Huntsville, Alabama Population 2019

Huntsville is a city located in the state of Alabama. It is located in Madison and Limestone counties, and it serves as the county seat for Madison County. The city has an estimated population of 193,079 people, making it the third most populous in the state.

Huntsville History

The Chickasaw and Muscogee-speaking tribes were the first settlers in the area. However, the population declined in the early 1800s due to land disputes and disease. The same year, John Hunt settled in the area around Big Spring. Native claims to the land were ceded to the U.S. through treaties signed in 1805 and 1806. LeRoy Pope then purchased the land and named it Twickenham.

The city was planned out, but the name was changed to Huntsville, in honor of John Hunt who had originally settled the land. Huntsville was incorporated as a town in 1811. It was the first incorporated town in the state. The city’s economy and population began to grow significantly with the introduction of the railroad and cotton industries. Cotton planters moved to Huntsville from all over the south. The city was originally made the capital, but this was later changed several times until Montgomery became the capital city.

Huntsville continued to see growth as the Memphis and Charleston Railroad was constructed, linking the coast with the Mississippi River. Following the Civil War, the city was a center for textile mills. These mills built their communities which included schools, churches, stores, and other businesses. However, industry declined in the 1930s because of the Great Depression.

Though growth had remained slow and steady, this changed in the 1940s with the construction of three chemical munitions facilities. The personnel totaled around 20,000 throughout World War II. In 1950, the Ordnance Guided Missile Center came to Huntsville and developed the Redstone Rocket, which paved the path for the U.S. space program and Army missile programs.

Today, the city’s economy revolved around the technology industry. The city is home to over 25 biotechnology firms. The city has been named as one of the best cities for defense jobs and one of the most educated cities in the U.S.

Huntsville Population Statistics

The city’s population is over 193,000, which is quite a significant jump from the 180,105 recorded during the 2010 census. The city has an area of over 214 square miles, and it has a population density of almost 905 people per square mile.

The largest age group is the 25 to 44 group, which makes up almost 30% of the population. Over 23% of the population is under the age of 18, and over 13% are at least 65 years old. There are more females than males, with 92.8 males to 100 females. Almost 13% of the total population lives below the federal poverty line.

Huntsville Population Growth

After Huntsville was founded, growth was slow but steady and was only at about 16,000 people at the time of the 1950 census. However, this all changed during the next census, when the population grew to over 72,000 people. The population had nearly doubled by the time of the next poll. While growth has slowed in recent years, recent estimates show that the numbers are up over 7% since the last census in 2010, with the city on track to soon hit over 200,000 residents.

Huntsville, Alabama's estimated population is 197,318 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Huntsville, Alabama is the 3rd largest city in Alabama based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 924.82 people/mi² (357.07 people/km²).

The overall median age is 36.9 years, 35.7 years for males, and 38.1 years for females. For every 100 females there are 93.5 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 90,856 households in the city, with an average size of 2.25 people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.1%, with a median rent of $773/month. The median house has 5.8 rooms, and has a value of $169,900.

The median income for households in Huntsville, Alabama is $51,926, while the mean household income is $75,789.

Huntsville Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Huntsville was:

  • White: 62.30%
  • Black or African American: 30.84%
  • Asian: 2.58%
  • Two or more races: 2.48%
  • Other race: 1.34%
  • Native American: 0.34%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.12%
LatLng(34.6990, -86.6730)
Rank in State3rd
StateAlabama
CountyLimestone County
Time ZoneCentral Time Zone
Land Area (km²)552.60 (213.36 mi²)
Water Area (km²)3.47 (1.34 mi²)
TypeCity
GEOID137000
Density (km²)357.07
Density (mi²)924.82
Area Code(s)256
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018197,3182,2621.16%
2017195,0562,7961.45%
2016192,2602,1131.11%
2015190,1472,4881.33%
2014187,6591,8180.98%
2013185,8412,2531.23%
2012183,5881,4210.78%
2011182,1671,2070.67%
2010180,96022,7441.35%
2000158,216-1,573-0.10%
1990159,78917,2761.15%
1980142,5133,2310.23%
1970139,28266,9176.77%
196072,36555,92815.98%
195016,4373,3872.33%
194013,0501,4961.23%
193011,5543,5363.72%
19208,0184070.52%
19107,611-457-0.58%
19008,068730.09%
18907,9953,0184.85%
18804,977700.14%
18704,9071,2733.05%
18603,6347712.41%
18502,8630.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018462,6936,9521.50%
2017455,7416,0791.33%
2016449,6625,1021.13%
2015444,5604,1570.94%
2014440,4034,8601.10%
2013435,5435,5171.27%
2012430,0264,9571.15%
2011425,0695,8031.37%
2010419,2660.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
White118,683
Black or African American58,742
Asian4,919
Two or More Races4,724
Some Other Race2,556
American Indian and Alaska Native655
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander222

Huntsville Population Pyramid 2019

Huntsville Median Age

36.9


Total

35.7


Male

38.1


Female

Huntsville Adults

There are 149,917 adults, (29,020 of whom are seniors) in Huntsville.

Huntsville Age Dependency

57.6

Age Dependency Ratio

24

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Huntsville Sex Ratio

Female

98,457

51.68%

Male

92,044

48.32%

Huntsville Households and Families

Huntsville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Huntsville Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married80.6%19.4%
All57.9%42.1%
Male51.6%48.4%
Non Family44.8%55.2%
Female35.1%64.9%

57.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All81,2962.2557.9
Non Family34,3291.244.8
Married32,262380.6
Female11,3283.0635.1
Male3,3773.0351.6

2.96

Average Family Size

2.25

Average Household Size

4.4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Huntsville Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade4,0883.17%
9th to 12th Grade8,8286.85%
High School Graduate24,83019.26%
Some College26,93420.89%
Associates Degree10,6038.22%
Bachelors Degree32,99225.59%
Graduate Degree20,66716.03%

Huntsville Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White83,02078,48840,956
Black34,01628,2988,399
Hispanic5,3303,108888
Asian3,6083,3032,103
Multiple Races2,4362,3421,010
Other Race1,249646185
Native American534453186
Islander21221238

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 58.29%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$36,253$47,473$29,484
Less Than High School$17,274$18,987$15,006
High School Grad$25,328$30,388$19,976
Some College$27,544$32,200$24,439
Bachelors Degree$52,802$72,112$40,085
Graduate Degree$77,792$99,154$56,241

$36,253

Average Earnings

$47,473

Average Male

$29,484

Average Female

Huntsville Language

Huntsville Language by Age

Huntsville Language

92.49% of Huntsville residents speak only English, while 7.51% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.02% of the population.

Huntsville Poverty

Huntsville Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black54,33617,62132.43%
White108,56010,1379.34%
Hispanic10,2124,54444.50%
Other2,5431,30851.44%
Multiple4,71186418.34%
Asian4,76248210.12%
Native63810917.08%
Islander2133215.02%

18.32%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.13%

Male Poverty Rate

19.41%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Huntsville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Huntsville is Other, with 51.44% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Huntsville is White, with 9.34% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.36%. Among those working part-time, it was 25.88%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 22.98%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School38.94%
High School19.72%
Some College13.72%
Bachelors or Greater3.82%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed49.08%
Male Unemployed40.58%
Female Employed12.21%
Male Employed8.44%

Huntsville Income

Huntsville Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$51,926$75,789
Families$70,708$95,235
Married Families$96,997$119,841
Non Families$33,860$47,935

Huntsville Marital Status

Huntsville Marital Status

Marriage Rates

43.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

46.4%

Male Marriage Rate

41.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Huntsville Married by Age and Sex

Huntsville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Huntsville Marital Status by Race

Huntsville Veterans

17,209

Number of Veterans

14,989

Male Veterans

2,220

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam5,947
First Gulf War4,731
Second Gulf War4,342
Korea1,530
World War II580
Age Group Veterans
35 to 545,027
55 to 643,709
65 to 743,627
75+3,342
18 to 341,504

Huntsville Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White12,75613.31%
Black3,7928.63%
Hispanic5137.95%
2 or More36912.41%
Asian1483.41%
Hawaiian6430.19%
Indian589.85%
Other221.37%

Huntsville Veterans by Education

6.62%

Veteran Poverty Rate

24.83%

Veteran Disability Rate

Huntsville Employment Status

62.7%

Labor Force Participation

57.9%

Employment Rate

7.3%

Unemployment Rate

Huntsville Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

53.64%

Born in Alabama

93.40%

Native Born

6.60%

Foreign Born

3.87%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

93.40% of Huntsville residents were born in the United States, with 53.64% having been born in Alabama. 3.87% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.