Jefferson City, Missouri Population 2019

Jefferson City is a city located in the state of Missouri, in Cole County, where it is the county seat. It is also the state capital. A small portion of the city is found in Callaway County. Jefferson City is known for being the “Most Beautiful Small Town” in the U.S.

Population Size and Density in Jefferson City

Jefferson City in 2010 had a population of 43,079, according to the last census, which makes it the 15th most populous city in Missouri. Recent estimates show that the population has dropped slightly to 42,895. The city has a total area of 37.58 square miles with a population density of 1,100 people per square mile.

Jefferson City Gender and Age Statistics

There are more men than women living in Jefferson City, with males accounting for 51.2% of the total population.

People between the ages of 25 and 44 make up the largest age group of Jefferson City or 28.6% of the population. Almost 21% of residents are under age 18, while 13.4% are at least 65 years old. Approximately 11.5% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

Population Growth

Jefferson City has seen its population grow at a steady rate since the mid-19th century. However, recent estimates show that the population has dropped for the first time in many years, falling 0.2% since the 2010 census. However, there is nothing to indicate that this will be an ongoing trend, and hopefully, with citywide efforts, the population of this Missouri city will continue to grow again.

Jefferson City Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Jefferson City was:

  • White: 74.83%
  • Black or African American: 18.55%
  • Two or more races: 2.62%
  • Asian: 2.18%
  • Other race: 1.38%
  • Native American: 0.39%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.06%

Jefferson City, Missouri's estimated population is 42,895 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Jefferson City, Missouri is the 15th largest city in Missouri based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 1188.86 people/mi² (459.02 people/km²), with a household density of 201.06 people/km² (520.75 people/mi²).

The overall median age is 37.8 years, 37.2 years for males, and 39.1 years for females. For every 100 females there are 108.6 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 18,789 households in the city, with an average size of people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 4.7%, with a median rent of $614/month. The median house has 5.8 rooms, and has a value of $140,200.

The median income for households in Jefferson City, Missouri is $48,132, while the mean household income is $63,777.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201742,895-121-0.28%
201643,016-170-0.39%
201543,186380.09%
201443,148-146-0.34%
201343,294700.16%
201243,224-76-0.18%
201143,3001290.30%
201043,1713,5350.86%
200039,6364,1551.11%
199035,4811,8620.54%
198033,6191,2120.37%
197032,4074,1791.39%
196028,2283,1291.18%
195025,0998310.34%
194024,2682,6721.17%
193021,5967,1064.07%
192014,4902,6402.03%
191011,8502,1862.06%
19009,6642,9223.67%
18906,7421,4712.49%
18805,2718511.78%
18704,4201,3383.67%
18603,0820.00%

Jefferson City Population in 2018Source: By Sarah Minor, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White32,244
Black or African American7,994
Two or More Races1,128
Asian939
Some Other Race593
American Indian and Alaska Native166
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander28

Jefferson City Population Pyramid 2019

Jefferson City Median Age

37.8


Total

37.2


Male

39.1


Female

Jefferson City Adults

There are 34,181 adults, (6,401 of whom are seniors) in Jefferson City.

Jefferson City Age Dependency

55.1

Age Dependency Ratio

23

Old Age Dependency Ratio

32.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Jefferson City Sex Ratio

Female

20,659

47.94%

Male

22,433

52.06%

Jefferson City Households and Families

Jefferson City Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Jefferson City Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married79.9%20.1%
All57.5%42.5%
Non Family43.8%56.2%
Male42.2%57.8%
Female38.8%61.2%

57.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All16,7232.2957.5
Non Family7,0951.2843.8
Married6,6702.9579.9
Female2,1803.3838.8
Male7782.7442.2

2.95

Average Family Size

2.29

Average Household Size

5.6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Jefferson City Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade7732.59%
9th to 12th Grade1,9386.50%
High School Graduate9,02230.28%
Some College6,58822.11%
Associates Degree2,1137.09%
Bachelors Degree6,25220.98%
Graduate Degree3,10710.43%

Jefferson City Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White23,57921,9747,924
Black4,2893,520692
Hispanic711524123
Asian632582504
Multiple Races38534892
Other Race22616033
Native American1499224
Islander2828

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 79.75%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$33,741$36,589$31,751
Less Than High School$21,583$23,787$20,144
High School Grad$25,485$26,700$23,784
Some College$32,313$34,460$30,081
Bachelors Degree$41,404$48,647$35,710
Graduate Degree$50,350$60,466$42,207

$33,741

Average Earnings

$36,589

Average Male

$31,751

Average Female

Jefferson City Language

Jefferson City Language by Age

Jefferson City Language

94.29% of Jefferson City residents speak only English, while 5.71% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.41% of the population.

Jefferson City Poverty

Jefferson City Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White28,6153,17311.09%
Black6,0511,98732.84%
Multiple1,00534834.63%
Hispanic1,32427720.92%
Other48817936.68%
Asian900353.89%

15.59%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.24%

Male Poverty Rate

14.99%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Jefferson City

The race most likely to be in poverty in Jefferson City is Other, with 36.68% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Jefferson City is Asian, with 3.89% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.39%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.77%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 21.74%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School25.48%
High School16.89%
Some College12.06%
Bachelors or Greater4.21%
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed51.64%
Female Unemployed43.50%
Female Employed9.30%
Male Employed5.98%

Jefferson City Income

Jefferson City Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$48,132$63,777
Families$62,070$78,530
Married Families$83,976$
Non Families$31,846$42,492

Jefferson City Marital Status

Jefferson City Marital Status

Marriage Rates

41.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

40.5%

Male Marriage Rate

42.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Jefferson City Married by Age and Sex

Jefferson City Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Jefferson City Marital Status by Race

Jefferson City Veterans

2,982

Number of Veterans

2,735

Male Veterans

247

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,134
Second Gulf War440
First Gulf War408
Korea342
World War II147

Jefferson City Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White2,6409.95%
Black2444.08%
Hispanic10812.57%
2 or More7613.67%
Asian111.65%
Indian117.38%

Jefferson City Veterans by Education

8.87%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.42%

Veteran Disability Rate

Jefferson City Employment Status

58.5%

Labor Force Participation

55.8%

Employment Rate

4.2%

Unemployment Rate

Jefferson City Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

70.39%

Born in Missouri

96.06%

Native Born

3.94%

Foreign Born

1.72%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

96.06% of Jefferson City residents were born in the United States, with 70.39% having been born in Missouri. 1.72% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.