Jersey City, New Jersey Population 2018

Jersey City is located in the state of New Jersey. It is the county seat of Hudson County, and it is the largest city by population within that county. It is also the second largest by population in the entire state, with an estimated population of 264,152. Jersey City is part of the New York metro area and serves as a transportation, distribution, and manufacturing center for the Port of New York and New Jersey.

Jersey City History

The area that is now Jersey City was once inhabited by the Lenape. Henry Hudson arrived in the region in 1609. A land grant to Michael Reyniersz Pauw was used to purchase the land from the Lenape in 1630.

In the late 1700s, Alexander Hamilton and other prominent people in New York and New Jersey went to work to develop what is now historic downtown Jersey City. An interesting fact about Jersey City is that during the 19th century, former slaves used the Underground Railroad to reach this city. Jersey City was not incorporated as a city until 1820. It was reincorporated in 1829, then again in 1838. Two years later, it was made part of Hudson County.

The 1850s through the 1880s saw the introduction of the railroad, which through the 20th century was one of the biggest employers in the city. During the 19th and 20th centuries, the city was a dock and manufacturing town. It was also a city that attracted many immigrants from Germany, Italy and Ireland.

The 1970s saw a decline in urban population as more people moved to the suburbs following high crime rates, political corruption and hardships. Through the 1970s and early 1980s, Jersey City lost 9% of its workforce, while the 30-year period from 1950 to 1980 saw a loss of 75,000 residents. However, later in the 1980s, revitalization efforts began to bring in more residents. This included the construction of high-rise buildings, the development of the financial district, and a thriving downtown area.

Jersey City Demographics

Jersey City has a population of 264,152. The last census taken in 2010 shows that the city had a population of 247,597. The city is over 21 square miles and has a density of over 16,736 residents per square mile. Jersey City is very ethnically diverse. In fact, it is one of the most ethnically diverse cities in the world. Over 32% of the population is white, while over one-quarter is black or African American. Over 23% of residents are Asian, while 27.6% are Hispanic or Latino. The median age for the city is relatively young at 33.2 years. The 25 to 44 age group comprises most of the population, making up over 37% of the total population. Over 21% of the population is under the age of 18, while 9% are 65 or older. There are 96 males for every 100 females. Approximately 17.5% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

Jersey City Population Growth

In its earliest years, Jersey City experienced substantial population growth, reaching over 100,000 residents by 1880 and more than 200,000 by 1900. However, the period between the 1930s and 1990s saw a decline in population. As mentioned, this was due to rising crime rates, political corruption, and other problems within the city. However, efforts in the late 1980s were successful in bringing more residents into Jersey City, posting a 2.2% increase between 1980 and 1990. Since the last census taken in 2010, the population has risen by over 6%, showing that this once thriving city is back on track to see continued growth into the future.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017270,7533,3071.24%
2016267,4461,1600.44%
2015266,2862,2770.86%
2014264,0092,9001.11%
2013261,1092,4060.93%
2012258,7034,6091.81%
2011254,0945,4552.19%
2010248,6398,5843.58%
2000240,05511,5185.04%
1990228,5375,0052.24%
1980223,532-36,818-14.14%
1970260,350-15,751-5.70%
1960276,101-22,916-7.66%
1950299,017-2,156-0.72%
1940301,173-15,542-4.91%
1930316,71518,6126.24%
1920298,10330,32411.32%
1910267,77961,34629.72%
1900206,43343,43026.64%
1890163,00342,28135.02%
1880120,72238,17646.25%
187082,54653,320182.44%
186029,22622,370326.28%
18506,8563,784123.18%
18403,0720.00%

Jersey City Population in 2018Source: Photograph by D Ramey Logan [CC BY 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White92,277
Asian65,450
Black or African American64,998
Some Other Race29,746
Two or More Races8,198
American Indian and Alaska Native878
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander119

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Jersey City Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Jersey City Median Age

33.7


Total

33.5


Male

34


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 214,166 adults in Jersey City.

Jersey City Age Dependency

44

Age Dependency Ratio

13.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

30

Child Dependency Ratio

Jersey City Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
4.1
Houses Without Mortgage
7,719
Houses With Mortgage
20,039
Vacancy Rate
10.5
Median Rent
1,233
Median Home Value
331,300
Renter-Occupied Units
71,854
Owner-Occupied Units
27,758
Total Housing Units
111,331

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Jersey City for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5.5% and the labor force participation rate is 68.2%.

Jersey City Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.6
Average Family Size
3.25
Total Households
99612
Married Couple Households
37767
Male Householder (no wife) Families
5767
Female Householder (no husband) Families
17390
Non Family Households
38688
Total Families
60924
Households With Own Children
28506
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
6.2
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.8

Jersey City Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
9,118
$10,000 to $14,999
5,658
$15,000 to $24,999
9,968
$25,000 to $34,999
7,732
$35,000 to $49,999
10,390
$50,000 to $74,999
14,335
$75,000 to $99,999
10,516
$100,000 to $149,999
15,248
$150,000 to $199,999
7,513
Over $200,000
9,134

Jersey City Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Jersey City

New Jersey

$60,703

$73,702

$88,455

$101,634

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.0450.090.1350.18

Jersey City Education Data

Jersey City Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
12,2896.71%
9th to 12th Grade
13,5387.39%
High School Graduate
43,19423.59%
Some College
25,16213.74%
Associates Degree
8,1524.45%
Bachelors Degree
47,98226.21%
Graduate Degree
32,76817.90%