Juneau, Alaska Population 2018

Juneau is a city located in the state of Alaska. It also serves as the capital of the state. Juneau is the second largest city in the U.S. by area, although the same can not be said of its population. Despite being so large, the city has a population of just 32,468, per recent estimates.

Juneau History

Before it was settled by the Europeans, Juneau served as a fishing area for various tribes that lived in the area for thousands of years before it was officially settled. Descendants of these natives still live in the area today and have fought against the government to prevent the development over the area known as Indian Point.

The first recorded contact by Europeans occurred in 1794, although it is believed that Europeans had explored the area prior to this time. However, Juneau was settled upon its discovery.

Only after the gold rush in the state of California did more people begin exploring the West in search of more gold. In 1880, two men marked a town site and a mining camp was established after gold was discovered at the head of Gold Creek. The camp quickly became a village as more miners can to the area, although no permanent buildings were developed yet. By the next year, the population totaled more than 100 people and in the same year, the settlement was named Juneau.

In 1906, whaling and fur trade declines led to the government to move the capital from Sitka to Juneau. It was the largest city at the time. In 1911, the capitol building was authorized to be built. However, there were significant delays and construction did not begin until 1929 and was finished two years later.

Throughout the 20th century, efforts were made to move the capital to first Fairbanks and then later Willow. However, neither of these efforts were fruitful and the city of Juneau has remained the capital ever since.

The population of the city grew in the late 1950s when Alaska was designated as a U.S. state. In the 1970s, the development of the Alaska Pipeline led to further population and economic growth, which slowed down in the next decade.

Today, the city is a major tourism spot, with millions of people coming each year on cruise ships. The tourism industry, along with government jobs, fuel the economy. The city hosts many cultural festivals and events each year, highlighting the works of local residents. The city also features nightspots, restaurants, landmarks, and other attractions for residents and tourists.

Juneau Demographics

The city of Juneau has a population of just over 32,000 people. The city’s total area is over 3,253 square miles, making it the second largest capital by area. The population density is less than 10 people per square mile.

The city is primarily white, with white people making up nearly 70% of the total population. Less than 1% of blacks live in Juneau. Almost 12% of residents are Native American, over 6% are Asian, and 9.5% are mixed race. Over 5% of the population is Hispanic or Latino. People between the ages of 25 to 44 make up the largest age group, accounting for nearly 33% of the population. Over 27% of the population is under the age of 18, while just over 6% are at least 65 years old. There are slightly more males than females living in Juneau, with 101.5 men for every 100 women. Just 6% of the residents in Juneau live below the federal poverty line.

State, city and federal governments are the primary employers for residents of Juneau. The University of Alaska Southeast is also a top employer. During the summer months, the tourism industry is also booming, with cruise ships bringing over 1 million tourists to the area from May through September.

Juneau Population Growth

Juneau’s population has traditionally grown in a slow and steady manner. The largest growth occurred between 1970 and 1980 when the population grew from just over 6,000 to nearly 20,000. Further growth pushed the population to over 26,000 at the time of the census taken in 1990. Since then, growth has slowed significantly. Recent estimates show that the population has grown 3.8% since the last census taken in 2010. It has been predicted that Juneau will continue to see slow but steady growth at least over the next few years.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
201732,094-311-0.96%
201632,405-207-0.63%
201532,6121220.38%
201432,490-80-0.25%
201332,5701750.54%
201232,3952330.72%
201132,1627682.45%
201031,3946832.22%
200030,7113,96014.80%
199026,7517,22336.99%
198019,52813,478222.78%
19706,050-747-10.99%
19606,79797916.83%
19505,818891.55%
19405,7291,68641.70%
19304,04398532.21%
19203,0581,758135.23%
19001,3000.00%

Juneau Population in 2018Source: By Alan Wu [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White22,575
American Indian and Alaska Native4,009
Two or More Races2,652
Asian2,332
Black or African American381
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander324
Some Other Race251

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Juneau Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Juneau Median Age

37.5


Total

37.9


Male

37.2


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 24,937 adults in Juneau.

Juneau Age Dependency

48.4

Age Dependency Ratio

15.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Juneau Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
5
Houses Without Mortgage
2,253
Houses With Mortgage
5,563
Vacancy Rate
8.5
Median Rent
1,184
Median Home Value
329,500
Renter-Occupied Units
4,322
Owner-Occupied Units
7,816
Total Housing Units
13,263

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Juneau for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 3.6% and the labor force participation rate is 72.7%.

Juneau Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.62
Average Family Size
3.12
Total Households
12138
Married Couple Households
6121
Male Householder (no wife) Families
595
Female Householder (no husband) Families
1257
Non Family Households
4165
Total Families
7973
Households With Own Children
3521
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
8.6
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.7

Juneau Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
359
$10,000 to $14,999
259
$15,000 to $24,999
469
$25,000 to $34,999
537
$35,000 to $49,999
1,115
$50,000 to $74,999
2,208
$75,000 to $99,999
2,087
$100,000 to $149,999
3,053
$150,000 to $199,999
1,099
Over $200,000
952

Juneau Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Juneau

Alaska

$87,436

$74,444

$104,005

$92,191

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.0650.130.1950.26

Juneau Education Data

Juneau Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
2301.03%
9th to 12th Grade
7453.34%
High School Graduate
4,72421.20%
Some College
6,16027.64%
Associates Degree
1,6407.36%
Bachelors Degree
5,63125.26%
Graduate Degree
3,15814.17%