Huntsville, Alabama Population 2018

Huntsville is a city located in the state of Alabama. It is located in Madison and Limestone counties, and it serves as the county seat for Madison County. The city has an estimated population of 193,079 people, making it the third most populous in the state.

Huntsville History

The Chicasaw and Muscogee-speaking tribes were the first settlers in the area. However, the population declined in the early 1800s due to land disputes and disease. The same year, John Hunt settled in the area around Big Spring. Native claims to the land were ceded to the U.S. through treaties signed in 1805 and 1806. LeRoy Pope then purchased the land and named it Twickenham.

The city was planned out but the name was changed to Huntsville, in honor of John Hunt who had originally settled the land. Huntsville was incorporated as a town in 1811. It was the first incorporated town in the state. The city’s economy and population began to grow significantly with the introduction of the railroad and cotton industries. Cotton planters moved to Huntsville from all over the south. The city was originally made the capital, but this was later changed several times until Montgomery became the capital city.

Huntsville continued to see growth as the Memphis and Charleston Railroad was constructed, linking the coast with the Mississippi River. Following the Civil War, the city was a center for textile mills. These mills built their own communities which included schools, churches, stores and other businesses. However, industry declined in the 1930s because of the Great Depression.

Though growth had remained slow and steady, this changed in the 1940s with the construction of three chemical munitions facilities. The personnel totaled around 20,000 throughout World War II. In 1950, the Ordnance Guided Missile Center came to Huntsville and developed the Redstone Rocket, which paved the path for the U.S. space program and Army missile programs.

Today, the city’s economy revolved around the technology industry. The city is home to over 25 biotechnology firms. The city has been named as one of the best cities for defense jobs and one of the most educated cities in the U.S.

Huntsville Demographics

The city’s population is over 193,000, which is quite a significant jump from the 180,105 recorded during the 2010 census. The city has an area of over 214 square miles, and it has a population density of almost 905 people per square mile.

Over 64% of the residents in Huntsville are white, over 30% are black, over 2% are Asian, and just over 2% are Hispanic or Latino. The largest age group is the 25 to 44 group, which makes up almost 30% of the population. Over 23% of the population is under the age of 18, and over 13% are at least 65 years old. There are more females than males, with 92.8 males to 100 females. Almost 13% of the total population lives below the federal poverty line.

Huntsville Population Growth

After Huntsville was founded, growth was slow but steady and was only at about 16,000 people at the time of the 1950 census. However, this all changed during the next census, when the population grew to over 72,000 people. The population had nearly doubled by the time of the next census. While growth has slowed in recent years, recent estimates show that the numbers are up over 7% since the last census in 2010, with the city on track to soon hit over 200,000 residents.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017194,5852,6291.37%
2016191,9561,9811.04%
2015189,9752,4691.32%
2014187,5061,8440.99%
2013185,6622,1991.20%
2012183,4631,3410.74%
2011182,1221,1980.66%
2010180,92422,7081.35%
2000158,216-1,573-0.10%
1990159,78917,2761.15%
1980142,5133,2310.23%
1970139,28266,9176.77%
196072,36555,92815.98%
195016,4373,3872.33%
194013,0501,4961.23%
193011,5543,5363.72%
19208,0184070.52%
19107,611-457-0.58%
19008,068730.09%
18907,9953,0184.85%
18804,977700.14%
18704,9071,2733.05%
18603,6347712.41%
18502,8630.00%

Huntsville Population in 2018Source: Nhlarry [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White118,177
Black or African American58,006
Two or More Races4,688
Asian4,643
Some Other Race2,466
American Indian and Alaska Native694
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander299

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Huntsville Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Huntsville Median Age

37


Total

35.6


Male

38.3


Female

Huntsville Adults

There are 148,722 adults, (27,968 of which are seniors) in Huntsville.

Huntsville Age Dependency

56.6

Age Dependency Ratio

23.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Huntsville Sex Ratio

Female

96,696

51.17%

Male

92,277

48.83%

Huntsville Households and Families

Huntsville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Huntsville Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married80%20%
All58.7%41.3%
Male55.5%44.5%
Non Family45.7%54.3%
Female37.5%62.5%

58.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Huntsville Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All80,0002.2758.7
Non Family34,0421.245.7
Married31,8033.0280
Female10,6413.1737.5
Male3,5143.155.5

3

Average Family Size

2.27

Average Household Size

4.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Huntsville Households

Huntsville Education

Huntsville Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3,8643.02%
9th to 12th Grade8,6166.73%
High School Graduate24,73719.33%
Some College27,47321.47%
Associates Degree10,2087.98%
Bachelors Degree32,71925.56%
Graduate Degree20,37015.92%

Huntsville Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White82,57578,11540,672
Black33,70928,1548,423
Hispanic5,3633,375984
Asian3,2562,9631,913
Multiple Races2,5332,405867
Other Race1,085525110
Native American559462162
Islander28628642

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 58.75%.

Huntsville Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,480$46,516$28,884
Less Than High School$16,688$18,165$14,968
High School Grad$22,793$27,405$18,154
Some College$27,454$31,637$25,192
Bachelors Degree$51,850$70,693$39,002
Graduate Degree$75,479$97,422$57,035

$35,480

Average Earnings

$46,516

Average Male

$28,884

Average Female

Huntsville Language

Huntsville Language by Age

Huntsville Language

92.01% of Huntsville residents speak only English, while 7.99% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.22% of the population.

Huntsville Poverty

Huntsville Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black53,79016,52530.72%
White108,1079,3798.68%
Hispanic10,0284,35143.39%
Other2,4471,16847.73%
Multiple4,62498521.30%
Asian4,48448610.84%
Native67410114.99%
Islander2879834.15%

17.52%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.04%

Male Poverty Rate

17.98%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Huntsville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Huntsville is Other, with 47.73% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Huntsville is White, with 8.68% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.31%. Among those working part-time, it was 24.30%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 22.76%.

Huntsville Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School37.81%
High School19.85%
Some College13.79%
Bachelors or Greater3.47%

Huntsville Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed49.33%
Male Unemployed40.30%
Female Employed10.72%
Male Employed8.79%

Huntsville Income

Huntsville Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$51,441$74,749
Families$69,699$94,213
Married Families$93,271$117,264
Non Families$33,652$47,449

Huntsville Marital Status

Huntsville Marital Status

Marriage Rates

43.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

45.6%

Male Marriage Rate

41.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Huntsville Married by Age and Sex

Huntsville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Huntsville Marital Status by Race

Huntsville Veterans

Huntsville Veterans by War

17,337

Number of Veterans

15,522

Male Veterans

1,815

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam5,998
First Gulf War4,170
Second Gulf War3,846
Korea1,738
World War II721

Huntsville Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 544,806
55 to 643,651
65 to 743,623
75+3,580
18 to 341,677

Huntsville Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White13,16113.79%
Black3,4177.83%
Hispanic4957.62%
2 or More48215.93%
Asian1273.17%
Indian8314.02%
Hawaiian5318.53%
Other140.97%

Huntsville Veterans by Education

7.49%

Veteran Poverty Rate

24.63%

Veteran Disability Rate

Huntsville Employment Status

Huntsville Employment by Age

63.2%

Labor Force Participation

57.9%

Employment Rate

8.1%

Unemployment Rate

Huntsville Employment by Race

Huntsville Employment by Education

Huntsville Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

54.21%

Born in Alabama

93.17%

Native Born

6.83%

Foreign Born

4.22%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

93.17% of Huntsville residents were born in the United States, with 54.21% having been born in Alabama. 4.22% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.