Huntsville, Alabama Population 2018

Huntsville is a city located in the state of Alabama. It is located in Madison and Limestone counties, and it serves as the county seat for Madison County. The city has an estimated population of 193,079 people, making it the third most populous in the state.

Huntsville History

The Chicasaw and Muscogee-speaking tribes were the first settlers in the area. However, the population declined in the early 1800s due to land disputes and disease. The same year, John Hunt settled in the area around Big Spring. Native claims to the land were ceded to the U.S. through treaties signed in 1805 and 1806. LeRoy Pope then purchased the land and named it Twickenham.

The city was planned out but the name was changed to Huntsville, in honor of John Hunt who had originally settled the land. Huntsville was incorporated as a town in 1811. It was the first incorporated town in the state. The city’s economy and population began to grow significantly with the introduction of the railroad and cotton industries. Cotton planters moved to Huntsville from all over the south. The city was originally made the capital, but this was later changed several times until Montgomery became the capital city.

Huntsville continued to see growth as the Memphis and Charleston Railroad was constructed, linking the coast with the Mississippi River. Following the Civil War, the city was a center for textile mills. These mills built their own communities which included schools, churches, stores and other businesses. However, industry declined in the 1930s because of the Great Depression.

Though growth had remained slow and steady, this changed in the 1940s with the construction of three chemical munitions facilities. The personnel totaled around 20,000 throughout World War II. In 1950, the Ordnance Guided Missile Center came to Huntsville and developed the Redstone Rocket, which paved the path for the U.S. space program and Army missile programs.

Today, the city’s economy revolved around the technology industry. The city is home to over 25 biotechnology firms. The city has been named as one of the best cities for defense jobs and one of the most educated cities in the U.S.

Huntsville Demographics

The city’s population is over 193,000, which is quite a significant jump from the 180,105 recorded during the 2010 census. The city has an area of over 214 square miles, and it has a population density of almost 905 people per square mile.

Over 64% of the residents in Huntsville are white, over 30% are black, over 2% are Asian, and just over 2% are Hispanic or Latino. The largest age group is the 25 to 44 group, which makes up almost 30% of the population. Over 23% of the population is under the age of 18, and over 13% are at least 65 years old. There are more females than males, with 92.8 males to 100 females. Almost 13% of the total population lives below the federal poverty line.

Huntsville Population Growth

After Huntsville was founded, growth was slow but steady and was only at about 16,000 people at the time of the 1950 census. However, this all changed during the next census, when the population grew to over 72,000 people. The population had nearly doubled by the time of the next census. While growth has slowed in recent years, recent estimates show that the numbers are up over 7% since the last census in 2010, with the city on track to soon hit over 200,000 residents.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017194,5852,6291.37%
2016191,9561,9811.04%
2015189,9752,4691.32%
2014187,5061,8440.99%
2013185,6622,1991.20%
2012183,4631,3410.74%
2011182,1221,1980.66%
2010180,92422,70814.35%
2000158,216-1,573-0.98%
1990159,78917,27612.12%
1980142,5133,2312.32%
1970139,28266,91792.47%
196072,36555,928340.26%
195016,4373,38725.95%
194013,0501,49612.95%
193011,5543,53644.10%
19208,0184075.35%
19107,611-457-5.66%
19008,068730.91%
18907,9953,01860.64%
18804,977701.43%
18704,9071,27335.03%
18603,63477126.93%
18502,8630.00%

Huntsville Population in 2018Source: Nhlarry [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White118,177
Black or African American58,006
Two or More Races4,688
Asian4,643
Some Other Race2,466
American Indian and Alaska Native694
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander299

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Huntsville Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Huntsville Median Age

37


Total

35.6


Male

38.3


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 153,138 adults in Huntsville.

Huntsville Age Dependency

56.6

Age Dependency Ratio

23.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Huntsville Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
5.8
Houses Without Mortgage
16,157
Houses With Mortgage
30,802
Vacancy Rate
11.1
Median Rent
750
Median Home Value
168,900
Renter-Occupied Units
33,041
Owner-Occupied Units
46,959
Total Housing Units
89,989

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Huntsville for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5.1% and the labor force participation rate is 63.2%.

Huntsville Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.27
Average Family Size
3
Total Households
80000
Married Couple Households
31803
Male Householder (no wife) Families
3514
Female Householder (no husband) Families
10641
Non Family Households
34042
Total Families
45958
Households With Own Children
19302
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
4.2
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.4

Huntsville Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
6,872
$10,000 to $14,999
5,153
$15,000 to $24,999
8,665
$25,000 to $34,999
8,044
$35,000 to $49,999
10,312
$50,000 to $74,999
12,859
$75,000 to $99,999
8,387
$100,000 to $149,999
11,059
$150,000 to $199,999
4,371
Over $200,000
4,278

Huntsville Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Huntsville

Alabama

$51,441

$

$74,749

$

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.040.080.120.16

Huntsville Education Data

Huntsville Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
3,8643.02%
9th to 12th Grade
8,6166.73%
High School Graduate
24,73719.33%
Some College
27,47321.47%
Associates Degree
10,2087.98%
Bachelors Degree
32,71925.56%
Graduate Degree
20,37015.92%