Harrisburg, Pennsylvania Population 2018

Harrisburg is a city located in Pennsylvania. It is the county seat of Dauphin County and also the capital of the state. The city has an estimated population of 48,904, making it the ninth most populous state in Pennsylvania. The city was once named as one of the best in the United States for raising a family, although it has faced some economic troubles in recent years.

Harrisburg History

The region that is now the city of Harrisburg is believed to have been inhabited as far back as 3000 BC. Before being settled as a city, it was a crossroads for traders in its earliest days. Europeans did not reach the area until the early 1600s but did not settle at that time. The first European to settle in the area was John Harris, Sr. in 1719, later acquiring 800 acres of land. Toward the end of the 18th century, Harris’ son made plans for a town, and Harrisburg (named after the elder Harris) was incorporated in 1791. The city was designated as the capital in 1812.

In its earliest days, Harrisburg was a pastoral town. After being named as the capital, the capitol building was built in 1822 and the city began to expand and its population grew. The Pennsylvania Canal, residential homes and businesses were constructed during the early 1800s. At the time of the Civil War, Harrisburg served as a training center and rail center for the Union. It was targeted twice by the Army of Northern Virginia. Harrisburg was also a stopping point of the Underground Railroad.

During the late 19th century, the city’s economy was centered on the steel and iron industries. The Steelton Borough in particular was known for its production of steel. The neighborhood had its own downtown, houses and housed over 16,000 people. The rail yard also grew as industrialization took hold of Harrisburg.

However, in the 20th century, the industrial sector went into decline and more people moved from the city limits to the surrounding suburbs. It was at this time that the city’s economy shifted to service industries including health care. Despite this, the population continued to decline after 1950. The city population continued to drop into the 1990s.

In the 21st century, mishandling funds put Harrisburg in a financial crisis. Most notably, a trash to electricity plant that was supposed to boost the economy brought a debt of hundreds of millions of dollars. The total debt today has been estimated to be over $1.5 million, though missing audits and other issues have prevented an official total from being determined. In 2011, the city filed for Chapter 9 bankruptcy which was dismissed. A receiver was appointed to help handle the finances as city assets were seized. A plan was announced in 2013 to bring the city out of debt, a plan that is currently being put in place.

Harrisburg Demographics

The city of Harrisburg has an estimated population of almost 49,000 people. This is down from the last census of 2010, which had a population of 49,528. The city has a total area of 11.86 square miles and a population density of over 6,015 people per square mile.

Over 30% of Harrisburg’s population is white, over 52% is black, 3.5% is Asian, 5.2% are mixed, and 18% are Hispanic or Latino. Fifteen percent of the population is German, while there are also large groups of Irish, Italian, English and Dutch inhabitants. Thirty-one percent of the population is 25 to 44 years old, over 28% are under the age of 18, and almost 11% are at least 65 years old. There are more males than females, with 88.7 men for every 100 women. Nearly one-quarter of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania is the city’s largest employer, providing jobs to nearly 22,000 people. The United States government, Giant Food Stores, Penn State Hershey Medical Center, and Hershey Entertainment and Resorts are also top employers in the city, together providing tens of thousands of jobs to residents.

Harrisburg Population Growth

Since the 1960s, the population of Harrisburg has been on the decline. At its peak, the population was almost 90,000 at the time of the 1950 census. However, by the time of the next census, it had dropped to below 80,000. This trend continued until the 2000 census, which showed that the population was below 50,000. While the city’s population did increase between 2000 and 2010, it was just by over 1%. Recent estimates show that the population is down since the last census, indicating that the city’s financial issues and other problems continue to plague Harrisburg.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
201749,192390.08%
201649,153-110-0.22%
201549,263-75-0.15%
201449,338-34-0.07%
201349,372-38-0.08%
201249,410160.03%
201149,394-112-0.23%
201049,5065561.14%
200048,950-3,426-6.54%
199052,376-888-1.67%
198053,264-14,797-21.74%
197068,061-11,636-14.60%
196079,697-9,847-11.00%
195089,5445,6516.74%
194083,8933,5544.42%
193080,3394,4225.82%
192075,91711,73118.28%
191064,18614,01927.94%
190050,16710,78227.38%
189039,3858,62328.03%
188030,7627,65833.15%
187023,1049,69972.35%
186013,4055,57171.11%
18507,8341,85431.00%
18405,9801,66838.68%
18304,3121,32244.21%
18202,9900.00%

Harrisburg Population in 2018Source: By kev72 (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, October 28, 2006) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
Black or African American25,225
White16,031
Some Other Race2,763
Asian2,574
Two or More Races2,229
American Indian and Alaska Native312
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander26

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Harrisburg Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Harrisburg Median Age

31.8


Total

30.9


Male

32.7


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 35,959 adults in Harrisburg.

Harrisburg Age Dependency

57.8

Age Dependency Ratio

15.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

42.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Harrisburg Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
5.2
Houses Without Mortgage
2,559
Houses With Mortgage
4,675
Vacancy Rate
19.2
Median Rent
786
Median Home Value
83,800
Renter-Occupied Units
12,747
Owner-Occupied Units
7,234
Total Housing Units
24,741

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Harrisburg for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 9% and the labor force participation rate is 63.2%.

Harrisburg Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.41
Average Family Size
3.28
Total Households
19981
Married Couple Households
4578
Male Householder (no wife) Families
995
Female Householder (no husband) Families
5068
Non Family Households
9340
Total Families
10641
Households With Own Children
5376
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
8.4
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.5

Harrisburg Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
3,084
$10,000 to $14,999
1,702
$15,000 to $24,999
2,925
$25,000 to $34,999
2,815
$35,000 to $49,999
3,249
$50,000 to $74,999
3,170
$75,000 to $99,999
1,451
$100,000 to $149,999
996
$150,000 to $199,999
337
Over $200,000
252

Harrisburg Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Harrisburg

Pennsylvania

$32,688

$54,895

$46,371

$75,235

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.0450.090.1350.18

Harrisburg Education Data

Harrisburg Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
2,0826.79%
9th to 12th Grade
4,42214.43%
High School Graduate
10,70734.94%
Some College
5,94219.39%
Associates Degree
1,9076.22%
Bachelors Degree
3,44311.24%
Graduate Degree
2,1386.98%