Juneau, Alaska Population 2019

Juneau is a city located in the state of Alaska. It also serves as the capital of the state. Juneau is the second largest city in the U.S. by area, although the same can not be said of its population. Despite being so large, the city has a population of just 32,468, per recent estimates.

Juneau History

Before the Europeans settled it, Juneau served as a fishing area for various tribes that lived in the area for thousands of years before it was officially settled. Descendants of these natives still live in the city today and have fought against the government to prevent the development over the area known as Indian Point.

The first recorded contact by Europeans occurred in 1794, although it is believed that Europeans had explored the area before this time. However, Juneau was settled upon its discovery.

Only after the gold rush in the state of California did more people begin exploring the West in search of more gold. In 1880, two men marked a townsite and a mining camp was established after gold was discovered at the head of Gold Creek. The camp quickly became a village as more miners can to the area, although no permanent buildings were developed yet. By the next year, the population totaled more than 100 people and in the same year, the settlement was named Juneau.

In 1906, whaling and fur trade declines led to the government to move the capital from Sitka to Juneau. It was the largest city at the time. In 1911, the capitol building was authorized to be built. However, there were significant delays and construction did not begin until 1929 and was finished two years later.

Throughout the 20th century, efforts were made to move the capital to first Fairbanks and then later Willow. However, neither of these efforts were fruitful, and the city of Juneau has remained the capital ever since.

The population of the city grew in the late 1950s when Alaska was designated as a U.S. state. In the 1970s, the development of the Alaska Pipeline led to further population and economic growth, which slowed down in the next decade.

Today, the city is a major tourism spot, with millions of people coming each year on cruise ships. The tourism industry, along with government jobs, fuels the economy. The city hosts many cultural festivals and events each year, highlighting the works of residents. The city also features nightspots, restaurants, landmarks, and other attractions for residents and tourists.

Juneau Population and Economy Statistics

The city of Juneau has a population of just over 32,000 people. The city’s total area is over 3,253 square miles, making it the second largest capital by area. The population density is less than 10 people per square mile.

People between the ages of 25 to 44 make up the largest age group, accounting for nearly 33% of the population. Over 27% of the population is under the age of 18, while just over 6% are at least 65 years old. There are slightly more males than females living in Juneau, with 101.5 men for every 100 women. Just 6% of the residents in Juneau live below the federal poverty line.

State, city and federal governments are the primary employers for residents of Juneau. The University of Alaska Southeast is also a top employer. During the summer months, the tourism industry is also booming, with cruise ships bringing over 1 million tourists to the area from May through September.

Juneau Population Growth

Juneau’s population has traditionally grown slowly and steadily. The most significant growth occurred between 1970 and 1980 when the population increased from just over 6,000 to nearly 20,000. Further growth pushed the community to over 26,000 at the time of the census taken in 1990. Since then, growth has slowed significantly. Recent estimates show that the population has grown 3.8% since the last poll taken in 2010. It has been predicted that Juneau will continue to see slow but steady growth at least over the next few years.

Juneau Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Juneau was:

  • White: 68.94%
  • Native American: 11.13%
  • Two or more races: 9.26%
  • Asian: 7.34%
  • Other race: 1.30%
  • Black or African American: 1.06%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.96%
LatLng(58.3019, -134.4197)
Rank in State2nd
StateAlaska
CountyJuneau City and Borough
Time Zone
Land Area (km²)6829.22 (2636.76 mi²)
Water Area (km²)1423.79 (549.73 mi²)
TypeCity and Borough
GEOID236400
Density (km²)4.70
Density (mi²)12.18
Area Code(s)250 / 907
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201832,113520.16%
201732,061-339-1.05%
201632,400-201-0.62%
201532,6011250.38%
201432,476-111-0.34%
201332,5872090.65%
201232,3782260.70%
201132,1527662.44%
201031,3866750.22%
200030,7113,9601.39%
199026,7517,2233.20%
198019,52813,47812.43%
19706,050-747-1.16%
19606,7979791.57%
19505,818890.15%
19405,7291,6863.55%
19304,0439852.83%
19203,0581,7584.37%
19001,3000.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
White22,360
American Indian and Alaska Native3,611
Two or More Races3,005
Asian2,381
Some Other Race423
Black or African American343
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander311

Juneau Population Pyramid 2019

Juneau Median Age

38


Total

37.9


Male

38.2


Female

Juneau Adults

There are 25,339 adults, (3,679 of whom are seniors) in Juneau.

Juneau Age Dependency

49.7

Age Dependency Ratio

17

Old Age Dependency Ratio

32.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Juneau Sex Ratio

Female

15,771

48.62%

Male

16,663

51.38%

Juneau Households and Families

Juneau Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Juneau Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married82.4%17.6%
All65.5%34.5%
Male59%41%
Female56.9%43.1%
Non Family44.4%55.6%

65.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All12,2732.5965.5
Married6,2203.2182.4
Non Family4,3941.4344.4
Female1,1443.4156.9
Male5153.1359

3.12

Average Family Size

2.59

Average Household Size

7.1%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Juneau Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3021.35%
9th to 12th Grade5912.64%
High School Graduate4,58320.51%
Some College6,27428.08%
Associates Degree1,5987.15%
Bachelors Degree5,83226.10%
Graduate Degree3,16614.17%

Juneau Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White15,85115,5077,518
Native American2,2612,084408
Asian1,5381,298348
Hispanic1,2281,171303
Multiple Races1,2071,162341
Other Race30130188
Black265257111
Islander1861334

The highest rate of high school graduation is among other race people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 47.43%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$49,499$54,612$44,271
Less Than High School$27,379$29,423$22,847
High School Grad$35,691$36,955$30,625
Some College$45,448$51,502$41,293
Bachelors Degree$54,043$67,515$46,157
Graduate Degree$75,781$88,281$70,039

$49,499

Average Earnings

$54,612

Average Male

$44,271

Average Female

Juneau Language

Juneau Language by Age

Juneau Language

88.02% of Juneau residents speak only English, while 11.98% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian, which is spoken by 5.43% of the population.

Juneau Poverty

Juneau Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White20,9928584.09%
Native3,36568620.39%
Multiple2,91548416.60%
Hispanic2,02428614.13%
Asian2,3781044.37%
Black3275416.51%
Islander3064013.07%

7.35%

Overall Poverty Rate

7.85%

Male Poverty Rate

6.83%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Juneau

The race most likely to be in poverty in Juneau is Native, with 20.39% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Juneau is White, with 4.09% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.08%. Among those working part-time, it was 8.63%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 13.44%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School20.80%
High School12.49%
Some College3.74%
Bachelors or Greater1.58%
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed30.31%
Female Unemployed16.58%
Male Employed3.76%
Female Employed3.09%

Juneau Income

Juneau Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$90,749$106,849
Families$110,923$119,794
Married Families$118,811-
Non Families$57,594$77,382

Juneau Marital Status

Juneau Marital Status

Marriage Rates

51.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

53.3%

Male Marriage Rate

49.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Juneau Married by Age and Sex

Juneau Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Juneau Marital Status by Race

Juneau Veterans

2,392

Number of Veterans

2,019

Male Veterans

373

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam833
First Gulf War601
Second Gulf War532
Korea119
World War II36

Juneau Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White2,03911.22%
Indian1645.96%
Hispanic856.63%
2 or More553.48%
Asian392.16%
Other3614.88%
Black3311.22%
Hawaiian2610.04%

Juneau Veterans by Education

4.21%

Veteran Poverty Rate

24.71%

Veteran Disability Rate

Juneau Employment Status

73.1%

Labor Force Participation

68.7%

Employment Rate

4.8%

Unemployment Rate

Juneau Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

39.31%

Born in Alaska

91.42%

Native Born

8.58%

Foreign Born

3.94%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

91.42% of Juneau residents were born in the United States, with 39.31% having been born in Alaska. 3.94% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.