Hartford Population 2018

Hartford is a city located in the state of Connecticut. Its estimated population is 123,243, making it the fourth most-populous city in the state. Hartford is one of the oldest cities in the country, and it is home to many of the oldest landmarks in the United States. Once one of the richest cities in the U.S., Hartford is now one of the poorest.

Hartford History

The region that is now Hartford was originally inhabited by multiple tribes, including Podunks, Walgunks and the Saukiog. The area was first reached by the Europeans in the early 1600s, with the Dutch later coming to establish a trading post called Fort Hoop. The Dutch were soon outnumbered as more English settlers came to the area. During the 1650s, a boundary was established to separate the two colonies.

When the English arrived in the 1630s, the settlement was first called Newtown which was changed later to Hartford. It was also during the 1630s when Thomas Hooker delivered a speech that inspired the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, which gave the power of governance to the settlement’s people. It’s believed that this document was inspiration for the Constitution.

Hartford continued to serve as a strong political presence through the 19th century. It was a center of influence, had a strong economy and was one of the wealthiest cities in the country. One of the most notable residents during the 19th century was Samuel Colt, who patented a revolver mechanism that allowed a gun to be shot multiple times without the need to reload. Colt revolvers were then ordered by the United States government and Colt created his own corporation located near what is now downtown Hartford.

Colt also opened the Colt Armory and used advanced techniques to produce 150 weapons per day. During the Civil War, the armory thrived. In addition to becoming very wealthy and producing over 400,000 revolvers in just 25 years, Colt was a pioneer in product placement and marketing because of his innovative business practices.

Throughout the 19th century and well into the 20th century, Hartford had secured its place as a major manufacturing city. The city produced many products, including sewing machines, bicycles, cars and typewriters.

The arrival of the 20th century also brought about some hardships for the city. This included one of the worst fires in the history of the US—the Hartford Circus Fire. Despite the disaster, the city was continuing to grow, with many Puerto Ricans moving to the area. However, in the 1950s, the expansion of suburbs led to population loss in the city limits. Businesses shut down or moved as suburban areas continued to grow. Population continued to drop through the 1990s, and it has been up and down ever since.

Today, the city of Hartford is a very diverse city. It has a thriving theater and arts scene, and it is the site of many events, including concerts and festivals. It is home to many higher education institutions including Trinity College and has many parks, churches, historical sites and attractions for residents and visitors to enjoy.

Hartford Demographics

Hartford has a population of over 123,000 residents. The city is over 18 square miles, and it has a population density of 7,135 people per square mile.

Hartford has a very diverse population. According to census data, 29.8% of the population is white, 38.7% is black, 2.8% is Asian, 23.9% are another race, 4.2% are mixed race, and 43.4% are Hispanic or Latino. Over 33% of residents are of Puerto Rican descent.

The largest age group consists of residents under the age of 18, making up over 30% of the total population. Just 9.5% are at least 65 years old. The city’s median age is 30. There are more females than males, with 91.4 males for every 100 females. Hartford has a very high poverty rate and is one of the poorest cities in the nation. Approximately 3 out of every 10 families in Hartford lives below the federal poverty line.

Hartford Population Growth

Hartford’s population grew at a steady rate during its earliest years. However, at the time of the 1960 census, the city’s population was dropping, as more people were moving to suburban areas surrounding the city. This trend continued until the census of 1990. The population peaked in 1950 with over 177,000 residents. Today, however, that number has dropped significantly. Recent estimates show that the population has again dropped over 1% since the last census taken in 2010. Socio-economic disparities between the city and its suburbs, high poverty rates and the city’s own financial problems are a contributing factor to the reduced population.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2016123,243-626-0.51%
2015123,869-456-0.37%
2014124,325-679-0.54%
2013125,004-141-0.11%
2012125,145-276-0.22%
2011125,4216460.52%
2010124,7753,1972.63%
2000121,578-18,161-13.00%
1990139,7393,3472.45%
1980136,392-21,625-13.69%
1970158,017-4,161-2.57%
1960162,178-15,219-8.58%
1950177,39711,1306.69%
1940166,2672,1951.34%
1930164,07226,03618.86%
1920138,03639,12139.55%
191098,91519,06523.88%
190079,85026,62050.01%
189053,23011,21526.69%
188042,0154,83513.00%
187037,18010,26338.13%
186026,91713,36298.58%
185013,5554,08743.17%
18409,4682,39433.84%
18307,0742,34849.68%
18204,72677119.49%
18103,95543212.26%
18003,52384031.31%
17902,6830.00%

Hartford Race Data

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American47,83338.81%
White45,61937.02%
Some Other Race20,89216.95%
Two or More Races6,6225.37%
Asian3,2832.66%
American Indian and Alaska Native4950.40%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander510.04%

Population Pyramid

0k0k0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k0k0k Female Population8580757065605550454035302520151050

Hartford Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
4.6
Houses Without Mortgage
2,476
Houses With Mortgage
8,267
Vacancy Rate
14.2
Median Rent
890
Median Home Value
161,400
Renter-Occupied Units
34,496
Owner-Occupied Units
10,743
Total Housing Units
52,737

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Hartford for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 12% and the labor force participation rate is 62.2%.

Hartford Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.5
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
7.2
Non Family Households
0
Female Householder (no husband) Families
13769
Male Householder (no wife) Families
3399
Married Couple Families
9596
Average Family Size
3.36
Average Household Size
2.58