Juneau, Alaska Population 2018

Juneau is a city located in the state of Alaska. It also serves as the capital of the state. Juneau is the second largest city in the U.S. by area, although the same can not be said of its population. Despite being so large, the city has a population of just 32,468, per recent estimates.

Juneau History

Before it was settled by the Europeans, Juneau served as a fishing area for various tribes that lived in the area for thousands of years before it was officially settled. Descendants of these natives still live in the area today and have fought against the government to prevent the development over the area known as Indian Point.

The first recorded contact by Europeans occurred in 1794, although it is believed that Europeans had explored the area prior to this time. However, Juneau was settled upon its discovery.

Only after the gold rush in the state of California did more people begin exploring the West in search of more gold. In 1880, two men marked a town site and a mining camp was established after gold was discovered at the head of Gold Creek. The camp quickly became a village as more miners can to the area, although no permanent buildings were developed yet. By the next year, the population totaled more than 100 people and in the same year, the settlement was named Juneau.

In 1906, whaling and fur trade declines led to the government to move the capital from Sitka to Juneau. It was the largest city at the time. In 1911, the capitol building was authorized to be built. However, there were significant delays and construction did not begin until 1929 and was finished two years later.

Throughout the 20th century, efforts were made to move the capital to first Fairbanks and then later Willow. However, neither of these efforts were fruitful and the city of Juneau has remained the capital ever since.

The population of the city grew in the late 1950s when Alaska was designated as a U.S. state. In the 1970s, the development of the Alaska Pipeline led to further population and economic growth, which slowed down in the next decade.

Today, the city is a major tourism spot, with millions of people coming each year on cruise ships. The tourism industry, along with government jobs, fuel the economy. The city hosts many cultural festivals and events each year, highlighting the works of local residents. The city also features nightspots, restaurants, landmarks, and other attractions for residents and tourists.

Juneau Demographics

The city of Juneau has a population of just over 32,000 people. The city’s total area is over 3,253 square miles, making it the second largest capital by area. The population density is less than 10 people per square mile.

The city is primarily white, with white people making up nearly 70% of the total population. Less than 1% of blacks live in Juneau. Almost 12% of residents are Native American, over 6% are Asian, and 9.5% are mixed race. Over 5% of the population is Hispanic or Latino. People between the ages of 25 to 44 make up the largest age group, accounting for nearly 33% of the population. Over 27% of the population is under the age of 18, while just over 6% are at least 65 years old. There are slightly more males than females living in Juneau, with 101.5 men for every 100 women. Just 6% of the residents in Juneau live below the federal poverty line.

State, city and federal governments are the primary employers for residents of Juneau. The University of Alaska Southeast is also a top employer. During the summer months, the tourism industry is also booming, with cruise ships bringing over 1 million tourists to the area from May through September.

Juneau Population Growth

Juneau’s population has traditionally grown in a slow and steady manner. The largest growth occurred between 1970 and 1980 when the population grew from just over 6,000 to nearly 20,000. Further growth pushed the population to over 26,000 at the time of the census taken in 1990. Since then, growth has slowed significantly. Recent estimates show that the population has grown 3.8% since the last census taken in 2010. It has been predicted that Juneau will continue to see slow but steady growth at least over the next few years.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201732,094-311-0.96%
201632,405-207-0.63%
201532,6121220.38%
201432,490-80-0.25%
201332,5701750.54%
201232,3952330.72%
201132,1627682.45%
201031,3946830.22%
200030,7113,9601.39%
199026,7517,2233.20%
198019,52813,47812.43%
19706,050-747-1.16%
19606,7979791.57%
19505,818890.15%
19405,7291,6863.55%
19304,0439852.83%
19203,0581,7584.37%
19001,3000.00%

Juneau Population in 2018Source: By Alan Wu [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White22,575
American Indian and Alaska Native4,009
Two or More Races2,652
Asian2,332
Black or African American381
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander324
Some Other Race251

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Juneau Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Juneau Median Age

37.5


Total

37.9


Male

37.2


Female

Juneau Adults

There are 25,271 adults, (3,382 of which are seniors) in Juneau.

Juneau Age Dependency

48.4

Age Dependency Ratio

15.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Juneau Sex Ratio

Female

15,876

48.81%

Male

16,648

51.19%

Juneau Households and Families

Juneau Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Juneau Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married81.3%18.7%
Male65.9%34.1%
All64.4%35.6%
Female48.4%51.6%
Non Family44.2%55.8%

64.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Juneau Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All12,1382.6264.4
Married6,1213.2181.3
Non Family4,1651.4344.2
Female1,2573.3848.4
Male5953.2965.9

3.12

Average Family Size

2.62

Average Household Size

8.6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.7%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Juneau Households

Juneau Education

Juneau Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2301.03%
9th to 12th Grade7453.34%
High School Graduate4,72421.20%
Some College6,16027.64%
Associates Degree1,6407.36%
Bachelors Degree5,63125.26%
Graduate Degree3,15814.17%

Juneau Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White15,87115,4317,258
Native American2,4332,172466
Asian1,4621,312330
Hispanic1,2251,170328
Multiple Races1,0821,064325
Black293279127
Islander1651223
Other Race162162100

The highest rate of high school graduation is among other race people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among other race people with a rate of 61.73%.

Juneau Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$49,196$54,500$42,235
Less Than High School$32,043$37,394$13,917
High School Grad$35,612$37,329$31,655
Some College$45,654$52,004$40,840
Bachelors Degree$52,035$64,935$43,816
Graduate Degree$74,450$87,798$68,859

$49,196

Average Earnings

$54,500

Average Male

$42,235

Average Female

Juneau Language

Juneau Language by Age

Juneau Language

89.01% of Juneau residents speak only English, while 10.99% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Asian, which is spoken by 5.13% of the population.

Juneau Poverty

Juneau Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White21,0829744.62%
Native3,76970518.71%
Multiple2,57040015.56%
Hispanic1,99828114.06%
Islander3197222.57%
Asian2,332532.27%
Black3605114.17%
Other25151.99%

7.42%

Overall Poverty Rate

7.16%

Male Poverty Rate

7.70%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Juneau

The race most likely to be in poverty in Juneau is Islander, with 22.57% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Juneau is Other, with 1.99% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.00%. Among those working part-time, it was 9.06%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 13.22%.

Juneau Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School22.51%
High School10.36%
Some College3.70%
Bachelors or Greater1.82%

Juneau Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Male Unemployed33.99%
Female Unemployed23.81%
Female Employed3.39%
Male Employed2.68%

Juneau Income

Juneau Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$87,436$104,005
Families$104,831$113,239
Married Families$116,301$
Non Families$57,865$79,229

Juneau Marital Status

Juneau Marital Status

Marriage Rates

50.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

51.3%

Male Marriage Rate

48.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Juneau Married by Age and Sex

Juneau Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55To64.

Juneau Marital Status by Race

Juneau Veterans

Juneau Veterans by War

2,504

Number of Veterans

2,077

Male Veterans

427

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam811
First Gulf War646
Second Gulf War548
Korea121
World War II37

Juneau Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 54752
65 to 74601
55 to 64599
75+311
18 to 34241

Juneau Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White2,04811.19%
Indian2006.77%
Hispanic13910.37%
2 or More694.84%
Asian694.03%
Other5329.94%
Black4614.07%
Hawaiian198.56%

Juneau Veterans by Education

4.10%

Veteran Poverty Rate

22.01%

Veteran Disability Rate

Juneau Employment Status

Juneau Employment by Age

72.7%

Labor Force Participation

68.5%

Employment Rate

4.9%

Unemployment Rate

Juneau Employment by Race

Juneau Employment by Education

Juneau Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

39.75%

Born in Alaska

91.83%

Native Born

8.17%

Foreign Born

3.78%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

91.83% of Juneau residents were born in the United States, with 39.75% having been born in Alaska. 3.78% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.