Indianapolis, Indiana Population 2018

Indianapolis is the capital of Indiana and the 13th largest city in the United States. It was also recently ranked by Forbes as one of the best downtowns in the country with movie theaters, museums, art galleries, parks, retail shops and entertainment, and its greater area has seen moderate growth in the past few years.

The 2010 Census placed the population of Indianapolis at 829,718. This number has grown slowly, adding about 8,000 people per year, and the 2013 population of Indianapolis is estimated at 838,000.

The Indianapolis population has grown modestly since the 2010 Census, and it's now estimated that there are 838,000 people in the city. The metropolitan statistical area is much larger at 1.76 million, which is the 34th largest in the country. The combined statistical area had a population in 2010 of 2.08 million.

Indianapolis currently has a population density of about 2,273 people per square mile, or 861 per square kilometer, so it does have room to expand.

Indianapolis Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the ethnic and racial composition of Indianapolis was:

  • White: 58%
  • Black or African American: 27.2%
  • American Indian: 0.2%
  • Asian: 2.1%
  • Other race: 0.3% (non-Hispanic)
  • Two or more races: 2.2% (non-Hispanic)
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 10% (6.5% Mexican, 1.3% Puerto Rican, 1.1% Honduran, 1% Guatemalan, 0.1% other)

In 2013, it was announced that African Americans in Indianapolis had reached a new milestone: a total population of 300,000, which is an increase of 3.9% over the 2010 Census data. The city and county is now 29.3% African American, but the metropolitan area is 16% black. 1 in 8 people living in Central Indiana are African American.

In 1970, non-Hispanic whites accounted for 80% of the Indianapolis population, and Indianapolis was the 11th largest city in the US. In the 1970's and 80's, the city suffered from white flight and urban decay, and major revitalization efforts in the most blighted areas during the 1980's help to accelerate growth on the fringes of the metro region.

A 2010 study from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee found that Indianapolis is the least segregated city in the northern US, with 25% of its population living on a block with both black and white residents.

Indianapolis History

The area of Indianapolis was originally inhabited by the Miami and Lenape (Delaware) Native American tribes, who were displaced around 1820. Indianapolis was chosen as the site of the state capital in 1820 and, while most state capitals are chosen in the central area of the state, Indianapolis is the closest capital to being in the exact center of Indianapolis.

The city was founded on the White River on the false assumption that this river could be a source of major transportation, but settlers eventually found it was too sandy for trade transportation. The city's name comes from Jeremiah Sullivan, a judge for the Indiana Supreme Court, who joined Indiana with "polis," a Greek word meaning city.

Alexander Ralston was then commissioned to design the new city, and had assisted previously with the design for Washington, D.C. By the early 20th century, Indianapolis was actually a major auto manufacturer, rivaling Detroit, and it was a major hub of regional transport that earned it the nickname "the Crossroads of America."

Through the beginning of the 20th century, Indianapolis grew rapidly, although fast suburbanization started around 1950 and race relations deteriorated. It's believed a speech by Robert Kennedy, in town campaigning for President on the night that Martin Luther King, Jr was assassinated, that saved Indianapolis from riots that occurred throughout the United States.

While its growth has slowed significantly, Indianapolis is still a major transportation hub with a thriving economy and population.

Indianapolis Population Growth

For the 6th year in a row, Indiana's population growth rate has dropped. The US Census Bureau estimates that Indiana's population grew about 0.3% in 2012, although it has remained higher than adjacent states and this sluggish growth is common throughout the United States.

Columbus, Ohio has a population that's pretty comparable to Indianapolis, but about 30,000 lower. Columbus has a much higher growth rate and it's believed it will surpass Indianapolis by 2020.

Despite its sluggish growth, it's predicted the entire state of Indiana will grow 15% by 2050, and populations in counties surrounding Indianapolis are expected to grow the most. The Indianapois-Carmel metro area has always been the growth engine for the state, and accounted for 57% of Indiana's growth between 2000 and 2010. By 2030, it's expected to be responsible for 62% of the state's growth. It will be interesting to see just how many people Indianapolis is able to add by the next census in 2020.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017863,0025,5490.65%
2016857,4533,4020.40%
2015854,0514,0810.48%
2014849,9705,4740.65%
2013844,4969,3201.12%
2012835,1767,5580.91%
2011827,6186,1450.75%
2010821,47339,6030.50%
2000781,87050,5430.67%
1990731,32730,5200.43%
1980700,807-43,817-0.60%
1970744,624268,3664.57%
1960476,25849,0851.09%
1950427,17340,2010.99%
1940386,97222,8110.61%
1930364,16149,9671.49%
1920314,19480,5443.01%
1910233,65064,4863.28%
1900169,16463,7284.84%
1890105,43630,3803.46%
188075,05626,8124.52%
187048,24429,6339.99%
186018,61110,5208.69%
18508,0915,39911.63%
18402,6920.00%

Indianapolis Population in 2018Source: By Momoneymoproblemz [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White521,219
Black or African American236,974
Some Other Race37,611
Two or More Races24,206
Asian23,892
American Indian and Alaska Native2,501
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander271

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Indianapolis Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Indianapolis Median Age

34


Total

33


Male

35


Female

Indianapolis Adults

There are 636,699 adults, (93,981 of which are seniors) in Indianapolis.

Indianapolis Age Dependency

56.1

Age Dependency Ratio

17.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

38.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Indianapolis Sex Ratio

Female

438,292

51.77%

Male

408,382

48.23%

Indianapolis Households and Families

Indianapolis Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Indianapolis Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married75.6%24.4%
All53%47%
Male44.6%55.4%
Non Family41.2%58.8%
Female37.1%62.9%

53.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Indianapolis Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All331,6872.553
Non Family144,0001.2941.2
Married117,9533.3275.6
Female53,6003.637.1
Male16,1343.7344.6

3.32

Average Family Size

2.5

Average Household Size

6.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.7%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Indianapolis Households

Indianapolis Education

Indianapolis Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade27,2154.93%
9th to 12th Grade52,8139.57%
High School Graduate155,56028.20%
Some College116,04521.04%
Associates Degree40,1177.27%
Bachelors Degree104,45918.94%
Graduate Degree55,43810.05%

Indianapolis Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White346,125309,869122,392
Black141,728119,87022,637
Hispanic40,08822,1874,343
Other Race18,0539,2991,552
Asian15,15012,0877,858
Multiple Races8,3917,2042,295
Native American1,3871,144267
Islander143102

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 89.53%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 51.87%.

Indianapolis Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$32,341$36,170$30,288
Less Than High School$18,814$21,430$15,986
High School Grad$26,652$30,495$23,725
Some College$30,713$34,669$27,284
Bachelors Degree$44,758$51,293$40,631
Graduate Degree$57,624$65,659$53,230

$32,341

Average Earnings

$36,170

Average Male

$30,288

Average Female

Indianapolis Language

Indianapolis Language by Age

Indianapolis Language

86.97% of Indianapolis residents speak only English, while 13.03% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.56% of the population.

Indianapolis Poverty

Indianapolis Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black231,84767,02528.91%
White467,54464,05413.70%
Hispanic83,08131,36637.75%
Other37,11315,77042.49%
Multiple23,5985,63923.90%
Asian23,7475,31922.40%
Native2,46864526.13%
Islander257103.89%

20.87%

Overall Poverty Rate

19.65%

Male Poverty Rate

22.00%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Indianapolis

The race most likely to be in poverty in Indianapolis is Other, with 42.49% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Indianapolis is Islander, with 3.89% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.11%. Among those working part-time, it was 24.66%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 30.87%.

Indianapolis Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School34.72%
High School18.12%
Some College14.48%
Bachelors or Greater5.42%

Indianapolis Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed45.61%
Male Unemployed37.76%
Female Employed11.45%
Male Employed8.54%

Indianapolis Income

Indianapolis Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$43,101$61,078
Families$54,107$73,812
Married Families$73,790$93,800
Non Families$30,778$42,122

Indianapolis Marital Status

Indianapolis Marital Status

Marriage Rates

38.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

40.5%

Male Marriage Rate

36.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Indianapolis Married by Age and Sex

Indianapolis Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55To64.

Indianapolis Marital Status by Race

Indianapolis Veterans

Indianapolis Veterans by War

45,849

Number of Veterans

41,709

Male Veterans

4,140

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam14,481
First Gulf War8,012
Second Gulf War6,544
Korea3,611
World War II2,469

Indianapolis Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 5412,339
55 to 6411,149
65 to 749,212
75+8,711
18 to 344,438

Indianapolis Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White32,1437.74%
Black12,1987.26%
Hispanic1,0772.20%
2 or More8697.58%
Other3381.54%
Indian1558.93%
Asian1460.81%

Indianapolis Veterans by Education

11.32%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.48%

Veteran Disability Rate

Indianapolis Employment Status

Indianapolis Employment by Age

67.6%

Labor Force Participation

61.4%

Employment Rate

9.1%

Unemployment Rate

Indianapolis Employment by Race

Indianapolis Employment by Education

Indianapolis Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

66.91%

Born in Indiana

91.17%

Native Born

8.83%

Foreign Born

6.35%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

91.17% of Indianapolis residents were born in the United States, with 66.91% having been born in Indiana. 6.35% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.