There are more females than males, with just 84.6 males for every 100 females. The median age in the city is 33.4. Almost half of the residents in the city have a religious affiliation. The major religion is Christianity. However, there are also followers of Islam, Judaism, and Eastern religions that reside in Greensboro. Over 19% of the population lives below the federal poverty line. The largest employers in the city include Guilford County Public Schools, which employs over 10,000 people, Coen Health, the City of Greensboro, the United States Postal Service and Guilford County.

Greensboro Population Growth

Greensboro has seen substantial growth since it was founded. Its population between 1870 and 1880 grew over 323%. The city has seen multiple periods where its population more than doubled in just ten years. While growth has slowed slightly from its earliest years, it still continues to grow rapidly. Most recently, it went up by over 20% between the census taken in 2000 and the census taken in 2010. Since the last census, the population has grown by 6.4%. Based on this data, it won’t be long before Greensboro has a population exceeding 300,000 residents.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017290,2223,2041.12%
2016287,0181,9840.70%
2015285,0342,5580.91%
2014282,4762,9941.07%
2013279,4823,2601.18%
2012276,2223,5981.32%
2011272,6243,0431.13%
2010269,58145,69020.41%
2000223,89140,37022.00%
1990183,52127,87917.91%
1980155,64211,5668.03%
1970144,07624,50220.49%
1960119,57445,18560.74%
195074,38915,07025.41%
194059,3195,75010.73%
193053,56933,708169.72%
192019,8613,96624.95%
191015,8955,86058.40%
190010,0356,718202.53%
18903,3171,21757.95%
18802,1001,600320.00%
18705000.00%

Greensboro Population in 2018Source: By Beyonce245 of English Wikipedia. [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White135,861
Black or African American118,079
Asian12,250
Some Other Race8,240
Two or More Races6,434
American Indian and Alaska Native1,085
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander228

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Greensboro Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Greensboro Median Age

34.7


Total

33.5


Male

35.6


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 226,083 adults in Greensboro.

Greensboro Age Dependency

53.9

Age Dependency Ratio

19.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

34

Child Dependency Ratio

Greensboro Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
5.2
Houses Without Mortgage
15,912
Houses With Mortgage
41,365
Vacancy Rate
11.1
Median Rent
787
Median Home Value
148,500
Renter-Occupied Units
57,085
Owner-Occupied Units
57,277
Total Housing Units
128,570

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Greensboro for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 4.9% and the labor force participation rate is 64.2%.

Greensboro Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.36
Average Family Size
3.07
Total Households
114362
Married Couple Households
41559
Male Householder (no wife) Families
5324
Female Householder (no husband) Families
19220
Non Family Households
48259
Total Families
66103
Households With Own Children
31055
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
5.5
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.5

Greensboro Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
10,340
$10,000 to $14,999
7,159
$15,000 to $24,999
14,839
$25,000 to $34,999
14,196
$35,000 to $49,999
18,686
$50,000 to $74,999
19,492
$75,000 to $99,999
11,439
$100,000 to $149,999
10,238
$150,000 to $199,999
3,671
Over $200,000
4,302

Greensboro Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Greensboro

North Carolina

$42,802

$48,256

$63,848

$67,367

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.0450.090.1350.18

Greensboro Education Data

Greensboro Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
7,1463.88%
9th to 12th Grade
12,7636.93%
High School Graduate
41,26622.42%
Some College
42,04522.84%
Associates Degree
13,0727.10%
Bachelors Degree
42,93123.32%
Graduate Degree
24,84313.50%