Jacksonville, Florida Population 2018

Jacksonville is the largest city in Florida and the largest city by area in the contiguous U.S. Named for President Andrew Jackson, Jacksonville has an estimated population of 850,000 in 2014, which makes it the 12th most populous city in the United States.

Jacksonville has grown steadily to a population of 850,000, up from 836,000 in 2012. The city proper has a population density of 1,100 people per square mile (425/sq km). The larger urban area has a population estimated at 1.1 million, while the metropolitan area has about 1.4 million residents.

Jacksonville Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the racial composition of Jacksonville was: White: 59.4% (non-Hispanic: 55.1%) Black or African American: 30.7% Hispanic or Latino of any race: 7.7% Asian: 4.3% Native American and Native Alaskan: 0.4% Pacific Islander and Native Hawaiian: 0.1% Two or more races: 2.9% Other race: 5.2%

The largest ancestry groups in Jacksonville include German (9.6%), American (9.3%), Irish (9.0%), English (8.5%) and Italian (3.5%). Jacksonville is home to the 10th largest Arab population in the United States as well as the largest Filipino American community in Florida. A great deal of the Filipino community in the city has served in the U.S. Navy. There is also a large population of Puerto Ricans in the city.

The largest religious group in Jacksonville is Protestant, with about 365,000 Evangelical Protestants, 76,000 Mainline Protestants and 57,000 Black Protestants and 1,200 congregations of various denominations. There are also 133,000 Catholics in the greater Jacksonville area, 15,000 members of the LDS Church, 8,500 Muslims, 6,000 Jews, 4,500 Hindus, 3,500 Buddhists and 650 Baha'is in the city.

Jacksonville History

The Jacksonville area has been inhabited for thousands of years and some of the oldest pottery remnants in the U.S. have been discovered here. The area was inhabited by the Mocama in the 16th century, with all Mocama villages in the area part of the chiefdom Saturiwa at the time of European contact.

European explorers first made their way through the region in 1562 when a French explorer chartered the St. Johns River. Two years later, Fort Caroline, the first European settlement, was established, although it was attacked by a Spanish force a year later and renamed San Mateo.

Spain ceded Florida to the British in 1763 and the King's Road was constructed to connect nearby St. Augustine to Georgia. Control of the territory was ceded back to Spain in 1783 after Britain was defeated in the Revolutionary War, and Florida was later ceded to the U.S. in 1821. The town was then constructed and named Jacksonville.

Jacksonville was a supply point for cattle and hogs during the Civil War to aid Confederate troops, although it was blockaded by the Union Army later, which gained control of the city in 1862. Later, Jacksonville became a winter resort for celebrities. It was also briefly the silent film capital of the world until Hollywood emerged.

During World War II, Jacksonville experienced quick urban sprawl and middle-class "white flight" as residents moved to the suburbs.

Jacksonville Population Growth

Jacksonville is growing steadily, with a population growth of nearly 2% from 2010 to 2012. This trend is expected to continue as the local economy recovers from the housing crisis and recession.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017892,06211,1691.27%
2016880,89314,0371.62%
2015866,85613,3771.57%
2014853,47910,0961.20%
2013843,3835,9440.71%
2012837,4397,7540.93%
2011829,6856,5100.79%
2010823,17587,5581.13%
2000735,617100,3871.48%
1990635,23094,3101.62%
1980540,92036,6550.70%
1970504,265303,2359.63%
1960201,030-3,487-0.17%
1950204,51731,4521.68%
1940173,06543,5162.94%
1930129,54937,9913.53%
192091,55833,8594.73%
191057,69929,2707.33%
190028,42911,2285.15%
189017,2019,5518.44%
18807,6507381.02%
18706,9124,81212.65%
18602,1001,1007.70%
18501,0000.00%

Jacksonville Population in 2018Source: By Mathew105601 [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White511,780
Black or African American262,611
Asian38,689
Two or More Races30,140
Some Other Race10,459
American Indian and Alaska Native1,934
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,003

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Jacksonville Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Jacksonville Median Age

35.7


Total

34.4


Male

37.1


Female

Jacksonville Adults

There are 657,881 adults, (107,077 of which are seniors) in Jacksonville.

Jacksonville Age Dependency

55.4

Age Dependency Ratio

19.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36

Child Dependency Ratio

Jacksonville Sex Ratio

Female

442,528

51.66%

Male

414,088

48.34%

Jacksonville Households and Families

Jacksonville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Jacksonville Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married74.9%25.1%
All57.9%42.1%
Male48.4%51.6%
Non Family46.3%53.7%
Female44.3%55.7%

57.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Jacksonville Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All322,0032.657.9
Married132,8133.2974.9
Non Family121,7981.346.3
Female52,0823.6344.3
Male15,3103.4348.4

3.29

Average Family Size

2.6

Average Household Size

5.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Jacksonville Households

Jacksonville Education

Jacksonville Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade18,6803.26%
9th to 12th Grade47,2118.23%
High School Graduate163,62028.53%
Some College132,73223.14%
Associates Degree56,1439.79%
Bachelors Degree107,07418.67%
Graduate Degree48,0648.38%

Jacksonville Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White333,574303,370101,594
Black158,553135,80827,717
Hispanic43,75135,81710,126
Asian28,01623,97513,136
Multiple Races10,9679,7012,818
Other Race6,6875,3771,549
Native American1,2991,149208
Islander51138757

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 90.95%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 46.89%.

Jacksonville Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$33,659$37,461$30,591
Less Than High School$20,762$24,472$16,694
High School Grad$26,691$30,639$22,989
Some College$32,125$37,297$29,418
Bachelors Degree$45,432$53,463$40,728
Graduate Degree$56,933$69,808$49,215

$33,659

Average Earnings

$37,461

Average Male

$30,591

Average Female

Jacksonville Language

Jacksonville Language by Age

Jacksonville Language

86.17% of Jacksonville residents speak only English, while 13.83% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 6.28% of the population.

Jacksonville Poverty

Jacksonville Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black255,68968,48126.78%
White444,67550,50011.36%
Hispanic73,45814,71720.03%
Multiple29,7036,09120.51%
Asian38,4044,67012.16%
Other10,3261,88418.25%
Native1,83437920.67%
Islander996373.71%

17.03%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.45%

Male Poverty Rate

18.49%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Jacksonville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Jacksonville is Black, with 26.78% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Jacksonville is Islander, with 3.71% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.03%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.15%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.17%.

Jacksonville Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School30.19%
High School16.69%
Some College11.72%
Bachelors or Greater5.27%

Jacksonville Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed43.48%
Male Unemployed34.65%
Female Employed8.49%
Male Employed6.12%

Jacksonville Income

Jacksonville Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$48,256$65,581
Families$59,438$77,105
Married Families$75,539$94,857
Non Families$32,493$43,995

Jacksonville Marital Status

Jacksonville Marital Status

Marriage Rates

42.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

45.3%

Male Marriage Rate

40.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Jacksonville Married by Age and Sex

Jacksonville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

Jacksonville Marital Status by Race

Jacksonville Veterans

Jacksonville Veterans by War

79,192

Number of Veterans

69,941

Male Veterans

9,251

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
First Gulf War26,163
Vietnam24,070
Second Gulf War20,607
Korea4,803
World War II2,562

Jacksonville Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 5427,608
55 to 6417,402
65 to 7414,464
75+10,192
18 to 349,526

Jacksonville Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White52,39312.91%
Black22,03111.85%
Hispanic4,9699.77%
Asian1,8896.18%
2 or More1,70712.14%
Other7048.76%
Indian37123.78%
Hawaiian9712.39%

Jacksonville Veterans by Education

7.52%

Veteran Poverty Rate

23.75%

Veteran Disability Rate

Jacksonville Employment Status

Jacksonville Employment by Age

65.5%

Labor Force Participation

58.2%

Employment Rate

8.8%

Unemployment Rate

Jacksonville Employment by Race

Jacksonville Employment by Education

Jacksonville Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

50.20%

Born in Florida

90.09%

Native Born

9.91%

Foreign Born

4.57%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

90.09% of Jacksonville residents were born in the United States, with 50.20% having been born in Florida. 4.57% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.