Lancaster, Pennsylvania Population 2020

59,420

Lancaster is a city located in the state of Pennsylvania. It is the county seat of Lancaster County and is one of the oldest cities in the country. Lancaster once served as the capital of Pennsylvania. It was also once the capital of the United States. However, it only held this role for one day. Lancaster has an estimated population of 59,420, making it the eighth most populous city in Pennsylvania.

Lancaster History

The city that is now Lancaster was once named Hickory Town. However, it was renamed to Lancaster after the English city. James Hamilton laid out the plans for the city in the 1730s, and in the next decade, it was incorporated as a borough. In 1777, Lancaster was designated as the capital of the United States. However, it was moved to York, Pennsylvania. The city also was the state capital from 1799 through 1812 before Harrisburg was designated as the new capital city.

Lancaster was officially incorporated as a city in 1818. The city through the 19th century continued to grow. Part of the first paved road in the country was located in Lancaster. The county prison, which is still in use today was also built during the 1800s. As the city grew, so did its population, and Lancaster was home to many prominent people, including James Buchanan. Buchanan’s estate, Wheatland, is a top tourist destination in Lancaster to this day.

Lancaster was an iron-foundry enter following the American Revolution. Many items were manufacturers here, including wagons and rifles. Toward the end of the 19th century, the first “five and dime” store was opened in Lancaster by Franklin Winfield Woolworth. During the 20th century, a US Navy research, development and manufacturing center was opened. It is no longer in use by the United States government today, but the facility has since become the site of RCA and later, Burle Industries.

In the 21st century, Gallery Row was established and today, the city has a thriving art community. In 2010, Lancaster began revitalizing its downtown and surrounding areas with shops, clubs, bars, and restaurants. Lancaster is also home to Central Market, the oldest farmers market in the country, as well as Park City Center, the largest indoor shopping mall in the South Central region of the state.

City Size and Population Density

Lancaster has a population of over 59,000 residents. The city’s total area measures just 7.4 miles, and there is a population density of about 8,000 people per square mile.

Lancaster Diversity and Population Statistics

The largest ethnic group residing within Lancaster is Puerto Ricans, making up 29.2% of the population. Germans, Black Americans, Irish and English are also significant ethnic groups living in this Pennsylvania City.

Its concentration of Puerto Rican residents is the second largest in the state, falling only behind Reading. There is also a large Amish community in Lancaster.

The 25 to 44 age group is the largest in the city, making up 30.5% of the population. Over 27% of the population is under the age of 18, while 10.5% are at least 65 years old. There are more female residents than males, with 91.4 males for every 100 females.

Over 29% of the population lives below the federal poverty line. Over 900 children in Lancaster are listed as homeless according to public school records, and the poverty rate is twice that of Pennsylvania’s state average. Lancaster General Hospital is the city’s top employer, giving jobs to over 7,000 people. RR Donnelley, County of Lancaster, Armstrong World Industries, and the School District of Lancaster are other top employers in the region.

Lancaster Population Growth

Lancaster, for the most part, has seen significant growth throughout its history. However, during the 1950s through 1980s, the city’s population dropped. Recent revitalization efforts have once again put the community on an upward trend. The city’s population peaked at the time of the 1950 census at 63,774. Today, the population is estimated to be over 59,000. Though it has remained about the same as it was during the 2010 census, continued efforts to revitalize the city could lead to significant growth in the future.

Lancaster Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Lancaster was:

  • White: 59.74%
  • Black or African American: 18.34%
  • Other race: 12.85%
  • Two or more races: 5.19%
  • Asian: 3.62%
  • Native American: 0.21%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%

How Many People Live in Lancaster, Pennsylvania?

59,420
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201859,420-112-0.19%
201759,532-14-0.02%
201659,546380.06%
201559,508250.04%
201459,483150.03%
201359,468-5-0.01%
201259,473-9-0.02%
201159,4821350.23%
201059,3472,9990.52%
200056,3487970.14%
199055,5518260.15%
198054,725-2,965-0.53%
197057,690-3,365-0.57%
196061,055-2,719-0.43%
195063,7742,4290.39%
194061,3451,3960.23%
193059,9496,7991.21%
192053,1505,9231.19%
191047,2275,7681.31%
190041,4599,4482.62%
189032,0116,2422.19%
188025,7695,5362.45%
187020,2332,6301.40%
186017,6035,2343.59%
185012,3693,9523.92%
18408,4177130.89%
18307,7041,0711.51%
18206,6331,2282.07%
18105,4051,1132.33%
18004,2920.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018543,5572,5030.46%
2017541,0542,9850.55%
2016538,0692,3320.43%
2015535,7372,4170.45%
2014533,3203,2930.62%
2013530,0273,1580.60%
2012526,8692,9630.56%
2011523,9063,5840.68%
2010520,3220.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White35,55059.74%
Black or African American10,91218.34%
Some Other Race7,64412.85%
Two or More Races3,0875.19%
Asian2,1543.62%
American Indian and Alaska Native1260.21%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander300.05%

Lancaster Population Pyramid 2020

Lancaster Median Age

32.1


Total

31.3


Male

33


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 45,213 adults, (6,203 of whom are seniors) in Lancaster.

Lancaster Age Dependency

52.5

Age Dependency Ratio

15.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Lancaster Sex Ratio

Female

29,546

49.65%

Male

29,957

50.35%

Lancaster Households and Families

Lancaster Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Lancaster Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married66.2%33.8%
All44%56%
Male43.7%56.3%
Non Family34%66%
Female27.5%72.5%

44.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All22,1182.5444
Non Family9,3731.3334
Married7,3383.2266.2
Female4,1963.7227.5
Male1,2113.6543.7

3.27

Average Family Size

2.54

Average Household Size

9.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

1%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Lancaster Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3,1758.45%
9th to 12th Grade5,02913.38%
High School Graduate12,36332.89%
Some College6,06416.13%
Associates Degree2,4296.46%
Bachelors Degree5,25213.97%
Graduate Degree3,2798.72%

Lancaster Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White18,15515,9886,281
Hispanic12,8538,3371,190
Black5,7194,782859
Other Race4,4452,881335
Multiple Races1,253860191
Asian1,163521241
Native American10610533
Islander3030

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 34.60%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$30,481$33,927$27,252
Less Than High School$19,001$18,550$19,632
High School Grad$26,570$31,498$22,102
Some College$30,894$38,375$26,770
Bachelors Degree$41,754$45,305$38,427
Graduate Degree$49,188$64,241$42,209

$30,481

Average Earnings

$33,927

Average Male

$27,252

Average Female

Lancaster Language

Lancaster Language by Age

Lancaster Language

64.62% of Lancaster residents speak only English, while 35.38% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 29.03% of the population.

Lancaster Poverty

Lancaster Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic22,4557,25932.33%
Black10,5633,52233.34%
White21,6972,96213.65%
Other7,5272,74636.48%
Multiple2,94573524.96%
Asian2,01667733.58%

24.83%

Overall Poverty Rate

23.13%

Male Poverty Rate

26.49%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Lancaster

The race most likely to be in poverty in Lancaster is Other, with 36.48% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Lancaster is White, with 13.65% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.83%. Among those working part-time, it was 29.12%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 37.82%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School33.63%
High School20.70%
Some College16.27%
Bachelors or Greater3.83%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed58.15%
Male Unemployed48.24%
Female Employed14.51%
Male Employed10.12%

Lancaster Income

Lancaster Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$42,632$56,024
Families$47,854$62,030
Married Families$67,547-
Non Families$32,214$44,971

Lancaster Marital Status

Lancaster Marital Status

Marriage Rates

34.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

35.2%

Male Marriage Rate

33.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Lancaster Married by Age and Sex

Lancaster Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Lancaster Marital Status by Race

Lancaster Veterans

1,798

Number of Veterans

1,612

Male Veterans

186

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam650
First Gulf War286
Second Gulf War282
Korea141
World War II75

Lancaster Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White1,2544.27%
Black3094.41%
Hispanic3001.92%
Other1432.59%
2 or More573.67%
Asian352.13%

Lancaster Veterans by Education

9.75%

Veteran Poverty Rate

34.05%

Veteran Disability Rate

Lancaster Employment Status

65.9%

Labor Force Participation

61.2%

Employment Rate

7.1%

Unemployment Rate

Lancaster Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

58.37%

Born in Pennsylvania

88.38%

Native Born

11.62%

Foreign Born

6.50%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

88.38% of Lancaster residents were born in the United States, with 58.37% having been born in Pennsylvania. 6.50% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.