Key West, Florida Population 2019

Key West is a city located in the state of Florida. This island city serves as the seat of Monroe County. According to recent estimates, Key West has a population of 26,990 people that live within its boundaries, which include the island of Key West, part of Stock Island and other nearby islands. This city is a popular tourist destination and is known for its stunning beaches and many points of interest.

Key West History

The Calusa tribe first inhabited the island of Key West. The Europeans first discovered it in 1521. When Florida came under the control of Spain, a fishing village was established.

Great Britain gained control of the state in 1763, and the Spanish and Native American inhabitants were moved to Havana, Cuba. Though the Spanish regained control 20 years later, the city was not officially resettled. It only became a place for the Cuban and British to use for fishing.

It was in 1815 when the governor of Cuba deeded the island to Juan Pablo Salas. When the state was sold to the U.S. six years later, Salas sold the island. He sold it twice, and the two men moved quickly to beat each other at securing the rights to the island. The island went to businessman John Simonton, who subdivided the island.

Throughout the 1800s, the city began to grow and was the wealthiest city per capita, in the country. A naval base was constructed, leaving the island in the hands of the Union during the Civil War. Major industries during this time were salvaging, fishing and salt manufacturing. Salt production halted during the Civil War but resumed at the end of the war until the industry was affected by a hurricane and never recovered.

By the end of the 19th century, Key West was the wealthiest and largest city in the state. At the beginning of the 20th century, the island was connected to the mainland in 1912 via the Overseas Railroad. The Overseas Highway was built in the 1930s which encouraged further growth. Pan American Airlines was also founded during the early 20th century.

In recent years, the city has continued to expand with the addition of shopping centers, malls, schools, and an airport. The city is a popular tourist destination and is a port of call for many cruise lines. The Naval Air Station Key West remains in business and is a training center for naval aviation.

Key West Population and Diversity

Key West’s population is estimated to be 26,990, which shows some growth since the 2010 population of 24,649 people. The city’s total area is over 7 square miles and has a population density of over 4,819 people per square mile.

Residents that are 25 to 44 make up the largest age group, accounting for over 37% of the population. Sixteen percent of residents are under 18, while 11.7% are at least 65 years old. There are more males than females, with 122.3 men for every 100 women. Just over 10% of the population lives below the federal poverty line. Over three-quarters of the population speak English, while over 17% speak Spanish. Other languages spoken in Key West include French, German and Italian.

Key West Population Growth

Key West has seen its share of highs and lows when it comes to its population. The city reached over 18,000 residents in 1890 before dropping by over 5%. The community began to grow again before declining again in 1920 and 1930. This pattern has continued, with the population reaching its peak in 1960. While the population was down in 2010, recent data show that it is on the rise again, growing 9.5% since the 2010 census.

Key West Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Key West was:

  • White: 82.82%
  • Black or African American: 12.61%
  • Two or more races: 1.81%
  • Asian: 1.49%
  • Other race: 1.20%
  • Native American: 0.08%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201824,565-500-1.99%
201725,065-197-0.78%
201625,262-26-0.10%
201525,288240.09%
201425,264590.23%
201325,2052951.18%
201224,9101370.55%
201124,7731140.46%
201024,659-819-0.33%
200025,4786460.26%
199024,8324500.18%
198024,382-4,930-1.82%
197029,312-4,644-1.46%
196033,9567,5232.54%
195026,43313,5067.41%
194012,927960.07%
193012,831-5,918-3.72%
192018,749-1,196-0.62%
191019,9452,8311.54%
190017,114-966-0.55%
189018,0808,1906.22%
18809,8904,8747.02%
18705,0162,1845.88%
18602,8320.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
White20,967
Black or African American3,193
Two or More Races457
Asian377
Some Other Race303
American Indian and Alaska Native19

Key West Population Pyramid 2019

Key West Median Age

41


Total

40.8


Male

41.4


Female

Key West Adults

There are 21,243 adults, (3,917 of whom are seniors) in Key West.

Key West Age Dependency

46.1

Age Dependency Ratio

22.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

23.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Key West Sex Ratio

Female

12,248

48.38%

Male

13,068

51.62%

Key West Households and Families

Key West Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Key West Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married47.5%52.5%
Male39.8%60.2%
All39%61%
Non Family33%67%
Female26.9%73.1%

39.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All9,7072.4739
Non Family4,4211.5433
Married4,1763.0847.5
Female7263.9626.9
Male3843.8439.8

3.11

Average Family Size

2.47

Average Household Size

7.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

1.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Key West Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,0415.39%
9th to 12th Grade7613.94%
High School Graduate5,27327.32%
Some College4,06821.08%
Associates Degree1,8529.60%
Bachelors Degree3,83919.89%
Graduate Degree2,46612.78%

Key West Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White12,79812,2974,897
Hispanic4,1013,056825
Black2,0431,791356
Asian276276169
Multiple Races25124070
Other Race201162
Native American99

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among native american people with a rate of 61.23%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,209$36,886$30,879
Less Than High School$26,595$34,526$15,160
High School Grad$31,107$35,151$26,103
Some College$33,641$35,530$28,932
Bachelors Degree$40,779$46,781$37,132
Graduate Degree$46,037$63,777$37,028

$35,209

Average Earnings

$36,886

Average Male

$30,879

Average Female

Key West Language

Key West Language by Age

Key West Language

76.38% of Key West residents speak only English, while 23.62% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 15.78% of the population.

Key West Poverty

Key West Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White15,0641,53810.21%
Hispanic5,79278613.57%
Black3,02575825.06%
Other30012943.00%
Asian3674712.81%
Multiple42792.11%

12.78%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.05%

Male Poverty Rate

12.51%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Key West

The race most likely to be in poverty in Key West is Other, with 43.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Key West is Multiple, with 2.11% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.95%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.39%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 23.37%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School23.33%
High School16.69%
Some College9.22%
Bachelors or Greater5.77%
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed46.06%
Female Unemployed34.88%
Female Employed10.96%
Male Employed5.24%

Key West Income

Key West Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$62,052$83,581
Families$73,173$99,453
Married Families$81,852-
Non Families$41,206$62,172

Key West Marital Status

Key West Marital Status

Marriage Rates

44.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

45.6%

Male Marriage Rate

42.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Key West Married by Age and Sex

Key West Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Key West Marital Status by Race

Key West Veterans

1,949

Number of Veterans

1,639

Male Veterans

310

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War680
Vietnam532
First Gulf War487
Korea73
World War II14

Key West Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White1,6449.52%
Hispanic3728.50%
Black26310.96%
2 or More4214.89%

Key West Veterans by Education

10.40%

Veteran Poverty Rate

22.05%

Veteran Disability Rate

Key West Employment Status

70.1%

Labor Force Participation

64.1%

Employment Rate

3.6%

Unemployment Rate

Key West Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

31.02%

Born in Florida

79.75%

Native Born

20.25%

Foreign Born

10.25%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

79.75% of Key West residents were born in the United States, with 31.02% having been born in Florida. 10.25% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.