Jacksonville, Florida Population 2018

Jacksonville is the largest city in Florida and the largest city by area in the contiguous U.S. Named for President Andrew Jackson, Jacksonville has an estimated population of 850,000 in 2014, which makes it the 12th most populous city in the United States.

Jacksonville has grown steadily to a population of 850,000, up from 836,000 in 2012. The city proper has a population density of 1,100 people per square mile (425/sq km). The larger urban area has a population estimated at 1.1 million, while the metropolitan area has about 1.4 million residents.

Jacksonville Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the racial composition of Jacksonville was: White: 59.4% (non-Hispanic: 55.1%) Black or African American: 30.7% Hispanic or Latino of any race: 7.7% Asian: 4.3% Native American and Native Alaskan: 0.4% Pacific Islander and Native Hawaiian: 0.1% Two or more races: 2.9% Other race: 5.2%

The largest ancestry groups in Jacksonville include German (9.6%), American (9.3%), Irish (9.0%), English (8.5%) and Italian (3.5%). Jacksonville is home to the 10th largest Arab population in the United States as well as the largest Filipino American community in Florida. A great deal of the Filipino community in the city has served in the U.S. Navy. There is also a large population of Puerto Ricans in the city.

The largest religious group in Jacksonville is Protestant, with about 365,000 Evangelical Protestants, 76,000 Mainline Protestants and 57,000 Black Protestants and 1,200 congregations of various denominations. There are also 133,000 Catholics in the greater Jacksonville area, 15,000 members of the LDS Church, 8,500 Muslims, 6,000 Jews, 4,500 Hindus, 3,500 Buddhists and 650 Baha'is in the city.

Jacksonville History

The Jacksonville area has been inhabited for thousands of years and some of the oldest pottery remnants in the U.S. have been discovered here. The area was inhabited by the Mocama in the 16th century, with all Mocama villages in the area part of the chiefdom Saturiwa at the time of European contact.

European explorers first made their way through the region in 1562 when a French explorer chartered the St. Johns River. Two years later, Fort Caroline, the first European settlement, was established, although it was attacked by a Spanish force a year later and renamed San Mateo.

Spain ceded Florida to the British in 1763 and the King's Road was constructed to connect nearby St. Augustine to Georgia. Control of the territory was ceded back to Spain in 1783 after Britain was defeated in the Revolutionary War, and Florida was later ceded to the U.S. in 1821. The town was then constructed and named Jacksonville.

Jacksonville was a supply point for cattle and hogs during the Civil War to aid Confederate troops, although it was blockaded by the Union Army later, which gained control of the city in 1862. Later, Jacksonville became a winter resort for celebrities. It was also briefly the silent film capital of the world until Hollywood emerged.

During World War II, Jacksonville experienced quick urban sprawl and middle-class "white flight" as residents moved to the suburbs.

Jacksonville Population Growth

Jacksonville is growing steadily, with a population growth of nearly 2% from 2010 to 2012. This trend is expected to continue as the local economy recovers from the housing crisis and recession.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017892,06211,1691.27%
2016880,89314,0371.62%
2015866,85613,3771.57%
2014853,47910,0961.20%
2013843,3835,9440.71%
2012837,4397,7540.93%
2011829,6856,5100.79%
2010823,17587,55811.90%
2000735,617100,38715.80%
1990635,23094,31017.44%
1980540,92036,6557.27%
1970504,265303,235150.84%
1960201,030-3,487-1.70%
1950204,51731,45218.17%
1940173,06543,51633.59%
1930129,54937,99141.49%
192091,55833,85958.68%
191057,69929,270102.96%
190028,42911,22865.28%
189017,2019,551124.85%
18807,65073810.68%
18706,9124,812229.14%
18602,1001,100110.00%
18501,0000.00%

Jacksonville Population in 2018Source: By Mathew105601 [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White511,780
Black or African American262,611
Asian38,689
Two or More Races30,140
Some Other Race10,459
American Indian and Alaska Native1,934
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,003

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Jacksonville Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Jacksonville Median Age

35.7


Total

34.4


Male

37.1


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 685,104 adults in Jacksonville.

Jacksonville Age Dependency

55.4

Age Dependency Ratio

19.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36

Child Dependency Ratio

Jacksonville Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
5.4
Houses Without Mortgage
58,908
Houses With Mortgage
127,513
Vacancy Rate
13.5
Median Rent
955
Median Home Value
140,000
Renter-Occupied Units
135,582
Owner-Occupied Units
186,421
Total Housing Units
372,432

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Jacksonville for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5.6% and the labor force participation rate is 65.5%.

Jacksonville Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.6
Average Family Size
3.29
Total Households
322003
Married Couple Households
132813
Male Householder (no wife) Families
15310
Female Householder (no husband) Families
52082
Non Family Households
121798
Total Families
200205
Households With Own Children
84644
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
5.7
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.4

Jacksonville Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
27,371
$10,000 to $14,999
17,107
$15,000 to $24,999
34,907
$25,000 to $34,999
37,023
$35,000 to $49,999
49,641
$50,000 to $74,999
59,811
$75,000 to $99,999
38,145
$100,000 to $149,999
35,589
$150,000 to $199,999
12,146
Over $200,000
10,263

Jacksonville Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Jacksonville

Florida

$48,256

$48,900

$65,581

$69,936

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.050.10.150.2

Jacksonville Education Data

Jacksonville Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
18,6803.26%
9th to 12th Grade
47,2118.23%
High School Graduate
163,62028.53%
Some College
132,73223.14%
Associates Degree
56,1439.79%
Bachelors Degree
107,07418.67%
Graduate Degree
48,0648.38%