Jacksonville Population 2017

Jacksonville has grown steadily to a population of 850,000, up from 836,000 in 2012. The city proper has a population density of 1,100 people per square mile (425/sq km). The larger urban area has a population estimated at 1.1 million, while the metropolitan area has about 1.4 million residents.

Jacksonville Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the racial composition of Jacksonville was: White: 59.4% (non-Hispanic: 55.1%) Black or African American: 30.7% Hispanic or Latino of any race: 7.7% Asian: 4.3% Native American and Native Alaskan: 0.4% Pacific Islander and Native Hawaiian: 0.1% Two or more races: 2.9% Other race: 5.2%

The largest ancestry groups in Jacksonville include German (9.6%), American (9.3%), Irish (9.0%), English (8.5%) and Italian (3.5%). Jacksonville is home to the 10th largest Arab population in the United States as well as the largest Filipino American community in Florida. A great deal of the Filipino community in the city has served in the U.S. Navy. There is also a large population of Puerto Ricans in the city.

The largest religious group in Jacksonville is Protestant, with about 365,000 Evangelical Protestants, 76,000 Mainline Protestants and 57,000 Black Protestants and 1,200 congregations of various denominations. There are also 133,000 Catholics in the greater Jacksonville area, 15,000 members of the LDS Church, 8,500 Muslims, 6,000 Jews, 4,500 Hindus, 3,500 Buddhists and 650 Baha'is in the city.

Jacksonville History

The Jacksonville area has been inhabited for thousands of years and some of the oldest pottery remnants in the U.S. have been discovered here. The area was inhabited by the Mocama in the 16th century, with all Mocama villages in the area part of the chiefdom Saturiwa at the time of European contact.

European explorers first made their way through the region in 1562 when a French explorer chartered the St. Johns River. Two years later, Fort Caroline, the first European settlement, was established, although it was attacked by a Spanish force a year later and renamed San Mateo.

Spain ceded Florida to the British in 1763 and the King's Road was constructed to connect nearby St. Augustine to Georgia. Control of the territory was ceded back to Spain in 1783 after Britain was defeated in the Revolutionary War, and Florida was later ceded to the U.S. in 1821. The town was then constructed and named Jacksonville.

Jacksonville was a supply point for cattle and hogs during the Civil War to aid Confederate troops, although it was blockaded by the Union Army later, which gained control of the city in 1862. Later, Jacksonville became a winter resort for celebrities. It was also briefly the silent film capital of the world until Hollywood emerged.

During World War II, Jacksonville experienced quick urban sprawl and middle-class "white flight" as residents moved to the suburbs.

Jacksonville Population Growth

Jacksonville is growing steadily, with a population growth of nearly 2% from 2010 to 2012. This trend is expected to continue as the local economy recovers from the housing crisis and recession.

Year Population Change
2015 868,031 5.60%
2010 821,784 11.70%
2000 735,617 15.80%
1990 635,230 17.40%
1980 540,920 7.30%
1970 504,265 150.80%
1960 201,030 -1.70%
1950 204,517 18.20%
1940 173,065 33.60%
1930 129,549 41.50%
1920 91,558 58.70%
1910 57,699 103.00%
1900 28,429 65.30%
1890 17,201 124.80%
1880 7,650 10.70%
1870 6,912 229.10%
1860 2,100 110.00%
1850 1,000 0.00%

Jacksonville Population in 2017 Source: Excel23

Jacksonville Race Data

Race Population Percentage
White 504,544 60.24%
Black or African American 256,641 30.64%
American Indian and Alaska Native 2,356 0.28%
Asian 36,495 4.36%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 871 0.10%
Some Other Race 9,917 1.18%
Two or More Races 26,709 3.19%

Population Pyramid

Jacksonville Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Total Housing Units 370,419
Owner-Occupied Units 187,917
Renter-Occupied Units 130,658
Median Home Value $136,400
Median Rent $935
Vacancy Rate 14%
Houses With Mortgage 130,949
Houses Without Mortgage 56,968
Median Number of Rooms (per House) 5.4

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Jacksonville for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 6.6% and the labor force participation rate is 65.7%.

Jacksonville Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size 2.6
Average Family Size 3.29
Married Couple Families 132,919
Male Householder (no wife) Families 14,393
Female Householder (no husband) Families 52,093
Non Family Households
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex) 5.8%
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex) 0.5%