Hartford, Connecticut Population 2019

Hartford is a city located in the state of Connecticut. Its estimated population is 123,243, making it the fourth most-populous city in the state. Hartford is one of the oldest cities in the country, and it is home to many of the oldest landmarks in the United States. Once one of the richest cities in the U.S., Hartford is now one of the poorest.

Hartford History

The region that is now Hartford was originally inhabited by multiple tribes, including Podunks, Walgunks and the Saukiog. The area was first reached by the Europeans in the early 1600s, with the Dutch later coming to establish a trading post called Fort Hoop. The Dutch were soon outnumbered as more English settlers came to the area. During the 1650s, a boundary was established to separate the two colonies.

When the English arrived in the 1630s, the settlement was first called Newtown which was changed later to Hartford. It was also during the 1630s when Thomas Hooker delivered a speech that inspired the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, which gave the power of governance to the settlement’s people. It’s believed that this document was inspiration for the Constitution.

Hartford continued to serve as a strong political presence through the 19th century. It was a center of influence, had a strong economy and was one of the wealthiest cities in the country. One of the most notable residents during the 19th century was Samuel Colt, who patented a revolver mechanism that allowed a gun to be shot multiple times without the need to reload. Colt revolvers were then ordered by the United States government and Colt created his own corporation located near what is now downtown Hartford.

Colt also opened the Colt Armory and used advanced techniques to produce 150 weapons per day. During the Civil War, the armory thrived. In addition to becoming very wealthy and producing over 400,000 revolvers in just 25 years, Colt was a pioneer in product placement and marketing because of his innovative business practices.

Throughout the 19th century and well into the 20th century, Hartford had secured its place as a major manufacturing city. The city produced many products, including sewing machines, bicycles, cars and typewriters.

The arrival of the 20th century also brought about some hardships for the city. This included one of the worst fires in the history of the US—the Hartford Circus Fire. Despite the disaster, the city was continuing to grow, with many Puerto Ricans moving to the area. However, in the 1950s, the expansion of suburbs led to population loss in the city limits. Businesses shut down or moved as suburban areas continued to grow. Population continued to drop through the 1990s, and it has been up and down ever since.

Today, the city of Hartford is a very diverse city. It has a thriving theater and arts scene, and it is the site of many events, including concerts and festivals. It is home to many higher education institutions including Trinity College and has many parks, churches, historical sites and attractions for residents and visitors to enjoy.

Hartford Demographics

Hartford has a population of over 123,000 residents. The city is over 18 square miles, and it has a population density of 7,135 people per square mile.

Hartford has a very diverse population. According to census data, 29.8% of the population is white, 38.7% is black, 2.8% is Asian, 23.9% are another race, 4.2% are mixed race, and 43.4% are Hispanic or Latino. Over 33% of residents are of Puerto Rican descent.

The largest age group consists of residents under the age of 18, making up over 30% of the total population. Just 9.5% are at least 65 years old. The city’s median age is 30. There are more females than males, with 91.4 males for every 100 females. Hartford has a very high poverty rate and is one of the poorest cities in the nation. Approximately 3 out of every 10 families in Hartford lives below the federal poverty line.

Hartford Population Growth

Hartford’s population grew at a steady rate during its earliest years. However, at the time of the 1960 census, the city’s population was dropping, as more people were moving to suburban areas surrounding the city. This trend continued until the census of 1990. The population peaked in 1950 with over 177,000 residents. Today, however, that number has dropped significantly. Recent estimates show that the population has again dropped over 1% since the last census taken in 2010. Socio-economic disparities between the city and its suburbs, high poverty rates and the city’s own financial problems are a contributing factor to the reduced population.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017123,400-453-0.37%
2016123,853-657-0.53%
2015124,510-353-0.28%
2014124,863-557-0.44%
2013125,420210.02%
2012125,399-173-0.14%
2011125,5721690.13%
2010125,4033,8250.31%
2000121,578-18,161-1.38%
1990139,7393,3470.24%
1980136,392-21,625-1.46%
1970158,017-4,161-0.26%
1960162,178-15,219-0.89%
1950177,39711,1300.65%
1940166,2672,1950.13%
1930164,07226,0361.74%
1920138,03639,1213.39%
191098,91519,0652.16%
190079,85026,6204.14%
189053,23011,2152.39%
188042,0154,8351.23%
187037,18010,2633.28%
186026,91713,3627.10%
185013,5554,0873.65%
18409,4682,3942.96%
18307,0742,3484.12%
18204,7267711.80%
18103,9554321.16%
18003,5238402.76%
17902,6830.00%

Hartford Population in 2018Source: By Sage Ross [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
Black or African American47,107
White41,124
Some Other Race24,406
Two or More Races7,645
Asian3,686
American Indian and Alaska Native418
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander4

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Hartford Population Pyramid 2019

1,0002,0003,0004,0005,0006,0007,000 Male Population1,0002,0003,0004,0005,0006,0007,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Hartford Median Age

30.9


Total

29.3


Male

32.1


Female

Hartford Adults

There are 93,994 adults, (12,870 of whom are seniors) in Hartford.

Hartford Age Dependency

53.3

Age Dependency Ratio

15.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Hartford Sex Ratio

Female

64,682

52.00%

Male

59,708

48.00%

Hartford Households and Families

Hartford Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Hartford Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married46.2%53.8%
All23.8%76.2%
Male23.2%76.8%
Female17.2%82.8%
Non Family17%83%

23.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Hartford Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All45,8222.5423.8
Non Family19,2141.2317
Female13,3703.6217.2
Married9,8173.4246.2
Male3,4213.2123.2

3.33

Average Family Size

2.54

Average Household Size

7.1%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Hartford Households

Hartford Education

Hartford Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade9,78513.12%
9th to 12th Grade10,58514.19%
High School Graduate24,10332.31%
Some College13,27617.80%
Associates Degree4,4385.95%
Bachelors Degree7,3519.85%
Graduate Degree5,0626.79%

Hartford Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic30,87017,7482,180
Black28,94023,3003,689
Other Race14,5378,312881
White12,09310,4944,771
Multiple Races3,2262,407473
Asian2,3911,9301,563
Native American3221965

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 86.78%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 65.37%.

Hartford Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$29,418$31,990$27,042
Less Than High School$20,952$22,987$17,908
High School Grad$27,034$30,608$24,547
Some College$28,540$32,765$27,080
Bachelors Degree$43,967$52,071$37,184
Graduate Degree$59,781$63,662$56,179

$29,418

Average Earnings

$31,990

Average Male

$27,042

Average Female

Hartford Language

Hartford Language by Age

Hartford Language

55.74% of Hartford residents speak only English, while 44.26% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 35.93% of the population.

Hartford Poverty

Hartford Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic54,19520,64738.10%
Black45,56112,30327.00%
Other23,7508,30934.99%
Multiple7,4812,97039.70%
White14,4202,59117.97%
Asian3,48657216.41%
Native38618447.67%

30.49%

Overall Poverty Rate

29.28%

Male Poverty Rate

31.60%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Hartford

The race most likely to be in poverty in Hartford is Native, with 47.67% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Hartford is Asian, with 16.41% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.15%. Among those working part-time, it was 31.10%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 46.47%.

Hartford Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School41.22%
High School23.46%
Some College18.83%
Bachelors or Greater9.59%

Hartford Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed55.61%
Male Unemployed39.04%
Female Employed14.46%
Male Employed10.09%

Hartford Income

Hartford Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$33,841$48,913
Families$37,830$55,170
Married Families$60,918$82,742
Non Families$24,066$36,235

Hartford Marital Status

Hartford Marital Status

Marriage Rates

24.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

26.6%

Male Marriage Rate

22.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Hartford Married by Age and Sex

Hartford Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

Hartford Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Hartford Veterans

Hartford Veterans by War

2,489

Number of Veterans

2,261

Male Veterans

228

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam704
Second Gulf War627
First Gulf War389
Korea128
World War II126

Hartford Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 54632
75+509
65 to 74491
18 to 34454
55 to 64403

Hartford Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
Black1,2233.50%
White9362.82%
Hispanic6161.59%
Other2151.19%
2 or More922.09%
Asian200.66%
Indian30.85%

Hartford Veterans by Education

16.05%

Veteran Poverty Rate

32.52%

Veteran Disability Rate

Hartford Employment Status

Hartford Employment by Age

61.5%

Labor Force Participation

51.6%

Employment Rate

16%

Unemployment Rate

Hartford Employment by Race

Hartford Employment by Education

Hartford Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

45.65%

Born in Connecticut

78.17%

Native Born

21.83%

Foreign Born

12.91%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

78.17% of Hartford residents were born in the United States, with 45.65% having been born in Connecticut. 12.91% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.