Jersey City, New Jersey Population 2018

Jersey City is located in the state of New Jersey. It is the county seat of Hudson County, and it is the largest city by population within that county. It is also the second largest by population in the entire state, with an estimated population of 264,152. Jersey City is part of the New York metro area and serves as a transportation, distribution, and manufacturing center for the Port of New York and New Jersey.

Jersey City History

The area that is now Jersey City was once inhabited by the Lenape. Henry Hudson arrived in the region in 1609. A land grant to Michael Reyniersz Pauw was used to purchase the land from the Lenape in 1630.

In the late 1700s, Alexander Hamilton and other prominent people in New York and New Jersey went to work to develop what is now historic downtown Jersey City. An interesting fact about Jersey City is that during the 19th century, former slaves used the Underground Railroad to reach this city. Jersey City was not incorporated as a city until 1820. It was reincorporated in 1829, then again in 1838. Two years later, it was made part of Hudson County.

The 1850s through the 1880s saw the introduction of the railroad, which through the 20th century was one of the biggest employers in the city. During the 19th and 20th centuries, the city was a dock and manufacturing town. It was also a city that attracted many immigrants from Germany, Italy and Ireland.

The 1970s saw a decline in urban population as more people moved to the suburbs following high crime rates, political corruption and hardships. Through the 1970s and early 1980s, Jersey City lost 9% of its workforce, while the 30-year period from 1950 to 1980 saw a loss of 75,000 residents. However, later in the 1980s, revitalization efforts began to bring in more residents. This included the construction of high-rise buildings, the development of the financial district, and a thriving downtown area.

Jersey City Demographics

Jersey City has a population of 264,152. The last census taken in 2010 shows that the city had a population of 247,597. The city is over 21 square miles and has a density of over 16,736 residents per square mile. Jersey City is very ethnically diverse. In fact, it is one of the most ethnically diverse cities in the world. Over 32% of the population is white, while over one-quarter is black or African American. Over 23% of residents are Asian, while 27.6% are Hispanic or Latino. The median age for the city is relatively young at 33.2 years. The 25 to 44 age group comprises most of the population, making up over 37% of the total population. Over 21% of the population is under the age of 18, while 9% are 65 or older. There are 96 males for every 100 females. Approximately 17.5% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

Jersey City Population Growth

In its earliest years, Jersey City experienced substantial population growth, reaching over 100,000 residents by 1880 and more than 200,000 by 1900. However, the period between the 1930s and 1990s saw a decline in population. As mentioned, this was due to rising crime rates, political corruption, and other problems within the city. However, efforts in the late 1980s were successful in bringing more residents into Jersey City, posting a 2.2% increase between 1980 and 1990. Since the last census taken in 2010, the population has risen by over 6%, showing that this once thriving city is back on track to see continued growth into the future.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017270,7533,3071.24%
2016267,4461,1600.44%
2015266,2862,2770.86%
2014264,0092,9001.11%
2013261,1092,4060.93%
2012258,7034,6091.81%
2011254,0945,4552.19%
2010248,6398,5840.35%
2000240,05511,5180.49%
1990228,5375,0050.22%
1980223,532-36,818-1.51%
1970260,350-15,751-0.59%
1960276,101-22,916-0.79%
1950299,017-2,156-0.07%
1940301,173-15,542-0.50%
1930316,71518,6120.61%
1920298,10330,3241.08%
1910267,77961,3462.64%
1900206,43343,4302.39%
1890163,00342,2813.05%
1880120,72238,1763.87%
187082,54653,32010.94%
186029,22622,37015.60%
18506,8563,7848.36%
18403,0720.00%

Jersey City Population in 2018Source: Photograph by D Ramey Logan [CC BY 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White92,277
Asian65,450
Black or African American64,998
Some Other Race29,746
Two or More Races8,198
American Indian and Alaska Native878
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander119

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Jersey City Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10%12% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10%12% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Jersey City Median Age

33.7


Total

33.5


Male

34


Female

Jersey City Adults

There are 206,978 adults, (25,382 of which are seniors) in Jersey City.

Jersey City Age Dependency

44

Age Dependency Ratio

13.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

30

Child Dependency Ratio

Jersey City Sex Ratio

Female

132,896

50.79%

Male

128,770

49.21%

Jersey City Households and Families

Jersey City Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Jersey City Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married37.3%62.7%
All27.9%72.1%
Male25%75%
Female21.9%78.1%
Non Family21.8%78.2%

27.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Jersey City Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All99,6122.627.9
Non Family38,6881.4221.8
Married37,7673.3237.3
Female17,3903.3721.9
Male5,7673.4625

3.25

Average Family Size

2.6

Average Household Size

6.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.8%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Jersey City Households

Jersey City Education

Jersey City Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade12,2896.71%
9th to 12th Grade13,5387.39%
High School Graduate43,19423.59%
Some College25,16213.74%
Associates Degree8,1524.45%
Bachelors Degree47,98226.21%
Graduate Degree32,76817.90%

Jersey City Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Asian49,37245,89135,856
Hispanic46,29732,8338,249
White45,34042,09026,329
Black40,92234,9818,906
Other Race17,74712,1022,337
Multiple Races4,4633,9062,101
Native American502382112
Islander686816

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 72.62%.

Jersey City Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$45,034$51,148$37,746
Less Than High School$21,974$26,645$17,934
High School Grad$27,902$32,244$22,557
Some College$32,108$36,612$29,074
Bachelors Degree$60,384$69,247$52,157
Graduate Degree$78,771$90,374$66,955

$45,034

Average Earnings

$51,148

Average Male

$37,746

Average Female

Jersey City Language

Jersey City Language by Age

Jersey City Language

47.38% of Jersey City residents speak only English, while 52.62% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 22.61% of the population.

Jersey City Poverty

Jersey City Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic72,77718,52225.45%
Black64,14216,97326.46%
Other29,5738,37228.31%
White55,2347,89814.30%
Asian65,3787,69411.77%
Multiple8,1131,36316.80%
Native868758.64%
Islander1194235.29%

19.39%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.00%

Male Poverty Rate

21.72%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Jersey City

The race most likely to be in poverty in Jersey City is Islander, with 35.29% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Jersey City is Native, with 8.64% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.22%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.95%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 34.76%.

Jersey City Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School28.01%
High School20.96%
Some College17.13%
Bachelors or Greater7.24%

Jersey City Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed40.29%
Male Unemployed31.16%
Female Employed10.05%
Male Employed6.45%

Jersey City Income

Jersey City Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$60,703$88,455
Families$66,928$95,390
Married Families$92,279$121,018
Non Families$49,201$73,844

Jersey City Marital Status

Jersey City Marital Status

Marriage Rates

41.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.9%

Male Marriage Rate

39.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Jersey City Married by Age and Sex

Jersey City Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Jersey City Marital Status by Race

Jersey City Veterans

Jersey City Veterans by War

5,039

Number of Veterans

4,610

Male Veterans

429

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam1,486
First Gulf War1,043
Second Gulf War909
Korea501
World War II168

Jersey City Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 541,642
65 to 74932
55 to 64913
75+891
18 to 34661

Jersey City Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White2,5923.39%
Black1,5183.12%
Hispanic1,0391.93%
Asian4100.75%
Other3421.63%
2 or More1573.04%
Indian203.77%

Jersey City Veterans by Education

12.64%

Veteran Poverty Rate

20.97%

Veteran Disability Rate

Jersey City Employment Status

Jersey City Employment by Age

68.2%

Labor Force Participation

62.7%

Employment Rate

8%

Unemployment Rate

Jersey City Employment by Race

Jersey City Employment by Education

Jersey City Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

35.95%

Born in New Jersey

58.90%

Native Born

41.10%

Foreign Born

22.71%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

58.90% of Jersey City residents were born in the United States, with 35.95% having been born in New Jersey. 22.71% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.