Killeen, Texas Population 2019

Situated in Bell County, Texas, Killeen is the 21st most populous city in Texas. The city is located about 70 miles north of Austin and 3 miles outside the Fort Hood military base. The economy of Killeen depends largely on the cantonment of Fort Hood, located directly adjacent to the city. Over the years Killeen has seen rapid population growth, due to the high influx of soldiers and their families. In 2019, Killeen has an estimated population of 146,000.

Demographics

According to census information (https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/killeencitytexas), the racial and ethnic composition of Killeen, TX is made up as such:

  • White: 44.4% (non-Hispanic: 29.8%)
  • Black or African-American 37.1%
  • Asian: 4%
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 1.5%
  • American Indian and Alaska native: 1.1%
  • Some other race: 5.5%
  • Two or more races: 6.5%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 25.6%

Killeen, TX, was ranked in 2007 as the most affordable housing market in the whole of the United States with an average cost of $136,725.

In 1950, there were no blacks living in the city of Killeen until the construction of Camp Hood. A few years into the decade, Marlboro Heights, an all black subdivision was developed, and in 1956 the city school board voted in favor of integration. Today, almost 40% of Killeen's population is black and the city has almost closed the white and black homeownership gap (https://money.cnn.com/2018/04/17/news/economy/kileen-texas-homeownership/index.html).

History

As the railway expanded its tracks through Texas in 1881, what was a small farming community by the name of Palo Alto soon became a booming town, taking its name from Frank P. Killeen, the railroad’s assistant general manager. In the year that followed, stores, a school, and a saloon had all been built, and by 1884 the town had a hotel, a lumberyard, a blacksmith shop, two saloons, two cotton gins, two gristmills, five general stores, and roughly 350 people.

Killeen remained relatively small and isolated until the 1940s and World War II. The aforementioned Camp Hood was constructed in 1942 (renamed Fort Hood in the 1950s) as a training post to meet the demand for soldiers. This brought with it people in the thousands, not only from soldiers and their families, but contractors, laborers, and construction workers also, turning Killeen almost overnight into a military boom town. By the 1970s, Killeen had grown into a thriving city of over 35,000.

Population Growth

At the turn of the 20th century, Killeen saw a population of around only 800. Today, this has grown to over 145,000, due mainly to the military presence in the city. Between 1940 and 1950, the population of Killeen had gone up by a multiple of over 5, from 1,300 in 1940 to over 7,045 in 1950, with an annual growth rate of 18.41%.

This population only continued to grow in the decades that followed, reaching over 23,000 in 1960, over 35,000 in 1970, over 46,000 in 1980, over 63,000 in 1990 and almost 87,000 in 1990, more than 10 times that what it was 100 years earlier. It's estimated that the population of the Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood area will grow 23% between 2015 and 2030 to reach 550,000 people.

Killeen Tx Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Killeen Tx was:

  • White: 44.42%
  • Black or African American: 37.05%
  • Two or more races: 6.49%
  • Other race: 5.49%
  • Asian: 3.99%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 1.49%
  • Native American: 1.06%

Killeen, Texas's estimated population is 145,482 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Killeen, Texas is the 20th largest city in Texas based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 2685.45 people/mi² (1036.85 people/km²), with a household density of 426.89 people/km² (1105.64 people/mi²).

The overall median age is 28.2 years, 27.8 years for males, and 28.7 years for females. For every 100 females there are 96.6 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 59,897 households in the city, with an average size of people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 4.3%, with a median rent of $893/month. The median house has 5.2 rooms, and has a value of $121,900.

The median income for households in Killeen, Texas is $48,898, while the mean household income is $58,656.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017145,4822,5221.76%
2016142,9602,7731.98%
2015140,1872,5631.86%
2014137,6241,2970.95%
2013136,3272,0951.56%
2012134,2323,4202.61%
2011130,8121,8291.42%
2010128,98342,0724.03%
200086,91123,3763.18%
199063,53517,2393.22%
198046,29610,7892.69%
197035,50712,1304.27%
196023,37716,33212.74%
19507,0455,74518.41%
19401,3005001.22%
19008000.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
White62,409
Black or African American52,066
Two or More Races9,119
Some Other Race7,712
Asian5,613
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,099
American Indian and Alaska Native1,495

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Killeen Tx Population Pyramid 2019

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Killeen Tx Median Age

28.2


Total

27.8


Male

28.7


Female

Killeen Tx Adults

There are 98,336 adults, (8,301 of whom are seniors) in Killeen Tx.

Killeen Tx Age Dependency

56.1

Age Dependency Ratio

9.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

46.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Killeen Tx Sex Ratio

Female

71,460

50.86%

Male

69,053

49.14%

Killeen Tx Households and Families

Killeen Tx Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Killeen Tx Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married57%43%
All45.1%54.9%
Male37.6%62.4%
Female33.7%66.3%
Non Family33.5%66.5%

45.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Killeen Tx Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All50,0892.845.1
Married24,3263.4957
Non Family14,5891.233.5
Female9,0823.4233.7
Male2,0923.3237.6

3.37

Average Family Size

2.8

Average Household Size

4.3%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Killeen Tx Households

Killeen Tx Education

Killeen Tx Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,8693.55%
9th to 12th Grade4,0435.00%
High School Graduate20,73925.67%
Some College27,81234.42%
Associates Degree10,19812.62%
Bachelors Degree10,96513.57%
Graduate Degree4,1695.16%

Killeen Tx Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Black29,70427,8735,504
White26,58925,2305,752
Hispanic18,78215,6232,925
Other Race4,0403,320571
Asian4,0323,371911
Multiple Races3,0792,811444
Islander1,3461,325119
Native American1,014835189

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 98.44%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 22.59%.

Killeen Tx Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,480$36,885$25,841
Less Than High School$20,016$23,163$12,067
High School Grad$25,595$32,073$19,609
Some College$31,829$38,673$26,558
Bachelors Degree$45,763$51,060$38,494
Graduate Degree$51,222$66,414$46,532

$31,480

Average Earnings

$36,885

Average Male

$25,841

Average Female

Killeen Tx Language

Killeen Tx Language by Age

Killeen Tx Language

76.61% of Killeen Tx residents speak only English, while 23.39% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 16.05% of the population.

Killeen Tx Poverty

Killeen Tx Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black51,7068,58916.61%
Hispanic35,8316,05116.89%
White41,7763,8649.25%
Multiple9,0841,63618.01%
Other7,6601,03713.54%
Asian5,6135159.18%
Islander2,09932715.58%
Native1,49528018.73%

13.95%

Overall Poverty Rate

12.19%

Male Poverty Rate

15.64%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Killeen Tx

The race most likely to be in poverty in Killeen Tx is Native, with 18.73% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Killeen Tx is Asian, with 9.18% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.97%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.54%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 19.67%.

Killeen Tx Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School28.11%
High School14.74%
Some College9.96%
Bachelors or Greater4.09%

Killeen Tx Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed26.29%
Male Unemployed19.24%
Female Employed9.62%
Male Employed6.92%

Killeen Tx Income

Killeen Tx Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$48,898$58,656
Families$52,292$63,092
Married Families$62,841$74,055
Non Families$35,229$43,164

Killeen Tx Marital Status

Killeen Tx Marital Status

Marriage Rates

52.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

54.2%

Male Marriage Rate

50.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Killeen Tx Married by Age and Sex

Killeen Tx Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Killeen Tx Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Killeen Tx Veterans

Killeen Tx Veterans by War

25,890

Number of Veterans

18,920

Male Veterans

6,970

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Second Gulf War16,125
First Gulf War11,863
Vietnam3,596
Korea291
World War II196

Killeen Tx Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 5410,864
18 to 348,065
55 to 644,213
65 to 741,710
75+1,038

Killeen Tx Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
Black11,67734.86%
White10,66426.80%
Hispanic4,74122.05%
Other1,16022.72%
2 or More89623.03%
Asian79918.50%
Hawaiian48232.09%
Indian21219.92%

Killeen Tx Veterans by Education

6.76%

Veteran Poverty Rate

25.10%

Veteran Disability Rate

Killeen Tx Employment Status

Killeen Tx Employment by Age

69.4%

Labor Force Participation

54.4%

Employment Rate

9.9%

Unemployment Rate

Killeen Tx Employment by Race

Killeen Tx Employment by Education

Killeen Tx Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

34.20%

Born in Texas

90.56%

Native Born

9.44%

Foreign Born

3.74%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

90.56% of Killeen Tx residents were born in the United States, with 34.20% having been born in Texas. 3.74% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.