Jefferson City, Missouri Population 2019

Jefferson City is a city located in the state of Missouri. It is located in Cole County, where it is the county seat. It is also the state capital. A small portion of the city is located in Callaway County. Jefferson City is known for being the “Most Beautiful Small Town” in the U.S.

Population Size and Density in Jefferson City

Jefferson City in 2010 had a population of 43,079, according to the last census, which makes it the 15th most populous city in Missouri. Recent estimates show that the population has dropped slightly to 42,895. The city has a total area of 37.58 square miles with a population density of 1,100 people per square mile.

Population Demographics of Jefferson City

Seventy-eight percent of the city’s population is white, while 16.9% is black, 18% is Asian, 0.8% is another race and 2.2% is multiracial. Residents of Hispanic or Latino origin make up about 2.6% of the total population.

There are more men than women living in Jefferson City, with males accounting for 51.2% of the total population.

People between the ages of 25 and 44 make up the largest age group of Jefferson City, or 28.6% of the population. Almost 21% of residents are under age 18, while 13.4% are at least 65 years old. Approximately 11.5% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

Population Growth

Jefferson City has seen its population grow at a steady rate since the mid-19th century. However, recent estimates show that the population has dropped for the first time in many years, falling 0.2% since the 2010 census. However, there is nothing to indicate that this will be an ongoing trend, and hopefully with citywide efforts, the population of this Missouri city will continue to grow again.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201742,895-121-0.28%
201643,016-170-0.39%
201543,186380.09%
201443,148-146-0.34%
201343,294700.16%
201243,224-76-0.18%
201143,3001290.30%
201043,1713,5350.86%
200039,6364,1551.11%
199035,4811,8620.54%
198033,6191,2120.37%
197032,4074,1791.39%
196028,2283,1291.18%
195025,0998310.34%
194024,2682,6721.17%
193021,5967,1064.07%
192014,4902,6402.03%
191011,8502,1862.06%
19009,6642,9223.67%
18906,7421,4712.49%
18805,2718511.78%
18704,4201,3383.67%
18603,0820.00%

Jefferson City Population in 2018Source: By Sarah Minor, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White32,244
Black or African American7,994
Two or More Races1,128
Asian939
Some Other Race593
American Indian and Alaska Native166
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander28

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Jefferson City Population Pyramid 2019

5001,0001,5002,000 Male Population5001,0001,5002,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Jefferson City Median Age

37.8


Total

37.2


Male

39.1


Female

Jefferson City Adults

There are 34,181 adults, (6,401 of whom are seniors) in Jefferson City.

Jefferson City Age Dependency

55.1

Age Dependency Ratio

23

Old Age Dependency Ratio

32.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Jefferson City Sex Ratio

Female

20,659

47.94%

Male

22,433

52.06%

Jefferson City Households and Families

Jefferson City Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Jefferson City Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married79.9%20.1%
All57.5%42.5%
Non Family43.8%56.2%
Male42.2%57.8%
Female38.8%61.2%

57.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Jefferson City Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All16,7232.2957.5
Non Family7,0951.2843.8
Married6,6702.9579.9
Female2,1803.3838.8
Male7782.7442.2

2.95

Average Family Size

2.29

Average Household Size

5.6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Jefferson City Households

Jefferson City Education

Jefferson City Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade7732.59%
9th to 12th Grade1,9386.50%
High School Graduate9,02230.28%
Some College6,58822.11%
Associates Degree2,1137.09%
Bachelors Degree6,25220.98%
Graduate Degree3,10710.43%

Jefferson City Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White23,57921,9747,924
Black4,2893,520692
Hispanic711524123
Asian632582504
Multiple Races38534892
Other Race22616033
Native American1499224
Islander2828

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 79.75%.

Jefferson City Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$33,741$36,589$31,751
Less Than High School$21,583$23,787$20,144
High School Grad$25,485$26,700$23,784
Some College$32,313$34,460$30,081
Bachelors Degree$41,404$48,647$35,710
Graduate Degree$50,350$60,466$42,207

$33,741

Average Earnings

$36,589

Average Male

$31,751

Average Female

Jefferson City Language

Jefferson City Language by Age

Jefferson City Language

94.29% of Jefferson City residents speak only English, while 5.71% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.41% of the population.

Jefferson City Poverty

Jefferson City Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White28,6153,17311.09%
Black6,0511,98732.84%
Multiple1,00534834.63%
Hispanic1,32427720.92%
Other48817936.68%
Asian900353.89%

15.59%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.24%

Male Poverty Rate

14.99%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Jefferson City

The race most likely to be in poverty in Jefferson City is Other, with 36.68% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Jefferson City is Asian, with 3.89% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.39%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.77%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 21.74%.

Jefferson City Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School25.48%
High School16.89%
Some College12.06%
Bachelors or Greater4.21%

Jefferson City Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Male Unemployed51.64%
Female Unemployed43.50%
Female Employed9.30%
Male Employed5.98%

Jefferson City Income

Jefferson City Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$48,132$63,777
Families$62,070$78,530
Married Families$83,976$
Non Families$31,846$42,492

Jefferson City Marital Status

Jefferson City Marital Status

Marriage Rates

41.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

40.5%

Male Marriage Rate

42.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Jefferson City Married by Age and Sex

Jefferson City Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Jefferson City Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Jefferson City Veterans

Jefferson City Veterans by War

2,982

Number of Veterans

2,735

Male Veterans

247

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam1,134
Second Gulf War440
First Gulf War408
Korea342
World War II147

Jefferson City Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 74710
75+677
55 to 64677
35 to 54632
18 to 34286

Jefferson City Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White2,6409.95%
Black2444.08%
Hispanic10812.57%
2 or More7613.67%
Asian111.65%
Indian117.38%

Jefferson City Veterans by Education

8.87%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.42%

Veteran Disability Rate

Jefferson City Employment Status

Jefferson City Employment by Age

58.5%

Labor Force Participation

55.8%

Employment Rate

4.2%

Unemployment Rate

Jefferson City Employment by Race

Jefferson City Employment by Education

Jefferson City Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

70.39%

Born in Missouri

96.06%

Native Born

3.94%

Foreign Born

1.72%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

96.06% of Jefferson City residents were born in the United States, with 70.39% having been born in Missouri. 1.72% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.