Hilo, Hawaii Population 2019

Hilo is a city located in the state of Hawaii. It serves as the county seat for Hawaii County. Hilo is home to two volcanoes, including Mauna Loa which is active. It is also the site of the University of Hawaii at Hilo and is known for the Merrie Monarch Festival and is one of the largest producers of macadamia nuts in the world. The last census in 2010 showed a population of 43,263.

City Size and Population Density

The city’s total area is over 58 square miles, and it has a population density of 810 people square mile.

Hilo Gender and Age Statistics

There are more females than males residing in Hilo, with 95.5 men for every 100 women. People under the age of 18 make up the city’s largest age group—over 21% of the population.

Hilo Population Growth

The city’s population throughout the 20th century grew until 1960 when the census that year showed that a population drop had occurred. However, by the next poll, that number had bounced back, and substantial growth was recorded at the next 10-year census in 1980. The city is continuing to see slow but steady growth, a trend that is expected to continue through the future.

Hilo Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Hilo was:

  • Two or more races: 37.66%
  • Asian: 32.56%
  • White: 18.53%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 9.48%
  • Black or African American: 0.85%
  • Other race: 0.71%
  • Native American: 0.20%
0

The population density is 0.00 people/mi² (0.00 people/km²), with a household density of 132.61 people/km² (343.46 people/mi²).

The overall median age is 40 years, 37 years for males, and 41.7 years for females. For every 100 females there are 97.6 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 18,337 households in the city, with an average size of people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.6%, with a median rent of $988/month. The median house has 5.1 rooms, and has a value of $305,900.

The median income for households in Hilo, Hawaii is $57,151, while the mean household income is $69,790.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
200040,7592,9510.75%
199037,8082,5390.70%
198035,2698,9162.96%
197026,3533870.15%
196025,966-1,232-0.46%
195027,1983,8451.54%
194023,3533,8851.84%
193019,4689,0376.44%
192010,4313,6864.46%
19106,7452,2451.02%
18704,5000.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
Two or More Races17,212
Asian14,882
White8,469
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander4,333
Black or African American390
Some Other Race325
American Indian and Alaska Native92

Hilo Population Pyramid 2019

Hilo Median Age

40


Total

37


Male

41.7


Female

Hilo Adults

There are 36,113 adults, (8,463 of whom are seniors) in Hilo.

Hilo Age Dependency

65.3

Age Dependency Ratio

30.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

34.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Hilo Sex Ratio

Female

23,128

50.60%

Male

22,575

49.40%

Hilo Households and Families

Hilo Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Hilo Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married80.2%19.8%
All61%39%
Male60.5%39.5%
Non Family48.4%51.6%
Female37.7%62.3%

61.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All15,9552.7861
Married6,8383.3980.2
Non Family5,7581.3848.4
Female2,4613.7837.7
Male8984.360.5

3.42

Average Family Size

2.78

Average Household Size

7.9%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Hilo Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5741.85%
9th to 12th Grade1,6515.32%
High School Graduate9,45130.48%
Some College5,71218.42%
Associates Degree3,62511.69%
Bachelors Degree6,99922.57%
Graduate Degree2,9979.66%

Hilo Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Asian12,10011,3534,743
Multiple Races8,8378,1521,919
White6,0585,7372,576
Islander2,7272,425471
Hispanic2,4052,092500
Other Race25622722
Black23423464
Native American918237

The highest rate of high school graduation is among black people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among black people with a rate of 42.52%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,837$40,591$31,804
Less Than High School$12,304$23,882$10,243
High School Grad$28,735$31,806$25,548
Some College$32,297$40,506$28,249
Bachelors Degree$41,280$43,750$40,258
Graduate Degree$60,037$68,750$58,185

$35,837

Average Earnings

$40,591

Average Male

$31,804

Average Female

Hilo Language

Hilo Language by Age

Hilo Language

83.46% of Hilo residents speak only English, while 16.54% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian, which is spoken by 14.77% of the population.

Hilo Poverty

Hilo Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Multiple16,9103,64221.54%
Hispanic4,9541,76935.71%
White6,8881,47321.39%
Asian14,5421,3799.48%
Islander4,2361,03824.50%
Black37712332.63%
Other3097624.60%
Native921516.30%

19.05%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.44%

Male Poverty Rate

19.64%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Hilo

The race most likely to be in poverty in Hilo is Hispanic, with 35.71% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Hilo is Asian, with 9.48% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.31%. Among those working part-time, it was 25.69%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.66%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School26.82%
High School18.18%
Some College12.79%
Bachelors or Greater8.79%
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed37.10%
Female Unemployed35.09%
Female Employed10.16%
Male Employed9.60%

Hilo Income

Hilo Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$57,151$69,790
Families$69,786$81,754
Married Families$87,348-
Non Families$29,068$42,555

Hilo Marital Status

Hilo Marital Status

Marriage Rates

42.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.7%

Male Marriage Rate

41.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Hilo Married by Age and Sex

Hilo Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Hilo Marital Status by Race

Hilo Veterans

3,192

Number of Veterans

3,079

Male Veterans

113

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,280
Second Gulf War430
First Gulf War356
Korea350
World War II254
Age Group Veterans
65 to 741,046
75+1,036
35 to 54435
55 to 64432
18 to 34243

Hilo Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
Asian1,2809.66%
2 or More7867.02%
White6528.71%
Hawaiian3239.66%
Hispanic2437.50%
Black12234.56%
Other206.47%
Indian99.89%

Hilo Veterans by Education

8.86%

Veteran Poverty Rate

33.16%

Veteran Disability Rate

Hilo Employment Status

57.2%

Labor Force Participation

53.5%

Employment Rate

6.2%

Unemployment Rate

Hilo Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

75.77%

Born in Hawaii

92.51%

Native Born

7.49%

Foreign Born

3.41%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

92.51% of Hilo residents were born in the United States, with 75.77% having been born in Hawaii. 3.41% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.