Indianapolis, Indiana Population 2018

Indianapolis is the capital of Indiana and the 13th largest city in the United States. It was also recently ranked by Forbes as one of the best downtowns in the country with movie theaters, museums, art galleries, parks, retail shops and entertainment, and its greater area has seen moderate growth in the past few years.

The 2010 Census placed the population of Indianapolis at 829,718. This number has grown slowly, adding about 8,000 people per year, and the 2013 population of Indianapolis is estimated at 838,000.

The Indianapolis population has grown modestly since the 2010 Census, and it's now estimated that there are 838,000 people in the city. The metropolitan statistical area is much larger at 1.76 million, which is the 34th largest in the country. The combined statistical area had a population in 2010 of 2.08 million.

Indianapolis currently has a population density of about 2,273 people per square mile, or 861 per square kilometer, so it does have room to expand.

Indianapolis Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the ethnic and racial composition of Indianapolis was:

  • White: 58%
  • Black or African American: 27.2%
  • American Indian: 0.2%
  • Asian: 2.1%
  • Other race: 0.3% (non-Hispanic)
  • Two or more races: 2.2% (non-Hispanic)
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 10% (6.5% Mexican, 1.3% Puerto Rican, 1.1% Honduran, 1% Guatemalan, 0.1% other)

In 2013, it was announced that African Americans in Indianapolis had reached a new milestone: a total population of 300,000, which is an increase of 3.9% over the 2010 Census data. The city and county is now 29.3% African American, but the metropolitan area is 16% black. 1 in 8 people living in Central Indiana are African American.

In 1970, non-Hispanic whites accounted for 80% of the Indianapolis population, and Indianapolis was the 11th largest city in the US. In the 1970's and 80's, the city suffered from white flight and urban decay, and major revitalization efforts in the most blighted areas during the 1980's help to accelerate growth on the fringes of the metro region.

A 2010 study from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee found that Indianapolis is the least segregated city in the northern US, with 25% of its population living on a block with both black and white residents.

Indianapolis History

The area of Indianapolis was originally inhabited by the Miami and Lenape (Delaware) Native American tribes, who were displaced around 1820. Indianapolis was chosen as the site of the state capital in 1820 and, while most state capitals are chosen in the central area of the state, Indianapolis is the closest capital to being in the exact center of Indianapolis.

The city was founded on the White River on the false assumption that this river could be a source of major transportation, but settlers eventually found it was too sandy for trade transportation. The city's name comes from Jeremiah Sullivan, a judge for the Indiana Supreme Court, who joined Indiana with "polis," a Greek word meaning city.

Alexander Ralston was then commissioned to design the new city, and had assisted previously with the design for Washington, D.C. By the early 20th century, Indianapolis was actually a major auto manufacturer, rivaling Detroit, and it was a major hub of regional transport that earned it the nickname "the Crossroads of America."

Through the beginning of the 20th century, Indianapolis grew rapidly, although fast suburbanization started around 1950 and race relations deteriorated. It's believed a speech by Robert Kennedy, in town campaigning for President on the night that Martin Luther King, Jr was assassinated, that saved Indianapolis from riots that occurred throughout the United States.

While its growth has slowed significantly, Indianapolis is still a major transportation hub with a thriving economy and population.

Indianapolis Population Growth

For the 6th year in a row, Indiana's population growth rate has dropped. The US Census Bureau estimates that Indiana's population grew about 0.3% in 2012, although it has remained higher than adjacent states and this sluggish growth is common throughout the United States.

Columbus, Ohio has a population that's pretty comparable to Indianapolis, but about 30,000 lower. Columbus has a much higher growth rate and it's believed it will surpass Indianapolis by 2020.

Despite its sluggish growth, it's predicted the entire state of Indiana will grow 15% by 2050, and populations in counties surrounding Indianapolis are expected to grow the most. The Indianapois-Carmel metro area has always been the growth engine for the state, and accounted for 57% of Indiana's growth between 2000 and 2010. By 2030, it's expected to be responsible for 62% of the state's growth. It will be interesting to see just how many people Indianapolis is able to add by the next census in 2020.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017863,0025,5490.65%
2016857,4533,4020.40%
2015854,0514,0810.48%
2014849,9705,4740.65%
2013844,4969,3201.12%
2012835,1767,5580.91%
2011827,6186,1450.75%
2010821,47339,6035.07%
2000781,87050,5436.91%
1990731,32730,5204.35%
1980700,807-43,817-5.88%
1970744,624268,36656.35%
1960476,25849,08511.49%
1950427,17340,20110.39%
1940386,97222,8116.26%
1930364,16149,96715.90%
1920314,19480,54434.47%
1910233,65064,48638.12%
1900169,16463,72860.44%
1890105,43630,38040.48%
188075,05626,81255.58%
187048,24429,633159.22%
186018,61110,520130.02%
18508,0915,399200.56%
18402,6920.00%

Indianapolis Population in 2018Source: By Momoneymoproblemz [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White521,219
Black or African American236,974
Some Other Race37,611
Two or More Races24,206
Asian23,892
American Indian and Alaska Native2,501
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander271

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Indianapolis Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Indianapolis Median Age

34


Total

33


Male

35


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 648,978 adults in Indianapolis.

Indianapolis Age Dependency

56.1

Age Dependency Ratio

17.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

38.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Indianapolis Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
5.4
Houses Without Mortgage
49,104
Houses With Mortgage
126,526
Vacancy Rate
13.2
Median Rent
811
Median Home Value
120,400
Renter-Occupied Units
156,057
Owner-Occupied Units
175,630
Total Housing Units
382,055

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Indianapolis for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 6.1% and the labor force participation rate is 67.6%.

Indianapolis Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.5
Average Family Size
3.32
Total Households
331687
Married Couple Households
117953
Male Householder (no wife) Families
16134
Female Householder (no husband) Families
53600
Non Family Households
144000
Total Families
187687
Households With Own Children
87389
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
6.7
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.7

Indianapolis Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
33,223
$10,000 to $14,999
20,272
$15,000 to $24,999
41,748
$25,000 to $34,999
39,749
$35,000 to $49,999
51,112
$50,000 to $74,999
59,069
$75,000 to $99,999
34,625
$100,000 to $149,999
31,979
$150,000 to $199,999
10,641
Over $200,000
9,269

Indianapolis Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Indianapolis

Indiana

$43,101

$50,433

$61,078

$66,480

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.050.10.150.2

Indianapolis Education Data

Indianapolis Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
27,2154.93%
9th to 12th Grade
52,8139.57%
High School Graduate
155,56028.20%
Some College
116,04521.04%
Associates Degree
40,1177.27%
Bachelors Degree
104,45918.94%
Graduate Degree
55,43810.05%