Houston, Texas Population 2020

2,325,502

Houston is the 4th largest city in the United States and the largest in Texas. The city also has a global economy and only New York City has more Fortune 500 headquarters. The 2010 Census showed that Houston was home to almost 2.1 million people within 599 square miles, although this number since increased. The estimated population for 2016 is 2.2 million.

Houston is one of the fastest growing cities in the United States and its population is estimated to be 2.33 million.

Houston's population density is estimated to be 3,662 people per square mile (1,414 per square kilometer.) Houston is also the economic center of Houston-The Woodlands-Sugarland, which is the 5th largest metropolitan area in the United States with over 6 million people. 2012 was the first time Philadelphia was knocked out of the top 5, thanks to Houston's rapid growth.

Houston Diversity

Houston is a very multicultural city, partially due to its academic institutions, industry, and status as a port city. Houston residents speak more than 90 languages,, and it also has one of the youngest populations in the country due to the influx of immigrants in the state. It's estimated that there are 400,000 illegal aliensliving in the Houston area alone.

The non-Hispanic white population in Houston had halved since 1970 when it accounted for 62% of the population. It also seems the racial and ethnic diversity increases the further away from the center of the city you move to.

Houston's Hispanic population is increasing rapidly as more Latin American immigrants move to the area to work. Houston now has the 3rd largest Hispanic population in the United States.

There is also a significant African American population in Houston, which has been the case for most of its history. From 1870 to 1890, black people accounted for nearly 40% of the city's population, although this ranged from 21 to 33% from 1910 to 1970.

There is also a relatively large population of refugees living in the city since the 1970s. Nearly 1,600 refugees arrive at the George Bush Intercontinental Airport every year from all over the world.

Houston History

In 1836, two real estate entrepreneurs from New York purchased a large area of land along Buffalo Bayou to found a city. The city name chosen was Sam Houston, after the general at the Battle of San Jacinto, who was elected as the president of Texas that year.

Houston was incorporated in 1837 and became the temporary capital of the Republic of Texas. By 1860, it was a major hub for exporting cotton, and its system of bayous was extended after the Civil War to allow the city to accept more commerce.

In 1901, oil was discovered nearby, which started the development of the still massive Texas petroleum industry. By 1910, Houston was home to 78,000 people, double its population just ten years before. By the 1950s, its economy shifted toward energy has large companies began relocating to Houston.

Since the recession of the 1990s, Houston has worked to diversify its economy and reduce dependence on petroleum.

Houston Population Growth

Houston's booming population growth has made it one of the fastest growing regions in the United States. From 2011 to 2012, Houston gained more than 34,000 people, which was the second largest numeric increase for a city in the country.

In 2013, the Houston Chronicle reported its growth shows no signs of slowing. People are still moving to the area for its plentiful jobs, education, and housing, and many job sectors are growing.

By 2020, Houston's population is expected to grow from today's 2.162 million to 2.52 million. By 2030, the city will have 2.8 million residents, which means it should overtake Brooklyn.

Houston Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Houston was:

  • White: 57.63%
  • Black or African American: 22.54%
  • Other race: 10.50%
  • Asian: 6.89%
  • Two or more races: 2.07%
  • Native American: 0.32%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.06%

How Many People Live in Houston, Texas?

2,325,502
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20182,325,5028,0570.35%
20172,317,4457,6930.33%
20162,309,75223,1221.01%
20152,286,63045,6482.04%
20142,240,98242,7021.94%
20132,198,28038,1941.77%
20122,160,08635,9431.69%
20112,124,14325,6971.22%
20102,098,446144,8150.72%
20001,953,631323,0781.82%
19901,630,55335,4150.22%
19801,595,138361,6032.60%
19701,233,535295,3162.77%
1960938,219342,0564.64%
1950596,163211,6494.48%
1940384,51492,1622.78%
1930292,352154,0767.77%
1920138,27659,4765.78%
191078,80034,1675.85%
190044,63317,0764.94%
189027,55711,0445.25%
188016,5137,1315.82%
18709,3824,5376.83%
18604,8452,4457.28%
18502,4000.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20186,997,38491,6891.31%
20176,905,69593,4351.35%
20166,812,260135,6951.99%
20156,676,565172,9472.59%
20146,503,618172,9612.66%
20136,330,657145,7962.30%
20126,184,861128,4952.08%
20116,056,366108,9571.80%
20105,947,4090.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White1,323,12357.63%
Black or African American517,59422.54%
Some Other Race241,01610.50%
Asian158,1016.89%
Two or More Races47,6082.07%
American Indian and Alaska Native7,2660.32%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,2740.06%

Houston Population Pyramid 2020

Houston Median Age

32.9


Total

32.5


Male

33.4


Female

Houston Adults

There are 1,720,868 adults, (235,544 of whom are seniors) in Houston.

Houston Age Dependency

54.6

Age Dependency Ratio

15.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

38.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Houston Sex Ratio

Female

1,148,394

50.02%

Male

1,147,588

49.98%

Houston Households and Families

Houston Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Houston Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married60.9%39.1%
All42.9%57.1%
Male35.2%64.8%
Female32.3%67.7%
Non Family30.9%69.1%

42.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All848,3402.6742.9
Non Family330,9771.2630.9
Married326,3413.560.9
Female139,0463.7232.3
Male51,9763.5735.2

3.46

Average Family Size

2.67

Average Household Size

6.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Houston Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade190,24612.77%
9th to 12th Grade132,3448.88%
High School Graduate338,73522.74%
Some College270,65018.17%
Associates Degree78,9165.30%
Bachelors Degree291,16319.54%
Graduate Degree187,68212.60%

Houston Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic582,775334,08172,980
White436,900420,071255,510
Black339,901299,24175,397
Other Race140,32675,57612,215
Asian114,71699,24466,746
Multiple Races24,55220,7039,293
Native American4,7373,434994
Islander752614233

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 96.15%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 58.48%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,195$39,000$30,555
Less Than High School$21,525$25,799$15,375
High School Grad$26,381$30,045$21,709
Some College$32,129$37,778$28,956
Bachelors Degree$58,285$69,579$52,121
Graduate Degree$76,437$96,024$63,848

$35,195

Average Earnings

$39,000

Average Male

$30,555

Average Female

Houston Language

Houston Language by Age

Houston Language

51.16% of Houston residents speak only English, while 48.84% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 38.76% of the population.

Houston Poverty

Houston Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic1,020,069264,74225.95%
Black506,412127,17225.11%
Other239,75767,12928.00%
White554,66348,2118.69%
Asian154,89221,58113.93%
Multiple46,9678,54918.20%
Native7,2461,68923.31%
Islander1,25522618.01%

20.57%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.57%

Male Poverty Rate

22.56%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Houston

The race most likely to be in poverty in Houston is Other, with 28.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Houston is White, with 8.69% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.57%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.77%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 30.66%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School28.25%
High School19.36%
Some College13.34%
Bachelors or Greater5.88%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed42.34%
Male Unemployed30.69%
Female Employed11.40%
Male Employed8.60%

Houston Income

Houston Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$51,140$81,995
Families$57,084$93,682
Married Families$78,434$120,380
Non Families$39,772$60,556

Houston Marital Status

Houston Marital Status

Marriage Rates

41.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.9%

Male Marriage Rate

39.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Houston Married by Age and Sex

Houston Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Houston Marital Status by Race

Houston Veterans

69,531

Number of Veterans

62,747

Male Veterans

6,784

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam22,308
Second Gulf War15,681
First Gulf War12,962
Korea5,876
World War II2,763
Age Group Veterans
35 to 5417,748
65 to 7416,269
75+15,256
55 to 6411,214
18 to 349,044

Houston Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White42,7084.31%
Black21,2525.39%
Hispanic11,7331.68%
Other2,4141.44%
2 or More1,5165.02%
Asian1,2660.97%
Indian2444.40%
Hawaiian13112.86%

Houston Veterans by Education

10.44%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.59%

Veteran Disability Rate

Houston Employment Status

67.5%

Labor Force Participation

63.3%

Employment Rate

6.1%

Unemployment Rate

Houston Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

51.69%

Born in Texas

70.54%

Native Born

29.46%

Foreign Born

20.67%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

70.54% of Houston residents were born in the United States, with 51.69% having been born in Texas. 20.67% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.