Hayward is located in Alameda County, California in the San Francisco Bay area about 35 miles outside of San Francisco and 16 miles south of Oakland. Hayward is the 6th largest city in the Bay Area and the 37th largest city in California. Part of the San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont metropolitan area, Hayward has an estimated population of 160,500 in 2019.
Hayward has a foreign-born population of nearly 39%. Hispanics represent the largest racial and ethnic community in Hayward with common ancestry groups including Mexican (30.2%), Salvadoran (2.5%), Puerto Rican (1.5%), Nicaraguan (1.2%), Honduran (1%), Peruvian (0.5%), and Cuban (0.2%). Asian-Americans represent the second largest group with common ancestries of Filipino (10.4%), Chinese (3.9%), Indian (3%), Vietnamese (2.7%), Japanese (0.5%), Korean (0.5%), Cambodian (0.2%), and Pakistani (0.1%).
Hayward is considered California's second most diverse city and it also ranks very high nationwide.
In 1841, the area of Hayward became part of the Spanish land grant Rancho San Lorenzo awarded to Guillermo Castro. Castro built his home on what is now Mission Boulevard. In the 1850s, the California Gold Rush and the discovery of gold in the Bay Area helped the region grow. William Hayward arrived in the area during the gold rush and squatted on Castro's land. When Castro's men ordered Hayward to leave, he asked Castro to buy a piece of land and used it to build a general store and later the famous Haywards Hotel.
In 1868, much of what was then called Hayward's was destroyed by the Hayward Quake as the Hayward Fault ran directly through the town. This 7.0 Magnitude earthquake was called the "great San Francisco earthquake" until 1906 when the city of San Francisco suffered one of the worst earthquakes ever recorded.
During the end of the 19th century, the Hayward Area was known as the Heart of the Garden of Eden thanks to its fertile soil, ideal climate, produce, flowers, and animals. The town was incorporated as Haywards in 1876, taking its name from its landmark hotel. It was several years later that the "s" was dropped from the name. By 1950, the town had a population of 14,000. Housing developments began to replace ranches and farms during this time and the population increased 5 times to 72,000 by 1960.
Hayward's population has climbed from 144,000 in 2010 to an estimated 160,500 in 2019. Hayward is still growing at a modest rate although it's held back by the region's high cost of living. The San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward region is expected to grow by 0.5% by 2030.
Hayward, California's estimated population is 159,620 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Hayward, California is the 32nd largest city in California based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.
The population density is 3505.19 people/mi² (1353.36 people/km²).
The overall median age is 34.9 years, 34.1 years for males, and 35.8 years for females. For every 100 females there are 97.0 males.
Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 48,765 households in the city, with an average size of 3.27 people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.6%, with a median rent of $1562/month. The median house has 4.8 rooms, and has a value of $462,000.
The median income for households in Hayward, California is $74,927, while the mean household income is $92,906.