Key West, Florida Population 2018

Key West is a city located in the state of Florida. This island city serves as the seat of Monroe County. According to recent estimates, Key West has a population of 26,990 people that live within its boundaries, which include the island of Key West, part of Stock Island and other nearby islands. This city is a popular tourist destination and is known for its stunning beaches and many points of interest.

Key West History

The island of Key West was first inhabited by the Calusa tribe. It was first discovered by the Europeans in 1521. When Florida came under the control of Spain, a fishing village was established.

Great Britain gained control of the state in 1763 and the Spanish and Native American inhabitants were moved to Havana, Cuba. Though the Spanish regained control 20 years later, the city was not officially resettled. It simply became a place for the Cuban and British to use for fishing.

It was in 1815 when the governor of Cuba deeded the island to Juan Pablo Salas. When the state was sold to the U.S. six years later, Salas sold the island. In fact, he sold it twice, and the two men moved quickly to beat each other at securing the rights to the island. The island went to businessman John Simonton, who subdivided the island.

Throughout the 1800s, the city began to grow and was the richest city per capta in the country. A naval base was also constructed, which left the island in the hands of the Union during the Civil War. Major industries during this time were salvaging, fishing and salt manufacturing. Salt production halted during the Civil War but resumed at the end of the war until the industry was affected by a hurricane and never recovered.

By the end of the 19th century, Key West was the wealthiest and largest city in the state. At the beginning of the 20th century, the island was connected to the mainland in 1912 via the Overseas Railroad. The Overseas Highway was built in the 1930s which encouraged further growth. Pan American Airlines was also founded during the early 20th century.

In recent years, the city has continued to expand with the addition of shopping centers, malls, schools, and an airport. The city is a popular tourist destination and is a port of call for many cruise lines. The Naval Air Station Key West remains in business and is a training center for naval aviation.

Key West Demographics

Key West’s population is estimated to be 26,990, which shows some growth since the 2010 population of 24,649 people. The city’s total area is over 7 square miles and has a population density of over 4,819 people per square mile.

Almost 85% of the population is white, over 9% is black, over 1% is Asian and over 16% are Hispanic or Latino. Residents that are 25 to 44 make up the largest age group, accounting for over 37% of the population. Sixteen percent of residents are under 18, while 11.7% are at least 65 years old. There are more males than females, with 122.3 men for every 100 women. Just over 10% of the population lives below the federal poverty line. Over three-quarters of the population speak English, while over 17% speak Spanish. Other languages spoken in Key West include French, German and Italian.

Key West Population Growth

Key West has seen its share of highs and lows when it comes to its population. The city reached over 18,000 residents in 1890 before dropping by over 5%. The population began to grow again before dropping again in 1920 and 1930. This pattern has continued, with the population reaching its peak in 1960. While the population was down again in 2010, recent data show that it is on the rise again, growing 9.5% since the 2010 census.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201725,208-169-0.67%
201625,377-23-0.09%
201525,400550.22%
201425,3451020.40%
201325,2433031.21%
201224,9401480.60%
201124,7921220.49%
201024,670-808-0.32%
200025,4786460.26%
199024,8324500.18%
198024,382-4,930-1.82%
197029,312-4,644-1.46%
196033,9567,5232.54%
195026,43313,5067.41%
194012,927960.07%
193012,831-5,918-3.72%
192018,749-1,196-0.62%
191019,9452,8311.54%
190017,114-966-0.55%
189018,0808,1906.22%
18809,8904,8747.02%
18705,0162,1845.88%
18602,8320.00%

Key West Population in 2018Source: By Tore S�tre [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White21,971
Black or African American3,018
Two or More Races399
Asian338
Some Other Race209
American Indian and Alaska Native104

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Key West Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Key West Median Age

40.6


Total

39.8


Male

41.3


Female

Key West Adults

There are 21,795 adults, (3,593 of which are seniors) in Key West.

Key West Age Dependency

43

Age Dependency Ratio

19.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

23.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Key West Sex Ratio

Female

12,531

48.12%

Male

13,508

51.88%

Key West Households and Families

Key West Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Key West Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married46.2%53.8%
All40.7%59.3%
Female38.6%61.4%
Non Family37%63%
Male36.6%63.4%

40.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Key West Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All9,6532.5640.7
Non Family4,6931.5637
Married3,7973.2246.2
Female7614.2338.6
Male4024.8136.6

3.34

Average Family Size

2.56

Average Household Size

7.4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

2.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Key West Households

Key West Education

Key West Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,1415.85%
9th to 12th Grade8304.25%
High School Graduate5,59228.66%
Some College4,09020.96%
Associates Degree1,7308.87%
Bachelors Degree3,77819.36%
Graduate Degree2,34912.04%

Key West Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White13,38412,8135,106
Hispanic3,8202,665527
Black1,9161,678280
Asian236236162
Multiple Races17115837
Other Race1521129
Native American86866

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among native american people with a rate of 68.64%.

Key West Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,926$35,988$26,804
Less Than High School$23,425$26,938$16,250
High School Grad$26,907$30,812$23,357
Some College$30,868$35,575$26,135
Bachelors Degree$39,351$46,299$35,736
Graduate Degree$47,627$64,273$36,467

$31,926

Average Earnings

$35,988

Average Male

$26,804

Average Female

Key West Language

Key West Language by Age

Key West Language

75.68% of Key West residents speak only English, while 24.32% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 16.07% of the population.

Key West Poverty

Key West Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White16,1961,66210.26%
Black2,85273025.60%
Hispanic5,44670012.85%
Asian3384914.50%
Native764964.47%
Other2043316.18%
Multiple342185.26%

12.72%

Overall Poverty Rate

12.67%

Male Poverty Rate

12.77%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Key West

The race most likely to be in poverty in Key West is Native, with 64.47% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Key West is Multiple, with 5.26% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.10%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.10%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 24.27%.

Key West Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School24.24%
High School15.01%
Some College9.76%
Bachelors or Greater5.35%

Key West Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Male Unemployed42.13%
Female Unemployed32.16%
Female Employed9.95%
Male Employed5.21%

Key West Income

Key West Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$58,494$76,707
Families$68,452$89,705
Married Families$78,331$
Non Families$41,769$61,043

Key West Marital Status

Key West Marital Status

Marriage Rates

40.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.3%

Male Marriage Rate

37.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Key West Married by Age and Sex

Key West Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Key West Marital Status by Race

Key West Veterans

Key West Veterans by War

1,947

Number of Veterans

1,612

Male Veterans

335

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Second Gulf War672
First Gulf War534
Vietnam421
Korea84
World War II37

Key West Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 54648
18 to 34363
55 to 64347
65 to 74337
75+252

Key West Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White1,7219.53%
Hispanic3187.75%
Black2169.37%
2 or More104.52%

Key West Veterans by Education

7.48%

Veteran Poverty Rate

22.95%

Veteran Disability Rate

Key West Employment Status

Key West Employment by Age

70.7%

Labor Force Participation

63.8%

Employment Rate

5.5%

Unemployment Rate

Key West Employment by Race

Key West Employment by Education

Key West Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

31.70%

Born in Florida

80.77%

Native Born

19.23%

Foreign Born

9.58%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

80.77% of Key West residents were born in the United States, with 31.70% having been born in Florida. 9.58% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.