Lancaster, Pennsylvania Population 2018

Lancaster is a city located in the state of Pennsylvania. It is the county seat of Lancaster County and is one of the oldest cities in the country. Lancaster once served as the capital of Pennsylvania. It was also once the capital on the United States. However, it only held this role for one day. Lancaster has an estimate population of 59,218, making it the eight most populous city in Pennsylvania.

Lancaster History

The city that is now Lancaster was once named Hickory Town. However, it was renamed to Lancaster after the English city. James Hamilton laid out the plans for the city in the 1730s, and in the next decade it was incorporated as a borough. In 1777, Lancaster was designated as the capital of the United States. However, it was then moved to York, Pennsylvania. The city also was the state capital from 1799 through 1812 before Harrisburg was designated as the new capital city.

Lancaster was officially incorporated as a city in 1818. The city through the 19th century continued to grow. Part of the first paved road in the country was located in Lancaster. The county prison, which is still in use today was also built during the 1800s. As the city grew, so did its population, and Lancaster was home to many prominent people, including James Buchanan. Buchanan’s estate, Wheatland, is a top tourist destination in Lancaster to this day.

Lancaster was an iron-foundry enter following the American Revolution. Many items were manufacturers here, including wagons and rifles. Toward the end of the 19th century, the first “five and dime” store was opened in Lancaster by Franklin Winfield Woolworth. During the 20th century, a US Navy research, development and manufacturing center was opened. It is no longer in use by the United States government today but the facility has since become the site of RCA and later, Burle Industries.

In the 21st century, Gallery Row was established and today, the city has a thriving art community. In 2010, Lancaster has begun revitalizing its downtown and surrounding areas with shops, clubs, bars and restaurants. Lancaster is also home to Central Market, the oldest farmers market in the country, as well as Park City Center, the largest indoor shopping mall in the South Central region of the state.

Lancaster Demographics

Lancaster has a population of over 59,000 residents. The city’s total area measures just 7.4 miles, and there is a population density of about 8,000 people per square mile.

Over half of the city’s population – 55.2% -- is white. Over 16% of the population is black, 3% is Asian, 5.8% is mixed race, and nearly 40% is of Hispanic or Latino origin. The largest ethnic group residing within Lancaster is Puerto Ricans, making up 29.2% of the population. Germans, Black Americans, Irish and English are also large ethnic groups living in this Pennsylvania City. Its concentration of Puerto Rican residents is the second largest in the state, falling only behind Reading. There is also a large Amish community in Lancaster.

The 25 to 44 age group is the largest in the city, making up 30.5% of the population. Over 27% of the population is under the age of 18, while 10.5% are at least 65 years old. There are more female residents than males, with 91.4 males for every 100 females. Over 29% of the population lives below the federal poverty line. Over 900 children in Lancaster are listed as homeless according to public school records, and the poverty rate is twice that of Pennsylvania’s state average. Lancaster General Hospital is the city’s top employer, giving jobs to over 7,000 people. RR Donnelley, County of Lancaster, Armstrong World Industries, and the School District of Lancaster are other top employers in the region.

Lancaster Population Growth

Lancaster for the most part has seen significant growth throughout its history. However, during the 1950s through 1980s, the city’s population dropped. However, recent revitalization efforts have once again put the population on an upward trend. The city’s population peaked at the time of the 1950 census at 63,774. Today, the population is estimated to be over 59,000. Though it has remained about the same as it was during the 2010 census, continued efforts to revitalize the city could lead to significant growth in the future.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201759,708620.10%
201659,646650.11%
201559,581630.11%
201459,518480.08%
201359,47080.01%
201259,46240.01%
201159,4581230.21%
201059,3352,9870.52%
200056,3487970.14%
199055,5518260.15%
198054,725-2,965-0.53%
197057,690-3,365-0.57%
196061,055-2,719-0.43%
195063,7742,4290.39%
194061,3451,3960.23%
193059,9496,7991.21%
192053,1505,9231.19%
191047,2275,7681.31%
190041,4599,4482.62%
189032,0116,2422.19%
188025,7695,5362.45%
187020,2332,6301.40%
186017,6035,2343.59%
185012,3693,9523.92%
18408,4177130.89%
18307,7041,0711.51%
18206,6331,2282.07%
18105,4051,1132.33%
18004,2920.00%

Lancaster Population in 2018Source: By Scanlan [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White34,830
Black or African American10,155
Some Other Race8,755
Two or More Races3,091
Asian2,365
American Indian and Alaska Native145

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Lancaster Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Lancaster Median Age

31


Total

30.2


Male

31.9


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 44,624 adults, (5,637 of which are seniors) in Lancaster.

Lancaster Age Dependency

52.2

Age Dependency Ratio

14.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Lancaster Sex Ratio

Female

29,708

50.06%

Male

29,633

49.94%

Lancaster Households and Families

Lancaster Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Lancaster Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married63.7%36.3%
All42%58%
Male36.1%63.9%
Non Family34.2%65.8%
Female25.9%74.1%

42.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Lancaster Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All21,2752.6142
Non Family9,1061.3534.2
Married6,7403.3763.7
Female4,1673.8325.9
Male1,2623.636.1

3.39

Average Family Size

2.61

Average Household Size

9.9%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.9%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Lancaster Households

Lancaster Education

Lancaster Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3,0158.20%
9th to 12th Grade5,91716.10%
High School Graduate12,94135.22%
Some College5,61215.27%
Associates Degree1,9715.36%
Bachelors Degree4,59812.51%
Graduate Degree2,6927.33%

Lancaster Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White17,56315,1415,904
Hispanic12,6767,876593
Black5,2904,093585
Other Race4,7162,76879
Asian1,420704195
Multiple Races1,268841127
Native American1188828

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 86.21%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 33.62%.

Lancaster Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$26,290$28,634$23,841
Less Than High School$17,110$17,524$16,066
High School Grad$24,909$28,111$22,038
Some College$25,159$26,981$21,753
Bachelors Degree$39,702$43,071$35,386
Graduate Degree$49,006$57,813$44,805

$26,290

Average Earnings

$28,634

Average Male

$23,841

Average Female

Lancaster Language

Lancaster Language by Age

Lancaster Language

63.76% of Lancaster residents speak only English, while 36.24% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 29.93% of the population.

Lancaster Poverty

Lancaster Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic22,2208,43437.96%
White21,9233,92517.90%
Other8,5893,74343.58%
Black9,6153,43635.74%
Multiple2,9641,27442.98%
Asian2,17753224.44%
Native1232923.58%

29.18%

Overall Poverty Rate

27.43%

Male Poverty Rate

30.84%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Lancaster

The race most likely to be in poverty in Lancaster is Other, with 43.58% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Lancaster is White, with 17.90% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 6.30%. Among those working part-time, it was 30.77%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 41.72%.

Lancaster Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School36.18%
High School22.33%
Some College22.04%
Bachelors or Greater4.19%

Lancaster Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed56.18%
Male Unemployed43.34%
Female Employed15.86%
Male Employed13.03%

Lancaster Income

Lancaster Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$36,233$47,297
Families$41,171$52,478
Married Families$54,558$
Non Families$28,006$37,886

Lancaster Marital Status

Lancaster Marital Status

Marriage Rates

32.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

33.7%

Male Marriage Rate

31.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Lancaster Married by Age and Sex

Lancaster Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55To64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55To64.

Lancaster Marital Status by Race

Lancaster Veterans

Lancaster Veterans by War

1,869

Number of Veterans

1,713

Male Veterans

156

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam588
First Gulf War330
Second Gulf War249
Korea173
World War II117

Lancaster Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 54581
65 to 74513
75+406
18 to 34197
55 to 64172

Lancaster Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White1,4965.19%
Hispanic3452.22%
Black2333.61%
Other971.64%
2 or More322.13%
Asian110.60%

Lancaster Veterans by Education

18.88%

Veteran Poverty Rate

32.57%

Veteran Disability Rate

Lancaster Employment Status

Lancaster Employment by Age

64%

Labor Force Participation

56.3%

Employment Rate

12%

Unemployment Rate

Lancaster Employment by Race

Lancaster Employment by Education

Lancaster Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

60.27%

Born in Pennsylvania

89.65%

Native Born

10.35%

Foreign Born

6.01%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

89.65% of Lancaster residents were born in the United States, with 60.27% having been born in Pennsylvania. 6.01% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.