Indianapolis, Indiana Population 2019

867,125

Indianapolis is the capital of the state of Indiana and the 13th largest city in the United States. It was also recently ranked by Forbes as one of the best downtowns in the country with movie theaters, museums, art galleries, parks, retail shops, and entertainment, and its greater area has seen moderate growth in the past few years.

The 2010 Census placed the population of Indianapolis at 829,718. This number has grown slowly, adding about 8,000 people per year, and the latest population estimate of Indianapolis is estimated at 867,125.

The Indianapolis population has grown modestly since the 2010 Census, and it's now estimated that there are 838,000 people in the city. The metropolitan statistical area is much larger at 1.76 million, which is the 34th largest in the country. The combined statistical area had a population in 2010 of 2.08 million.

Population Density in Indianapolis

Indianapolis currently has a population density of about 2,273 people per square mile or 861 per square kilometer, so it does have room to expand.

Indianapolis Diversity

In 2013, it was announced that African Americans in Indianapolis had reached a new milestone: a total population of 300,000, which is an increase of 3.9% over the 2010 Census data. The city and county are now 29.3% African American, but the metropolitan area is 16% black. 1 in 8 people living in Central Indiana is African American.

In 1970, non-Hispanic whites accounted for 80% of the Indianapolis population, and Indianapolis was the 11th largest city in the US. In the 1970s and '80s, the city suffered from white flight and urban decay, and major revitalization efforts in the most blighted areas during the 1980's help to accelerate growth on the fringes of the metro region.

A 2010 study from the University of Wisconsin- Milwaukee found that Indianapolis is the least segregated city in the northern US, with 25% of its population living on a block with both black and white residents.

Indianapolis History

The area of Indianapolis was initially inhabited by the Miami and Lenape ( Delaware) Native American tribes, who were displaced around 1820. Indianapolis was chosen as the site of the state capital in 1820 and, while most state capitals are chosen in the central area of the state, Indianapolis is the closest capital to being in the exact center of Indianapolis.

The city was founded on the White River on the false assumption that this river could be a source of significant transportation, but settlers eventually found it was too sandy for trade transportation. The city's name comes from Jeremiah Sullivan, a judge for the Indiana Supreme Court, who joined Indiana with "polis," a Greek word meaning city.

Alexander Ralston was then commissioned to design the new city and had assisted previously with the design for Washington, D.C. By the early 20th century, Indianapolis was a major auto manufacturer, rivaling Detroit, and it was a major hub of regional transport that earned it the nickname "the Crossroads of America."

Through the beginning of the 20th century, Indianapolis proliferated, although fast suburbanization started around 1950 and race relations deteriorated. It's believed a speech by Robert Kennedy, in town campaigning for President on the night that Martin Luther King, Jr was assassinated, that saved Indianapolis from riots that occurred throughout the United States.

While its growth has slowed significantly, Indianapolis is still a major transportation hub with a thriving economy and population.

Indianapolis Population Growth

For the 6th year in a row, Indiana's population growth rate has dropped. The US Census Bureau estimates that Indiana's population grew about 0.3% in 2012, although it has remained higher than adjacent states and this sluggish growth is typical throughout the United States.

Columbus, Ohio has a population that's pretty comparable to Indianapolis, but about 30,000 lower. Columbus has a much higher growth rate, and it's believed it will surpass Indianapolis by 2020.

Despite its sluggish growth, it's predicted the entire state of Indiana will grow 15% by 2050, and populations in counties surrounding Indianapolis are expected to grow the most. The Indianapolis-Carmel metro area has always been the growth engine for the state and accounted for 57% of Indiana's growth between 2000 and 2010. By 2030, it's expected to be responsible for 62% of the state's growth. It will be interesting to see just how many people Indianapolis can add by the next census in 2020.

Indianapolis Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Indianapolis was:

  • White: 61.81%
  • Black or African American: 28.08%
  • Other race: 3.79%
  • Two or more races: 3.02%
  • Asian: 2.99%
  • Native American: 0.27%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.04%

How Many People Live in Indianapolis, Indiana?

867,125
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018867,1255,2350.61%
2017861,8904,4020.51%
2016857,4884,2500.50%
2015853,2383,6040.42%
2014849,6345,5530.66%
2013844,0818,7021.04%
2012835,3797,7750.94%
2011827,6046,0490.74%
2010821,55539,6850.50%
2000781,87050,5430.67%
1990731,32730,5200.43%
1980700,807-43,817-0.60%
1970744,624268,3664.57%
1960476,25849,0851.09%
1950427,17340,2010.99%
1940386,97222,8110.61%
1930364,16149,9671.49%
1920314,19480,5443.01%
1910233,65064,4863.28%
1900169,16463,7284.84%
1890105,43630,3803.46%
188075,05626,8124.52%
187048,24429,6339.99%
186018,61110,5208.69%
18508,0915,39911.63%
18402,6920.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20182,048,70321,9801.07%
20172,026,72321,3191.05%
20162,005,40419,5600.98%
20151,985,84415,0280.76%
20141,970,81617,6670.90%
20131,953,14923,4961.20%
20121,929,65319,0070.98%
20111,910,64617,9990.94%
20101,892,6470.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White527,52161.81%
Black or African American239,61728.08%
Some Other Race32,3433.79%
Two or More Races25,7833.02%
Asian25,4962.99%
American Indian and Alaska Native2,2990.27%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3720.04%

Indianapolis Population Pyramid 2019

Indianapolis Median Age

34.1


Total

33.1


Male

35.2


Female

Indianapolis Adults

There are 642,694 adults, (98,363 of whom are seniors) in Indianapolis.

Indianapolis Age Dependency

56.8

Age Dependency Ratio

18.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

38.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Indianapolis Sex Ratio

Female

441,461

51.73%

Male

411,970

48.27%

Indianapolis Households and Families

Indianapolis Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Indianapolis Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married76.7%23.3%
All53.4%46.6%
Male45%55%
Non Family41.6%58.4%
Female36.8%63.2%

53.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All333,3162.5153.4
Non Family147,1311.341.6
Married117,2663.3476.7
Female52,4363.6736.8
Male16,4833.7845

3.35

Average Family Size

2.51

Average Household Size

6.6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.7%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Indianapolis Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade27,3184.89%
9th to 12th Grade53,5459.59%
High School Graduate156,45128.01%
Some College115,49020.67%
Associates Degree39,7727.12%
Bachelors Degree107,13919.18%
Graduate Degree58,89610.54%

Indianapolis Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White347,296311,775126,095
Black145,478122,74824,755
Hispanic40,89622,6634,409
Asian15,96712,4017,579
Other Race15,3518,0171,465
Multiple Races8,7437,6032,684
Native American1,3771,129321
Islander162112

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 89.77%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 47.47%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$33,726$37,018$30,920
Less Than High School$20,044$22,715$16,718
High School Grad$27,282$31,136$24,346
Some College$31,439$35,824$28,362
Bachelors Degree$45,575$52,203$41,039
Graduate Degree$60,399$66,747$55,528

$33,726

Average Earnings

$37,018

Average Male

$30,920

Average Female

Indianapolis Language

Indianapolis Language by Age

Indianapolis Language

86.70% of Indianapolis residents speak only English, while 13.30% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.50% of the population.

Indianapolis Poverty

Indianapolis Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black234,50665,74628.04%
White466,13861,75013.25%
Hispanic85,34129,23234.25%
Other31,84413,50942.42%
Multiple25,1455,89523.44%
Asian25,2895,53021.87%
Native2,26443018.99%
Islander3464613.29%

20.07%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.69%

Male Poverty Rate

21.35%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Indianapolis

The race most likely to be in poverty in Indianapolis is Other, with 42.42% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Indianapolis is White, with 13.25% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.85%. Among those working part-time, it was 24.13%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 30.26%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School32.60%
High School18.18%
Some College13.84%
Bachelors or Greater5.52%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed47.35%
Male Unemployed39.25%
Female Employed11.02%
Male Employed7.82%

Indianapolis Income

Indianapolis Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$44,709$63,698
Families$56,149$77,063
Married Families$76,208$97,776
Non Families$31,939$44,485

Indianapolis Marital Status

Indianapolis Marital Status

Marriage Rates

38.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

40.1%

Male Marriage Rate

36.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Indianapolis Married by Age and Sex

Indianapolis Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Indianapolis Marital Status by Race

Indianapolis Veterans

45,024

Number of Veterans

40,563

Male Veterans

4,461

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam14,515
First Gulf War8,239
Second Gulf War6,779
Korea3,341
World War II2,059
Age Group Veterans
35 to 5411,883
55 to 6410,817
65 to 749,490
75+8,640
18 to 344,194

Indianapolis Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White31,4347.49%
Black11,9686.99%
Hispanic1,1532.29%
2 or More9537.85%
Other3521.88%
Indian18611.40%
Asian1310.69%

Indianapolis Veterans by Education

11.00%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.49%

Veteran Disability Rate

Indianapolis Employment Status

67.1%

Labor Force Participation

61.7%

Employment Rate

8.1%

Unemployment Rate

Indianapolis Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

66.54%

Born in Indiana

90.73%

Native Born

9.27%

Foreign Born

6.53%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

90.73% of Indianapolis residents were born in the United States, with 66.54% having been born in Indiana. 6.53% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.