Lancaster, Pennsylvania Population 2018

Lancaster is a city located in the state of Pennsylvania. It is the county seat of Lancaster County and is one of the oldest cities in the country. Lancaster once served as the capital of Pennsylvania. It was also once the capital on the United States. However, it only held this role for one day. Lancaster has an estimate population of 59,218, making it the eight most populous city in Pennsylvania.

Lancaster History

The city that is now Lancaster was once named Hickory Town. However, it was renamed to Lancaster after the English city. James Hamilton laid out the plans for the city in the 1730s, and in the next decade it was incorporated as a borough. In 1777, Lancaster was designated as the capital of the United States. However, it was then moved to York, Pennsylvania. The city also was the state capital from 1799 through 1812 before Harrisburg was designated as the new capital city.

Lancaster was officially incorporated as a city in 1818. The city through the 19th century continued to grow. Part of the first paved road in the country was located in Lancaster. The county prison, which is still in use today was also built during the 1800s. As the city grew, so did its population, and Lancaster was home to many prominent people, including James Buchanan. Buchanan’s estate, Wheatland, is a top tourist destination in Lancaster to this day.

Lancaster was an iron-foundry enter following the American Revolution. Many items were manufacturers here, including wagons and rifles. Toward the end of the 19th century, the first “five and dime” store was opened in Lancaster by Franklin Winfield Woolworth. During the 20th century, a US Navy research, development and manufacturing center was opened. It is no longer in use by the United States government today but the facility has since become the site of RCA and later, Burle Industries.

In the 21st century, Gallery Row was established and today, the city has a thriving art community. In 2010, Lancaster has begun revitalizing its downtown and surrounding areas with shops, clubs, bars and restaurants. Lancaster is also home to Central Market, the oldest farmers market in the country, as well as Park City Center, the largest indoor shopping mall in the South Central region of the state.

Lancaster Demographics

Lancaster has a population of over 59,000 residents. The city’s total area measures just 7.4 miles, and there is a population density of about 8,000 people per square mile.

Over half of the city’s population – 55.2% -- is white. Over 16% of the population is black, 3% is Asian, 5.8% is mixed race, and nearly 40% is of Hispanic or Latino origin. The largest ethnic group residing within Lancaster is Puerto Ricans, making up 29.2% of the population. Germans, Black Americans, Irish and English are also large ethnic groups living in this Pennsylvania City. Its concentration of Puerto Rican residents is the second largest in the state, falling only behind Reading. There is also a large Amish community in Lancaster.

The 25 to 44 age group is the largest in the city, making up 30.5% of the population. Over 27% of the population is under the age of 18, while 10.5% are at least 65 years old. There are more female residents than males, with 91.4 males for every 100 females. Over 29% of the population lives below the federal poverty line. Over 900 children in Lancaster are listed as homeless according to public school records, and the poverty rate is twice that of Pennsylvania’s state average. Lancaster General Hospital is the city’s top employer, giving jobs to over 7,000 people. RR Donnelley, County of Lancaster, Armstrong World Industries, and the School District of Lancaster are other top employers in the region.

Lancaster Population Growth

Lancaster for the most part has seen significant growth throughout its history. However, during the 1950s through 1980s, the city’s population dropped. However, recent revitalization efforts have once again put the population on an upward trend. The city’s population peaked at the time of the 1950 census at 63,774. Today, the population is estimated to be over 59,000. Though it has remained about the same as it was during the 2010 census, continued efforts to revitalize the city could lead to significant growth in the future.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201759,708620.10%
201659,646650.11%
201559,581630.11%
201459,518480.08%
201359,47080.01%
201259,46240.01%
201159,4581230.21%
201059,3352,9870.52%
200056,3487970.14%
199055,5518260.15%
198054,725-2,965-0.53%
197057,690-3,365-0.57%
196061,055-2,719-0.43%
195063,7742,4290.39%
194061,3451,3960.23%
193059,9496,7991.21%
192053,1505,9231.19%
191047,2275,7681.31%
190041,4599,4482.62%
189032,0116,2422.19%
188025,7695,5362.45%
187020,2332,6301.40%
186017,6035,2343.59%
185012,3693,9523.92%
18408,4177130.89%
18307,7041,0711.51%
18206,6331,2282.07%
18105,4051,1132.33%
18004,2920.00%

Lancaster Population in 2018Source: By Scanlan [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White35,694
Black or African American10,440
Some Other Race8,169
Two or More Races2,755
Asian2,369
American Indian and Alaska Native129

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Lancaster Population Pyramid 2018

5001,0001,5002,0002,5003,000 Male Population5001,0001,5002,0002,5003,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Lancaster Median Age

31.6


Total

30.8


Male

32.6


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 45,305 adults, (5,910 of whom are seniors) in Lancaster.

Lancaster Age Dependency

51.2

Age Dependency Ratio

15

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Lancaster Sex Ratio

Female

29,689

49.85%

Male

29,867

50.15%

Lancaster Households and Families

Lancaster Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Lancaster Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married64.3%35.7%
All43.4%56.6%
Male41.4%58.6%
Non Family34.4%65.6%
Female29.6%70.4%

43.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Lancaster Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All21,8862.5643.4
Non Family9,3541.3434.4
Married6,9823.2564.3
Female4,2853.7929.6
Male1,2653.641.4

3.31

Average Family Size

2.56

Average Household Size

10%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

1.1%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Lancaster Households

Lancaster Education

Lancaster Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3,1548.48%
9th to 12th Grade5,57214.97%
High School Graduate12,73934.23%
Some College6,01516.16%
Associates Degree1,9915.35%
Bachelors Degree4,76912.82%
Graduate Degree2,9717.98%

Lancaster Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White17,77315,3775,949
Hispanic12,9268,258917
Black5,4314,367735
Other Race4,5572,752156
Asian1,400654160
Multiple Races1,131792201
Native American1048040

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 86.52%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 38.46%.

Lancaster Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$27,975$31,085$24,884
Less Than High School$18,658$20,266$16,793
High School Grad$25,333$28,319$22,611
Some College$28,393$34,468$23,288
Bachelors Degree$40,429$45,904$36,178
Graduate Degree$50,548$64,238$43,814

$27,975

Average Earnings

$31,085

Average Male

$24,884

Average Female

Lancaster Language

Lancaster Language by Age

Lancaster Language

62.99% of Lancaster residents speak only English, while 37.01% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 30.15% of the population.

Lancaster Poverty

Lancaster Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic22,4807,67834.15%
Black9,9903,52335.27%
White21,8363,36715.42%
Other7,9812,80335.12%
Multiple2,61185732.82%
Asian2,20759727.05%
Native1072119.63%

26.48%

Overall Poverty Rate

24.50%

Male Poverty Rate

28.37%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Lancaster

The race most likely to be in poverty in Lancaster is Black, with 35.27% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Lancaster is White, with 15.42% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.59%. Among those working part-time, it was 30.18%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 37.64%.

Lancaster Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School33.34%
High School20.35%
Some College18.71%
Bachelors or Greater4.32%

Lancaster Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed51.47%
Male Unemployed41.44%
Female Employed15.87%
Male Employed10.88%

Lancaster Income

Lancaster Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$40,805$51,361
Families$44,805$56,228
Married Families$59,067$
Non Families$31,256$42,038

Lancaster Marital Status

Lancaster Marital Status

Marriage Rates

33.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

34.6%

Male Marriage Rate

31.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Lancaster Married by Age and Sex

Lancaster Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55To64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

Lancaster Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Lancaster Veterans

Lancaster Veterans by War

1,823

Number of Veterans

1,643

Male Veterans

180

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam579
First Gulf War332
Second Gulf War317
Korea146
World War II92

Lancaster Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 54488
65 to 74476
75+403
18 to 34253
55 to 64203

Lancaster Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White1,3514.58%
Hispanic3111.96%
Black2754.10%
Other1192.07%
2 or More554.04%
Asian231.25%

Lancaster Veterans by Education

12.70%

Veteran Poverty Rate

32.09%

Veteran Disability Rate

Lancaster Employment Status

Lancaster Employment by Age

66.1%

Labor Force Participation

59.8%

Employment Rate

9.6%

Unemployment Rate

Lancaster Employment by Race

Lancaster Employment by Education

Lancaster Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

59.54%

Born in Pennsylvania

88.65%

Native Born

11.35%

Foreign Born

6.35%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

88.65% of Lancaster residents were born in the United States, with 59.54% having been born in Pennsylvania. 6.35% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.